General Studies

Answer the following question in NOT MORE THAN 200 words each. Contents of the answer are more important than its length. All questions carry equal marks.

121/2 x 20 = 250

  1. The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt. Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a break down to the present day. Comment.

121/2

Topic: Indian Culture

  1. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also fine aesthetic sense comparable to modem painting. Critically evaluate this comment.                                                        121/2

Topic: Indian Culture

  1. How different would have been t achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi?

Discuss.                                                121/2

Topic: Modern India

  1. Mahatma Gandhi and Dr.B.R. Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration f the downtrodden. Elucidate.

121/2

Topic: Modern India

  1. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss.               121/2

Topic: Post Independent

  1. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present? 121/2

Topic: World History

  1. To what extent can Germany he held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically. 121/2

Topic: World History

  1. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity.

121/2

Topic: Indian society

  1. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative sigifacance in building a national identity.

121/2

Topic: Indian society

  1. Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the main cause of population increase in India. 121/2

Topic: Indian society

  1. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes? 121/2

Topic: Indian society

  1. Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.                           121/2

Topic: Geography

  1. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India.         121/2

Topic: Indian Society

  1. Debate the issue of whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste.         121/2

Topic: Indian Society

  1. Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?

121/2

Topic: World Geography

  1. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why this so?

121/2

Topic: Indian Geography

  1. India is well endowed with fresh water resource. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity. 121/2

Topic: Indian Geography

  1. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism, Critically evaluate.  121/2

Topic: Indian Geography

  1. How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss.       121/2

Topic: Indian Geography

  1. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.    121/2

Topic: Indian Geography

  1. What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?            121/2

Topic: World Geography

Answer all the questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each. Contents of the answer are more important than their length.

  1. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.                           121/2

Topic: Indian Constitution

  1. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasize in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure ad the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcoming.

121/2

Topic:Indian Governance

  1. In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government system, ‘Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss. 121/2

Topic: Indian  Governance

  1. Khap Panchayats have been in news for functioning as extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard. 121/2

Topic:Indian polity

  1. Resorting to ordinance has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While nothing the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed?

121/2

Topic:Indian Consitution

  1. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act., 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? Discuss.                                       121/2

Topic:Indian Constitution

  1. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgment (s) of the Apex Court in this regard. 121/2

Topic: Indian Constitution

  1. Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (regulation) Act (FCRA) 1976.         121/2

Topic: Indian Polity

  1. The Self-Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate. 121/2

Topic: Social Justice

  1. How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.121/2

Topic: Social Justice

  1. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss.

121/2

Topic:Indian Goverance

  1. Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest? 121/2

Topic: Social Justice

  1. Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree? Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.      121/2

Topic: Social Justice

  1. In the light of the Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate governance to ensure transparency, accountability. 121/2

Topic: Indian Governance

  1. “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect. Critically evaluate.                                                 121/2

Topic: Indian Polity

  1. “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independence and autonomous.” Discuss in the light of the experiences in recent past. 121/2

Topic: Indian Governance

  1. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons. Critically examine 121/2

Topic: International Relation

  1. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of permanent seat in UN Security Council. 121/2

Topic: International Relation

  1. Project ‘Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the India government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss. 121/2

Topic: International Relation

  1. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchange could help generate good will between the two countries? Discuss with suite examples. 121/2

Topic: International Relation

Answer all the questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each. Contents of the answer are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. The nature of economic growth in India in recent times of often described as jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favour your answer. 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India.

121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. In view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non-viable for a majority of farmers, should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? Critically evaluate the pros and cons. 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. How can be ‘Digital India’ programme help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What steps has the Government taken in this regard? 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. In what way could replacement of price subsidy with Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) change the scenario of subsidies in India? Discuss. 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming the bottlenecks? 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. Craze for gold in Indians have led to a surge in import of gold in recent years and pressure on balance of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of the Gold Monetization Scheme.

121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. “Success of ‘Make in India’ programme deends on the success of ‘Skaill India’ programme and radical labour reforms.” Discuss with logical arguments. 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. To what factors can the recent dramatic fall in equipment costs and tariff of solar energy be attributed? What implications does the trend have for the thermal power producers and the related industry? 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. There is a clear acknowledgement that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing and exports. Recognizing this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs requires augmentation. Discuss the issues plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration. 121/2

Topic: Indian Economy

  1. What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning Systems’ and ‘Precision Positioning Systems’ in the GS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites. 121/2

Topic: Science & Technology

  1. What are the areas of prohibitive labour that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the initiatives that can propel research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation. 121/2

Topic: Science & Technology

  1. Discuss the advantage and security implications of cloud hosting of servers vis-a-vi in-house machine-based hosting for government businesses. 121/2

Topic: Science & Technology

  1. India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), which has a database containig formatted information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations is proving a powerful weapon in the country’s fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pros and cons of making this database publicly available under open-source licensing. 121/2

Topic: Science & Technology

  1. Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental imputs? 121/2

Topic: Environment

  1. The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects. 121/2

Topic: Disaster Management

  1. Human rights activists constantly highlight the vie that the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) is a draconian act leading to cases of human rights abuses by the security force. What sections of AFSPA are opposed by the activists? Critically evaluate the requirement with reference to the view held by the Apex Court.            121/2

Topic: Disaster Management

  1. Religious indoctrination via digital media has resulted in India youth joining the ISIS. What is ISIS and its mission? How can ISIS be dangerous for the internal security of our country? 121/2

Topic: Security

  1. The persisting drives of the Government for development of large industries in backward areas have resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multipl displacements With Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss he corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) doctrine affected citizens back into the mainstream f social and economic growth. 121/2

Topic: Security

  1. Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the country. India needs a “Digital Armed Force” to prevent crimes. Critically evaluate the National Cyber Security Police, 2013 outlining the challenges perceived in its effective implementation. 121/2

Topic: Security

Section-A

  1. (a) What is meant by ‘environmental ethics’? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics. (150 words)                              10

Topic: Ethic and Human Interface

(b)   Differentiate between the following (200 words)                                        10

(i)    Law and Ethics

       Topic: Public/Civil service values and  

  Ethics in Public administration

(ii)   Ethical management and Management of ethics

Topic: Public/Civil service values and  

  Ethics in Public administration

(iii)  Discrimination and Preferential treatment

Topic: Attitude

(iv)  Personal ethics and Professional ethics

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface

  1. Given are two quotations of moral thinkers/ philosophers. For each of these, bring out what it means to you in the present context:

(a)    “The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” (150 words)                               10

Topic:Moral Thinkers

(b)   “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.” (150 words)                                             10

Topic: Moral Thinkers

  1. (a) “A more compliance with law is not enough, the public servant also has to have a well-developed sensibility to ethical issues for effective discharge of duties.” Do you agree” Explain with the help of two examples, when (i) an act is ethically right, but not legally and (ii) an act is legally right, but not ethically, (150 words)                              10

Topic: Public/Civil service values and  

  Ethics in Public administration

(b) How do the virtues of trust worthiness and fortitude get manifested in public service? Explain with examples. (150 words)     10

Topic: Emotional intelligence

  1. (a) “Social values are more important than economic values.”

Discuss the above statement with examples in the context of inclusive growth of a nation. (150 words)  10

Topic: Attitude

(b)   Some recent development such as introduction of RTI Act, media and judicial activism, etc., are proving helpful in bringing about greater transparency and accountability in the functioning of the government. However, it is also being observed that at times the mechanisms are misused. Another negative effect is that the officers are now afraid to take prompt decisions.

Analyze this situation in detail and suggest how this dichotomy can be resolved. Suggest how these negative impact ca be minimized. (150 words)10

Topic: Probity in Governance

  1. Two different kinds of attitudes exhibited by public servants toward their work have been identified as the bureaucratic attitude and the democratic attitude.

(a)    Distinguish between these two terms and writ their merits and demerits.

(b)   Is it possible to balance the two to create a better administration for the faster development of our country? (150 words)                                      10

Topic: Attitude

  1. Today find that in spite of various measures like prescribing codes of conduct, setting up vigilance cells/commissioners, RTI, active media and strengthening of legal mechanisms, corrupt practices are not coming under control.

(a)    Evaluate the effectiveness of these measures with justifications

(b)   Suggest more effective strategies to tackle this menace. (150 words)    10

Topic: Probity in Governance

  1. At the international level, the bilateral relations between most nations are governed on the policy of promoting one’s own national interest without any regard for the interest of other nations. This leads to conflicts and tensions between the nations. How can ethical consideration help resolve such tension? Discuss with specific examples. (150 words) 10

Topic: Public/Civil service values and  

  Ethics in Public administration

  1. Public servants are likely to confront with the issues of ‘Conflict of Interest’, What do you understand by the term ‘Conflict of Interest’ and how does it manifest in the decision making by public servants? If faced with the conflict of interest situation, how would you resolve it? Explain with the help of examples. (150 words)                   10

Topic: Attitude

 

Section-B

  1. A private company is known for its efficiency, transparency and employee welfare. The company though owned by a private individual has a cooperative character where employees feel a sense of ownership. The company employs nearly 700 personnel and they have voluntarily decided not to form a union.

One day suddenly in the morning, about 40 men  belonging to a political party gate-crashed into the factory demanding jobs in the factory. They threatened the management and employees, and also used foul language. The employees feel demoralized. It was clear that those people who gate-crashed wanted to be on the payroll of the company as well as continue as the volunteers/members of the party.

The company maintains high standards in integrity and does not extend favours to civil administration that also includes law enforcement agency. Such incidents occur in public sector also.

(a)    Assume you are the  CEO of the company. What would you do to diffuse the volatile situation on the date of gate-crashing with the violent mob sitting inside the company premises?

(b)   What could be the long-term solution to the issue discussed in the case?

(c)    Every solution/action that you suggest will have a positive and negative impact on you (as CEO), the employees and the performance of the employees. Analyze the consequences of each of your suggested actions. (250 words)             20

Topic: Emotional intelligence

  1. You are the Sarpanch of a Panchayat. There is a primary school run by the government in you area. Midday meals are provided to the children attending the school. The Headmaster has now appointed a new cook in the school to prepare the means. However, when it is found that the cook is from Dalit community, almost half of the children belonging to higher casters are not allowed to take meals by their parents. Consequently the attendance in the school falls sharply. This could result in the possibility of discontinuation of midday meal scheme, thereafter of teaching staff and subsequent closing down the school.

(a)    Discuss some feasible strategies to overcome the conflict and to create right ambience.

(b)   What should e the responsibilities of different social segments and agencies to create positive social ambience for accepting such change?

Topic: Attitude

  1. One of the scientists working in the R & D laboratory of a major pharmaceutical company discovers that one of the company’s best selling veterinary drugs, B has the potential to curia currently incurable liver disease that is prevalent in tribal areas. However, developing a variant of the drug suitable for human beings entailed a lot of research and development having a huge expenditure to the extent of 50 crores. It was unlikely that the company would recover the costs as the disease was rampant only in poverty-stricken area having very little market otherwise.

If you were the CEO, then-

(a)    Identify the various actions that you could take;

(b)   evaluate the pros and cons of each of your actions.              (250 words)  20

Topic:Attitude

  1. There is a disaster-prone Sate having frequent landslides, forest fires, cloudbursts, flash floods and earthquakes, etc., Some of these are seasonal and often unpredictable. The magnitude o the disaster is always unanticipated. During one of the seasons, a cloudburst caused devastating floods and landslides leading to high casualties. There was major damage to infrastructure like roads, bridges and power generating units. This led to more than 100000 pilgrims, tourists d other locals trapped across different routes and locations. The people trapped in your area of responsibility included senior citizens, patients in hospitals, women and children, hikers, tourists, ruling party’s regional president along with his family, additional chief secretary of the neighboring State and prisoners in jail.

As a civil services officers of the State, what would be the order in which you would rescue these people and why? Give justification.               (200 words)     20

                                                                                                Topic: Ethics and Human Interface

  1. You are heading a district administration in a particular department. Your senior officer class you from the State Headquarters and tells you that a plot in Rampur village is to have a building constructed on it for a school. A visit is scheduled during which he will visit the site along with the chief engineer and the senior arctic. He wants you to check out all the papers relating to it into ensure that the visit is properly arranged. You examine the file which relates to the period before you joined the department. The land was acquired from the local Panchayat at a nominal cost and the papers show that clearance certificates are available from thhewo of the three authorities who have to certify the site’s suitability. There is no certification by the architect available on file. You decide to visit Rampur to ensue that all is in order as stated on file. When you visa Rampur, you find that the plot under reference is part of Thakurgarh Fort and thane walls, Rampur, you find that the plot under reference is part of Thakurgarh Front and that the walls, ramparts, etc., are running acrostic. The fort is well away from the main village, therefore a school here will be a serious inconvenience for the children. However, the area near the village has potential to expand into a larger residential area. The development charges on the existing plot, at the fort, will be very high and the questions of heritage site has not en addressed. Moreover, the Sarpanch, at the time of acquisition of the la was a relative of your predecessor.

The whole transaction appears to have been done with some vested interest.

(a)    List the likely vested interests of the concerned parties.

(b)   Some of the options for action available to you are listed below. Discuss the mers and demerits of each of the options:

(i)   You can await the visit of the superior officer and let him take a decision.

(ii)  You can seek his advice in writing or on phone

(iii) You can consult your predecessor/cool- leagues, etc.., and then decide what to do.

(iv) You can find out if any alternate plot can be got in exchange and then send a comprehensive written report.

Can you suggest any other options with proper justification?

(250 words) 25

Topic: Probity in Governance

  1. You can recently posted as district development officer of a district. Shortly thereafter you found that there is considerable tension in the rural areas of your district on the issue of sending girls to schools.

The elders of the village feel that many problems have come up because girls are being educated and they are stepping out of the safe environment of the household. They are of he view that the girls should be quickly married off with minimum education. The girls are also competing for jobs after education, which have traditionally remained in boys exclusive domain, adding to unemployment’s amongst make population.

The younger generation feels that in the present era, girls should have equal opportunist for education and employment, and other means of livelihood. The entire locality is divided between the elder and the younger lot and further sub-divided between sexes in both generations. You come to know that in Panchayat or in other local bodies or even in busy crossroads, te issue is being acrimoniously debated.

One day you are informed that an unpleasant incidents taken place. Some girls were molested, when they were en route to schools. The incident led to clashes between several groups and a law and order problem has arisen. The elders after heated discussion have  ten a joint decision not to allow girls to go to school and to socially boycott all such families, which do not follow their dictate.

(a)    What steps would you take to ensure girl’s safely without disrupting their duration?

(b)   How would you manage and mould patriarchic attitude of the village elders to ensure harmony in the inter-generational relations? (250 words) 25

Topic:Attitude

Revolt of 1857

  1. “What begins a fight for religion ended as a war of intendance, for there is not the slightest doubt that the rebels wanted to get rid of the lien government and restore the old order of which the king of Delhi was the rightful representative.”

Do you support this viewpoint?

Socio-Religious Reforms

  1. The second half of the nineteenth, century witnessed in India a strong wave of reformation in the spheres of religion and society. What part was played in this directly or indirectly by Raja Ram MohanRoy, Keshab Chandra Sen and Justice M.G.Ranade?       (80/I/1/25)
  2. The Caste system and the practice of untouchability were major targets of attack from the social reform movement, which grew in strength after the revolt of 1857. Indicate the main factors which gradually undermined the caste system and brought into sharp focus the evils of untouchability. What was the role of Mahatma Gandhi in the eradication of untouchability and to what extent did he influence the framers of the constitution and Government policy in the regard? What further steps should be ten to wipe out untouchability? (in 200 words)

(81/I/1/25)

  1. The nineteenth century is generally called a period of Indian Renaissance. Which were the major social reform movements of this period and what changes did they bring about? (Not more than 200 words) (84/I/1/25)
  2. Discuss the major social reform movements of the second half of the 19th century. In what way did they contribute to rise and growth of Indian National Movement? (Not more than 200 words)    (84/I/1/25)
  3. Explain the significance of the Alwar Saints in the socio-religious context? (88/I/5b(i)/10)
  4. Give a critical account of the Ramakrishna Mission with special referee to the role played by Swami Vivekananda. (90/I/3c/10)
  5. Discuss the role of the Theosophical Society in the history of religious movement in India.

(91/I/3c/10)

  1. What were the contributions of the Arya Samaj to social and religious movements of India?           (92/I/3c/10)
  2. Write short notes:- Temply Entry Programme

(93/I/4b(v)/2)

  1. Discuss the various aspects of social legislation introduced by the Ease India Company in the first half of he nineteenth century.                                  (95/I/2b/15)
  2. ‘Swami Vivekananda might well be called the father of Indian nationalism.’ elucidate.

(95/I/3c/10)

  1. The name of Raja Ram Mohan Roy sands foremost in the field of religious and social reforms. Elucidate. (97/I/3b/10)
  2. Assess the contributions of Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar to the makng of modern India.

(99/I/3a/10)

  1. In what way did Ramakrishna infuse a new vigour and dynamism into Hinduism?

(99/I/3b/10)

  1. Characterise the main features of Ina Renaissance.                      (06/I/2c/15)
  2. What was the character off socio-religious reforms in the 19th Century and how did they contribute to the national awakening in India? (250 words)          (07/I/1a/30)
  3. Write about: Gurudwara Reform Movement.

(09/I/21/2)

  1. Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu/Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.

(14/I/5/10)

Congress-Moderates & Extremists Split (Surat) – Reunion (Lucknow)

  1. Discuss briefly the basic aims withy which the Indan National Congress was founded. When and under what circumstance did it decide to have complete independence (Purna Swaraj) from the British rule as its goal? (Amount 200 words) (85/I/1/35)
  2. What were the attitudes of the Moderates and the Extremists towards the Freedom Movement in India? What led to their show-down in Surat (1907)? (About 200 words)

(86/I/1/35)

  1. Analyse briefly the contribution of the religious reform movements to the growth of extremist nationalist movement. (89/I/1/35)
  2. Analyse the main differences between the approaches of Tilak and Gokhale on social and political issues. (About 150 words each)

(93/I/2c/15)

  1. “The Lucknow Pact of 1916 was signed without regard for its consequences.” Elucidate. (93/I/3c/10)
  2. What were the contributions of the Moderate in the formative stage of the Indian National Congress?                             (94/I/3a/10)
  3. Trace the emergence of Indian nationalism till the foundation of the Indian National Congress.                (95/I/2c/15)
  4. What was Tilak’s contribution towards shaping the course of nationalist movement in India?          (96/I/3a/10)
  5. Examine the cases and nature of extremism in Indian politics in the early part of the present century. (About 250 words)

(97/I/1b/35)

  1. How did economic nationalism mirror the work of the early nationalist leadership in India?          (98/I/1b/35)
  2. Why did the moderates lose appeal with the Indians and failed to elicit desired response from the British?

(98/I/2b/35)

  1. discuss the main objectives of the Indian national movement up to 1905. What were its basic weaknesses during this period?

(01/I/1a/30)

  1. Bring out the ideological basis of the Moderate Extremist divide in the Indian National Congress?          (03/I/2c/15)
  2. What was the attitude of India Industrialists towards the Indian National Congress in the pre-independent era? (06/I/2a/15)
  3. “Satan cannot enter till he finds a flaw… A great ocean separates us educate free from the millions in our country. “Critically analyse in about 150 words.           (09/I/1c/15)
  4. Write about” Egmore Faction’ (09/I/2e/2)

Partition of Bengal – Swadeshi

Movement & Rise of Revolutionary

Terrorism

  1. What were the motives which led to the partition of Bengal? What were its consequences? Why was it annulled? (About 250 words) (88/I/1/35)
  2. How did Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak champion the cause of militant nationalism in India?          (90/I/3a/10)
  3. “If Aurobindo was the high priest, Rabindranath, was whereat poet of the Swadesh Movement” Elucidate. (90/I/3b/10)
  4. Discuss the growth of revolutionary terrorism with special reference to its ramifications in Maharashtra, Bengal and Punjab till the first decade one twentieth century. (About 250 words)          (91/I/1b/35)
  5. How far was the Swadeshi Movement linked with Boycott? Analyse the nature of mass participation in the Movement (About 250 words) (92/I/1b/35)
  6. Why was Bengal partitioned in 1905? How did it lead to the growth of extremist and terrorist schools of nationalism? Why was it annulled and with what consequences? (About 250 words)          (93/I/1b/35)
  7. Bengal was partitioned in 1905 not for administrative reasons but for political purples. Elucidate.                      (96/I/2a/15)
  8. How did the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal influence the nationalist politics?(98/I/3b/10)
  9. Trace the region of the Swadeshi Movement. How did it involve the masses? (00/I/1a/30)
  10. How did the terrorist movement gather strength in countries other than India?

(00/I/2b/15)

  1. Write short notes: Divide at impera.

(02/I/3(vi)/2)

  1. What led to the partition of Bengal in 1905?

(05/I/2a/15)

Nationalism during World War-I –

Gadar Party & Home Rule League

  1. Explain the part played by Annie Besant in the Home rule Movement. (94/I/3b/10)
  2. Write short notes: ghadar Party (01/I/3v/2)
  3. Trace the growth of the Indian Home Rule Movement in Britain. (02/I/2a/15)
  4. ‘Benoy-Badal-Dinesh’ martyrdom.

(11/I/6a/5)

 

M.K. Gandhi-South African

Experiment, Rowlatt Satyagraha &

Jalianwala Bagh Massacre

  1. Explain briefly the main contribution of Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore & jawahalal Nehru to the making of modern India. (About 250 words) (79/I/5/30)
  2. Mahatma Gandhi wrote in 1928 to Pandit Jawarhalal Nehru: “the differences between you and me appear to be so vast and radical that there seems to be no meeting ground between us.” State briefly the difference in approach of Gandhiji and Pandit Nehru to the following two issues and indicate the impact of their views on our Constitution and Government Policy:

(a) Socialism as a goal of National Policy,

(b) Place of Industries in Indian Economy. (Not more than 150 words on each)

(80/I/2/25)

  1. Explain briefly Mahatma Gandhi’s views on religion and its relation to politics. Were these views shared by Shri Jawaharlal Nehru? (About 150 words) (82/I/1/35)
  2. Point our clearly the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindra nath agore to the social and cultural life of India. (Not more than 150 words) (84/I/3a/25)
  3. Both Mahatma Gandhi and Paani Jawaharlal Nehru was interested in India’s economic development, but there were some basic differences in their approach to this problem. Point out clearly those basic differences. (About 200 words) (85/I/2/35)
  4. Relation between Religion and Politics has been a subject of controversy since long. What are t views of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru of this issue? (Not more than 130 words)                           (87/I/5a/25)
  5. Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concepts of Socialism? How did it differ from Marxian socialism.                                      (88/I/3a/20)
  6. What was Mahatama Gandhi’s concepts of Socialism? How did it differ from Marxian socialism.                                        (90/I/2a/15)
  7. “Mahatma Gandhi’s succession, during 1916-20. in getting the technique of non-violent satyagrahha accepted by the nation as a weapon of struggle against the British was phenomenal.” Elucidate. (93/I/1a/35)
  8. Trace the emergence of Gandhiji in Indian political scene till the Champaran Satyagraha of 1917. What was the basic philosophy of Satyagraha enuciat by him? (About 250 words) (94/I/1b/35)
  9. Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of ‘Basic unction’. How far was it a departure from conventional system of education?

(97/I/2b/15)

  1. What do you know about Rowlatt Act.

(97/I/4b/2)

  1. The mainstay of Mahatma Gandhi’s movements was the rural India’ Elucidate.

(03/I/2a/15)

  1. Do you think Mahatma Gandhis support to Khilalfat Movement and diluted his secular credentials? Give your arguments based on the assessment of events. (150 words)

(07/I/2b/15)

  1. “The foreign power will be withdrawn but for me real freedom will come only when we free ourselves of the dominance of western education, western culture and the western way of living which have been ingrained in us.” Critically analyse in about 150 words.

(09/I/1b/15)

Jawaharlal Nehru

  1. Explain briefly how the ides and experiments of the Soviet Government in USSR influenced Poet Rabindra Nath Tore, Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawarharlal Nehru. (Not more than 200 words)

(83/I/11/35)

  1. Explain Nehru’s main theme in his Discovery of India. (About 100 words)

(88/I/3b/10)

  1. Describe Nehru’s attitude towards Russia in the pr-1947 period. (About 50 words)

(88/I/3c/5)

  1. How was Jawaharlal Nehru influenced by socialist ideas? How did the Socialist thinking of Nehru and other leaders influence the Congress before 1942?

(89/I/2b/15)

  1. Analyse Jawaharlal Nehru’s views on Independence and Dominion Status. How far were these reflected in the policy enunciated by the Llahore Congress?

(92/I/2a/15)

  1. Short Notes on: Mass Contact Programme of Nehru.

(93/I/4b/2)

  1. In what why did the international events in the late twenties of the present century influence Jawaharlal Nehru’s radical views?

(94/I/3c/10)

  1. Why had Nehru in his Autobiography been so critical of the liberals?

(96/I/3b/10)

  1. Did Jawaharlal Nehru really ‘speak’ the ‘language’ of Gandhi? Locate the points of their agreements and dipartures.

(98/I/1a/35)

  1. Was Jawaharlal Nehru justified in adopting the principles of non-alignment as the corner-stone of India’s foreign policy?

(00/I/2c/10)

  1. Regardless of distancing time, there were lots of similarities between Lord Curzon and Jawahar Lal Nehru. Discuss.

(06/I/1a/30)

Rabindranath Tagore

  1. What were the basic differences between Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s Internationalism and Rabindranath Tagore’s Internationalism? Why was Tagore called ‘a Spiritual Ambassador’?

(86/I/3a/25)

  1. Tagore’s humanism is a blending of his faith in g and man. ‘Comment. (About 50 words each)

(89/I/3d/10)

  1. How far was Rabindranath Tagore a poet out Mankind?

(91/I/3b/10)

  1. Discuss Tagore’s concept on education. How far was it a departure from conventional system of education? (About 50 words each)

(92/I/3d/10)

  1. Explain Rabindranath Tagore’s Plan of village reconstruction. (About 50 words each)

(93/I/3d/10)

  1. Why did Tagore emphasize on the primacy of the social over the political order? (About 75 words)

(94/I/3d/10)

  1. How far was Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s concept of religion wedded to his love of nature?

(95/I/3d/10)

  1. Tagore’s emphasis on internationalism and humanism was ahead of his times. Explain?

(96/I/3d/10)

  1. Examine the ideas of Rabindranath Tagore on democracy.

(98/I/3a/10)

  1. ‘Tagore’s poetry is written record of his religious experience.’ Elucidate.

(99/I/3c/10)

 

Dr. B.RRAmbedkar

  1. ‘Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s versatile career went through various phases. ‘State briefly the various facets of his life.

(91/I/3a/10)

Non-cooperation Movement-Khilafat,

Swarajists and no-changers and growth

of revolutionary terrorsim

  1. What were the effects of the Non-violent Non-Co-operation Movement in India? When was the Movement suspended and why? (About 200 words)

(86/I/2/35)

  1. Why did Gandhiji launch the Non-violent Non-co-operation Movement on the Khilafat question. How were other issues joined to it later on? Discusshe constructive programme of the Non=cooperation Movement.

(89/I/1a/30)

  1. Trace the origin of the Swaraj Party. What was the manifesto of the Swaraj Party? What were the Swarajists’ demands and the reactions of the British?

(90/I/1a/35)

  1. What were the reasons that changed Gandhiji’s attitude of responsive cooperation to non-cooperation in 1920? What were it consequences?

(96/I/1a/35)

  1. Trace he formation of the Swaraj Party. What were its demands.

(99/I/2a/15)

  1. Discuss the aims and objects of the Khilafat Movement. To what extent was it successful?

(01/I/2b/15)

  1. Form a critical assessment of the Non-Cooperation Movement.

(04/I/1b/30)

  1. The crisis of the colonial order during 1919 and 19939 was directly linked to the constitutional reforms, disillusionment and militant anti-colonial struggles. Elucidate

( 250 words)

(07/I/1b/30)

  1. Evaluate the contribution of revolutionary terrorism represented by hagat Singh to the cause of India’s struggle for independence. (150 words)

(07/I/2c/15)

  1. “Non-Cooperation Movement gave new direction and energy to the National Movement.” Explain, (in about 150 words)

(08/I/1c/15)

  1. Bharat naujawan Sabha.

(11/I/6b/5)

  1. ‘Babbar Akali’ movement.

(11/I/6c/5)

Civil Disobedience Movement-Round Table Conference, Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Karachi

Congress, Mac Donald Award & Poona Pact

  1. Analyse Mahatma Gandhi’s main demands presented to Irwin. How did Slt emerge as the central issue for launching the Satyagraha? (About 100 words)

(88/I/2a/15)

  1. What was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact? Why was it signed and what were its consequences? (About 150 words)

(88/I/2b/20)

  1. Why did Mahatma Gandhi launch Civil Disobedience Movement? Analyse the intensity of the movement in different parts of India.

(92/I/2b/15)

  1. What was the Macdonald Award? How was it modified and with that results?

(93/I/2b/15)

  1. In what why did the Civil Disobedience Movement affect the different province of India? How did if foster peasant movement in India? (About 250 words)

(95/I/1b/30)

  1. What was the Macdonald Award? How was it modified? (About 150 words each)

(97/I/2a/15)

  1. What were the salient features of Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

(97/I/2a/15)

  1. Write short notes: Communal Award

(98/I/4c/2)

  1. Why did Gandhi launch the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and with what results? (01/I/2c/15)
  2. Write short notes: Dandi March

(02/I/3(vii)/2)

  1. Write short notes: Satyanagraha

(02/I/3(xiii)/2)

Proposals towards Independence – The

August Offcer . Cripps Mission / Raja Ji

Formula / Desal Liaquat formula / Waved Plan/Cabinet Mission Plan/Dickie Bird Plan / Mountabatten plan

  1. What was Cripps’ Mission? Why did its failure result into Quit India Movement? Mention briefly the major developments after this movement leading to Independence 1947. (Not more than 200 words)

(84/I/2/35)

  1. What was the Cabinet Mission Plan? How was the ‘grouping clause’ Fundamental to it? What was its impact on the attitude of the Congress and the League? (About 250 words)

(89/I/1b/30)

  1. What was the attitude of the Indian National Congress towards the Second World War? What was the August Offer? What were the factors that led the British to change its negative policy and send Cripps to India? (About 250 words)

(90/I/1b/35)

  1. “From August Offer of Mountbatten Plan was a logical Revolution” Discuss.

(93/I/2a/15)

  1. How did the outbreak of the Second World War affect India’s political scene? Did the Cripps Mission resolve the political crisis in India? (About 250 words)

(94/I/1a/35)

  1. Short Notes on: August Offer, 1940

(96/I/4b/2)

  1. What do you know about August Declaration, 1917.

(97/I/4b/2)

  1. Assess the role of C.Rajagopalachari during the pre-partition years of Indian public life.

(98/I/3d/10)

  1. What were the proposals of the Cabinet Mission? Analyse the reactions of the Congress and the League to the proposals.

(99/I/1b/35)

  1. What was Mountbatten Plan? Discuss the reactions of Gandhi and Azad to the Plan.

(00/I/1b/30)

  1. Why did Jinnah reject the C.R. Formula?

(02/I/1b/30)

  1. Review the ‘Dickie Bird Plan’.

(02/I/2c/15)

Quit India Movement –

INA & RIN Mutiny

  1. ‘The trial of INA officers did more harm than good to the British Rule in India.’ Explain.

(89/I/3b/10)

  1. When and why did the revolt of the rings of the Royal Indian Navy take place? Why did they suspend the movement? What were the attitudes of Gandhi and Patel towards the movement?

(90/I/3d/10)

  1. Trace the origins of thee I.N. Mutiny and evaluate its impact on the political situation in India.

(98/I/2c/15)

  1. Evaluate the attitudes of different political parties towards Quit India Movement

(02/I/2b/15)

  1. Evaluate Subhas Chandra Bose’s contbution to India’s freedom.

(05/I/2b/15)

  1. Critically assess Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru’s views on Indian Nationalism

(06/I/2b/35)

  1. Trace the salient sequence of events in the popular revolt that took place in February 1946 in the ‘Royal Indian Navy’ and bring out its significance in the freedom struggle. Do you agree with the view that the sailors who took part in this revolt were some of the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle?

(11/I/2a/20)

  1. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspiration in India?

(14/I/7/10)
Communalism / Partition of India

  1. What are the main factors, which led eventually to the partition of India in 1947? To what extent was Shri Jawaharlal Nehru justified in writing in 1946 as follows: ‘It (Communalism) is our fault, of course and we must suffer for our failings. But I car/not excuse of forgive the British authorities for the deliberate part they have played in creating disruption in India.

(82/I/2/35)

  1. Despite the fact that Muslims and Hinds fought together against the British in the Revolt of 1857, a separatist movement started soon after, resulting into the partition of India. In the light of this statement, review briefly the origin and development of Muslim Separatist Movement culminating into the creation of Pakistan in 1947. (Not more than 200 words)

(87/I/2/35)

  1. Narrate the last phase of the India’s freedom movement especially from the bringing of 1947 till the attainment of Independence.

(91/I/1a/35)

  1. Write short notes: Sikander-Jinnah Pact.

(93/I/4b(iv)/2)

  1. Do you think that the Partition of India was inevitable? Discuss the attitudes of Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru and Maulana Azad towards the crucial question of Partition.

(95/I/1a/35)

  1. What were the circumstance that led to the partition of India in 1947? (97/I/2c/30)
  2. How did Communalism manifest in India political scene? Explain the background f the passing of the momentous Pakistan Resolution. (About 250 words) (99/I/1a/35)
  3. Why and how did the Congress come to accept the partition of the country?

(05/I/2c/15)

Acts During British Raj

  1. Give an account of legislative measures passed during 1856-1956 for the uplift of women. Why was a new Act prohibiting Sati passed recently?

(88/I/4a/15)

  1. What were the main feature of the Act of 1935? What was Jawaharlal Nehru’s reaction to the Act? Why did he contest the elections of 1937 and with what effect.

(90/I/2b/15)

  1. How far the labour legislations of the British Government were meant to ameliorate he condition of the working class.

(92/I/3b/10)

  1. “The Minto-Morely Reforms id not and could not provide an answer to Indian problems” Explain

(93/I/3b/15)

  1. Write short notes: Ilbert Bill, Sarda Act, Education Despatch of 1854.

(99/I/4b/2 each)

  1. “The reforms of 1909 introduced a cardinal problem and ground of controversy at every revision of the Indian electoral system” comment.

(03/I/1a/30)

  1. Write about W.W.Hunter.

(93/I/3b/2)

  1. “In the Montagu-Chelmsford Report communal representational and reservations were not only retained but considerably extended” Comment.

(93/I/3b/15)

  1. How did the Government of India Act, 1935 mark a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India?

(06/I/1b/30)

  1. What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909?

(07/I/2a/15)

  1. Write about Ilbert Bill in 20 words.

(08/I/2b/2)

Movement – State people’s Movement/ Trade Union Movement / Peasant Movement / Tribal Movement / Movement against untouchability and caste system / Movement for the upliftment of women

  1. What efforts have been made for the upliftment of women India From the middle of the nineteenth century to the present day?

(85/I/5a/25)

  1. What was Harian Movement? Why and with what effect did Gandhi launch individual Satyagraha?

(91/I/2a/15)

  1. Discuss the outstanding Tribal uprising against the British rule during the nineteenth century.

(94/I/2a/15)

  1. What was the significance of the Prajamandal movements in the Indian States in the decade preceding India’s independence?

(98/I/3c/10)

  1. How did the movement for the liberation of women receive a great stimulus from the rise and growth of the nationalist movement in India?

(01/I/2a/15)

  1. Discuss the character of major tribal uprisings in British Indian in the nineteenth Century.

(08/I/2d/2)

7.Write about: Vaikam Satyagraha

(09/I/2a/2)

  1. Write about: Kiang Nongbah.

(09/I/2a/2)

  1. Evaluate the influence of the three important women’s organization of the early twentieth century in Indian the county’s society and politics. To what extent do you think were the social objectives of these organizations constrained by the political objectives?

(11/I/2b/20)

  1. “The Indian independence movement was a mass based movement that encompassed various sections of society. It also underwent e process of constant ideological evolution” Critically examine. (12/I/1e/5)
  2. The significance of Patharughat in the Indian freedom struggle.

(12/I/4a/2)

  1. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torchbearer during the struggle for freedom is India. Discuss (200 words)

(13/I/3/10)

  1. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom. (200 words)

(13/I/4/10)

  1. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodand Gramdan Movement initiated by
    Acharya Vivoba Bhave and their success. (200 words)

(13/I/6/10)

Civil Services / Judicial System /

Loc Self Govt./Moder

Education / Indian Press

  1. ‘The recruitment of Indians to Civil Services was the most important questions in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.’ Explain.

(89/I/2a/15)

  1. Describe the main features of the Panchayati Raj Bills.Does it, in your opinion, modify its federal character?

(89/I/3c/10)

  1. Trace the progress the women’s education from the early days of the British rule to the year 1947. (About 150 words)

(90/I/2c/15)

  1. Trace the growth and development of University education till 1919. (About 150 words)

(91/I/2c/15)

  1. State the various regulations imposed by the British Government to curtail the freedom of the press.

(91/I/3d/10)

  1. Write a short history of the Local Self-Government till the Reforms of 1919.

(92/I/3a/10)

  1. Discuss the British policy towards Tibet from the end of the nineteenth century to the Viceroyalty of Lord Curzon. (About 150 words)

(94/I/2c/15)

  1. When was the system of open competitive examination in the Indian Civil Service introduced? Analyse the growth of the Indian Civil Service till the passing of the Government of India Act, 1919.

(95/I/2a/15)

  1. Assess the growth the development of Technical Education during the British rule.

(95/I/3b/10)

  1. Discuss the major regulations enacted by the British rulers to curb the freedom of Press in India.

(04/I/1a/30)

  1. Discuss the main findings of the Hartog Committee (1929)

(04/I/2c/15)

  1. What in your opinion were the positive steps taken by the British to modernize India?

(05/I/1a/30)

  1. Write about: aileybury College

(09/I/2f/2)

  1. Write about : Ijara System.

(09/I/2g/2)

 

Impact of British Rule on Indian Economy

  1. The economic policies followed by British led to the transformation of India’s economy into a colonial economy. They disrupted the traditional structure of the Indian economy. Explain how this happened with special reference to agricultural rural employment and development of our industries.

(83/I/2/35)

  1. The railways did in India what they did elsewhere, they hastened the transition from handicraft to mechanical industry by transforming the transport situation. ‘Discuss. (About 150 words)

(92/I/2c/15)

  1. What is meant by ‘un-British’ rule in India? How did the Indian nationalists react against it? Evaluate the role of Dadabhai Naoroji in exposing the evils of British rule in India.

(94/I/2b/15)

  1. What do you understand about ‘Drain of wealth during British rule? Examine its effects on Indian economy.

(97/I/3a/10)

  1. How did the policy of free trade hurt Indian textile industry and crafts in the latter alf of the 19th century

(98/I/2b/15)

  1. The emergence of new social classes in British India was the direct consequence of the establishment of new social economy, new state system, administrative machinery and Western education. “Discuss, (in about 150 words)

(08/I/1a/15)

  1. “British vision of India had no single coherent set of ideas. On the contrary, the ideas were shot through with contradictions and inconsistencies.” Discuss, (in about 150 words)

(08/I/1b/15)

  1. “Many Englishmen honestly consider themselves the trustees for India and yet to what a condition they have reduced our country. “Critically analyse in about 150 words.

(09/I/1a/15)

  1. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India fom mid-eighteenth century till independence.

(14/I/6/10)
Viceroy / Governor General

  1. The Viceroyalties of Lord Lytton and Lord Ripon formed an important landmark in the history of the Indian National Movement.’ Examine the truth of the statement.

(92/I/1a/35)

  1. Wt were the basic differences between the conservative and the liberal schools of administrators in the latter half of the 19th century?

(93/I/3a/10)

  1. How did the British illustrate Lord Canning’s policy in treating the Indian Princes and ‘Breakwaters in the storm’?

(95/I/3a/10)

  1. The policies of the British Indian Government during 1858-1905 were aimed at preventing another revolt of the masses. Elucidate. (About 250 words)

(96/I/1b/35)

  1. What was the Masterly Inactivity Policy? Why was it abandoned?

(96/I/2b/15)

  1. How far Curzon’s policy towards Tibet was influenced by strategic consideration.

(99/I/2c/15)

  1. “Dalhousie’s predecessors had acted on the general principles of avoiding annexations, if these could be avoided. Dalhousie acted on the principles of annexation, if lie could do so legitimately. His annexations were both toe war and peace.” Analyse. (150 words)

(10/I/2a/24)

  1. “In many way Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India.” Elaborate. (200 words)

(13/I/15/10)

 

Post-Independence Consolidation and Reorganisation within the country

  1. Why were the states of India ‘reorganised’ in 1956? Do you think in retrospect that the policy has served the purpose which the Government had in view? Give reasons for your views. (150 words)

(80/I/4/25)

  1. One of the outstanding achievement of the Government of Independent India is the integration of the former ‘Princely’ States with the Indian Union. How was this achieved? What important forces/factors helped the Unifications of India? (150 words)

(81/I/2/25)

  1. Why was Sardar Patel described as Bismarck of India?

(83/I/8b(B)/3)

  1. How did Patel succeed in avoiding the evil consequences of the doctrine of lapse of paramountcy and in integrating Indian States? (About 150 words each)

(89/I/2c/15)

  1. Write short notes: Butler Committee Report.

(96/I/4b/2)

  1. What was the role of the stes people’s movement in the integration of India states?

(96/I/3c/10)

  1. How did Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel succeed in avoiding the evil consequences of the doctrine of lapse of paramountcy and in integrating Indian States?

(97/I/1a/35)

  1. What was he Butler Committee Report? Discuss the reactions on the Report of India.

(02/I/1a/30)

  1. Write short notes: Chamber of Princes.

(02/I/3(iv)/2)

  1. Discuss the problems that impeded the integration of the princely states into the Indian Union. How were these problems tackled?

(03/I/1b/30)

  1. Examine the policy of Subordinate Union towards Princely States. Account for the shift from the policy of Subordinate Isolation.

(05/I/1b/30)

  1. Write about India States Commission.

(08/I/2e/2)

  1. Write a critical note on the evolution and significance the slogan, ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ (200 words)

(13/I/7/10)

  1. Analyze the circumstances at led to the Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the Agreement. (200 words)

(13/I/9/10)

  1. Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive role i the emergence of Bangladesh. (200 words)

(13/I/10/10)

 

Institutions / Commission / Unions

  1. “Telugu Ganga”. origin and significance of the long term objective.

(83/I/11a/3)

  1. Explain briefly the importance of the following.

(i) INA

(ii) Asiatic Society of Bengal

(iii) Indian Council for Cultural Relations

(84/I/4a/15)

  1. Explain briefly the nature and activities of either Theosophical Society of India or Servants of Indian Society.

(85/I/5b/10)

  1. Explain briefly the importance of the following.

(i) UGC

(ii) Sahitya Academy

(iii) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

(86/I/4a/15)

  1. Explain briefly the importance of the following:

(i) Ghadar Party

(ii) The Deccan Education Society

(iii) National Archieves of India

(87/I/3a/15)

  1. Theosophical Society of India

(96/I/4b/2)

  1. What do you know about the following:

(i) Lalit Kala cademy

(ii) Poona Sarvajanik Sabha

(97/I/4b/4)

  1. (i) Sarda Sadan

(ii) Sabarmati Ashram

(iii) Hunter Commission

(98/I/4a(ii), (iii), (iv)2 each)

  1. Bharat Dharma Mahamandal

(98/I/4b(iv)/2)

  1. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science

(99/I/4b(v)/2)

  1. Who established the Araya Samaj? What was its goal?

(00/I/2a/15)

  1. Fort William college

(00/I/3(xii)/2)

  1. Prthana Samaj

(01/I/3(iv)/2)

  1. Satyashodhak Samaj

(01/I/3(vi)/2)

  1. Dharma Sabha

(02/I/3(v)/2)

  1. Write a note on the Theosophical Society

(04/I/2b/15)

  1. Calcutta Madrasa

(05/I/3g/2)

  1. Write about Poona Sarvajanik Sabha

(08/I/2e/2)

  1. Write about Indian States Commission

(08/I/2e/2)

  1. Write on Girni Kamgar Union in about 20 words.

(09/I/10e/2)

War / Movement / Revolt

  1. Describe briefly the impact of the following on India (about 40 words each):

(79/I/3a/4each)

  1. Explain the significance of the following socio religious movements: (Not exceeding two sentences for each)

(i) Suddhi Movement

(ii) Self-Respect Movement

(iii) SNDP-Yojana

(iv) The Deoband Movement

(v) The Bhakti Movement

(86/I/4b/10)

  1. Explain the significance of the following in the socio-religious context: (50 words for each)

(88/I/5b/10)

  1. What do you know about the following movements?

(i) Rahnumai Mazda Yasnam

(ii) The Bhagat Movement

(iii) The Wahabi Movement

(89/I/4b/6)

  1. What do ou know about the following movements?

(i) Farazi Movement

(ii) Suddhi Move

(iii) The Young Bengal Movement

(90/I/4b/6)

  1. What do you know about the following movements?

(i) Swadeshi Movement

(ii) Khilafat Movement

(iii) Namdhari Movement

(91/I/4b/10)

  1. What do you know about the followings movements?

(i) Wahabi Movement

(ii) Indigo Movement

(iii) Quit India Movement

(92/I/4b/6)

  1. What do you know about the following?

(i) Tana Bhagat Movement

(ii) Satyashodak Movement

(iii) Khilafat Movement

(94/I/4b/6)

  1. Writ about the chief features of the following?

(i) Ahmadiya Movement

(ii) MahayaanBuddhism

(96/I/4a/4)

  1. Write about Ahmadiya Movement

(96/I/4a(iii)/2)

  1. Write ut the chief features of Wahabi Movement.

(98/I/4c(iii)/2)

  1. Write about the chief features of

(i) Neo-art movement

(ii) Munda Movement

(99/I/4/2each)

  1. Write about: Darul-Uloom

(05/I/3o/2)

  1. Write about: Bhakti (in about 20 words)

(07/I/3b/2)

 

Personalities

  1. Describe briefly the contribution of any seven of the following to the life and thought of modern India (about 40 words each)

(a) Vivekananda   (b) Sri Aurobiin

(c) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak   (f) Mirza Ghalib

(g) Homi Bhabha              (h) Sarojini

(i) C.V. Raman                 (j) Lala Lajpat Rai

(79/I/1/28)

  1. Describe briefly the impact of the followingg on India (about 40 words eah)

(i) Leo Tolstoy      (ii) Kemal Ataturk

(iii) Karl Marx

(79/I/3/4each)

  1. Describe the main contributions of Jai Prakash Narayan to Indian society & Politics. (200 words)

(79/I/9/30)

  1. Name the Indian Scientists who have won the Noble Prize the their work.

(79/II/7b/3)

  1. Which industrial group in the private sector holds the largest assets today in India?

(79/II/7f/3)

  1. Name two distinguished Indian Agricultural Scientists.

(79/II/7j/3)

  1. Who are the following and what have been their contribution to the life and thought of India?

(i) Thyagaraja

(ii) Vallathal Narayana Menon

(iii) Nand Lal Bose

(iv) Purushottam Das Tandon

(v) Sir Syed Ahmad

(82/I/4b/10)

  1. To which dynasty did the kings, who built the temples at Khajuraho, belong? To whom were the temples dedicated. Name the temple, which occupies the pride of place there. (Not more than 50 words)

(83/I/4a/10)

  1. Who were the following and why were they so well known? (Not more than two sentences on each)

(i) Henry Vivian Derozio

(ii) Bhulabhai Desai

(iii) Jyotiba Phule

(iv) V.D. Savarkar

(v) Rashbehari Ghose

(86/I/3b/10)

  1. What is the contribution of the following to the cultural life of India? (One sentence for each)

(i) Ramanuj

(ii) Shaikh Monuddin Chishti

(iii) Shyagaraja

(iv) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar

(v) Raja Ravi Verma

(vi) Amrita Shergill

(vii) Ram Kinker Vaij

(viii) Sonal Man Singh

(ix) Sanyukta Panigrahi

(x) Prithvi Raj Kapoor

(87/I/4e/10)

  1. Who wrote our National Anthem? When, where and on what occasion was it sung for the first time? When was it accepted as our National Anthem?

(87/I/5b/10)

  1. Explain the contribution of the following to the social life of India: (One sentence for each)

(i) Ela Bhatt          (ii) M.G. Ranade

(iii) Acharya Narendra Dev

(iv) Madan Mohan Malaviya

(v) Narayana Guru (vi) Brisa munda

(vii) Baba Amte

(viii) Malti Devi Chowdhury

(ix) Dr. Zakir Hossian

(x) C.N. Annadural

(88/I/4c/10)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Subrahamania Bharati

(ii) M.A. Ansari

(iii) Chapekar Brothers

(iv) Panna Lai Patel

(v) Khudiram Bose

(89/I/4d/10)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Kunwar Singh

(ii) S.H. Slocum

(iii) P. Ananda Cham

(iv) K.M. Munshi

(v) Muzaffar Ahmed

(90/I/4d/10)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) S.A. Dange      (ii) C. Sankaran Nair

(iii) Titu Mir          (iv) Teodore Beck

(v) Edwin Lutyens

(91/I/4d/10)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) M.A. Ansari                 (ii) P.C. Joshi

(iii) Indulal Yagnik

(iv) Lord Pethwick

(v) Sree Narayana Guru

(vi) Nand Lal Bose

(92/I/4d/12)

  1. Why have the followibecome famous?

(i) C.Ilbert

(ii) John Simon

(iii) Ramay Macdonald

(iv) Wavell

(93/I/4d/8)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Bhai Parmanand

(ii) Dr. Satyapal

(iii) Vasudeo Balwant Phadke

(iv) George Yule

(v) N.C. Kelkar

(vi) C.F. Andrews

(95/I/5d/12)

  1. Why have the following been famous?

(i) Bharatendu Harish Chandra

(ii) C. Rajagopalachari

(iii) A.O. Hume

(iv) Birsa Munda

(96/I/4d/8)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Shyamji Krishnavarma

(ii) Rani Gaidinliu

(iii) Saifuddin Kitchelew

(iv) Dr.Nivedita Bhasin

(97/I/4d/8)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan

(ii)  Seth Jmnalal Bajaj

(iii) S. Satyamurti

(iv) Udham Singh

(v) Sarojini Naidu

(98/I/4d/10)

  1. Why have the following become famous?

(i) Rammanohar Lohia

(ii) C.Y. Chintamani

(iii) Henry Cotton

(iv) Tej Bahadur Sapru

(v) Veeresalingam R.K.

(vi) Bhulabhai Desai

(vii) Kamladevi Chattopadhyay

(99/I/4c/2each)

  1. Answer the following:

(i) Brahmagupta

(ii) Amir Khusro

(iii) William Jones

(iv) C.V Andrews

(v) NarayanGuru

(vi) Tantia Tope

(vii) Sayyid Ahmad

(viii) Margaret Noble

(ix) Lala Amarnath

(x) Tiger Woods

(00/I/3/2each)

  1. Write about the following:

(i) Baba Amte       (ii) Ali Sardar Jafri

(iii) Aruna Roy

(00/I/13/2each)

  1. Answer the following:

(i) Aryabhatta                   (ii) D.K. Karve

(iii) J. Krishnamurthy

(iv) Jamnalal Bajaj

(v) Banabhatta                  (vi) Gopi Krishna

(vii) Pupul Jaykar

(viii) Mohammad Iqbal

(ix) Jaydeva                      (x) T. Prakasam

(xi) Ali Brothers

(01/I/3/2each)

  1. Answer the following: Pullela Gopichand

(01/I/13a/2)

  1. Write about the following:

(i) Bismillah Khan            (ii) Christ Evert

(iii) Garry Kasparov

(iv) Keshab Chandra sen

(v) Nivedita

(vi) Pele

(vii) Raidasa

(viii) Steffi Graf

(ix) Theodore Beck

(02/I/3/2each)

  1. Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each)

(i) Sajjad Zahir

(ii) HarDayal

(iii) Indu Lai Yajnik

(iv) Achhut Patwardhan

(v) Sir William Jones

(vi) James Wilson

(03/I/3/2each)

  1. Write about the following:

(a) Nizamuddin Auya       (b) Raidas

(c) Jagat Seth

(d)  Baba Ram Chandra

(e) Pandita  mabai

(f) Sir Thomas Roe

(g) Tavernier

(05/I/3/2each)

  1. Write about the following:

(a) Megasthenes                (b) R.C. Dutt.

(c) Nagarjnakonda            (d) Rudramadevi

(e) Ramanuja

(07/I/3i/2each)

  1. Write about Lakshmi Bai, Rani of Jhansi in about 20 words.

(08/I/2a/2)

  1. Write about Lala Hardayal in 20 words.

(08/I/2c/2)

  1. Write about Megasthenes in 20 words.

(08/I/2g/2)

  1. Write about Allasani Peddana in 20 words.

(08/I/2j/2)

  1. Write about: Taji Mideren

(09/I/2h/2)

  1. Write brief note on Contributions of Latika Ghosh to the freedom struggle.

(10/I/9a/2)

  1. Write brief note on Bhai Mjaraj Singh as a freedom fighter.

(10/I/9b/2)

  1. Discuss the contributions of Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad to pre- and post-indepndent India. (200 words)

(13/I/8/10)

  1. “Latecomer’ Industrial Revolution in Japan in involved certain factors that were markedly different from what West had experienced.” Analyze. (200 words)

(13/I/11/10)

  1. “Africa was chopped into States artificially created by accidents of European competition.”Analyze. (200 words)

(13/I/12/10)
French Revolution

  1. Which event marked the outbreak of the French Revolution? What stands at that site today?

(89/I/7b/5)

  1. What circumstances led to the victory of Socialists in the parliamentary elections in French?

(97/I/6b/10)
American Revolution

  1. “American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism.” Substantiate. (200 words)

(13/I/13/10)

Colonization/Decolonization

  1. B`riefly indicate why and what types of problems were faced by the United Germany consequent on its unification.

(91/I/7d/6)

  1. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?

(14/I/8/10)

Political Philosophies like communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc.

  1. What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-images as a world power?

(14/I/9/10)

  1. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the Great Economic Depression? (200 words)

(13/I/14/10)

  1. The New Economic Policy-1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate.

(14/I/10/10)

Role of Women and Women’s Organizations

  1. The most striking change in our social life today is the improved status of women. Who and what organisations helped their cause enabling them to attain their present status? What important safeguards have been provided in the Constitution and the laws of the land for protection of women’s interests? In what directions are further legal measures for their protection called for? (Not more than 200 words)

(80/I/7/25)

  1. In Delhi alone, 162 cases of burning of women have been reported to the police during the period between 1.4.83 and 30.6.83. Almost all of them were married young women alleged to have been maltreated or tortured for not bringing sufficient dowry. What are the reasons for this phenomenon? Why are such cases rare amongst the Muslims? What measures are being taken by the Government of India to root out the pernicious system of dowry and to stop “bride burning”? What further measures are called for, in your opinion. (Not more than 150 words)

(83/I/5/35)

  1. Write on the issue of gender equality in India.

(03/I/11a/10)

  1. Write short note on Equal rights for women in parental property?

(05/I/13a/2)

  1. What is meant by ‘empowerment of women’ in India?

(06/I/9e/2)

  1. Explain the social constraints in bringing about gender equality in Indian society.

(06/I/12a/10)

  1. Write about Female foeticide in about 20 words.

(06/I/13b/2)

  1. What are the implications of gender disparities in India?

(06/I/5C/15)

  1. What were the main recommendations of the Platform for Action (PFA) adopted at the Beijing Women Conference, 1995? (250 words)

(07/I/10a/30)

  1. Examine whether rural women in India have been empowered by their active participation in Panchayat Raj System. (150 words)

(08/I/11a/15)

  1. “Decline in the sex ratio in India is an alarming sign for India’s future social development.” Discuss.

(08/I/11b/15)

  1. Discuss the extent, causes, and implications of the ‘nutrition transition’ said to be underway in India.

(11/I/1c/20)

  1. “Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias.” Comment. (200 words)

(13/I/16/10)

  1. How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India?

(14/I/11/10)

  1. Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments.

(14/I/12/10)

 

Poverty and Development

Issue/Urbanisation

  1. Bring out the findings of the 1981 Census in regard to the growth and variations in rates of growth of population in different parts of the country.. How do you account for population explosion during the last three decade? What measures should be adopted for population control?

(81/I/5b/20)

  1. Unemployment in India is of many types and therefore a complex issue. Describe the nature of this problem and the measures adopted to deal with it particularly in rural areas. (About 150 words)

(82/I/2a/30)

  1. Scarcity of safe drinking water is an acute problem in a large number of villages in India. Point out the factors which make even the available water unfit for drinking by the rural population. What steps would you recommend to make such water potable? (About 250 words)

(87/I/3a/40)

  1. What it PURA? Discuss its major objectives.

(04/I/10b/30)

  1. Explain the nature and causes of growing slum problems in the metropolitan cities of India.

(07/I/4c/10)

  1. “The conditions of the urban poor are more deplorable than that of their rural counterparts.” Give your views. (250 words)

(08/I/10b/30)

  1. Examine the status of urbanization among the states in India and bring out spatial inequalities.

(09/I/3c/15)

  1. The significance of counter-urbanisation in the improvement of metropolitan cities in India.

(11/I/5c/12)

  1. Discuss the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. (200 words)

(13/I/15/10)

Family

  1. The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss.

(14/I/13/10)

  1. Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India.

(14/I/14/10)

 

Effects of Globalisation on Indian Society

  1. “Globalization has brought about a distinct class divide in India instead of ushering in a classes society.” Critically examine this argument. (250 words)

(08/I/10a/30)

  1. Critically examine the effect of globalization on the aged population in India. (200 words)

(13/I/17/10)

Communalism, Regionalism & Secularism

  1. Keeping in view the political developments in India. explain how the need for national integration and the urge for regional autonomy can be reconciled. (About 250 words)

(85/I/1b/40)

  1. “There are political personalities but no political parties to India.” Comment. (150 words)

(87/I/4d/20)

  1. Discuss the factors responsible for the rise of regionalism in India. How does in influence the political system? (150 words)

(97/I/4b/20)

  1. Write short note on Rehabilitation of street children in India.?

(05/I/13e/10)

  1. “Political boundaries and regional boundaries need to be co-terminus.” Do you agree?

(05/I/4c/10)

  1. What is regionalism? In which way regionalism has affected the Indian polity? (250 words)

(07/I/7a/30)

  1. Examine the role of caste in Indian politics. (150 words)

(08/I/9a/15)

  1. Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words)

(08/I/9c/15)

  1. ‘As we live in a plural society we need the greatest freedom to express our opinion even of others find it offensive’- Do you agree? Discuss with reference to some recent incidents in the Indian context.

(09/I/9c/15)

  1. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in generation of demand for a separate State. Discuss. (200 words)

(13/I/18/10)

  1. How do the Indian debates on secularism differ some the debates in the West?

(14/I/15/10)

Universe & Solar System

  1. (a) What is the ‘diamond ring effect’ observed during a total solar eclipse? How is it caused?

(b) Astronomers have, of late, been discussing ‘black hole’. What is a ‘black hole’?

(79/II/7a(C)/3each)

  1. Why does a lunar eclipse occur only on a full moon?

(96/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is the difference between a comet and a meteor?

(97/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What does the solar system consist of? Discuss the motion of the entire solar system as a whole and also the motion of most of the bodies forming the solar system.

(03/II/11a/15)

  1. Saturn’s Titan

(11/II/7j/2)

 

Geophysical Phenomena

  1. What is El Nino? How is it relevant to India?

(88/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is “El Nino’?

(94/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. What is El Nino? What is its relevance to India?

(95/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Write short note on El Nino.

(01/II/5(i)/2)

  1. Write short note on Glacier.

(01/II/5(iii)/2)

  1. Write short note on Equinox.

(01/II/5(v)/2)

  1. Write short note on El Nino, La Nina and monsoon rains.

(04/II/5a/2)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Sea-Floor spreading.

(10/I/5d/5)

  1. L’Aquila earthquake

(11/II/7h/2)

  1. Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of that world. (100 words)

(13/I/20a/5)

  1. What do you understand by the phenomenon of ‘temperature inversion’ in meteorology? How does it affect weather and the habitants of the place? (100 words)

(13/II/20b/5)

  1. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-300 N latitudes and on the words)

(13/II/21/10)

  1. Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree?

(14/II/16/10)

  1. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.

(14/II/18/10)

  1. Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?

(14/II/19/10)

 

Wold’s Physical Geography

  1. Where is the island of Diego Garcia? To which country does it belong? For what purpose is it used? Why has it come prominently in the news? (Not more than 150 words)

(80/II/10a/15)

  1. Write short notes on any two of the following:

(i) “New Moore” Island

(ii) “Vayudoot”

(iii) Namibia

(81/I/10a/20)

  1. Mention the main provisions of the new Treaty elating to the use of the High Seas under International Law, as adopted in 1982. Name the countries, which opposed the above law of sea convention and have not yet ratified the Treaty? (50 words)

(83/I/8c/10)

  1. Where is the strait of Hormuz? What is its importance? Why has it been in the new?

(87/I/10b/5)

  1. Why is Guantanamo Bay in the news now?

(03/II/9b/2)

  1. Answer the following: Prospects of international water-wars.

(04/II/8c/2)

  1. Write short note on New More Island.

(06/II/5c/2)

  1. Write about Trade through Nathu La Pass.

(06/II/8a/2)

  1. Explain how the Himalayan and the Tibetan highlands play an important role in the development of the South – West monsoon. (125 words)

(07/II/4a/10)

  1. What do you understand by the theory of ‘continental drift’? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support? (100 words)

(13/II/19a/5)

  1. Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and earthquakes and volcanoes.

(14/II/17/10)

 

Distribution of key natural

resources across the world

(including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)

  1. As the resources of land are getting depleted, man is turning to the sea for the supply of his needs. What are the prospects of utilisation of India marine resources for obtaining our requirements of food, minerals and chemicals, oil and gas?

(81/I/9b/2)

  1. What are under water nodules?

(86/I/8f/C/3)

  1. What are ocean floor polymetailic sulphides? Where is the largest occurrence of deposits reported?

(91/I/8e/C/3)

  1. Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.

(14/I/23/10)

  1. Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.

(14/I/24/10)

  1. How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa?

(14/I/25/10)

 

India’s Geophysical Phenomena

Physiography

  1. Mention the number of States and the number of Union Territories in India.

(79/II/7e/3)

  1. Is it correct to say that the land of India slopes from West to East?

(81/II/7f(B)/3)

  1. Describe briefly the role of the Himalayas in the resource development of the country.

(83/II/7a/15)

  1. (a) Why has Bombay longer sunshine after office hours than Calcutta?

(b) Why is the Coromandel coastal plain wider than the Malabar coast?

(83/II/8e,f/3 each)

  1. Name the main physiographic divisions of India and give the salient features of each division.

(84/II/7d/15)

  1. (a) Despite the fact that half of India lies outside the Tropic of Cancer, India is called a tropical country. Why is it so?

(87/II/6a/15)

(b) What is the Exclusive Economic Zone of India? Why has it been constituted?

(87/II/6b/15)

  1. How was Meghalaya Plateau seprated from the Deccan Plateau?

(91/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. What do you understand by Deccan Trap? Describe its characteristic.

(95/II/6a/20)

.      Why have the rivers of the peninsular India well-defined rigid channels in sharp contrast to the Himalayam rivers?

(95/II/6b/20)

  1. Mention the advantages which India enjoys being at the head of the Indian Ocean.

(96/II/6a/15)

  1. What are the geo-economic causes of underdevelopment of various regions in India?

(98/II/6a/15)

  1. How do the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep differ in the geological evolution and topographical conditions?

(98/II/6d/15)

  1. What is the importance of Indian Ocean for India?

(99/II/6d/15)

  1. Write short note on Define Terai Region.

(03/II/5(i)/2)

  1. Why are the Aravallis called a divide between Mewar and Marwar?

(04/II/4b/10)

  1. Write short note on the following:

(i) The Sambhar lake

(ii) The Sundarbans

(iii) Bombay High

(iv) Sambarkantha & Banaskantha

(04/II/5b,c,e/2each)

  1. Write short note on Karewas.

(05/I/5b/2)

  1. Why do the rivers of west coast not form a delta?

(06/I/4c/10)

  1. Write notes on Indira Point (20 words)

(07/I/5d/2)

  1. Write about Terai Region in 20 words

(08/I/4b/2)

  1. Assess the significance of coastal regions in the economic development in India.

(09/I/3a/15)

  1. Write about Barren Island.

(09/I/4j/3)

  1. Write about Thalassery, Kerala

(02/8b/2each)

  1. Write about ‘Pareechu Lake’.

(04/I/13e/2)

  1. Bring out the causes for more frequent occurrence of landslides in the Himalayas than in the Western Ghats. (100 words)

(13/I/22a/5)

  1. Whereas the British planters and developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.

(14/I/21/10)

 

Climate

  1. Unlike most other parts of the country, why is the Tamil Nadu coast wettest in November- December and not in July-August?

(80/II/7f/3)

  1. “Monsoon is known to be an energy released by the sea. “Explain. How does this energy benefit he entire economic system of our country? In what ways could this country prepare itself to fight the vagaries of the monsoons? (About 150 words)

(82/II/3b/30)

  1. Why is India undertaking expeditions to Antarctica? Describe the influence of Antarctica and Antarctica ocean on the climate of India and on the nutrient and energy supply to India Ocean.

(83/II/7b/15)

  1. What is the basis of monsoon forecasts now prepared by the Indian Meteorological Department, which have been reasonably correct for the last three successive years?

(91/II/7c/20)

  1. Which part of India receives more rainfall from the north-east monsoon than from the south-west monsoon? Explain why it is so?

(94/II/6b/15)

  1. What is ‘intensity of rainfall’? Discuss its importance to Indian farmers.

(95/II/6c/15)

  1. Why do the Western Ghats receive more rainfall than the Eastern Ghats?

(95/II/8e/3)

  1. Discuss the origin of Monsoon in India.

(97/II/6a/15)

  1. Mention the agro-climatic regions of India stating the basis of classification.

(00/I/4a/10)

  1. Write short note on Mango Showers.

(00/I/5(iii)/2)

  1. Explain the causes of the Indian Monsoon.

(01/II/4b/10)

  1. Had there been no Himalayas, what would have been the winter climate in north India?

(01/I/4c/10)

  1. Discuss the distribution of winds and rainfall over India in the summer monsoon season.

(02/I/4b/10)

  1. Write note on Winter rains in India.

(06/I/5b/2)

  1. The winter rains in North India are largely related to Jet Streams and Western Disturbances. Bring out the relationship. (150 words)

(08/I/3a/15)

  1. Write about North wasters in 20 words.

(08/I/4c/2)

  1. Bring out the significance of the various activities of the Indian Meteorological Department.

(09/I/3d/15)

  1. List the significant local storms of the hot-weather season in the country and bring out their socio-economic impact. (150 words)

(10/I/5b/5)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Forontogenesis and Frontolysis.

(10/I/5b/5)

  1. The impact of climate change on water resources in India.

(11/I/5a/12)

  1. The recent cyclone on cast coast of India was called ‘Phailin’. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. (100 words)

(13/I/19b/5)

 

Vegetation

  1. Possessing a tremendous diversity of climate and physical conditions, India has a great variety of fauna. What are main categories/species of India fauna? name any three, which are unique in the world. What important steps are being taken to preserve them? Have these efforts been successful? (150 words)

(82/I/5/35)

  1. What is social forestry?

(82/II/7d(B)/3)

  1. Which is the largest expanse of tidal forests in India and in which State is it located?

(84/I/8d(A)/3)

  1. Where do we find large desert areas in India? What steps have been taken by the Government for their development?

(85/II/6a/20)

  1. List major areas of water land in India. Write a note on the prospects of the wasteland development in the country explaining its impact on the food, fodder and fuel supply.

(86/II/6a/20)

  1. Explain the concept of ‘social forestry’ in India.

(90/II/8c(A)/3)

  1. Which parts of India are described as ‘arid zones’? Comment on the characteristics and economic activities prevalent in these regions?

(93/I/6b/15)

  1. Where do mangrove forests occur in India?

(96/I/6c/15)

  1. What are the objectives of Social Forestry?

(97/II/8e/A/3)

  1. Which parts of India have been identified as draught-prone? Mention the norms for such identification.

(98/II/6b/15)

  1. What is waste land? Write a note on prospects of waste land development in India.

(00/I/4a/10)

  1. What are mangroves and in what way are they useful to us?

(01/I/4a/10)

  1. Mention the area of Shola forests in India.

(03/I/5(ii)/2)

  1. What is the meaning and aim of Social Forestry? What are the main weaknesses noticed in Social Forestry Programme?

(07/II/5/71/2)

 

Drainage System

  1. Name the major international rivers flowing through India. What Countries/States are covered by the Ganga and the Godavari rivers on their course from their source to the sea?

(80/II/7g/3)

  1. What is Dakshin Gangotri and where it is located?

(84/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. What is ‘Dakshina Ganga’? Why is it so named?

(91/II/8d(A)/3)

  1. Write short note on “Two prominent left bank tribultaries of river Ganges.”

(01/I/5(iv)/2)

  1. Describe the major characteristics of the rivers of Peninsular India.

(03/I/4a/10)

  1. Write note on Significance of Lake Chilka.

(05/I/5c/2)

  1. Write note on Hussain Sagar.

(06/I/5e/2)

  1. Write about Buckingham Canal.

(08/I/4a/2)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Causes for dominant dendritic pattern of drainage in the Gangetic plains.

(10/I/5f/5)

  1. There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghats. Why? (100 words)

(13/I/22b/5)

 

Soil

  1. Describe the various types of soils and their distribution in India.

(83/II/7c/15)

  1. Soil erosion is one of the most crucial problems in India and offers the most frightening prospects for the coming years. Describe the various kinds of soil erosion and the steps which may be taken for the protection of land.

(84/II/7c/15)

  1. What are laterite soils? Where do we find these in India? Explain their problem and the most suitable use.

(86/II/6c/20)

  1. What are black soils? Give their distribution in India and explain their uses and problems.

(88/II/6c/20)

  1. What is the need for soil conservation. What are the major measures taken by the Government towards conserving soil in India?

(90/II/6b/15)

  1. What is social forestry? Describe how social forestry can help in the uplift of the rural poor.

(93/II/6d/15)

  1. Why are the soils of Malwa in Madhya Pradesh black while those of Karnataka red? Discuss the relative fertility of these soils.

(94/II/6a/15)

  1. Write short note on India’s Laterite soils.

(00/I/5(v)/2)

  1. Write short note on Regurs.

(05/II/5a/2)

  1. Write note on Causes of Soil erosion and its control in India.

(05/II/12b/10)

  1. Write notes on Inceptisol. (20 words)

(07/II/5b/2)

  1. Write notes on Causes of Chambal Revines. (20 words)

(07/I/5e/2)

 

Agriculture

  1. Can the agricultural development, we have achieved so far, be considered adequate? If so, why? If not, why not?

(80/II/5d/20)

  1. Which are the States in India that produce.

(i) groundnut        (ii) tea

(iii) tobacco, and   (iv) pepper

(80/II/7m/3)

  1. Write short notes on the following:

(i) Thal-Vaishet Project

(ii) Operation flood

(81/I/13b/2)

  1. What is shifting cultivation? Where in India has this been resorted to? Consider its consequences and examine the steps taken by Government to prevent this practice.

(81/II/5c/20)

  1. Discuss the geographical conditions favouring the cultivation of wheat or rice in India and describe the steps taken for improving its productivity. (About 150 words)

(82/II/3a/30)

  1. What is multiple cropping?

(82/II/8d/C/3)

  1. Name the cotton growing areas of India. Describe the various factors which favour its cultivation in these areas. What part does cotton play in the present day economy of India?

(83/II/7d/15)

  1. Describe the different methods of irrigation practised in India and bring out their relative importance in view of the recent developments in irrigation.

(84/II/7b/15)

  1. What are carnivorous plants? Give the names of two such plants found in India?

(85/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is Integrated Pest Control Management? Comment on its current status in the Country?

(88/II/3b/40)

  1. What is shifting cultivation, and where is it carried on?

(88/II/8e/A/3)

  1. Mention the states where shifting cultivation is still practised in India.

(90/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. What is dry land agriculture? Discuss its importance to India.

(94/II/6d/15)

  1. What is shifting cultivation? Describe its salient characteristics with reference to India?

(96/II/6b/15)

  1. What are Bailey’s beads?

(96/II/8f/A/3)

  1. Why was a variant of Basmati rice in news recently?

(98/I/7e/6)

  1. What constitutes a Minor Irrigation Project?

(98/II/8d/A/3)

  1. What is dry farming? Discuss its relevance in augmenting the food supply in India.

(99/II/6b/15)

  1. What is vermin composing? Discuss its importance in the Indian context.

(01/II/11b/15)

  1. Give an account of the ea plantations of Assam and West Bengal and state the economic significance of these plantations.

(02/I/4a/10)

  1. Write short notes of Jhum cultivation – process and consequences.

(02/I/5(ii)/2)

  1. How has the dwindling of barbed variety of rice affected the Siliguri-Bagdogra belt with respect to man-animal conflict?

(02/II/11c/10)

  1. Write note on Negative impacts of shifting cultivation.

(05/I/5c/2)

  1. Write about Organic Farming in 20 words.

(08/I/5c/2)

  1. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despitefertile soil and good availability of water?

(14/I/22/10)

 

Industry / Trades

  1. Why is there a concentration of the jute mills along the Hooghly and chemical industries in Gujarat?

(79/II/5a/20)

  1. What are the locations of the Indian Institutes of Technology?

(79/II/7g/23)

  1. Name one important National Laboratory/Research Institute in each of the four regions of the country.

(79/II/7h/3)

  1. Name four major public sector industrial undertakings in Bangalore.

(79/II/7i/3)

  1. Why is fertilizer capacity expressed in terms of tons of nitrogen? What is India’s fertilizer manufacturing capacity?

(80/II/7p/2)

  1. Mention the distribution of steel plants in India, with foreign collaboration or assistance, if any. What are the locational advantages enjoyed by each of these plant.

(81/II/5a/20)

  1. What are the locational advantages of setting up port-based steel plants in India?

(82/II/7e(B)/3)

  1. What is Sugar Sampada? What has been its contribution?

(89/I/7a/5)

  1. Name the main offshore oil field of India and the agency which operates it.

(91/II/8f/C/3)

  1. Name the mineral which is mined at each of the following places:

(i) Neyveli

(ii) Panna

(iii) Jaduguda

(94/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. Name the industry which is located at each of the following places:

(i) Bonaigaon

(ii) Alwaye

(iii) Kapurthala

(95/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. Write note on: Khetri Copper Project.

(02/I/5(v)/2)

  1. Account for the very high concentration of salt extraction industries in the Saurashtra and South Tamilnadu Coast.

(03/I/4b/10)

  1. Examine the distribution of oil refineries in India.

(04/I/4a/10)

  1. Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in southern States of India? Discuss with justification (100 words)

(13/I/23a/5)

  1. Analyze the factors for the highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India.

(13/I/23b/5)

 

Population

  1. Indicate the areas in which majority of people belonging to the following tribes reside:

(i) Angamis                       (ii) Bhils

(iii) Gonds                        (iv) Khasis

(v) Santhals

(81/I/4d/10)

  1. In which State/Union Territory do the majority of the people/belonging to the following tribes reside?

(i) Onges               (ii) Apatanis

(iii) Oraon             (iv) Bhils

(v) Jarwas

(83/I/4d/5)

  1. Where do the Todas and Santhals live in India?

(86/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. Mention any three tribal areas in India. What are the main components of the Government’s tribal development programme?

(88/I/6d/20)

  1. What is meant by population explosion? Has it occurred in India.

(89/I/8d/A/3)

  1. Explain the factors affecting the distribution of population in India, bringing out the variation in density overspace.

(91/I/6c/15)

  1. What is meant by growth rate of population?

(93/I/8f/A/3)

  1. What have been the recent recommendations of the World Bank on India’s Family Welfare programme? How do these recommendations compare with those which emerged from the Cairo Conference on Population and Development in 1994?

(95/I/6c/10)

  1. What measures has the Government of India taken for the development of Tribal areas in India?

(97/I/6b/15)

  1. Examine the fail out of population explosion in India at the close of twentieth century.

(98/I/6a/10)

  1. Name the mega cities of India and mention their specific problems.

(99/I/6c/15)

  1. Write note on Linguistic regions of India.

(00/I/4a/10)

  1. Explain the major racial groups of India.

(00/I/4b/10)

  1. How has the Census (1991) defined the Urban Areas?

(00/I/6K/2)

  1. Write short note on Census definition of urban places.

(02/I/5(iv)/2)

  1. Outline the main targets fixed in the National Population Policy 2000. What have been the follow up measures to this policy?

(02/I/4a/2)

  1. Define Sex ratio in the population of India. What is its present status?

(02/I/6m/2)

  1. State the four distinctive stages of Indian Demographic history?

(03/I/4c/10)

  1. Write short notes on the following:

(i) Who are Todas and where do they live?

(ii) Name any four principal languages of And a man and Nicobar Islands.

(03/I/5(iii),(iv)/2)

  1. Write notes on Jarawas. (20 words)

(07/I/5c/2)

  1. Write about Demographic Dividend

(08/I/4d/2)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Transhumancein India.

(10/I/5a/5)

 

Transportation

  1. Name two major ports each in India’s western and western sea coasts and the major export /imports through each of these ports.

(80/II/7j/3)

  1. Which are the terminal stations of the Black Diamond Express? Why is the train so named?

(81/II/7d(B)/3)

  1. Name the Railway in India that carries the largest quantity of coal. Give reasons.

(83/II/8d/A/3)

  1. Where is the largest railway marshalling yard located in India? Also name the railway and the district.

(86/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. What is MRTs? Where it is in operation?

(03/II/5v/2)

  1. What is Golden Quadrilateral? How will it help in the economic development of the country?

(04/II/4c/10)

 

Energy Resources

  1. What are the current problems facing the Tatapur Atomic Power Project and what steps are being considered to overcome them?

(79/II/5d/20)

  1. Name the atomic mineral of which India has abundant resources.

(80/II/7n/3)

  1. What is Geothermal? Mention a few areas where we have located geothermal resources in India.

(80/II/7h/3)

  1. What is Bombay High? What is SAGAR SAMRT’s connection with Bombay High?

(80/II/7i/3)

  1. What measures have been taken by the Government of India to develop our own sources for the supply of petroleum crude? Discuss the measure of success achieved in this regard.

(85/II/6b/20)

  1. What is the need for Coal Conservation? What are the major components of India’s coal Conservation Policy?

(87/II/6c/15)

  1. What is the HBJ pipe line? What will it carry, from where to where to where, and for what purpose.

(88/II/8d/A/3)

  1. Name the minerals used in generating nuclear energy and the places where they are found in India.

(89/II/8f/A/3)

  1. Explain the term “Captive power station”. What is the aim of setting up of such stations?

(90/II/8d(A)/3)

  1. What do you understand by the Integrated Rural Energy System? Also mention at least three new sources of Energy.

(91/II/6a/15)

  1. Discuss the potential of solar energy utilization in India. (About 250 words)

(92/II/3a/40)

  1. Where are India’s nuclear power plants located?

(96/II/8e/A/3)

  1. Name of main petroleum producing areas located?

(02/I/5(i)/2)

  1. Write short note on Bombay High.

(04/I/5d/2)

  1. What are the resource bases available for the economic development of the newly created States of Jharkhand and Tttaranchal?

(05/I/4a/10)

  1. Write about Ultra Mega Power Projects.

(09/I/4c/3)

  1. With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. (200 words)

(13/I/24/10)

  1. It is said that India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of the country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resource does not appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved.

(13/I/25/10)

 

Water Resources

  1. Explain briefly the importance of the Beas  Sutlej Link Project.

(79/II/5b/20)

  1. What is the economic importance of the Kandla and Paradeep ports?

(79/II/5c/20)

  1. What is the scope of the Farakka Barrage and what are the problems relating to it? What proposals have been put forward to resolve the problems and with what results?

(80/II/5a/20)

  1. Where is Thein dam being built and why?

(85/II/8d(A)/3)

  1. What is “under-water archaeology”? What important findings have been made in Indian coastal waters recently?

(87/II/8a(C)/3)

  1. What is fluorosis? What can be done to minimise its harmful effects?

(88/II/d/20)

  1. Where is? Tehri Dam located and what is the scope of the project? What are the objections of the Environmentalists to the project?

(90/I/7b/5)

  1. Explain the concept of National Water Grid and its objectives.

(90/II/6a/15)

  1. Comment on the detrimental effects of canal irrigation?

(90/II/6c/15)

  1. What is ‘JalShakti’? What are its uses?

(91/II/7b/20)

  1. The National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) is expected to set up a number of hydroelectric projects in the Eighth plan. Summarise the salient features of the proposal.

(91/II/7d/20)

  1. What is drip irrigation? Why is it considered the most efficient method of irrigation?

(95/II/6d/20)

  1. Why has the Narmada River Valley Project attracted the attention of the common people?

(97/II/6d/20)

  1. What do you know about Narmada Sagar Dam?

(98/I/8(ix)/2)

  1. Write note on Ngarjuna Sagar Project?

(00/I/5(ii)/2)

  1. What do you know about Hirakud Project.

(01/I/5(ii)/2)

  1. Write note on National Water Grid.

(06/I/5d/20)

  1. Write about National Waterways.

(09/I/4b/3)

 

Regional Development and Planning

  1. Examine the recent developments that have taken place in identifying and mapping land resources in India.

(91/II/6b/15)

  1. What do you understand by Command Area Development?

(92/II/6a/15)

  1. What is the economic rationale behind establishment of “growth centres”? Explain briefly the criteria for selecting three growth centres.

(90/II/5a/20)

  1. As part of the process of ‘urban sprawl’ distinguish between urban peripheral growth, suburbs and satellite towns giving, at least, one example of each type from any metropolitan centre of India.

(90/II/6d/15)

Basic Features of the Constitution

  1. What is the basic structure of the Constitution of India? Briefly review the important amendments to the Constitution, since its adoption by the Constituent Assembly. Specify any particular amendments which were later repeated and the reasons therefore. (About 500 words)

(79/II/1a/75)

  1. ‘Separation of Powers is essential to ensure individual liberty’ Discuss this with regard to the provisions in the Constitution and practices adopted so far.

(83/II/4b/20)

  1. There is no need to replace the Parliamentary form of Government in India with the Presidential form of Government. Justify or oppose this statement with cogent arguments. (250 words)

(84/II/1a/40)

  1. It is the duty of the majority to instil confidence in the minority. Conversely, the minorities must also look beyond narrow sectarian interests and work for the larger goal of a real secular society in India. Evalute in the light of the spirit of the the Indian Constitution and the Indian experience, (in about 250 words)

(84/II/1b/40)

  1. Is the Indian Parliaments a “Sovereign” or a “non- Sovereign” legislature or both?

(84/II/8b/B/3)

  1. Discuss the political, social and economic characteristics of the Indian State. (About 250 words)

(85/II/1a/40)

  1. Describe the emergence of Basic Structure concept in the Indian Constitution (150 words)

(94/II/4b/20)

  1. What do you understand by the term ‘Rule of Law’? How does the Constitution of India seek to establish it? (About 250 words)

(96/II/1a/40)

  1. Examine the need for the review of the Indian Constitution (about 250 words).

(00/I/16a/30)

  1. What is a Constitution? What are the main sources of the Indian Constitution? (250 words)

(07/I/6a/30)

  1. Do you think there is a need for a review of the Indian Constitution? Justify your view. (about 250 words)

(08/I/8b/30)

  1. Write on the significance of 26thNovember in the country’s polity in about 20 words.

(09/I/10a/2)

  1. “The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution.’ Discuss critically (200 words)

(13/II/4/10)

 

Preamble

  1. What are the major commitments of the Constitution of India as incorporated in its preamble? (in about 150 words)

(88/II/8f/4a/20)

  1. Why is India called a Republic?

(88/II/8f/B/3)

  1. The Preamble to the constitution is aimed to embody the fundamental values and the philosophy on which the Constitution is based. Elucidate, (in about 75 words)

(97/I/3c/10)

  1. What is the significance of a preamble to a constitution? Bring out the philosophy of the Indian polity as enshrined in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. (in about 250 words)

(04/I/6a/30)

Fundamental Rights

  1. In many democratic countries radio and television are not under the control of the State. Do you think that the same policy should be adopted in India? Mention briefly the points in favour of and against such a step. (Not more than 200 words)

(80/I/14/25)

  1. The Press in India free to publish any news and views except those, which are objectionable from the point of view of the security of state, friendly relations with Foreign States etc. What steps have been taken recently by Government to prevent monopoly of the management of the newspaper, to encourage the growth of small newspapers and to prevent the exploitation of working journalists and other emplo1yees of Indian newspapers? (Not more than 150 words)

(81/I/6/25)

  1. Bring out the significance of the Fundamental Rights provided in the Constitution of India. The right to acquire, hold and dispose of property has ceased to be a fundamental right. Example the purpose of the change involved. (in about 150 words)

(81/II/4a/20)

  1. Why has there been reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the legislatures and in public services? Has the purpose been achieved? Indicate recent developments, (in about150 words)

(81/II/4b/20)

  1. Differentiate between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy. Do you think that the later have been adequately implemented? Give reasons for your views. (in about150 words)

(82/II/5c/20)

  1. Consider the recommendation of the Mandal Commission and offer your comments, referring to the situations obtaining in the country. (in about150 words)

(83/II/4c/20)

  1. What is meant by Habeas Corpus? What is the purpose of a writ of Habeas Corpus?

(83/II/8a/B/2)

  1. What is the present status of the Right to Property?

(84/II/8a/B/2)

  1. What is deal with in Article 25 of Indian Constitution? What was the controversy about it recently? (Not more than 100 words)

(84/I/9a/20)

  1. What are the main causes of anti-reservation stir in Gujarat? What are the provisions in our Constitution regarding reservation? Do you consider the policy of reservation justified? (About 200 words)

(85/I/9a/20)

  1. What do you understand by “preventive detention”

(86/I/8f/B/3)

  1. Discuss the importance of Articles 32 of the Indian Constitution, (in about 150 words)

(87/I/4c/20)

  1. Define the writ of Certiorari.

(87/I/8b/B/3)

  1. What do you understand by ‘positive discrimination’?

(87/I/8b/B/3)

  1. Explain the concept of Minorities in the Indian Constitution and mention the safeguards provided therein for their protection. (150 words)

(88/I/4b/20)

  1. What are the “reasonable restrictions” mentioned in the Indian Constitution accompanying the fundamental rights? (in about 150 words)

(90/I/4d/20)

  1. Define Writ of Mandamus. Explain its importance.

(90/I/8e/B/3)

  1. Discuss the secular nature of Indian polity and the position of minorities in India. (in 150 words)

(91/I/4c/20)

  1. The writ of Mandamus will not be granted against certain persons. Who are they?

(92/I/8b/(B)/3)

  1. Distinguish between preventive detention and punitive detention.

(93/I/8a/(B)/3)

  1. What are the various writs available to the citizens of the India?

(93/I/8b/B/3)

  1. What is meant by ‘equal protection of law’?

(93/I/8d/(B)/3)

  1. What is the purpose of Article 24 of the Constitution of India?

(93/I/8f/(B)/3)

  1. Differentiate between the ‘due process of law’ and ‘the procedure established by law’ in the context of deprivation of personal liberty of India.

(94/I/8a/(B)/3)

  1. Explain the meaning of ex post-facto legislation.

(94/I/8b/(B)/3)

  1. Indicate the provisions of India Constitution relating to Secularism,

(94/I/8e/(B)/3)

  1. What are the constitutional right of the citizen of India? What do you think about the demand of the NRI’s for dual citizenship? (150 words)

(95/II/4c/20)

  1. What is the present status of the right to property as a Fundamental Right?

(95/II/8b/B/3)

  1. Why is Article 32 considered as the cornerstone of the constitution?

(95/II/8c/B/3)

  1. The writ of Mandamus cannot be granted against certain persons. Who are they?

(96/II/8b/B/3)

  1. What are the provisions regarding the protection of Linguistic minorities in the Constitution? (in about 75 words)

(97/I/3d/10)

  1. What is Social Justice? How can reservation of seats for women in Parliament contribute to the establishment of a socially just society in India?

(97/II/1b/40)

  1. What, according to the Supreme Court, constituted The Basic Features’ which is upheld in case known as:

(i) Keshavanand Bharati v/s. State of Kerala (1990)

(ii) Minerva Mills v/s. Union of India (1990)?

(in about 150 words)

(97/II/4c/20)

  1. What specific provisions exist in the Constitution of India about child labour?

(97/II/8e/B/3)

  1. State the amplitude of Article-21 of the Constitution.

(97/II/8e/B/3)

  1. On what grounds does Article 15 of the Indian Constitution prohibit discrimination? Indicate the way the concept of ‘Special protection’ has qualified this prohibition, and contributed to social change. (in about 250 words)

(98/II/8c/B/3)

  1. What is the status of the Right to Property in the Indian Constitution? (in about 25 words)

(99/II/9e/3)

  1. Discuss the constitutional provisions regarding the rights of children. (in about 150 words)

(01/I/8c/15)

  1. Discuss how the Constitution of India provides equal rights. (in about 250 words)

(04/I/7a/30)

  1. What is Habeas Corpus? (20 words)

(04/I/7a/30)

  1. What is the special facility provided to the linguistic minorities under Article 350A?

(04/I/9c/10)

  1. Give your views on the right to freedom of religion as enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Do they make India a secular State? (250 words)

(05/I/7b/30)

  1. What are the constitutional limitations on the free movements of Indians throughout the country? (150 words)

(05/I/8a/15)

  1. What is meant by ‘double jeopardy’? (20 words)

(05/I/8a/15)

  1. What is right to life and personal liberty? How have the courts expanded its meaning in recent year? (in 250 words)

(06/I/6a/30)

  1. Bring out the difference between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy. Discuss some of the measures taken by the Union and State Governments for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State Policy? (250 words)

(07/I/6b/30)

  1. What is the importance of Right to Constitutional Remedies?

(07/I/9e/2)

  1. What are the Right within the ambit of Articles 21 of the Indian Constitution?

(12/I/3d/5)

  1. What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss.

(14/I/4/121/2)

 

Directive Principles of State Policy

  1. Write short notes in 150 words on Directive Principles of State Policy.

(79/II/4a/25)

  1. Mention any three Directive Principles concerning social and economic justice.

(84/II/8c/B/3)

  1. What additions have been made to the Directive Principles of State Policy since the commencement of the Constitution?

(85/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Briefly mention why and how the Chapter on Directive Principles gained precedence ofer the Chapter on Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution. (About 250 words)

(87/II/1a/40)

  1. Besides the Directive contained in Part IV, there are certain other Directives addressed to the state in other parts of the Constitution. What are they? (150 words)

(92/II/4a/20)

  1. What have been the observations of the Supreme Court in a recent judgment in respect of a Uniform Civil Code? (in about 50 words)

(95/I/7a/6)

  1. Briefly state the stages through which the present position of the Directive Principles vis-a-vis the Fundamental Rights has emerged.

(98/II/1a/40)

  1. What is the importance of Directive Principles of State Policy? Mention which Directive Principles of State Policy have got primacy over the Fundamental Rights. (in about 150 words)

(99/II/4a/20)

  1. What is the constitutional position of Directive Principles of State Policy? How has it been interpreted by the judiciary after the emergency in 1975-77? (in about 250 words)

(01/II/7a/30)

  1. Discuss the constitutional provisions relating to the non-justiciable directives binding pon the states. (in about 150 words)

(02/I/8a/15)

 

Fundamental Duties

  1. Write short note of Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens, (in about 150 words)

(80/II/4c/25)

  1. Indicate the nature of the Fundamental Duties inserted in our constitution.

(82/II/8b(A)/3)

  1. What are the fundamental duties and the implications, (in about 150 words)

(93/II/4a/20)

  1. Write any four fundamental duties prescribed in the Constitution of India.

(97/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Identify the major Fundamental Duties. (in about 150 words)

(03/I/8b/15)

  1. Enumerate the Fundamental Duties incorporated in the Constitution after the 42nd Amendment.

(08/I/6a/15)

  1. ‘Essentially all that is contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.’ Critically examine this statement.

(11/I/1a/20)

 

Constitutional Amendments/Bill

  1. State (not more than 2 lines) as to what the following stands for: the 42ndAmendment.

(79/I/6d/2)

  1. Write short notes on Bonus Ordinance issued by the President in August 80. (150 words)

(80/I/11(ii)/15)

  1. What was the amendment make, in 1976, in the Preamble of our Constitution? Discuss the significance, (in about 250 words)

(83/II/4a/40)

  1. What is Appropriation Bill?

(86/II/8a/B/3)

  1. What is the objective of the Commission of Inquiry (Amendment) Bill of 1986?

(88/II/8d/B/3)

  1. What are the major recommendations of the National Perspective Plan for women, 1988 and what are the relevant recommendations as envisaged in the Constitutional Amendment Bill (64th Amendment? (in about 150 words)

(90/II/4a/20)

  1. What are the general features of the amending procedures of the Constitution of India? (about 250 words)

(92/II/1a/40)

  1. Distinguish between Annual Financial Statement and Annual Finance Bill.

(92/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Four more language were added to the 8th Schedule of the Constitution through two amendments. Give the names of these four language as also the serial number of amendments.

(94/II/8f/B/3)

  1. What were the circumstance leading to the promulgation of Prasar Bharti Ordinance in August 1998? (in about 50 words)

(98/II/7a/6)

  1. What are the significant features of Lokpal Bill recently introduced in the Lok Sabha?

(98/II/7d/6)

  1. Highlight the significance of the Twenty Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of India? (in about 150 words)

(99/II/4c/20)

  1. What are the main differences between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and other Legislative Bill? (in about 50 words)

(01/I/7b/30)

  1. What is the importance of the 84th Amendment of the Indian Constitution? (20 marks)

(02/I/9(i)/2)

  1. How is the Constitution of Indian amended? Do you think that the procedure for amendment makes the Constitution a play-thing in the hands of the Centre? (in about 250 words)

(02/I/7b/30)

  1. With what objectives was ‘Essential Commodities Act 1955’ amended last year?

(02/II/5c/15)

  1. Highlight the significance of Forty Fourth Amendment to the constitution of India. (150 words)

(03/I/8a/15)

  1. What are the distinctive features of the Lokpal Bill introduced in the Parliament this year?

(03/I/12a/10)

  1. What is the main objective of the Competition Act, 2002?

(03/II/6d/2)

  1. Define Money-bill. Discuss how it is passed in the Parliament (150 words)

(04/I/8a/15)

  1. Explain the objectives of Plant Varieties Right Act, 2002.

(04/II/6h/2)

  1. How would you differentiate between the passage of a constitution Amendment Bill and of an Ordinary Legislative Bill.

(06/I/8a/15)

  1. Write notes on the Lokpal Bill. (125 words)

(07/I/12c/10)

  1. What are your views on the features and impact of the Domestic violence Act, 2005?

(09/I/6a/15)

  1. With respect to Cooperative Societies what are the salient features of the 106th and 11th constitutional Amendment Bills as at present? (150 words)

(10/I/2b/24)

  1. Bring out the salient features of the PCPNDT Act, 1994, and the implications of its amendment in 2003.

(11/I/1d/20)

  1. The Bihar Special Courts Act, 2009 and why it has been in the news recently?

(11/I/7d/5)

  1. The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient features of the proposed amendments?

(12/I/2b/15)

  1. What are the salient features of the Consumer Protection (Amendment) Bill, 2011 introduced in the Lok Sabha in December 2011?

(12/I/2e/15)

  1. Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Articles 19 of the Constitution. (200 words)

(13/I/2/10)

 

Emergency Provisions

  1. Many countries which achieved independence after the war have come under dictatorship or military rule. What are the forces that have enabled India to maintain a democratic syste? Consider in this connection, the emergency provisions in the Constitution of India, in making your presentation. (About 250 words)

(83/II/1a/40)

  1. Under what circumstance, can the Financial Emergency be imposed in India?

(87/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Explain the significance of the April 1994 Supreme Court judgment on the proclamation of President’s rule, (in about 150 words)

(94/II/4a/20)

  1. Define Financial Emergency. How many times has this been proclaimed so far?

(95/II/8a/B/2)

  1. What is Article 356 in the Indian Constitution? Comment.

(97/II/8f/B/3)

  1. What do you know about the following: Article 356 (in 20 words)

(98/II/8b(vii)/2)

  1. Discuss the meaning of “breakdown of constitutional machinery”. What are its effects, (in about 250 words)

(04/I/6b/30)

Civil Services in India

  1. What are the respective roles of the political leadership and the permanent civil services in the governance of India? What steps, if any, in your view, have to be taken’ to secure better appreciation of the functions of the civil services and to secure their proper and efficient functioning? (About 500 words)

(80/II/1b/65)

  1. The Supreme Court has held that a Government servant could be dismissed or removed from service without an enquiry, under Article 311(2) / B of the Constitution i ‘public interest’ and for ‘public good’. What is your view on this issue? (About 75 words)

(85/I/9b/10)

  1. Examine the role of the bureaucracy as an instrument of social and economic change in India. In this context, discuss the relationship between the ministers and the civil servants in the policy making process. (About 250 words)

(86/II/1b/40)

  1. Describe the Constitutional position of the Civil Services in India. How is their neutrality and in dependence sought to be achieved ? (in about 150 words)

(90/II/4c/20)

  1. What are the constitutional provisions that ensure the independence of the Public Service Commissions in India? (in about 150 words)

(91/II/4b/20)

  1. Distinguish between the All India Services and Central Services.

(92/II/8c/B/2)

  1. How does the Indian Constitution seek to maintain independence of the Public Service Commission? (in about 250 words)

(04/I/7b/30)

  1. Has the Cadre based Civil Services Organization been the cause of slow change in India? Critically examine.

(14/II/14/121/2)

Inter-State Water Disputes

  1. What are the basic points of dispute over the sharing of the Cauvery water? What are the recommendations of the Supreme Court? (30 words)

(90/I/7c/5)

  1. What role can the Union Government play in settling iner-state water disputes?

(96/II/8b/B/2)

  1. What solution has been arrived at recentl6y in the Cauvery water dispute? (50 words)

(98/I/7f/6)

  1. Under what Article of the Constitution can the Union Government play its role in setting inter-state water disputes? (20 words)

(02/I/9(ii)/2)

  1. The Inter-State river water dispute has once again assumed centre-stage after the Punjab Assembly’s Bill terminating all previous accords on river waters. Discuss, (in about 250 words)

(04/I/10a/30)

  1. How does the Inter-State Council establish co-ordination between States? (150 words)

(06/I/8b/15)

  1. ‘Disputes between the riparian states on sharing of river waters in post-Independence India are becoming increasingly complex’. Objectively analyse the major disputes in this connection, with special reference to the Southern States.

(10/I/1a/20)

  1. Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter – state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss (200 words)

(13/I/6/10)

 

Union Executive

  1. Distinguish between the Head of States and the Head of Government. Which of the two Offices is more important in India?

(84/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Examine the constitutional relation between the President and the Prime Minister of India. (About 250 words)

(91/II/1a/40)

President

  1. Describe briefly the legislative and executive powers of the President of India. Have there been any changes during the past decade? Offer your comments. (in about 150 words)

(81/II/4c/20)

  1. The Office of the President of India was designed on the British model. With this background, consider the modifications of the executive powers of the President by the 42nd Amendment. 1976 and there after by the 44th Amendment 1978 to the Constitution of India. Comment on the changes. (150 words)

(82/II/5b/20)

  1. On what grounds can the President of India be impeached?

(84/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Write a note on the Ordinance making power of the President of India. (150 words)

(86/II/4b/20)

  1. What categories of persons are nominated by the President to the Rajya Sabha?

(86/II/8b/B/3)

  1. To what extent does the President of India possess discretionary powers? If any, what are they? (in about 150 words)

(87/II/4b/20)

  1. Discuss the powers of the President of India regarding the scheduled areas. (150 words)

(91/II/4a/20)

  1. Explain the significance of the April 1994 Supreme Court judgment on the proclamation of President’s rule.

(94/II/5a/20)

  1. Comment on the nature of Ordinance-making power of the President of India. What safeguards are there against possible misuse? (150 words)

(01/I/8a/15)

  1. What is the composition of the Electoral College for the election of the President of the Indian Republic? How is the value of votes cast counted? (250 words)

(02/I/10a/30)

  1. Discuss the question of death sentence and Presidential clemency. (250 words)

(03/II/6a/30)

  1. In what ways can the President of India ascertain the views of the Supreme Court on a particular bill? (20 words)

(05/I/9c/2)

  1. To what extent can be President withhold his assent to a Bill already passed by the Parliament? (20 words)

(06/I/9c/2)

  1. What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers? (150 words)

(07/I/8a/15)

  1. How is the President of India elected?

(07/I/9b/2)

  1. Write on Pocket Veto in about 20 words.

(09/I/10i/2)

  1. “The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations.’ Analyse this statement in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India?

(11/I/1b/20)

  1. Determining the ‘value’ assigned to the vote of a Member of a State Legislative Assembly and of a Member of Parliament in the Indian Presidential elections.

(12/I/4c/2)

  1. Instances of President’s delay in commuting death sentences has come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyse.

(14/II/5/121/2)

Vice-President

  1. How is the Vice-President of Indian chosen? (in about 1 or 2 sentence)

(81/II/7e(A)/3)

  1. How is the Vice-President of India elected?

(86/II/8d/B/3)

  1. How are the President and the vice President of India elected?

(97/II/1a/40)

  1. How is the vice-President of India elected? (in about 25 words)

(99/II/9d/3)

  1. How is the Vice President of India elected? (in about 20 words)

(03/I/9d/2)

Prime-Minister and Council of Minister

  1. To what authority is the Union Council of Ministers collectively responsible?

(79/II/7k/3)

  1. Can a member of Parliament be the Minister of a State? (in about 1 or 2 sentence)

(81/II/7d(A)/3)

  1. Despite all talk about the need for an effective opposition, why has is not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principal impediments to the achievement of the much desired political objective. (in about 150 words)

(84/II/4c/20)

  1. What is meant by collective responsibility of Parliamentary democracy?

(88/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Distinguish between Care-taker Government and Minority Government.

(91/II/8e/B/3)

  1. State in difference between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet.

(92/II/8a/B/3)

  1. Explain the status of the Ministers known as ‘Ministers of State.’

(95/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Explain the concept of ‘Prime Ministerial Government’ and accounts for its decline in recent times in India. (in about 250 words)

(98/II/1b/40)

  1. Do you justify the Prime Minister’s entry into Parliament through the Rajya Sabha? (20 words)

(00/I/9c/2)

  1. State the difference between Council of Ministers and the Cabinet. (20 words)

(03/I/9c/2)

  1. What is the difference between Council of Ministers and Cabinet?

(07/I/9d/2)

  1. The size of the cabinet should be as big as government work justifies and as big as the Prime Minister can manage as a team. How far is the efficacy of the government then inversely related to the size of the cabinet? Discuss.

(14/II/6/121/2)

 

Parliament

  1. What is Parliamentary Democracy? How does the Indian Parliament exercise control over the Union Executive? Can be Parliament have any control over the State Executives? Assess the role of Standing Committees of the Parliament in the exercise on control. (About 400 words).

(81/II/1b/40)

  1. Examine the relative roles of the Legislature, Judiciary and Executive in the functioning of the parliamentary system of Government of India. Is it a fact that the executive has been tending to the more powerful over the year? (in about 150 words)

(82/II/5a/20)

  1. What is meant by ‘Sovereignty of Parliament’? Consider whether the Indian Parliament is a sovereign body. (in about 150 words)

(82/II/5d/20)

  1. When is a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament held? Who summons the sitting? Who presides over it?

(82/II/8a(A)/3)

  1. When can Parliament make a law on a subject given in the State list?

(82/II/8e(A)/3)

  1. How does the Parliament seek to exercise control over the public sector undertakings?

(86/II/4d/20)

  1. Identify the nature and methods of parliamentary control over the executive in Indian polity.(About 250 words)

(87/II/1b/40)

  1. State the privileges of the members of the Parliament?

(88/II/8b/B/3)

  1. Discuss the powers, privileges and immunities of the Indian Parliament. (About 250 words)

(89/II/1b/40)

  1. Discuss the relationship between the Executive and the legislative wings with reference to India (in about 150 words)

(89/II/4c/20)

  1. What is contempt of Parliament? Mention its various kinds.

(90/II/8b/B/3)

  1. What is lame-duck-session of legislature?

(92/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Who is a Pro term Speaker? What are his responsibilities?

(92/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Describe the doctrine of colourable legislation. (150 words)

(93/II/4b/20)

  1. Distinguish between Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Government. Do you think that changing over to Presidential form will be a solution for better governance? Substantiate your answer. (About 250 words)

(95I/1a/40)

  1. What is delegated legislation and which are the factors responsible for its increase? (in about 150 words)

(96/II/4C/20)

  1. What is meant by ‘Proterm Speaker’?

(98/II/8a/B/3)

  1. Which of the cases regarding disqualifications for Membership of either House of Parliament are decided by the President?

(98/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Differentiate between Parliamentary Secretary and Lok Sabha Secretary.

(98/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Who presides over the Joint-Session of the two Houses of the Indian Parliament over a non-money bill? (in about 25 words)

(99/II/9a/3)

  1. What is the maximum gap between two sessions of the Indian Parliament? (250 words)

(99/II/9f/3)

  1. How does Parliament control the Union Executive? How effective is its control? (250 words)

(00/I/7a/30)

  1. What is Contempt of Parliament?

(00/I/9e/2)

  1. Bring out the aberrations of the parliamentary system of government in Indnia, (about 250 words)

(01/I/6b/30)

  1. Explain the Local Area Development Scheme of the Members of Parliament.

(01/I/9a/2)

  1. When is the device of joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament not available?

(01/I/9e/3)

  1. “The issue of a hung Parliament adversely affects the stability of India Government.” Discuss the statement and point out how far changing over to the Presidential form of government will be a solution to this problem. (in about 250 words)

(02/I/6a/30)

  1. What is the role of the proterm speaker? (20 words)

(02/I/9(iii)/2)

  1. What is meant by the ‘lame-duck-session’ of the legislature? (20 words)

(02/I/9I0v)/2)

  1. Discuss Parliamentary control over the Executive, (in about 250 words)

(03/I/7a/30)

  1. Identify the major obstacles’ in the smooth functioning of Parliamentary democracy in India.

(03/I/7b/30)

  1. Who and what does the Indian Parliament consist of ? (20 words)

(05/I/9e/2)

  1. On what grounds can a member be disqualified from either House of Parliament? (250 words)

(06/I/6b/30)

  1. What is pro term Speaker? (150 words)

(07/I/8b/15)

  1. Under what circumstances, Parliament may legislate on State subjects? (150 words)

(07/I/8c/15)

  1. The ‘Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members’ as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and un-enumerated privileges to continue. Asses the reasons for the absence of legal codification of the ‘parliamentary privileges’. How can this problem be addressed?

(14/II/3/121/2)

 

LoK Sabha

  1. When is a member of the Lok Sabha qualified to be appointed leader of the opposition?

(81/II/7f/(A)3)

  1. What is the provision in the Constitution for representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha?

(85/II/8a/B/3)

  1. Examine the powers and functions of the speaker of the Lok Sabha. (about 150 words)

(89/II/4a/20)

  1. What are the functions of the speaker of the Lok Sabha?

(90/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Explain the scope of Article 331.

(95/I/8e/B/3)

  1. Examine the reasons for the non-introduction of Women’s Reservation Bill in the Lok Sabha.

(98/I/5a/35)

  1. Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

(10/I/6b/12)

 

Rajya Sabha

  1. What categories of persons are nominated by the President of India to the Rajya Sabha?

(79/II/7c/3)

  1. Discuss the provisions of Article 249 of the Indian Constitution. (150 words)

(86/II/4a/20)

  1. Explain the relevance of Rajya Sabha as a second chamber in the Federal set-up of the Indian Parliamentary System. (150 words)

(89/II/4b/20)

  1. “There are certain sphere spheres the Rajya Sabha alone has the authority.” What are they?

(89/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Describe the procedure for the creation of Second Chamber of the State Legislature.

(90/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Describe the powers and functions of the Council of States. Compare its powers with those of the House of the People. (About 250 words)

(93/II/1b/40)

  1. Describe the non-federal features of the Council of States. (150 words)

(95/II/4b/20)

  1. In what ways is the Rajya Sabha expected to play a special role in today’s changing political scenario? (About 250 words)

(99/II/1a/40)

  1. Explain the relevance of Rajya Sabha as a second chamber i the federal set up of Indian Parliamentary System. (150 words)

(03/I/8c/15)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Act. 249 and Art. 312 of the constitution.

(10/II/5e/5)

 

Parliamentary Committee

  1. What is Public Accounts Committee of the Parliament in India?

(82/II/8d(A)/3)

  1. Describe the organization and functions of the committee system in India Parliament.

(89/II/4d/20)

  1. Discuss the value of the consultative committees attached to the different ministries of the Government of India?

(89/II/8b/B/3)

  1. Indicate the structure and functions of the Committee on Public Undertaking. (150 words)

(92/II/4d/20)

  1. Explain the functions of the Estimates Committee. (150 words)

(95/II/4a/20)

  1. Assess the importance of the role played by the Public Accounts Committee. (150 words)

(99/II/4d/20)

  1. Examine the role of Estimates Committee. (150 words)

(00/I/8b/15)

  1. What is Ethics Committee of Lok Sabha?

(01/I/9b/2)

  1. Explain the role Public Accounts Committees. (150 words)

(02/I/8c/15)

  1. Distinction between ‘Department Related Parliamentary Standing committees’ and ‘Parliamentary Forums’.

(11/I/4d/5)

 

Parliamentary Proceedings

  1. Write short notes on Procedure relating to Money Bills to be passed by Parliament. (150 words)

(80/I/4b/20)

  1. Discuss the methods by Which Parliament controls public expenditure in India. (About 250 words)

(88/I/1a/40)

  1. What do you understand by ‘zero-hour’ in the conduct of business in Parliament?

(88/II/8a/B/3)

  1. What is meant by a Cut Motion in Parliament? Mention its different Kinds.

(89/II/8a/B/3)

  1. Distinguish between a starred question and an unstarred one asked in the Parliament.

(89/II/8c/B/3)

  1. How is breach of Parliament Privilege different from Contempt of the House?

(89/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Explain what is a point of order? When can it be raised?

(89/II/8f/B/3)

  1. What is a Cut Motion? Discuss its significance. (in about 150 words)

(96/II/4a/20)

  1. What are the Consolidated and Contingency Funds of India. How are the two opprated? (in about 150 words)

(96/II/4d/20)

  1. What do Rule 184 and 193 in Parliamentary Procedure signify?

(97/II/8a/B/3)

  1. What is a Privilege Motion?

(98/II/8f/B/3)

  1. In case of any dispute whether a bill is a money bill or not, whose decision is final? (25 words)

(99/II/9c/3)

  1. What is vote on account? (20 words)

(00/II/9a/2)

  1. What is a Privilege Motion? (20 words)

(00/I/9d/2)

  1. What is Call Attention Motion?

(01/I/9d/3)

  1. What is a point of order? When can it be raised? (in about 20 words)

(03/I/9a/2)

  1. What is a Privilege Motion?

(03/I/9b/2)

  1. What is meant by ‘Sine-die’ adjournment? (20 words)

(03/I/9c/2)

  1. Explain the following terms:

(i) Dissolution of the House

(ii) Prorogation of the House

(iii) Adjournment of the business of the House (20 words

(06/I/9a/2)

  1. What is Consolidated Fund of India?

(06/I/9b/2)

  1. What is Casting Vote?

(07/I/9c/2)

  1. What is consolidated fund? (20 words)

(07/I/6I/2)

  1. What is a Censure Motion?

(08/I/7a/2)

  1. Distinguish between a starred question and an unstarred one asked in the Parliament.

(08/I/7c/2)

  1. What is contempt of Parliament?

(08/I/7d/2)

  1. What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament from either House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer. (150 words)

(10/I/4a/24)

  1. How is disagreement between the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly of a State in passing of an ordinary Bill, resolved?

(10/I/8a/5)

 

Judiciary

  1. Write short notes not exceeding 150 words on Role of the judiciary in India.

(79/II/4c/20)

  1. How will you define ‘judicial review.’

(82/II/8c(A)/3)

  1. Discuss the importance of the independence of judiciary in a democracy. (150 words)

(84/II/4a/20)

  1. What is the meaning of public interest litigation?

(85/II/8d/B/3)

  1. What is public interest litigation? What are the circumstances contributing to its prominence in recent times? (About 100 words)

(86/I/9b/15)

  1. How are Chief Justice of ‘High Courts in India appointed?

(87/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Explain the scope of the Advisory jurisdiction the Supreme court of India. (150 words)

(92/II/4b/20)

  1. What is the position of the Supreme Court under the Constitution of India? Discuss its role as a guardian of the Constitution. (About 250 words)

(95/II/1b/40)

  1. What is meant by ‘Judicial Activism’? Evaluate its role in reducing corruption in public life. (About 100 words on each.

(96/I/6d/10)

  1. Evaluate the significance of Supreme Court judgment on the Income Tax Return of political parties, (about 50 words)

(96/II/7c/6)

  1. Present your views for and against the creation of an All India Judicial Service. (150 words)

(97/II/4a/20)

  1. Bring out the issues involved in the appointments and transfer of judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts in India. (50 words)

(98/I/7g/6)

  1. What constitutes the doctrine of ‘basic features’ as introduced into the Constitution of India by the Judiciary? (in about 125 words)

(00/I/7b/30)

  1. Explain Public Interest Litigation. Who can file it and on what basis can it be rejected by the Court of Law? (in about 125 words)

(00/I/11a/10)

  1. What is the position of the Supreme Court under the Constitution of India? How far does it play its role as the guardian of the Constitution? (250 words)

(02/I/7a/30)

  1. How can a judge of the Supeme Court be removed? (20 words)

(04/I/9d/2)

  1. Is it possible to distinguish between judicial review and judicial activism in India? Does the recent behaviour of the Indian judiciary partake more of Judicial activism? Argue with suitable examples. (250 words)

(05/I/6b/30)

  1. What is the common point between Articles 14 and 226 of the Indian Constitution?

(05/I/9d/2)

  1. Is the High Court’s power to issue ‘writs’ wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? (150 words)

(06/I/8C/15)

  1. What is meant by ‘Judicial Activism’? Evaluate its role in the context of the functioning of Indian polity. (250 words)

(08/I/5a/30)

  1. Do you think there is a need for a review of the Indian Constitution? Justify your view. (250 words)

(08/I/8b/30)

  1. Write about Supreme court on Ragging.

(08/I/12b/2)

  1. Starting from inventing the ‘basic structure’ doctrine, the judiciary has played a highly proactive role in ensuring that India develops into a thriving democracy. In light of the statement, evaluate the role played by judicial activism in achieving the ideals of democracy.

(14/II/1/121/2)

 

State Executive

  1. Who is eligible to be appointed Governor of a State in India.

(83/II/8f/B/3)

  1. How is the Governor of a State appointed in India? Does the manner of his appointment ensure his independent functioning? (150 words)

(84/II/4d/20)

  1. When can the Governor of a State reserve a bill for consideration by the President?

(84/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Examine the role and functions of the State Governors as wet out in the Constitution of India.

(88/II/4c/20)

  1. Explain the nature and extent of discretionary powers and special responsibilities of the Governor in the Indian Constitution? (150 words)

(90/II/4b/20)

  1. When can be Governor of a State reserve a Bill for consideration by the President of India?

(91/II/8c/B/3)

  1. “In India, though the Governor is the constitutional head of a state just as the President of the country, the former may be enjoying more powers than the latter.” Do you agree? Give reasons. (About 250 words)

(94/II/1a/40)

  1. How are the new States formed in India? Why have the demands of separate states like those of Vidarbha, Telangana etc. not been considered by the Government recently? (in abut 150 words)

(98/II/4b/40)

  1. Is there any provision to impeach the Governor of a State? (25 words)

(99/II/9b/3)

  1. What were the two major considerations to have the Governor appointed and not elected?

(08/I/7e/2)

 

State Legislature

  1. How and by which authority can a State Legislative Council be abolished?

(83/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Should the Speaker of Legislative Assembly appear before the courts on summons? Justify your view point. (50 words)

(93/II/7c/5)

  1. What is a bicameral legislature? Mention the states that have a bicameral legislature in our country.

(95/II/8d/B/3)

  1. On what grounds the Legislative Councils are justified? How is created or abolished in a State? (150 words)

(98/II/4C/20)

  1. Why is it said that the centre has absolute veto over State Legislature? (20 words)

(01/I/9c/20)

 

Local Self Government

  1. Panchayati Raj has been designed to function as the grass root of democracy in India. Describe its organizational set-up. What is the present position? Assess the performance of Panchayati System.

(81/II/4d/20)

  1. What were the aims with which Panchayati Raj was created in India? Have these aims been fulfilled? What is the present position of the Panchayati Raj? (150 words)

(83/II/4d/20)

  1. What changes, according to you, have taken place in the power structure in rural India in recent decades? (in about 150 words)

(85/II/4c/20)

  1. Bring out the main change in the Panchayati Raj System is India through the Seventy Third Constitutional Amendment Act? (150 words)

(93/II/5b/20)

  1. Highlight the significance of the Seventy-Third Amendment to the Constitution of India? (150 words)

(98/II/4a/20)

  1. What is meant by the ;fringe areas’ in the sphere of local government in India? (20 words)

(02/I/9(v)/2)

  1. Discuss how state governments can exercise control over pancyatats. (150 words)

(04/I/8c/15)

  1. Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity? (250 words)

(05/I/7a/30)

  1. Write of PESA, 1996 in about 20 words.

(09/I/10j/2)

  1. Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss (200 words)

(13/I/5/10)

  1. Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances. (200 words)

(13/II/7/10)

Election/Election Commission of India/Anti Defection

  1. Write short notes on Problems of political defections and possible remedies. (150 words)

(79/II/4b/20)

  1. Write short notes on functions of the Election Commission.

(79/II/4d/20)

  1. Name three important regional political parties in India.

(79/II/7a/3)

  1. With which political party is the All India Trade Union Congress aligned?

(79/II/7d/3)

  1. What is ‘floor crossing? Have Governments legislated on the subject of ‘floor crossing’?

(80/II/7r/3)

  1. There have been allegations about malpractices in the process of elections to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sanbha. What are the major malpractices reported by the political parties, mass media ect.? What remedial measures have been taken by the Chief Election Commissioner in this connection? Have you any suggestions to offer on further measures, which can be taken to eliminate o reduce such malpractices? (Not more than 200 words)

(82/I/9/35)

  1. The phenomenon of political defections in India has assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factors responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. It is ight to say that ban on defection will amount to suppression of freedom of thought and action? (About 250 words)

(82/II/1a/45)

  1. Discuss the composition and functions of the Election Commission. (150 words)

(84/II/4b/20)

  1. Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti defection bill. In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country?

(85/II/9a/15)

  1. Analyse the main factors which influenced the voting patterns in the 1984 Lok Sabha Elections in India. (150 words)

(85/II/4a/20)

  1. Is it correct to describe the party system in India as a ‘one party dominant system’? Give reasons for your answer. (150 words)

(85/II/4d/20)

  1. What is the party, affiliation of each of the following trade unions?

INTUC; AITUC; IFTU; HMSL CITU

(85/II/8c/B/3)

  1. What are the main features of the Anti-defection legislation of 1985? (150 words)

(87/II/4a/20)

  1. Explain the Constitutional responsibilities of the Election commission of India. (150 words)

(88/II/4d/20)

  1. Review the present Electoral System is India and suggest modifications to ensure better and healthier Policy, (In about 250 words)

(90/II/1b/40)

  1. Describe the composition and functions of the Election Commission of India. (150 words)

(93/II/4c/20)

  1. What is the stand of the Election Commission on the residential qualification of the members of the Rajya Sabha? (100 words)

(94/I/6b/10)

  1. Explain the position of the Election Commission with regard to the residential qualification of the members of the Council of States. What do you think about it? (150 words)

(94/II/4d/20)

  1. Describe the salient features of Anti-Defection Law. (150 words)

(95/II/4d/20)

  1. The recent elections in India seem to necessitate a change in the style of goverance. Explain. (50. words)

(96/II/7f/6)

  1. How are electoral constituencies delimited for Parliamentary elections in India?

(96/II/4b/20)

  1. What is the major recommendation of Dinesh Goswami Committee?

(96/II/8a/B/3)

  1. What are the functions of the Human Rights commission of India?

(96/II/8f/B/3)

  1. Differentiate and state the significance of general election, mid-term election and by-election. (150 words)

(98/II/4d/20)

  1. Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words)

(00/I/8a/15)

  1. Describe the methods of delimiting constituencies for parliamentary elections in India.

(04/I/8b/15)

  1. How is the Election Commission of India constituted? (20 words)

(04/I/9e/2)

  1. What are the steps that the Election Commission may take if a recalcitrant State Government wants to put off Assembly Elections? (150 words)

(05/I/8c/15)

  1. What are the main determinants of voting behaviour in India? (250 words)

(07/I/7b/30)

  1. What is criminalization of politics?

(07/I/9a/2)

  1. What is value-based politics? (125 words)

(07/I/11c/10)

  1. Are the traditional determinants of voting behaviour in India changing? Examine in the context of the last General Elections.

(09/I/6b/15)

  1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnesses. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law which was legislated but with a different intention? (200 words)

(13/I/1/10)

 

Attorney General / CAG

  1. What are the functions of the Attorney General? (in about 1 or 2 sentence)

(81/II/7b(A)/3)

  1. Define the duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India in regard to Audit and show how the Constitution provides for his independence from Executive Control, (250 words)

(89/II/1a/45)

  1. What constitutional provisions make the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India independent?

(96/II/8d/B/3)

  1. Distinguish between the auditing and accounting functions of the CAG of India.

(08/II/7b/2)

 

Different Institutions/

Committees / Commissions

  1. Writer short note on: The Finance Commission in about 150 words)

(80/II/4a/20)

  1. Write short notes on CHOGRAM II, New Delhi, 1980 in about 150 words.

(80/II/4d/20)

  1. Describe the composition and functions of the National Development Council.

(81/II/7c(A)/3)

  1. What are the functions of the Zonal Council?

(82/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. Press Council of India-composition and functions achievements so far.

(83/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. Explain the role of the National Development Council.

(85/II/8b/B/3)

  1. For what purpose was the Ranganath Mishra Commission appointed?

(85/II/8f/B/3)

  1. State the functions of the Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

(87/II/8e/B/3)

  1. Write a short note on the financial aspect of Sarkaria Commission Report. (About 40 words)

(88/I/11d/5)

  1. Distinguish between the status, organization and specific roles of the Planning Commission and the Finance Commission in India. (250 words)

(89/II/2a/40)

  1. What are Zonal Councils? Discuss their constitution, role and importance in achieving inter-state comity. (About 250 words)

(92/II/1b/40)

  1. Explain the status, composition and functions of the Minorities Commission. (150 words)

(92/II/4c/20)

  1. Describe the composition and functions of the National Development Council. (150 words)

(93/II/4d/20)

  1. Explain the role of the Planning Commission and the National of public policy in India. (About 250 words)

(94/II/1b/40)

  1. Point out the constitution and functions of the Central Vigilance Commission.

(98/II/8b/B/3)

  1. Discuss the composition and functions of the National Security Council. (150 words)

(99/II/4b/20)

  1. Write note on Universal Postal Union.

(00/I/12a/10)

  1. Write note on Economic and Social Council.

(00/I/12b/10)

  1. Write and about CRY in 20 words.

(00/I/13a/2)

  1. Write note on Law Commission of India.

(01/I/12a/10)

  1. Write about ICCR in 20 words.

(01/I/13c/2)

  1. Write about Sports Authority of India.

(01/I/13d/2)

  1. Write about NCERT in 20 words.

(01/I/13e/2)

  1. What is a Finance Commission? Discuss the main functions of the State Finance Commission. (150 words)

(04/I/13a/4)

  1. Write about the following:

(i) Central vigilance Commission

(ii)  NDDB (About 20 words each)

(04/I/13a/4)

  1. Discuss the composition and functions of the Union Public Service Commission. (150 words)

(08/I/6c/15)

  1. Write about M.M. Punchi Commission

(08/I/12d/2)

  1. In the changing context of governance in the country, what should be the role of the UPSC?

(09/I/7b/15)

  1. To implement one key recommendation of the Mohini Giri Committee, the Government has recently announced the constitution of a National Council. Highlight the composition and the mandate of this national Council.

(12/I/3f/5)

  1. The setting up of a Rail Tariff Authority to regulate fares will subject the cash strapped Indian Railways to demand subsidy for obligation to operate non-profitable routes and services. Taking into account the experience in the power sector, discuss if the proposed reform is expected to benefit the consumers, the Indian Railways or the private container operators.

(14/II/8/121/2)

 

Federalism / Union-State Relations

  1. What is the scheme of division of powers between the Centre and the States under the Constitution of India? Discuss whether the grant of greater autonomy to the States would be in the interests of strengthening the integrity and promoting the economic development of the country. (About 500 words)

(79/II/1b/75)

  1. Analyse the causes of controversy in India, in recent years, in regard to Union-State relations. What are the specific areas of discord? Consider the main issues and offr your comments and suggestions. (About 400 words)

(81/II/1a/50)

  1. What is the purpose of having a concurrent list in the Constitution of India.

(81/II/7a(A)/3)

  1. India is not a federation; but it has definite federal features. Elucidate.

Planning and federalism make uneasy partners; the planning operations in India have led to erosion of federalism. Discuss (About 250 words)

(82/II/1b/45)

  1. What are the objectives in having three separate legislative lists in the Constitution of India? Can the Parliament make laws in regard to any item in the State list? If so, under what situation? Does any of the issues arising from the above give rise to Union-State controversies? (About 250 words)

(83/II/1b/40)

  1. Why was ‘education’ taken out of the State list and inserted in the concurrent list?

(83/II/8c/B/3)

  1. What criteria for a fair and just solution of the Punjab problem have been laid down in the White Paper of Punjab? Explain its contention that the propositions contained in the Anandpur Sahab Resolution of Akali Dal on the Centre-State relations are contrary to the very basic concept of national unity and integrity & are therefore unacceptable. (150 words)

(84/II/11/35)

  1. Riparian rights are a source of disputes. How are they resolved in a federal system? (About 75 words)

(86/I/10a/10)

  1. Briefly mention the factors which have promoted concentration of power in the Centre in India, and discuss the response of the States to this tendency (About 250 words)

(86/II/1a/40)

  1. Mention any three important entries in the Concurrent list in the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

(86/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Why is the Indian Constitution called quasi- federal?

(87/II/8c/B/3)

  1. “The emphasis in modern federations should not be one division and separation but on Collaboration and on Co-operation. “Discuss the statement in the context of Indian Policy. (In about 250 words)

(90/II/1a/40)

  1. The planning operations in India have led to erosion of federalism.’ Discuss. (150 words)

(91/II/4d/20)

  1. What are the essentials of a true federation? Analyse the nature of the Indian federation. (About 250 words)

(93/II/1a/40)

  1. Discuss the major extra-constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India. (150 words)

(00/I/8c/15)

  1. Discuss the administrative relations between the centre and the states in the light of recent controversies (in about 250 words)

(01/I/6a/30)

  1. What are the constitutional restrictions imposed upon the power of borrowing of the state government? (20 words)

(04/I/9b/2)

  1. Comment on the financial relations between the Union and the State in India. Has post-1991 liberalization in any way affected it? (250 words)

(05/I/6a/30)

  1. Discuss the major extra-constitutional factors influencing the federal polity in India. (250 words)

(08/I/5b/30)

  1. Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of Indian polity. (150 words)

(08/I/6b/15)

  1. Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic feature, but it is equally true the federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss.

(14/II/2/121/2)

 

Schedule

  1. What is the purpose of having a concurrent list in the Constitution of India.

(81/II/7a(A)/3)

  1. Why was “education” taken out of the State list and inserted in the concurrent list?

(83/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Mention any three important entries in the Concurrent list in the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

(86/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Why was Education taken out of the State List and inserted in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution?

(91/II/8d/B/3)

  1. What is the content of the 10h Schedule of the Constitution of India?

(93/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Why does Constitution of India contain different forms of Oath for the President, the “Ministers, the Legislators and the members of the Judiciary? Discuss their significance. (About 250 words)

(96/II/1b/40)

  1. Why does the Constitution of India provide different forms of Oaths for the President, the Ministers, the legislators and the members of the judiciary? Discuss their significance. (250 words)

(02/I/6b/30)

  1. What are the protections afforded to Scheduled Tribes in the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution? (20 words)

(05/I/9b/2)

 

Indian Governance

  1. For that purpose was the Consumers Protection Act enacted in India? How far would the latest amendments in the Act help the self-employed persons?

(93/I/7/5)

  1. What are the preconditions for the growth of Civil Society? Is Indian democracy conducive to it?

(03/I/12c/10)

  1. Discuss the utility of e-governance in the Indian context.

(04/I/11c/10)

  1. Write brief note on Your views on the recent ‘Gilgit’Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009’

(09/II/2b/5)

  1. Examine corruption as a serious development challenge in Indian Polity.

(09/I/6c/15)

  1. E-governance initiatives by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

(11/I/9c/5)

  1. What is the ‘Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat’?

(12/I/3a/5)

  1. Comment on the significance of the Preamble contained in the Right to Information Act.

(12/I/3e/5)

  1. In the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, India has emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy. What key biological, legal and ethical issues merit consideration while framing the regulation to govern surrogacy in India?

(12/II/3a/10)

  1. The product diversification on financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies, namely SEBI and IRDA. Justify, (200 words)

(13/II/8/10)

  1. The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginigs in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success. (200 words)

(13/II/9/10)

  1. The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments i eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. (200 words)

(13/II/12/10)

  1. Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption, eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment. (200 words)

(13/II/13/10)

  1. Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the government for achieving the same. (200 words)

(13/II/15/10)

  1. Though Citizens’ characters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyse. (200 words)

(13/II/16/10)

  1. ‘A national Lokpal, however strong it may be, cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs; Discuss (200 words)

(13/II/17/10)

  1. Though 100 percent FDI is already allowed in non-news media like a trade publication and general entertainment channel, the Government is mulling over the proposal for increased FDI in news media for quite some time. What difference would an increase in FDI make? Critically evaluate the pros and cons.

(14/II/7/121/2)

 

Miscellaneous

  1. Explain the significance of Article 370 in the Constitution of India.

(88/II/8c/B/3)

  1. State the significance of Article 370 of our Constitution.

(90/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Distinguish between value-based politics and personality-based politics.

(91/II/8a/B/3)

  1. What is the value of ‘O and M’ in Administration.

(91/II/8f/B/3)

  1. What is Section 309 IPC about? Why was it is the news recently?

(94/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Give a brief account of C.M.P. (Common Minimum Programme) of the United Front Government of the important? (150 words)

(97/II/8c/B/3)

  1. What is Caretaker Government?

(00/I/9b/2)

  1. Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Minister’s Secretariat. Which of these is more important? (150 words)

(01/I/8b/15)

  1. Recent directive from Ministry of Petroleum and natural GAs are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution. (200 words)

(13/II/3/10)

Schemes for Vulnerable Section

  1. The Backward Classes Commission, which was constituted under the Chairmanship of Shri B.P. Mandal has recommended that 27% of vacancies should be reserve for “backward classes.” in addition to the existing reservations for persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. This reservation will apply to admissions in the educational institutions also. State briefly the points, which may be urged in favour of and against the above recommendation. What are your views? (in 200 words)

(82/I/11/35)

  1. Explain the implications of the recent Supreme Court verdict on reservations in private and minority educational institutions.

(05/II/11a/10)

  1. Benefits and potential drawbacks of ‘cash-transfers’ to ‘Below Poverty Line’ (BPL) households.

(11/I/4e/12)

  1. Do government’s schemes for uplifting vulnerable and back ward communities by protecting required social resources for them, lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economies?

(14/II/11/121/2)

 

Poverty /Unemployment

  1. Write down 100 words on the following: The International Year of the Child.

(79/I/11a/10)

  1. What is the criterion adopted to draw the poverty line in Indi? What is the extent of India’s population living below the poverty line?

(86/II/7f((B)/3)

  1. Attempt a critical overview of various types of Anti-Poverty Programme at work in India today. (About 250 words)

(86/II/2b/40)

  1. How is absolute poverty line measured? What are the important measures taken by the Government to eradicate rural poverty in India?

(98/II/2b/2)

  1. Differences between absolute poverty and relative poverty.

(05/II/3c/2)

  1. What is structural unemployment?

(05/II/6o/2)

  1. Examine the effects of globalisation on poverty removal in India.

(06/II/5b/15)

  1. What is distinguished unemployment?

(06/II/6i/2)

 Demography / Human Resource

  1. Health care for all by 2000 A.D. is important objective of the Sixth Five Year Plan. What steps are being taken for the supply safe drinking were and provide adequate nutritional safeguards, particularly to the vulnerable sections of the community? What is the present status of preventive medical facilities in our country? (About 400 words)

(81/II/3a/50)

  1. What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committees’ Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues?

(94/II/4c/20)

  1. Review the population policy of the Govt. of India giving the distinguishing features.

(01/I/10a/30)

  1. Explain UNDP Report on human development in India.

(04/I/11a/10)

  1. “Uptliftment of the neglected sections of society will be best served with many more centers of the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University.” Expand on the assertion made.

(10/I/7e/12)

  1. An athlete participates on Olympics for personal triumph and nation’s glory; victors are showered with cash incentives by various agencies, on their return. Discuss the merit of state sponsored talent hunt and its cultivation as against the rationale of a reward mechanism ad encouragement.

(14/I/12/121/2)

 

Literacy / Education

  1. Assess the success and failuurf Indian education and indicate the desirable changes needed in the present system. (About 200 words)

(79/I/4/21)

  1. Of late, it has been felt that due to various uncontrollable forces the degrees given by many universities in India do not properly reflect the merit and caliber of their holders. As such employment should be de-linked from degrees. Express your own views on this issue. (Not more than 200 words)

(84/I/5/35)

  1. The New Educational Policy has since been approved by the Parliament in May 1986. How is it new? What are the salient points of this policy? What is the concept of Model Schools? What are your views on the New Educational Policy? (About 200 words)

(86/I/11/35)

  1. What are the recommendation of the Ramamurthi Committee in respect of Navodaya Schools? What are the observations of the Committee of Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) on its recommendations. (About 125 words each)

(92/I/6c/15)

  1. When and why was the National Literacy Mission founded?

(93/II/8c/B/3)

  1. Write a note on National Literacy Mission.

(96/I/7e/5)

  1. What is the Prime Minister’s Five-point agenda for India’s development as a Knowledge Society?

(03/I/12b/10)

  1. “Is greater spending on education linked to higher literacy?” Discuss.

(04/I/12b/10)

  1. Write short note on National knowledge Commission in about 20 works.

(05/I/13b/2)

  1. What are the linkages to be developed under the Knowledge Revolution for Rural India Plan?

(06/I/11b/10)

  1. Bring out the issues involved in implementing compulsory primary education in India.

(06/I/12c/10)

  1. Write notes on::Prime Minister’s 5-points agenda for India’s development as a knowledge society. (125 words)

(07/I/12b/10)

  1. Mushrooming of Higher Educational Institutions was a matter of grave concern for Yashpal Committee. With reference to the relevant portion of that report give your views how to harmonise private investment and quality of education.

(09/I/7a/15)

  1. Distinguish between the objectives, structure and functioning of the Kendriya Vdyala Sangathan and the Navodaya vidyalaya Samiti. (150 words)

(10/I/4b/24)

  1. Highlight the structure, objectives and role of the Advertising Standards Council of India. In what way has the August 2006 government notification made it more effective?

(11/I/3b/20)

  1. ‘News International’ newspaper.

(11/I/8a/2)

  1. Comment on the recent launching of the National Mission on Libraries (NML)

(12/I/3g/5)

  1. Should the premier institutes like IITs/IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independences in designing courses and also decide mode/criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challengers.

(14/I/13/121/2)

 

Urbanisation

  1. Housing for all by 2010 is the goal set by the National Habitat Policy. How far is it achievable)

(04/I/12a/10)

  1. Write about BSUP Scheme.

(09/I/4e/3)

  1. Write brief but precise note on ‘Break-of-bulk’

(10/I/5g/5)

  1. Comment on the salient features of the recent draft Model Real Estate (Regulation of Development Act of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation of the Central Government.

(10/I/7f/12)

  1. The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment. (200 words)

(13/II/14/10)

 

Rehabilitation

  1. Identify the types of disabilities.

(03/I/11c/10)

  1. Write briefly about the Programmes or ‘Welfare of the Disabled.”

(02/I/12c/10)

  1. What are the problems related to the rehabilitation of the mentally challenged persons in India?

(06/I/12b/10)

  1. Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)

(11/I/4b/12)

 

Corruption in Public Life

  1. What was the Recruit Scandal? What have been its implications?

(89/I/7c/5)

  1. On what issues had Suner Lal Bahuguna been lately resorting to fasts?

(96/I/7g/6)

  1. Suggest measures for the eradication of wide spread corruption in Public Life India.

(03/I/10b/30)

 

Communal Harmony

  1. What are the features of the Uttar Pradesh Regulation of Public Religions Buildings and Places BUI, 2000, that have caused widespread protests from minorities?

(00/I/11c/10)

 

Pressure Groups / Self Help

Groups / NGOs

  1. Discuss the role of the pressure groups in Indian politics (150 words)

(86/II/4c/20)

  1. Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics.

With regards to the above, asses the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India. (200 words)

(13/II/10/10)

  1. The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, th microfinance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss. (200 words)

(13/II/11/10)

  1. The penetration of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural areas in promoting participation in development programmes in facing socio-cultural hurdles. Examine.

(14/II/10/121/2)

 

 Child Labour

  1. Why has the question of child labour become more important recently? How is it going to affect India? (About 100 words)

(93/I/6d/10)

  1. Discuss the steps taken by Government to check child labour and promote child welfare.

(03/I/10a/30)

  1. What are the social and economic consequences of abolishing child labour in India?

(06/I/10a/30)

  1. Discuss the steps to get rid of child labour in India. (25 words)

(07/II/10b/30)

 

Law Enforcement Issues

  1. The maintenance of law and order has become increasingly difficult in many parts o India. What are the main reasons for the deterioration in law and order position? How are the Stae Governments trying to control crimes? What further steps would you suggest with view to instill a greater sense of security in the minds of the people specially those, who belong to the vulnerable sections of the society and live in remote areas? (Not more than 150 words)

(813/II/5/25)

  1. Write about MTP Action 20 words.

(08/II/12a/2)

  1. Evolution of ‘Green Benches’ in our higher judiciary.

(11/II/4c/12)

 

Human Rights

  1. How do the recommendations of the World Conference on Human Rights held at Vienna reflect India’s concern in terrorism and self-determination?

(93/II/6d/10)

  1. What measures would you suggest to make Human Rights effective and operative?

(96/II/7b/6)

  1. Discuss the provisions of the Human Rights Protection Act (1993) relating to the following:

(i) Definition of human rights

(ii) Composition of the National Human Rights Commission

(iii) Functions of the Commission

(iv) What suggestions have been made for amending the Act for making the role of the NHRC more effective?

(00/II/10a/30)

  1. Discuss the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the context of Torture in Prisons and Human Dignity.

(00/II/10b/30)

  1. What are the Human Rights issues involved in relation to the arrest of M.Karunanidhi in Tamilnadu in July 2001?

(01/II/11c/10)

  1. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human right standards.

(14/II/9/121/2)

 

Programmes

  1. Immediately after Independence. Land reform measures were initiated to achieve the twin objectives of increasing agricultural production and attainment of social justice. What types of measures have been taken by the states to achieve these objectives and with what results?

What is the role of the Union Government in these matters? (Not more than 150 words)

(83/I/9/35)

  1. Is there any scheme of social security for industrial workers in India? If so, what benefits does it provide to them?

(85/II/8b(A)/3)

  1. Write notes on Swarn Jayanti Gram Swaraj Yjana.

(01/I/12a/10)

  1. Write notes on: Integrated Child Development Service. (ICDS) (125 words)

(07/I/12a/10)

  1. Write on Rashtriya Gramin Vikas Nidhi (RGVN) in about 20 words.

(09/I/10g/2)

  1. Write brief note on ‘Swavalamban’ Scheme.

(10/I/9f/2)

  1. Critically examine the design of the Natal Rural Livelihoods Mission(NRLM) scheme. Do you think it has a better chance of success than the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) in achieving its objectives?

(11/I/3a/20)

  1. Problems specific to the denotified and nomadic tribes in India.

(11/I/5d/12)

  1. Two parallel run schemes of the Government, viz. The Adhar Card and NPR, one as voluntary and the other as compulsory, have led to debates at national levels and also litigations. On merits, discuss whether or not both schemes need run concurrently. Analyse the potential of the schemes to achieve developmental benefits and equitable growth.

(14/I/15/121/2)

 

Miscellaneous

  1. In many non-communist countries in Europe and America professionalism has become a permanent feature of important branches of sports. Do you think that the introduction of official recognition of professionalism will attract more boys and girls to sports and will lead to an improvement in the national standard of sports in India? Give reasons for your answer.

(81/I/9c/15)

  1. What is black money and why is it so called? Specify the main causes of its generation in India.

(85/I/5a/20)

  1. What is ICOR? What does a high ICOR indicate?

(93/II/7d/A/3)

  1. Discuss the economic effects of Black money (Parallel economy) in Indian economy.

(00/II/5c/15)

  1. Write short note on Ban on bar dancing.

(05/I/13d/2)

  1. Write about RCI.

(06/I/13c/10)

  1. Discuss economic backwardness as a mjor challenge of Indian democracy. Andemocracy and development go together smoothly? (250 words)

(06/I/7b/30)

  1. What should be the role of the media to project ‘mass reality’ in place of ‘illusion of reality’?

(08/I/11c/15)

  1. Write brief note on Babli Project.

(10/I/9e/2)

India’s and its Neighbourhood Relation (International Relation)
India and the World
(Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India)

Foreign Policy of India

  1. The policy of non-alignment was enunciated by Pandit Nehru and it has become a cornerstone of the foreign policy of Independent India. What are the principles underlying the concept of non-alignment? Has this policy been fruitful? Give reason for your views. (Not more than 150 words)

(80/I/6/25)

  1. How often do the Heads of State/Government of the Non-aligned countries meet? When and where did it meet first? Who is the chairman of NAM now? What were the main points agreed to at the last meeting of the conference of the Heads of State/Government and included in the “New Delhi Message.” (Not more than 150 words)

(83/I/6/35)

  1. Why was Kampuchea’s seat allowed to remain vacant in the last NAM Conference?

(83/II/8d(B)/3)

  1. What is meant by ‘Gujral Doctrine’? Write its specific principles.

(97/II/8b/3)

  1. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 works)

(a) What does track two diplomacy stand for?

(b) Non-alignment is a need, not a creed-Elaborate

(c) Differentiate between Peace-making and Peace keeping.

(d) What is deterrence?

(e) Why has the indigenous development of Cryogenic Engine become necessary for India?

(00/II/2/10)

  1. How can India accommodate her foreign policy principle of ‘non-intervention’ with emerging night to ‘intervention’?

(00/II/7c/2)

  1. What does ‘Gujral doctrine’ stand for?

(02/II/2b/2)

  1. “NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) is relevant in Unipolar World as well”. Comment.

(07/II/7c/15)

  1. Answer the following in 20 words:

The Panchasheel Pact.

(04/II/2a/2)

  1. Discuss the role of intelligence’ in the making of foreign policy.

(04/II/7a/15)

  1. Describe the role of the Amnesty International in securing human rights.

(04/II/7b/15)

  1. Examine the relevance of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s ideas in the international relations of today.

(04/II/7c/15)

  1. Present a complete picture of India’s efforts for a permanent seat in the UN security Council.

(05/II/1a/15)

  1. What is India’s ‘Look East’ Policy?

(06/II/9d/2)

  1. Write about: Expanding role of Amnesty International.

(06/II/7b/15

  1. Write about: Outer Space Treaty.

(06/II/8b/2)

  1. Write about Panchasheel in India’s Foreign Policy. (20 words)

(07/II/2d/2)

  1. Write about Relevance of NAM.

(07/II/2e/2)

  1. Write about Impact of globalization on state system and its institutions. (150 words)

(07/II/7a/15)

  1. Write about Know India Programme (KIP). (20 words)

(07/II/3d/2)

  1. Write notes on India and the New World Order in about 150 word.

(08/II/1a/30)

  1. Write about India’s Ocean Development Policy?

(08/II/2a/2)

  1. Write about Council for Promotion of Overseas Employment (CPOE) in 20 words.

(08/II/3b/2)

  1. Write about Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme in 20 words.

(08/II/3c/2)

  1. Write note on India’s ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ power strategy in Foreign Policy.

(09/II/1d/5)

  1. Write brief note on Nuclear Supply Group (NSG) and India.

(09/II/2a/5)

  1. Critically examine the implications of the disintegration of the Soviet Union on India’s security and strategic perspectives. What further responses would you suggest in India’s foreign policy to accommodate these implications?

(10/II/1a/20)

  1. Is there still a role for the concept of balance of power in contemporary international politics? Discuss.

(11/II/4b/12)

  1. Critically review the international concern in achieving the targets set for the Millennium Development Goals.

(12/II/3b/10)

  1. Why is international trace perceived to have failed to act as an “engine of growth” in many development countries including India?

(12/II/3b/10)

  1. What d you understand by “The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India a counter this. (200 words)

(13/II/24/10)

  1. What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it haves any relevance today? Discuss (200 words)

(13/II/24/10)

  1. The aim of Information Technology Agreements (ITAs) is to lower al taxes and tariffs on information technology products by signatories to zero. What impact would such agreements have on India’s interests?

(14/II/17/121/2)

Revolt of 1857

  1. It is universally realised that an immediate halt to the nuclear arms race is imperative. A six-nation summit on Nuclear Disarmament was held in India this year.

(i) When and where was this meeting held?

(ii) Who were the participants?

(iii) What were the chief aims of this summit?

(iv) Wat were its declarations?

(v) What are your comments on it? (About 150 words)

(85/I/10a/25)

  1. Twenty-five years term of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty will come to an end in 1995. Some important members want it to be renewed, as it is, for another 25 or 50 years. What are its basic provisions and how will its renewal adversely affect India’s interests?

(92/I/5/35)

  1. What stand was taken by India at the recent Security Council Summit in regards to Nuclear Non-Proliferation? What major decision was taken by the Summit?

(92/I/5/35)

  1. On what grounds did India not sign the CTBT?

(97/I/7e/10)

  1. Differentiate and state the significance of Pokharan land Poksharan II.

(00/II/1c/15)

  1. What are the prospects of CTBT?

(00/II/8a/2)

  1. Differentiate between Explosion and Implosion.

(00/II/8d/2)

  1. Outline the salient features of India’s nuclear policy and explain the reasons for India’s refusal to sign the C.T.B.T.

(01/II/7c/15)

  1. Account for India’s opposition to Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

(02/II/1c/15)

  1. What do you know about ‘Pinaka’?

(02/II/2d/2)

  1. Explain India’s ‘No First Use’ policy in context of Nuclear Weapons.

(02/II/2e/2)

  1. Write about Nuclear Non-Proliferations Treaty.

(06/II/2e/2)

  1. Elaborate on India’s Nuclear Doctrine.

(07/II/1c/15)

  1. Subsequent to the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group (NSG) waiver in 2008, what are the agreements on nuclear energy that India has signed with different countries?

(11/II/2a/12)

Disarmament

  1. In what respect can the recent arms control agreement between the USA and Russia he considered as a big step forward towards disarmament?

(92/I/7d/6)

  1. What are the major objections of the various countries to the signing of the chemical weapons treaty?

(93/I/7a/5)

  1. What is meant by SDI?

(00/II/9c/2)

  1. Differentiate between SALT and START.

(00/II/9c/2)

  1. Highlight the main points of Nuclear Disarmament Treaty signed by U.S. President George Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin in May 2002.

(02/II/7a/15)

  1. Comment of the present status of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). What important issues, do you think, need to be taken up at the seventh review conference of the BWC scheduled for 2011?

(10/II/4c/12)
Pakistan

  1. Write about: Pakistan’s role in Sri Lanka.

(06/II/1c/10)

  1. “The situation today in far different to that prevalent fifty years back when the Indus Water Treat was signed.” Highlight the complexity of the current challenges on both sides of the border in this regard. Do you think that a review of the Treaty is in India’s best interests?

(12/II/1e/25)

Indo-Pak

  1. Why has the Siachen Glacier been in the news? What could be the main purpose been in the Indo-Pak parley on the issue?

(89/I/7d/5)

  1. What has been the cinching evidence about the receipt of M-11 missiles by Pakistan?

(95/II/7g/6)

  1. Where and when was the meeting between the Prime Minister of India and Pakistan held in 1997?

What were the main decisions taken and what follow-up action has been taken?

(97/II/5a/30)

  1. Explain in brief the observations made by the leaders of the Group of Eight countries in their meeting in Cologne on Kargil instrusion by Pakistan.

(99/I/6b/10)

  1. India’s Kargil victory rested on its successful effort at combining diplomacy with the use of force Discuss.

(00/II/1b/15)

  1. What do you know about Siachin Dispute?

(00/II/8c/2)

  1. Why does India object to Kashmir being treated as a disputed territory?

(01/II/2d/2)

  1. Discuss the importance of the Agra Summit on Indo-Pakistan relations.

(03/II/2b/2)

  1. What has been the nature of “Track II diplomacy” between India and Pakistan?

(03/II/2b/2)

  1. Discuss the role played by the United States in promoting/hindering improved relations between India and Pakistan.

(04/II/1a/15)

  1. Answer the following in 20 words: Hot Line between Islamabad and New Delhi.

(04/II/2e/2)

  1. Write about MFN status to India by Pakistan.

(05/II/2a/2)

  1. Write about Simla Agreement in 20 words.

(06/II/2a/2)

  1. Write about Major hurdles in Indo-Pak ties in 20 words.

(08/II/2b/2)

Myanmar

  1. What has been the significant event in Myanmar? What may be the possible outcome of the event?

(90/II/7d/5)

  1. Write about: Military rule in Myanmar

(05/II/2c/10)

  1. Write in about 50 words: Sino-Myanmar relations.

(09/II/5b/5)

  1. Explain the recent developments towards in the solution of the Bangladesh-Myanmar maritime boundary dispute. What implications do these have for India.

(10/II/2f/12)

Into-Myanmar

  1. What role has India to play in the recent happenings in Myanmar? (About 50 words)

(94/II/7g/6)

Nigeria

Indo-Nigeria

  1. Write about India-Nigeria: Abuja Declaration in 20 words.

(08/II/2c/2)

Russia

  1. What are the main features of the agreement between Soviet President Mikhil Gorbachev and the West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in July. 1990 on terms of German Unification?

(90/II/6b/10)

  1. Briefly describe the chain of major events towards the end of 1991 which led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the resignation f Mikhail Gorbachov. Who, assumed the Soviet Unions membership in the United Nations including that in the Security Council. (About 250 words)

(91/II/5b/35)

  1. For what reasons have Russia and Japan failed to sign a peace treaty? What are the latest developments in this respect?

(92/II/6b/15)

  1. Indicate the principal issues that dominated the political debate in the presidential elections of 1996 in Russia.

(96/II/5a/30)

  1. Describe the recent significant developments in Sino-Russian relations. How have the Russian people reacted to these developments. (250 words)

(97/II/5b/30)

  1. What is the problem in Chechnya?

(03/II/8d/2)

  1. Write about G-5 Summit in Russia.

(06/II/7a/15)

  1. Des Putin’s return as President of Russia mark a shift to a confrontationist stance in international diplomacy towards the West?

(12/II/2c/15)

Indo-Russia

  1. Why did USSR sent troops to Afghanistan? What are the broad issues involved? What has been India’s response to the Afghan situation?

(80/II/9/25)

  1. When was the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Co-operation between the Republic of India and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics signed? What are the important provisions of the treaty and what is its duration? How has the Treaty served India’s interests? Does it affect India’s position as a prominent member of the Non-aligned Group of Nations? (Not more than 150 words)

(81/II/3/25)

  1. What were the highlights of the discussions held between the Indian Prime Minister and the Soviet President during former’s visit to Moscow in July, 1990? Evaluate its impact on the future course of Indo-Soiet relations. (About 250 words)

(90/II/5b/25)

  1. Discuss the impact of the collapse of the Soviet Union on Indo-Russian relations.

(03/II/1b/15)

  1. Explain India’s strategic relationship with Russia.

(04/II/1b/15)

  1. Indo-Russian Defence Co-operation.

(07/II/1a/15)

  1. Write note on India-Russia Defence Ties.

(09/II/1c/15)
Indonesia

India-Indonesia

  1. What were the main strategic concerns of the Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri during her recent visit to India?

(02/II/11a/10)

Japan

Indo-Japan

  1. How far have Japan’s principles of Hikaku San Gensoku impacted bilateral ties with India?

(10/II/2a/12)

  1. Economic ties between Indian and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth. (200 words)

(13/II/20/10)

Bhutan

Indonesia-Bhutan

  1. Write notes on Indo-Bhutan Relations in about 150 words.

(08/II/1b/30)

  1. Write in about 50 words: Indo-Bhutan trade relations.

(09/II/4a/5)

Saudi Arabia

Indonesia-Saudi Arabia

  1. List the salient features of the Riyadh declaration and the bilateral agreement between India and Saudi Arabia signed earlier this year.

(10/II/3b/5)

Israel

Indonesia-Israel

  1. When and why did India establish full diplomatic relations with Isreal? (About 50 words on each)

(92/II/7g/6)

  1. What recent developments have been responsible for bringing India and Israel closer? What progress has been made in this direction during the late one year? Discuss. (About 250 words)

(04/II/2b/2)

  1. Answer the following:

India-Israel Cooperation

(04/II/2b/2)

  1. Write about India-Israel cooperation in the field of agriculture.

(06/II/2b/2)

  1. Do you agree with the view that Israel is a ‘naturally’ of India.

(10/II/2c/12)

Iran

  1. Why did Iran accept the UN Security Council Resolution for a cease-fire? When did it become operative? (About 125 words)

(88/II/6b/15)

  1. Answer the following: A1 Gharib Prisoners.

(04/II/8d/2)

Indo-Iran

  1. What were the basic differences between Iraq and Kuwait which d to the recent crisis in the gulf? Whatwere the reactions of various countries to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait? What are the likely repercussions on India?

(90/II/5a/35)

  1. What has been India’s stand in respect of the proposed sale of a nuclear reactor to Iran?

(91/II/7c/6)

  1. Examine the latest phase of Indo-Iran relations.

(01/II/1c/15)

  1. Explain the political and economic implications of Indo-Iran gaps pipeline.

(05/II/1b/15)

  1. How have the US sanctions against Iran affected India’s bilateral relations with Iran?

(12/II/3f/10)

Iraq

  1. Write about: Withdrawal of Japanese Troops from Iraq.

(06/II/8c/2)

Nepal

  1. Write about Madheshis in Nepal.

(07/II/3c/2)

  1. Discuss the contntious issues that have caused the prolonged constitutional logjam in Nepal.

(12/II/1c/25)
Indo-Nepal

  1. Why was a referendum held recently in Nepal? What was its result? Does it affect in any way the bilateral relations between India and Nepal? Give reasons for your answer. (Not more than 100 words)

(80/I/10b/10)

  1. What are the difference in the approaches of India and Nepal to the transit-trade quetion? How is this question complicated by other Issues? (About 250 words)

(89/I/5b/35)

  1. Write briefly about the pro-democracy Movement in Nepal and its latest outcome.

(90/I/6c/10)

  1. In what sense in Indo-Nepal cooperation important for both countries’ national security?

(03/II/2e/2)

  1. Answer the following in 20 words:

Weak-spots in india-Nepal relations.

(04/II/2d/2)

United States of America

  1. Why did the USA withdraw her support from UNESCO? (Not more than 50 words)

(84/I/8b/10)

  1. Who are known as the Contras in Central America? What is the American Governments’ policy towards them? (About 75 words.

(86/I/7b/10)

  1. Discuss the objectives of the Venice Summit held recently. Who were the participates? What were the major resolutions adoptd at it?

(87/I/11a/15)

  1. Discuss the significance of the INF Treaty between Soviet Union and the USA. (125 words)

(88/I/7a/15)

  1. Write a short note on the recent shift in the US attitude towards the PLO.

(89/I/7f/5)

  1. Explain in brief the major shift in the American policy towards Kampuchea. (75 words)

(90/I/6d/10)

  1. What main topics were discussed at the NATO Summit at Rome recently and indicate the main trends which emerged out of it?

(91/I/7f/6)

  1. What punitive steps have been taken by the Bush Administration against Pakistan to discourage in from its nuclear weapon programme?

(92/I/7f/6)

  1. Explain the background of and the reasons for the strained U.S. Japanese trade relations.

(94/I/5b/35)

  1. What strategic moves have recently been made by the U.S.A. and China in the South Pacific region? Is the U.S.A. withdrawing from this region?

(95/I/5a/35)

  1. In what respects can be recent bilateral deal between the U.S.A. and Japan be considered as mockery of the GATT treaty?

(95/I/6b/10)

  1. How has e Taiwan issue influenced US-China relations during the last one year? (250 words)

(96/I/5b/30)

  1. What was the Pathfinder by Mission? What wets its main findings?

(97/I/6c/10)

  1. What fallout can the ‘Mir’ troubles have on the future of US-Russian cooperation in space?

(97/I/7a/5)

  1. Who has claimed the responsibility for the recent bomb attacks an American embassies at Nairobi and Dar Es Salam? What are their demands?

(98/I/7b/6)

  1. What are the reasons for the recent diplomatic confrontation between the U.S.A. and China? What specific measures have been taken by the U.S.A. to defuse the tension building up in the Taiwan Strait?

(99/I/5b/35)

  1. Explain the position of US vis a vis the League of Nations.

(00/II/9e/2)

  1. Discuss the global response to President George Bush’s ‘National Missile Defence Plan’ (NMD)

(00/II/1a/15)

  1. Explain the position of US vis a vis League of Nations.

(01/II/9e/2)

  1. Explain U.S. stand on the proposal for establishing an International Crime Court.

(02/II/9c/2)

  1. What is the significance of Enola Gay in world history?

(03/II/9a/2)

  1. Detail the salient features of project ‘anthareeksha’.

(05/II/7a/15)

  1. Explain the China-US textile war.

(05/II/7c/15)

  1. US policy on Iran’s nuclear programme.

(06/II/1a/15)

  1. “As regards the increasing rates of melting of Arctic Sea ice, the interests of the Arctic Council nations may not coincide with those of the wider world.” Explain.

(00/II/4a/12)
Indo-US

  1. How far in your opinion, s the recent Indo-US Agreement on technology transfer likely to help us? What are its disadvantages? (About 75 words)

(85/I/9c/10)

  1. What is Super-301? Why is India concerned about it and how has she reached to it? (in about 250 words)

(89/I/5a/35)

  1. What are the unique features of ‘Agni’ launched recently by India? When and from where was it launched? What has been the reaction of the USA? (in about 50 words)

(92/I/7b/6)

  1. What stand was taken by India at the recent Security Council Summit in regard to Nuclear Non-Proliferation? What major decision was taken by the Summit?

(92/I/7c/6)

  1. How have the Indo-US relations improved during the last two years? Discuss (100 words)

(93/I/6b/10)

  1. Examine the present status of Indo-U.S. relations. What are the major irritants in e relations between the two countries? (250 words)

(94/I/5a/35)

  1. Where was the joint Indo-US-Naval exercise held recently. What was its code name?

(96/I/8d(xi)/2)

  1. How did U.S. respond to the problem of Cross-border terrorism in the State of Jammu and Kashmir after the Kaluchak events? (150 words)

(02/II/1b/15)

  1. Discuss the major issues in Indo-US relations in recent times. (150 words)

(03/II/1a/15)

  1. Write about: Camp David Accord of 1978 (20 words)

(05/II/2d/2)

  1. What is the ‘strategic partnership’ between India and United States of Africa? What are its implications for both the partners? (250 words)

(06/II/7a/30)

  1. Write about Indo-US military cooperation in about 20 words.

(06/II/2d/2)

  1. Write about Hyde Act of 2006.

(07/II/8b/2)

  1. Comment: India – USA as strategic partners.

(09/II/3a/10)

  1. Discuss the Io-US knowledge initiative in Agriculture.

(09/II/6b/20)

  1. Comment of the reason for the recent hike in visa processing fees for certain categories of US visas. What is the likely impact of this hike on India?

(10/II/3e/5)

  1. Discuss the likely negative impact of the protectionist measures proposed by the US on India’s software industry.

(12/II/2f/15)
French

Indo-French

  1. In what respects is the Prime Minister Narasimha Rao’s recent visit to France considered to be ‘most productive and useful’? (50 words)

(95/I/7f/6)

  1. Analyse the recent French response to India’s diplomatic efforts or promoting Indo-French friendship. (100 words)

(99/I/6d/10)

Bangladesh

  1. The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is it significance for India? (200 words)

(13/II/21/10)

India-Bangladesh

  1. Why is Indi raising barbed wire fencing on Bangladesh border? (Not more than 50 words)

(84/I/8c/10)

  1. What are the broad decisions of the meetings of the Indo-Bangladesh Joint River Commission held in June, 1990? (in about 30 words)

(90/I/7f/5)

  1. Discuss the developments which held to the setting up of a caretaker government in Bangladesh. (in about 50 words)

(96/I/7d/6)

  1. What is the significance of Pyrdiwash and Boraibari in Indo-Bangladesh relations? (20 words)

(01/II/2e/2)

  1. How does India benefit from good neighboruly relations with Bangladesh? (20 words)

(02/II/2c/2)

  1. Discuss the major irritants to Indo-Bangladesh relations. (20 words)

(03/II/2c/2)

  1. India’s response to political crisis Bangladesh. (150 words)

(07/II/1b/15)

  1. Write about India-Bangladesh Border Road cum fencing in 20 words.

(08/II/2d/2)

South Africa

Indo-South Africa

  1. What is the significance of the agreements signed between India and South Africa during the first official visit of President Nelson Mandela to India recently? (in about 50 words)

(95/I/7e/6)

  1. What are the salient features of the political and economic relationship between India and South Africa?

(11/II/2d/12)
Sri Lanka

  1. What is the Tamil problem of Sri Lanka? Why is India involved in it? What efforts have been made by India to solve this problem?

(84/I/8a/15)

Indo-Sri Lanka

  1. Has the IPKF been able to achieve the goal set before it by the terms of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement? What are the options available to India? (About 150 words)

(88/I/7b/20)

  1. Discuss India-Sri Lankan relations in recent years. (in about 150 words)

(00/II/1a/15)

  1. Explain India’s stand on LITE.

(02/II/2a/2)

  1. Write short note on Pakistan’s role in Sri Lanka in about 20 words.

(06/II/2c/2)

  1. In respect of India-Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (200 words)

(13/II/23/10)
China

  1. What are the arrangements made about the future of HongKong? What role did China play in determining its future? (About 75 words)

(85/I/10b/10)

  1. Who are the ‘Boat People’ of Hong Kong? What is the nature and magnitude of their problem?

(91/I/7g/6)

  1. What is likely to be the impact of Hong Kong’s economy after its transfer to China?

(97/I/7f/6)

  1. Why was Macau in the news recently?

(01/II/9b/2)

  1. Answer the following, by expanding and explaining the objectives: ARF

(04/II/9b/2)

  1. Write note on China’s “peaceful rise” doctrine

(09/II/1b/15)
Indo-China

  1. What are the terms of India-China trade-pact signed recently? (Not more than 75 words)

(84/I/10b/10)

  1. Discuss the major irritants in Indo-China relations and highlight the latest moves to overcome these. (in about 150 words)

(02/II/1a/15)

  1. Discs the recent trends in India’s relations with China. (150 words)

(03/II/1c/15)

  1. Discuss the recent trends in India’s relations with China.

(04/II/1c/15)

  1. Write short note on Indians in China and about 20 words.

(05/II/2a/2)

  1. Write notes on India and China: Strategy to Boost Tiesin about 150 words.

(08/II/1c/30)

  1. Evaluate prospects for greater economic co-operation between India and China.

(09/II/7a/15)

  1. Critically examine the security and strategic implications of the so-called ‘string of pearls’ theory for India.

(11/II/1b/20)

  1. Trace the progress of India’s efforts for a joint counter-terrorism strategy with China. What are the likely implications of the recent Xinjiang violence on these efforts?

(11/II/2b/12)

  1. Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India has adversely affected the settlement of the outstanding border problem?

(12/II/1a/25)

  1. What are India’s stakes in the South China Sea?

(12/II/4c/5)

  1. With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China.

(14/II/16/121/2)

Afghanistan

  1. Describe the circumstances which led to the signing of the agreement on Afghanistan. What were its terms? (About 75 words)

(88/I/8c/10)

  1. What is the Golden Triangle? Why is it notorious?

(89/I/7g/5)

  1. What are the issues in the Bosnian tangle?

(94/I/6c/10)

  1. Write a note on the political developments in Afghanistan during the last one year.

(96/I/6a/10)

  1. What is the Taliban Movement? How has it influenced the geopolitical equations in Asia?

(97/I/6a/10)

  1. Examine the developments in Afghanistan in the post-Taliban period.

(05/II/1c/15)

  1. Write brief note on Wakhan Corridor.

(09/II/2c/5)

Indo-Afghanistan

  1. Briefly write about India’s role in Afganisthan Today in 20 words.

(08/II/8c/2)

  1. What are the major capacity-building and reconstruction projects being undertaken by India in Afghanistan?

(10/II/3b/5)

  1. The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 214 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguards its own strategic interests (200 words)

(13/II/18/10)

Europe

  1. What are the general issues on which the organisation named Solidarity, started agitation in Poland under the leadership of Lech Walsea? Why are the countries both in Eastern and Western blocs in Europe deeply concerned about the above developments in Poland? (Not more than 150 words)

(81/I/8a/10)

  1. What has been the role of the European Parliament? Did the recent elections to it reflect any change to member countries, particularly in Britain?

(89/I/6d/10)

  1. What is the genesis of the Yugoslav unrest? What has been the reaction of the European Community towards it? (About 75 words each)

(91/I/6d/10)

  1. Why did the European power find it difficult to solve the Bosnian crisis?

(93/I/7d/5)

  1. What are the issues in the Bosnian tangle?

(94/I/6d/10)

  1. What is European Union?

(01/II/9d/2)

  1. Write about: Role of European Parliament.

(06/II/7c/15)

  1. In the context of the ‘Euro-zone’ debt crrsis, examine the proposed ‘six-pack’ solution. Do you think that this has a better chance of success than the earlier Stability and Growth Pact?

(11/II/3b/20)
Indo-Europe

  1. Answer on European Union’s trade restrictions against India. (20 words)

(04/II/2c/2)

  1. Write about Indo-EU Economic Ties.

(08/II/8c/2)
Fiji

  1. Trace the recent political development in Fiji. How is India concerned with the developments there? (About 150 words)

(87/I/7a/25)

Maldives

Indo-Maldives

  1. Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (200 words)

(13/II/22/10)

Indian Diaspora

  1. What has been the role of NRIs in the economic development of India in the recent past?

(98/II/5d/20)

  1. Answer the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)

(a) What does the Global organisation of people of Indian origin stand for?

(b) What is the impact of economic sanctions against India on NRIs?

(c) Why is Fiji crisis of May 19, 2000 a specific concern for India?

(d) Examine the role of NRIs in the liberalization process of India.

(e) Mention few NRIs who have brought name and fame for India/

(00/II/3/10)

  1. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)

(a) In what fields have N.R.I.s excelled in the developed countries?

(b) In which specialties Indians are most wanted abroad?

(c)             What efforts are being made by Indian Government to look after N.R.I.s.?

(d)             What is the contribution of the N.R.I.’s to India’s development?

(e) Why do N.R.I.’s. retain their emotions attachment to India?

(01/II/3/10)

  1. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)

(a) What are the problems NRIs have to face if they decide to settle in India?

(b) What was India Millennium Deposit Scheme?

(c) What has been the impact of Gulf remittances on Indians economy?

(d) Name the nodal agency to deal with issues relating to Indians abroad and explain its main task.

(e) What is distinction between ‘Non Residence Indian’ and ‘People of India origin’?

(02/II/3/10)

  1. Answer the following (in about 20 words each):

(a) Under what conditions are NRIs permitted to remit deposits in Indian in any currency of their choice?

(b) How can NRIs be attached to invest in India?

(c) What is the significance of the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas in modern India?

(d) In what ways did Idi Amin make life difficult for the people of Indian origin in his country?

(e) What is “Brain drain”?

(03/II/3/10)

  1. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)

(a) Categories the People of Indian Origin (PIO)

(b) Point out the difference between the Jewish Diaspora and the Indian Diaspora.

(c) What are the references made to the NRI in the Union Budget July 2004?

(d) What is known as reverse migration?

(e) Why was January 9 chosen to observe the NRI (Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas) Day?

(04/II/3/10)

  1. Write about the following (in about 20 words each):

(a) Contribution of the NRIs to GCC countries

(b) Future of Indians in Fiji

(c) Indians in the House of Lords, UK

(d) Contribution of Indians in Silicon Valley

(e) Exodus of persons of Indian origin from Uganda.

(06/II/3/10)

  1. Write about Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana, 2006. (20 words)

(07/II/3a/2)

  1. Write about Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. (20 words)

(07/II/3c/2)

  1. Write about Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas.

(08/II/3a/2)

  1. Write about Indian Diaspora in Singapore.

(08/II/3d/2)

  1. Write about Indian Diaspora and Bollywood.

(08/II/3e/2)

  1. Assess the contributions of Indian Diaspora in the Caribbean.

(107/II/2b/12)

  1. Write a short analytical note on Indian Diaspora. How is the “New Diaspora” different from the “Old Diaspora”.?

(12/II/2a/15)

Important International

Institutions/Agencies

United Nations

  1. The founding of the United Nations.

(79/I/3c/4)

  1. What does UNCTAD stand for? Where did it meet last? State briefly the results of the meeting? (Not more than 50 words)

(83/I/8b/10)

  1. What do you know of the new Secretary-General of the United Nations? Mention some of the more challenging tasks he has to face in his new assignment.

(91/I/6b/10)

  1. When and where was the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development held recently? What was its major decision?

(92/I/7a/6)

  1. What were the objects of the UN-sponsored elections in Cambodia? To what extent was the UN successful in bringing peace in Cambodia? Discuss.

(93/I/5/35)

  1. What do the UNCIP stand for?

(01/H/8a(i)/1)

  1. Which is the latest right confirmed by the 57th session of the United Nations?

(01/II/8e/2)

  1. What is the ‘Veto’ in the UN-system?

(03/II/7a/15)

  1. Discuss the role of the United Nations in the protection and promotion of Human Rights.

(03/II/7c/15)

  1. What do the following stand for:

(i) IBRD

(ii) UNHCR

(03/II/8a/2)

  1. Who is Hans Blix?

(03/II/8b/2)

  1. What is the significance of the Robin Island?

(03/II/8e/2)

  1. Write on Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 150 words.

(08/I/7b/15)

Commonwealth

  1. What is ‘Commonwealth’ of Nations? Who are eligible for its membership? What are its aims? How does it function? Has any member left the Commonwealth? (Not more than 150 words)

(80/I/8/25)

  1. In what way India made a significant contribution at the CHOGM summit at Harare? Who will host the next CHOGM and when?

(91/I/6c/10)

SAARC

  1. Which countries met recently in New Delhi what a view to promote regional co-operation in South Asia? What are the areas selected at the above meeting, in which such co-operation would be of advantage to the participating countries? (Not more than 75 words)

(83/I/8a/15)

  1. When the where was the first SAARC Summit Conference held? Who were the participants? What were the main points of the Charter? (75 words)

(86/I/10b/15)

  1. Discuss the significance of the 4th SAARC Summit.

(89/I/6c/10)

  1. What is the problem of the Chakmas? Why have the Chakma refugees refused to go back to their homeland?

(93/I/7b/5)

  1. Recent SAARC Summit has been considered as a ‘non-starter’ by some political observes while for others it has marked a watershed. Explain the two view points. (About 250 words)

(95/I/5b/35)

  1. What are the reasons for the slow progress of SAPTA?

(98/I/6c/10)

  1. What do the SAARC stand for?

(00/II/9a(i)/1)

  1. Why is SAFTA being mooted?

(02/II/9e/2)

  1. Write about SAFTA in 20 words.

(07/II/2a/2)

  1. Write about SAARC Summit-2007

(07/II/7b/15)

  1. Write about SAARC Human Rights Report – 2006 in about 20 words.

(07/II/8e/2)

  1. Comment “ Ethnic conflicts in South Asia.

(09/II/3b/10)

  1. “Compared to the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA), the Bay the Bengal Initiative doe Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Free Trade Area (BIMSTEC FTA) seems to be more promising. “Critically evaluate.

(11/II/1b/20)
West Asia / Arab World / QIC

  1. Who were the main participants at the World Asia Peace Conference in Madrid and what were the main issues confronting the participants? What do you think has been achieved at the meet?

(91/I/5/35)

  1. What is HAMAS?

(94/I/7d/6)

  1. Discuss the impact of change of government in Israel on the West Asia peace process.

(96/I/7a/6)

  1. What do the OIC stand for?

(00/II/9a(iii)/1)

  1. What is GCC?

(01/II/9a/2)

  1. Outline the features of latest Saudi Peace Plan for West Asia Crisis and assess its importance.

(02/II/7b/15)

  1. Answer the following: ICJ verdict on Israel’s erection of barrier on the West Bank.

(04/II/8a/2)

  1. Write about Camp David Accord of 1978.

(05/II/2d/2)

  1. Write short note on Future of Indian expatriates in the Gulf.

(05/II/2e/2)

  1. Write about G.C.C. (20 words)

(08/II/9a/2)

  1. Examine the opportunities for a lasting West Asia peace solution in the context of the ‘historic’ talks started in September 2010.

(10/II/4a/12)

  1. “The causes and implications of the Jasmine Revolution and its spread are as much economic in nature as they are political” Critically evaluate.

(11/II/3a/20)

  1. “Strategic interess seem to be replacing commercial interest for the host country with regard to Cam Ranh Bay.” Amplify.

(11/II/4c/12)
ASEAN

  1. Why was ASEAN formed? Who are its members, What has ASEAN achieved so far? What stand has it taken in respect of problems in Afghanistan and Kampuchea? (Non more than 150 words)

(80/I/12/25)

  1. Which organisation prepared the report entitled ‘Our Global Neighbour hood’? What are its major recommendations?

(95/I/7c/6)

  1. Why has ‘Baring’ been in the news:? Who has been held responsible for its present situation?

(95/I/7d/6)

  1. What is ASEAN PLUS? What is its nature and duty?

(98/I/6e/10)

  1. What do the ASEAN stand for?

(00/II/9a(ii)/1)

  1. What is India’s look East Policy’?

(01/II/2a/2)

  1. Who is Meghawati Sukarnoputri?

(01/II/8d/2)

  1. Discuss the recent trends in India’s relations with China.

(04/II/1c/15)

  1. Write about India and East Asia Summit (EAS). (in about 20 words)

(07/II/2b/2)

  1. Write about Look East Policy and North-East India in 20 words.

(08/II/8a/2)

  1. Write note on India’s strategic interests in South Asia.

(09/II/1a/15)

  1. Critically assess the recent Free Trade Agreement entered into by India with ASEAN.

(09/II/7c/15)

AFRICA

  1. What is Africa Fund? Who started it? What are its objectives? (About 50 words)

(87/I/11b/10)

  1. What were the proposals of President F.W. de Klerk on democratization in South Africa? Why did the African National Congress break off the negotiations? What steps are being taken to resume negotiations? (About 250 words)

(92/I/5b/35)

  1. What is the magnitude of the drought in Africa?

(92/I/7e/6)

  1. What are the causes of civil strife in Rwanda?

(94/I/6a/10)

  1. Discuss the causes and ramifications of hunger in Africa.

(05/II/4a/30)

  1. Comment: ‘NEPAD’ and its objectives.

(09/II/3c/10)

  1. Has the February agreement between the Sudanese government and the justice and Equality Movement (JEM) been more successful in ending the strife in Darfur than the Abuja peace agreement of 2006?

(10/II/4b/12)

  1. To what extent has the withdrawal of al-Shabab from Mogadishu given peace a real chance in Somalia? Assess.

(11/II/4d/12)

  1. Success of international intervention in Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

(11/II/6b/5)

  1. Why have the resource rich African and South Asian countries remained poor for decades? Explain.

(12/II/2b/15)
Latin America

  1. What are the reasons for the intensification of the border dispute between Peru and Ecuador?

(95/I/7b/6)

  1. Strategies adopted by Colombia to eliminate its drug cartels.

(11/II/6c/5)
Central Asia

  1. List the Central Asian Republics and identify those of particular strategic and economic importance to India. Examine the opportunities and bottlenecks in enhancing relations with these countries.

(11/II/1a/20)
International Organisations

  1. Write about: The World Bank

(79/I/3d/4)

  1. Write about: UNESCO

(79/I/3e/4)

  1. What was the G-7 Summit? When and where was it held? What were its achievements? (About 100 words)

(88/I/8a/15)

  1. Discuss the role of the NATO after the end of the Cold War.

(92/I/7d/15)

  1. What are the significant achievement of G-7 summit held in 1993?

(93/I/7g/5)

  1. Where was the G-7 summit held recently? In what respects are its recommendations concerning India considered an exercise in hypocrisy?

(95/I/6a/10)

  1. What do you know about G-77?

(00/II/9d/2)

  1. What do you understand by ‘G-15’?

(01/II/2b/2)

  1. What is G8?

(01/II/9c/2)

  1. What do the following stand for?

(i) WCAR             (ii) SPDC

(iii) INTERPOL   (iv) WIPO

(02/II/8a/2)

  1. What do the following stand for?

(i) UNCHR           (ii) UNIDO

(iii) WTO              (iv) MIGA

(02/II/9a/2)

  1. What is the main purpose of G-15?

(02/II/9d/2)

  1. Answer the following, by expanding and explaining the objectives (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)

(a) BIMSTEC       (b) ARF

(c) Red Cross        (d) OPEC

(04/II/9/10)

  1. Write about the following, by expanding and explaining the objectives (in about 20 words each):

(06/II/9/10)

  1. Write about UNIDO in 20 words.

(06/II/13d/2)

  1. Write about Shanghai Co-operation Organisation (S.C.O.) (in about 20 words)

(07/II/2c/2)

  1. Write about G-8 Summit-2007.

(07/II/8a/2)

  1. Write about the following by expanding and explaining the objectives (in about 20 words each).

(a) BEMa              (b) IAEA

(c) BIMSTEC       (d) ECJ

(02/II/9/2each)

  1. Write about ICAT4D by expanding and explaining the objectives in about 20 words.

(07/II/9a/2)

  1. Write about G-77 (20 words)

(08/II/9b/2)

  1. Write about I.C.R.C. (20 words)

(08/II/9c/2)

  1. Write about MERCOSUR (20 words)

(08/II/9d/2)

  1. Write about INTERPOL (20 words)

(08/II/9e/2)

  1. Comment on Significance of the Kampala declaration of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

(10/II/6c/5)

  1. Comment on Trial chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) and its recent verdict.

(10/II/6d/5)

  1. Functions of the World Customs Organisation (WCO).

(11/II/6a/5)

  1. Compare the significance of IBSA and BRICS in the context of India’s multilateral diplomacy.

(12/II/3d/10)

  1. What is meant by the G8 + 5 group?

(12/II/4b/5)

  1. The World Bank and the IMF< collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate. (200 words)

(13/II/25/10)

  1. Some of the International funding agencies have special terms for economic participation stipulating a substantial component of the aid to be used for sourcing equipment from the leading countries. Discuss on merits of such terms and if, there exists a strong case not to accept such conditions in the Indian context.

(14/II/18/121/2)

  1. India has recently signed to become founding member of New Development Bank (NDB) and also the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). How will the role of the two Banks be different? Discuss the strategic significance of these two Banks for India.

(14/II/19/121/2)

  1. WTO is an important international institution where decisions taken affect countries in a profound manner. What is the mandate of WTO and how binding are their decisions? Critically analyse India’s stand on the latest round of talks on Food security.

(14/II/20/121/2)

W.T.O.

  1. What do WTO stand for?

(02/II/9a/2)

  1. What is WTO? What are India’s objections to its overall functioning?

(04/II/11b/10)

  1. What do we understand by ‘Doha Round’ of talks?

(06/II/11c/10)

  1. World Food Programme (WFP) of the United Nation (UN)

(11/II/6d/5)

Miscellaneous

  1. Name the Head of the State of Yugoslavia

(79/I/6f/1)

  1. Write down 100 words on The New International Economic Order.

(79/I/11b/10)

  1. Write short notes – Your answer should cover inter alia the points mentioned under each:

Falklands War: Location of the islands: parties to the conflict: main issues involved: effect of the war on the combatant countries and the countries supporting them: effects on future military strategy. (Not more than 150 words)

(82/I/7b/20)

  1. What is NAMEDIA? When and where was its first Conference held? Who were the participants? What are the main declaration of the Conference? (Not more than 100 words)

(84/I/9b/15)

  1. Summairise the reasons for which Western Powers oppose the imposition of mandatory economic sanctions against the racist Pretorian regime. How far are these arguments valid? (About 150 words)

(86/I/9a/20)

  1. What is ‘South Sout Commission’ When the where was is formed? Who are its President and General Secretary? What are its main objectives? (About 200 words)

(87/I/8/35)

  1. What led to the signing of Tripartite Accord with TNV? What are its main points? (150 words)

(88/I/6a/20)

  1. What was ‘Operation Black Thunder’? When was it launched? What did it achieve? (About 75 words)

(88/I/9c/10)

  1. What led General Ne Win to resign from power? What were its immediate results? (About 75 words)

(88/I/8b/10)

  1. Describe the salient features of GNLF Accord with the Government. How does it differ from the original (GNLF demands? (About 75 words)

(88/I/10b/10)

  1. What is Aid India Consortium? What has been its role in India’s recent economic growth? (About 75 words)

(88/I/11b/10)

  1. Name of the seven richest industrialised nations of the world. When and where did they meet recently? What were the broad agreements arrived at the meetings?

(90/I/7a/5)

  1. Who has been chosen as the first Non-Communist leader in four decades in Bulgaria? What are its political repercussions?

(90/I/7e/5)

  1. What is ‘Operation Rhino’? Why was it resorted to and to what extent you think it has been a success? (75 words)

(91/I/6a/10)

  1. What is Eager Mace? What have been its objectives and in what respect has it been criticized?

(92/I/6a/15)

  1. What do you know about the formation of Eritrea? What is the magnitude of the problem which it faces? (About 50 words)

(93/I/7b/5)

  1. Describe the problem of KOSOVO?

(98/I/6d/10)

  1. What is the significance of Pope John Paul IT’s visit to Cuba?

(98/I/7c/6)

  1. What do the KLA stand for?

(01/II/8a(ii)/1)

  1. Why has Slobodan Milosevic been in news in the recent past?

(01/II/8b/2)

  1. Who is Gao Zhan?

(01/II/8c/2)

  1. Who is Xanana Gusmao?

(02/II/8c/2)

  1. What do you mean by Uni-Polar World.

(02/II/8d/2)

  1. What do you know about North-South dialogue?

(01/II/8e/2)

  1. Why was David Kelley in the news recently?

(03/II/8c/2)

  1. What is the theory of “clash of civilisations”?

(03/II/9c/2)

  1. What does the theory of “end of history” mean?

(03/II/9d/2)

  1. Answer the following, by expanding or explaining (answer to each question should be in about 20 words).

(a) OAPEC

(b) IFAC

(c) UPU

(d) SAVE

(e) ODA

(05/II/9/10)

  1. Write about: Maastricht Treaty

(06/II/8d/2)

  1. Write about: Cuba and Castro

(06/II/8e/2)

  1. Write about Indian All-Women Contingent to Liberia, (in about 20 words)

(07/II/3b/2)

  1. Write about Global Governance.

(07/II/8c/2)

  1. Write about Operation Silence.

(07/II/8d/2)

  1. Write about New Seven Wonders of the World (20 words)

(08/II/12C/2)

  1. Write on South-South Cooperation (150 words)

(09/II/4c/5)

  1. Write in about 50 words: Geopolitics and Geostrategic.

(01/II/6b/5)

  1. Comment on the Mavi Marmara incident.

(10/II/6b/5)

  1. Sculpture of the broken chair in front of the UN building at Geneva.

(11/II/6e/5)

National Income

  1. What usually is meant by the expression an underdeveloped economy? What, according to you, are the basic causes of underdevelopment in India? (About 250 words)
  2. Distinguish between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Product (GNP.)
  3. In a developing country liked ours what according to you, should be the basis of taxation – income or consumption? Spell out your arguments clearly.
  4. Explain per capita income as a measure of economic growth.
  5. What is meant by ‘Quality of life’?
  6. What is the difference between Gross National Product and Net National Product?
  7. Explain per capita income as a measurement of economic growth?
  8. What is Green GNP?
  9. Write about: The notion of development of under development.
  10. What is Green GDP?
  11. What is Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)
  12. Write note on Mixed economy.
  13. Explain the terms:

(a) Merit Goods

(b) Trickle Down Theory

(c) Engel’s Law

(d) Meaning of CCIL

(e) Administered Price

(f) Capital -Output Ratio

  1. Critically examine the differing estimates for (i) poverty figures, and (ii) GDP growth data for April. June 2010, that have been in the news recently. In your view, what estimates are more reflective of the ground reality, and why?

 

Various Development Index

  1. Recall the important measures undertaken by the Government to reduce the operations of parallel economy in India. Do you think these measures have been effective?
  2. The economic offenders often thrive in a parallel economy. It is true or false? Explain your view.
  3. What is Minimum Wage? Is there any such provision in India?
  4. What is innovation? What kind the economic compulsions in a country like India, you think, could really stimulate innovations?
  5. What are the UNDP indicators with reference to the planning process?
  6. Distinguish between “Human Development Index” and “Gender-related Development Index.”
  7. What is meant by “Trickle-Down” theory of development.
  8. What is “misery index”?
  9. Examine the effect of economic development on environmental degradation in India.
  10. How is human development index for life expectancy measured?
  11. Write about Physical Quality Life Index.
  12. How has the Indian State tackled the trade-off between environment and development? (150 words)
  13. Discuss: India on Global Competitiveness Index-2007.
  14. Bring out the significance of GDI and GEM as computers of the UN’s Human Development Report (HDR). Comment on India’s relative rankings with regards to HDI and GDI.

 

Sector of Indian Economy

  1. Comment on the performance of the Power (Electricity). Sector in India. What is the Impact of recurring power shortages and frequent power cuts on production and growth? What steps could be taken to tone up the performance of this vital sector of the economy?
  2. Discuss the progress of Indian economy during ‘Forty Years of Freedom’. What structural changes do you think, have taken place in the economy?
  3. Which sector of the economy is the informal sector?
  4. Distinguish between primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector. What is the change in the share of each sector in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) during period of 1950-2000?
  5. Explain the necessity and role of controls in a mixed economy like India.
  6. Write about: Crude oil price and Indian economy.
  7. How far has the impact of the global meltdown been reflected in the Economic Survey 2008-09? Identify some of the core areas given priority to neutralise the adverse effects of the global downturn.
  8. Bring out the sectoral and state-wise distribution patterns of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in flows into the country.
  9. Bring out the FDI and employment implications of Chins being a manufacturing hub and India a services hub?
  10. Keeping in view the informal sector’s share in the total workforce of the country, critically examine the relevant inclusive measures initiated by the Government of India and their effectiveness.
  11. Normally countries shift from agriculture to industry and then later to services, but India shifted directly from agriculture to services. What are the reasons for the huge growth of service vis-a-vis industry in the country? Can India become a developed country without a strong industrial base?

 

Industry/Public Sector Enterprises

  1. Briefly review our achievement in industrial development over the plan periods. What roles have been assigned to the Public Sector and the Small=Sector Industries in our industrial development plans and programmes? (About 500 words)
  2. Appraise the performance of the Public Sector Enterprises in India with reference to their objectives and the role assigned to them. Give your concrete suggestions for toning up their performance. (About 500 words)
  3. Briefly outline the causes of sickness of industries particularly in the eastern region of India. What are the concrete measures which are being taken to meet the situation and with what results?
  4. What is India’s largest (i) departmental undertaking and (ii) public sector enterprise as measured by the investments made in. What are the investments made in (i) and (ii)?
  5. It has been estimated that over Rs.2,000 crores of public funds are looked up in sick industrial units and the number of small sick units in private sector in about 22,000. What steps have Government taken in the matter? (Not more than 150 words)
  6. Why do labourers in small scale industry normally get lower wages then those in large scale one?
  7. Where is Salal and what is the project established there?
  8. What is NALCO? What does it plan to do?
  9. Discuss the Industrial Policy of India adopted is the Sixth plan, tracing the changes in industrial policy since independence. (About 250 words)
  10. Profitablity is one index for judging the performance of the public sector enterprises. What other indices can be used for the purpose? Do you
  11. Name three big business houses in India. (In terms of assets)
  12. How would you measure the industrial relations climate in a country? Out of the last three years, when did we have the best climate?
  13. Account for the growing incidence of industrial sickness in India. Would you advocate “privatisation” of these sick units? Give reasons for your answer (About 250 words)
  14. Recall three specific incentives given by our government to attract industries to the backward areas. Name two such areas and their location.
  15. Discuss the contribution of public sector enterprises to the economic development of India. Are these enterprises generating enough resources for further investment in the economy? (About 250 words)
  16. Identify and analyse a few major management problems which the Indian public enterprises are facing today. In the light of your analysis, would you advocate “privatisation” of some of our public enterprises? (About 250 words)
  17. State and explain briefly the economic implications of the “Right to Work”?
  18. What is an “industrial sick unit”? Name the Indian industry where the problem of industrial sickness is very acute.
  19. What role were the Public Sector Undertakings expected to play in our planning process? briefly state the current policy of the government of India with respect to Public Sector Undertakings. (250 words)
  20. What are ‘Footloose Industries’?
  21. Discuss the desirability of removing all controls in India on the import and export of agricultural commodities.
  22. What is “exclusive economic zone” of a country. Discuss its relevance to India.
  23. Examine the important changes in India’s Industrial Policy since the year 1991.
  24. What are the main reasons for industrial sickness in India? How can it be overcome?
  25. What is ‘new’ in India’s New Industrial Policy of 1991? (About 250 words)
  26. Elucidate ‘Special Economic Zones’
  27. What is Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  28. What are the reasons for industrial sickness in India? Suggest suitable remedies.
  29. Discuss the role of public sector during the post-reform period of Indian economy.
  30. Write about Business Process Outsourcing in 20 words.
  31. Write short notes on Footloose Industries.
  32. Write notes on Special Economic Zone (SEZ) (20 words)
  33. Bring out the pros and cons of Special Economic Zones (150 words)
  34. Bring out the importance of the ‘Small and Medium Enterprises Expo and Conference’ held in Dubai last year for Indian business.

Agriculture

(Development, Policy, Measure and  Achievement)

  1. 1982 has been described as the Productivity year by the Government of India. What scientific practices have been identified for increasing production in Agriculture and Animal Husbandry?
  2. A large quantity of food grains and fruits lost each year after harvesting and during marketing. Describe briefly the steps taken in recent years to prevent these losses.
  3. Per hectare yields of dry land areas, which are substantial in our country are generally low. Why is it so? Name the crops which are mostly grown on these areas. What are the steps taken to stabilise and elevate crop production in these areas?
  4. Per capital per day, availability of cereals in India has during the last two decades

(i) remained constant        (ii) gone up

(iii) gone down

Give two major factors responsible for the situation.

  1. What is meant by bio-fertiliser?
  2. What are the important wheat growing regions in India and why? Are we now growing enough wheat in India to meet our own demand for it?
  3. “Some of the modern agricultural practices being used at present in India are leading to undesirable consequences.” Do you agree with this view?
  4. What are the limitations of mechanized farming in the India context?
  5. Briefly explain the use of various chemical fertilizers in Indian agriculture.
  6. What is water harvesting? Describe its relevance in the Indian context.
  7. What has been the policy of agricultural development during last two decades in India?
  8. Write about: Second Green Revolution.
  9. Comment on the relationship between credit availability and agricultural growth in India. (250 words)
  10. Agricultural Productivity in India remain low. Explain the reasons for this situation. (150 words)
  11. Elaborate the steps taken by the Government for regionally differentiated approach to increase crop production and diversification in the country.
  12. What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and at state levels? Critically analyse the agricultural subsidy regime with reference to the distortion created by it. (200 words)

Public Distribution System/Food Security

  1. What is ‘procurement price’ for food grains? What purpose does it serve?
  2. India requires 225 million tonnes of food grains by the end of the twentieth century. Briefly discuss the elements of the strategy of agricultural growth that can ensure an increase in food grains output to meet this projected demand.
  3. What are the basic objectives of agricultural price policy of the Government of India and how is it implemented? (About 250 words)
  4. What are the factors that ensure the success of the Public Distribution System?
  5. What do you mean by government Buffer stock Operations?
  6. Discuss the role of modern technological inputs on agricultural developments in India. How would it be helpful for food security during 21st century? (About 250 words)
  7. What are ‘Minimum Support Prices’ in agricultural products? What are their objectives?
  8. “Small-holder farms need to be strengthened to achieve national food security. “Do you agree with this assessment? (150 words)
  9. Comment on the recommendations of wadhwa Commission on the Public Distribution System.
  10. There is also a point of view that Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) set up under the State Acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture that also have been the cause of food inflation in India. Critically examine.

Food Processing Industry

  1. Analyse the functioning of dual pricing of sugar in India. Offer your comments.
  2. What is ‘white revolution’? Discuss the different factors which have helped to bring about this revolution in India.
  3. The Government of India has recently set up a Department of Food Processing. What are its functions?
  4. Aqua culture (inland fish farming) is considered to have an important role in increasing the food supply and generate employment. What steps are being taken by the Government to encourage aqua culture?
  5. What do you understand by ‘Karnal Technology’?
  6. What do you mean by providing industry status to agriculture in India?
  7. What is Agri-Trade?
  8. Explain Mega Food Park Scheme of Government of India.
  9. Write about Fruit Production in India
  10. Write brief note in about 30 words. ‘Vegetable Gold’
  11. India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for ensuring better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement. (200 words)

Land Reforms

  1. In what ways do land reforms help agricultural growth? Briefly state the aim of land reforms as envisaged in the Eights Five Year Plan. (About 250 words)
  2. Give your assessment on land reforms in India.
  3. Establish relationship between land reforms, agriculture productivity and elimination of poverty in the Indian economy. Discuss the difficulties in designing and implementation of agriculture- friendly land reforms in India. (200 words)
  4. The Right to Fair Compression and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1st January, 2014. What are the key issue which would get addressed with the Act in place? What implications would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India?

Planning in India: Objectives/

Development / Allocation of Funds During Five Years Plans.

  1. State: Rolling Plan.
  2. What is meant by ‘planning form below’ and ‘planning from above?’
  3. Growth with stability has been enunciated as a major objective in the Policy Framework of the Sixth Five Year Plan. Analyse the nature of the task and its operational problems. Examine the feasibility of this objective, keeping in view our planning process. (About 400 words)
  4. In their emphasis placed by planners on the primacy of the rate of economic growth, scant attention has been paid to the structural and ideological objectives of planning in India. Critically examine this statement. (About 150 words)
  5. Describe the various types of unemployment in India. What are the measures devised in the Sixth Plan to deal with rural unemployment?
  6. In what respects, is the Sixth Five Year Plan an improvement on the Fifth Plan? In the light of the mid-term review how far are the targets and objectives likely to be realized? (About 250 words)
  7. Describe the major objectives for Science and Technology in the Sixth Plan in energy, mining and minerals telecommunication and broadcasting sectors. (About 250 words)
  8. Attainment of self-reliance has been a major objective of Planning in India. Analyse the implications of this policy. Assess the progress made so far in this regard.
  9. Enumerate the salient features of the Approach to the Seventh Five-Year Plan. Do you think the new approach will be able to harmonize the objectives of growth, reduction in unemployment and better social justice? Evaluate in this context, the Seventh Plan Approach? (About 250 words)
  10. Examine the case for balanced regional development as an objective of economic planning in India. How far has it been achieved? (About 250 words)
  11. What si meant by ‘manpower planning’? Has it been carried out in India? Examine the problem of brain drain from India. (About 250 words)
  12. In course of planned economic development, India’s actual growth has mostly been lower than the larger growth. How would you explain this short-fall?
  13. Describe briefly the development strategy of the seventh Five Year Plan.
  14. name three economic legislations in India and specify the objective of each.
  15. Comment on the employment strategy as envisaged in our Seventh Five Year Plan.
  16. What are the likely advantages of the recent Government policy of Broad-banding?
  17. There is renewed emphasis on district planning in India. Examine its rationale, past experience and scope for success.
  18. What are ‘economic’ offences? Name two such offences and the laws enacted in India to deal with them.
  19. What is the rationale for decentralized planning in India. discuss the obstacles that have stood in the way of such planning? (About 250 words)
  20. What measures have been taken under the Five Year Plans to increase employment opportunities in rural areas?
  21. ‘I am convinced that the only key to the solution of the world’s problems and of India’s problems lies in socialism. I see no way of ending the poverty, the vast unemployment, the degradation and the subjection of the Indian people except through socialism.’ In what way did Nehru succeed in achieving the objectives through national planning?
  22. Discuss the measures taken in the Five-year Plans to mitigate rural poverty. (About 250 words)
  23. Discuss the main features of India’s Eighth Five-Year Plan with special reference to the agricultural sector.
  24. One of the priority objectives of the Eight Five Year Plan is the “generation of adequate employment to achieve near full employment level by the turn of the century.” (Eights Five year Plan) What is the strategy envisaged for the fulfillment of this objective? (About 250 words)
  25. Differentiate between indicative and target planning. When should the Eight Five Year Plan be placed? (About 250 words)
  26. Can excessive economic backwardness a cause of excess population?
  27. Comment on the view that economic planning can raise the rate of capital formation appreciably above the rate attainable under a system of private saving and investment. (About 250 words)
  28. What are the main objective of Ninth Five Year Plan.
  29. “The past 50 years of development in India were characterized by planning but the next 50 years of development would be led by the market.” Comment. (About 250 words)
  30. How did Nehru’s plan for modernization make rapid stride during the decade 1951-61?
  31. What is Plan Holiday?
  32. India is rapidly emerging as an Information Technology (IT) Superpower. Discuss some aspects of the growth of this Sector in the Indian economy. What role can public policy play in further enhancing growth prospects i this Sector?
  33. Control over growth of population in India is an essential condition for the country’s rapid economics development. Discuss.
  34. Write short note on Multi-level planning in India.
  35. What are the main objectives of the 9thFive-Year Plan of the Government of India?
  36. What do you mean by “Parallel Economy”?
  37. What are the objectives of New Economic Policy.
  38. Write a note on Rao-Manmohan model of development.
  39. What is meant by “couple protection ratio”?
  40. Explain “rolling plan.”
  41. Define the concept of ‘growth centres’ and evaluate its relevance in regional planning in India.
  42. Write a note on the strategy of planning in India since 1951.
  43. Outline the importance objectives of the Tenth Five Year Plan.
  44. What is Plan Holiday?
  45. What is Enterprise Resource Planning?
  46. State the comprehensive structural reforms under- taken improve the Indian economy since 1991.
  47. What is ‘social justice’ in context of Indian economy?
  48. Write about: What is Gandhian economy?
  49. What is a rogue state?
  50. “Cost-benefit analysis should not be the sole consideration, while deciding to host events like the Common wealth Games,” Critically Comment on this perspective.
  51. “There is an urgent need for the Planning Commission to revise the chapter on health in the 12th Plan document.” Comment.
  52. “Domestic resource mobilizations, though central of the process of Indian economic growth, is characterized by several constrains.” Explain.
  53. Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encouraged short sightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In the light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism for bring inclusive growth in India? Discuss.

Foreign Trade & Balance of Payment

Foreign Trade/ Balance of Payment

  1. Why should India export iron-over when we still produce so little steel per capita?
  2. Do you consider a policy of import substitution or export promotion to provide an enduring solution to balance of payments problem? Has export promotion policy been able to achieve its objectives? (About 250 words)
  3. What are the major components of our total foreign exchange reserves?
  4. Distinguish clearly between ‘Joint Ventures’ and “Foreign Collaboration.’ Use appropriate examples to illustrate from India’s recent experience.
  5. Observe the following data and analyse the underlying trend in India’ export performance:

       Item         World       India’s       India’s

       Year       Exports     Imports     National

                                                          Income

1949          2.40              –                 –

1961          1.05           57.9            5.0

1971          0.65           93.9            4.5

1985          0.43           69.0            6.8

1987          0.40           62.6            6.6

  1. Bring out the main features of India’s Trade Policy.
  2. Differentiate between Trade and Balance of Payments.
  3. Describe the changes that have taken place in the direction of international trade of India since Independence.
  4. The main thrust of Export-Import Policy 2002-07 is on creating a framework for enhancing India’s export capability. In the light of this statement outline the salient features of EXIM Policy 2002-07.
  5. Why did India have a surplus in current account balance in 2001-02 after a gap of 24 years?
  6. What is the role of external financial assistance in Indian economy?
  7. What is Euro-control?
  8. What are non-factor services in India’s balance of payments?
  9. Explain the term Balance on Current Account.
  10. Discuss: Assistance to the States for Development of Export Infrastructure and other Activities (ASIDE). (150 words)
  11. Write about the following (answer to each question in about 20 words):

(a) Non-tariff trade barriers

(b) Current Account Balance

(c) Free Trade Area

 

Liberalisation / Privatisation/

Globilisation (LPG)/FDI

  1. Would you accept or reject the view that in recent years, the tendency in our economic policies has been towards liberalisation? Give reasons in support of your stand, quoting necessary evidence. (About 250 words)
  2. Recall the set of incentives available for investment by the non-resident Indians. What are the likely uses and abuses of such investment?
  3. Are there good reasons behind the suggestion that in the new programme of economic liberalization, Indian should go slow in the matter of ‘exit-policy’? (About 250 words)
  4. What measures have been taken by the Government of India to attract direct foreign investment, as a part of the new strategy of Industrial Development in India?
  5. Explain the concept of ‘global village’
  6. What is Multilateral Agreement on Investment? How will it affect the economy of a developing country like India? (About 250 words.
  7. Liberalisation of the Indian economy since 1991 has led to excessive consumerism and over-production of ‘white goods’. Elucidate.
  8. What is meant by “Most Favoured Nation” policy?
  9. Outline the main objectives and achievements of the policy of disinvestment in India.
  10. Explain RBI’s ‘Automatic route’ in FDIs.
  11. Name the two agencies that have helped to promote Foreign Direct Investment (FDD in India.)
  12. Explain the term Most Favoured Nations.
  13. Assess the performance of India in attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDD). (250 words)
  14. “Foreign investment is far from being critical to India’s economic growth.” Comment.
  15. “The lesson of the current global financial crisis is that India should halt and may be even reverse financial liberalisaton.” Comment.
  16. What is ‘Round Tripping’ in the context of FDI inflow, and why it has been in the news recently in the case of India?
  17. Explain the provision of OGL.
  18. (a) Discuss the impact FDI entry into Multi- trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy. (100 words)

(b) Though India allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDD) in what is called multi- brand retail through the joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI, even after a year, has not picked up. Discuss the reasons. (100 words)

  1. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the defence sector is now set to be liberalized. What influence this is expected to have on Indian defence and economy in the abort and long run?

 

Capital / Current Account Convertibility

  1. What is Partial Convertibility of rupee? What are its basic objectives? How is it going to benefit the Indian economy?
  2. What do you understand by “Current Account Convertibility of Rupee”?
  3. What do you understand by ‘Capital Account Convertibility’ of Rupee?
  4. Point out the measures undertaken towards flexibility in capital account transactions during the recent past.
  5. Write about: Full convertibility.
  6. Explain full convertibility of Indian Rupee.
  7. Discuss: Convertibility of Indian Rupee. (150 words)

Fiscal Policy – Tax Structure,

Reforms and Changes, Budget

and Fiscal Federation

  1. State the distinctive features of the national budget for 1979-80. To what extent are the present inflationary trends derived from the budget provisions? (About 200 words)
  2. Examine the pros and cons of increasing the level of taxation on the agricultural sector.
  3. What tax concessions were given in the Union Budget for 1983-84 to persons and industries? Examine the rationale for granting such concession.
  4. Why does the government of India impose a surcharge on income tax?
  5. Why does the Government of India impose a surcharge on income tax?
  6. Name at least five taxes levied by the State Governments in India. Which tax brings them the largest amount of revenue?
  7. What is a MODVAT? Examine its possible advantages and disadvantages.
  8. What is a ‘subsidy’? Name tow major items of central subsidies in India.
  9. What is Zero-base budgeting?
  10. Examine the debt burden of the Government on India. Is the country heading towards a ‘debt trap’?
  11. Name the direct and indirect taxes levied by the Government of India. Which of these yields the highest amount of revenue?
  12. What are the main components of the non. Plan expenditure of the Government of India? Discuss the recent trends in the growth of this expenditure.
  13. What is Non-Plan Expenditure?
  14. What is fiscal drag” What is its effect?
  15. Indicate briefly the tax reforms that have been introduced in India after the coming in of the New Economic Policy.
  16. What is meant by equity in taxation?
  17. Why should fiscal deficit in India be rising again?
  18. Does reduction in fiscal deficit necessarily assure reduction in inflation?
  19. Do you think that income tax reduces economic incentives? Give your reasons.
  20. What are fringe benefits?
  21. Briefly comment on the purpose and type of changes made in our tax structure in the context of liberalisation and structural reforms during the first half of the 1990s.
  22. How do you distinguish between specific and ad valorem duties?
  23. Why was MODVAT Scheme introduced in the year 1986?
  24. What is Tobin tax? What are its main features?
  25. How is revenue deficit different from budgetary deficit?
  26. Write a note on MODVAT Scheme of 1986.
  27. What do you mean by revenue deficit in the Central Government’s Budget?
  28. What are the hurdles faced by the Finance Ministers of India in keeping the fiscal deficit below 3-4 percent of the GDP? Suggest steps to lower the fiscal deficit.
  29. What is peak rate of Custom duty? What are its objectives in India?
  30. Define fiscal deficit.
  31. The Union Budget 2002-03 recommended some services to be taxed. Name any 4 of these services.
  32. Distinguish between ad-valorem and specific duties.
  33. Define zero-based budget.
  34. What is Value Added Tax?
  35. What is the main thrust of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Bill?
  36. Explain the essential feature of differential rate of interest scheme.
  37. Which are the three major items of expenditure of the Government of India on revenue account?
  38. What is Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)?
  39. What is deficit financing?
  40. What is twin deficit?
  41. What is Countervailing Duty?
  42. What is Budget Deficit? (20 words)
  43. What are the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2003? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness. (200 words)
  44. What is the meaning of the term ‘tax expenditure’? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences the budgetary policies of the government. (200 words)

 

Monetary Policy & Banking

  1. Describe the organisation and the functions of Regional Rural banks, review their achievements. In there any conflicting jurisdiction between these rural banks and cooperative credit societies?
  2. What is Bank Rate? What is the Bank Rate in India at present?
  3. What are the main components of money supply in India?
  4. What are lead banks?
  5. What is Statutory Liquidity Requirement of commercial banks?
  6. What is ICICI?
  7. What are the main sources of short-term and long-term finance for Indian industries?
  8. What is Opportunity Cost?
  9. It is being suggested that the commercial banks in India should reduce their holdings of non-performing assets. Does it mean that the former should abandon social priorities? (About 250 words)
  10. What has been the rational for deregulating commercial bank’s lending rates as a policy strategy?
  11. Comment on the view that Monetary Policy India is used more as a stabilization device rather than as a development tool.
  12. What is Cash Reserve Ratio?
  13. What is Cash Reserve Ratio?
  14. What does “priority sector lending” mean?
  15. What do you understand by ‘repo rate’ and ‘reverse repo rate’? What are the implications in raising these rates?
  16. “In the villages itself no form of credit organization will be suitable except the cooperative society”. All India Rural Credit Survey.

Discuss this statement in the background of  agricultural finance in India. What constraints and challenges do financial institutions supplying agricultural finance face? How can technology be used to better reach and serve rural clients?

 

Prices and Inflation

  1. The phenomenon of rising prices has been largely responsible for putting Indian economy and planning out of gear; it is also a source of acute hardship to the people. What are the basic reasons for continuous inflation in India and what has been the Government strategy to control it? What specific measures have recently been taken by the Government of India for controlling price level? (200 words)
  2. ‘Inflation has been a major and persistent cause of poverty and inequality in India.” Analyse.
  3. Examine the controversy regarding the sharp rise in the price of sugar in India in the recent past. What steps have been taken by the Government to curb it?
  4. How far is it justifiable to state that the financial budget of this country is a gamble, against the Indian monsoon? To what extent have developmental measures solved the problem?
  5. Despite an increase in the pay-packet, the purchasing power of the people has not really gone up. How can this happen?
  6. What are ‘administered prices’ and what is their role” Examine their impact on the general price level.
  7. Despite having high saving and investment rates. India is experiencing a low growth rate, Why is it so?
  8. What is meant by a high cost economy? Has India developed into a high cost economy and if so, how?
  9. Discuss the factors that have led to the recent increase in the general price level and the measures taken by the Government to Combat it.
  10. It is claimed that the price situation in India improved considerably in 1992-93 with a gradual decline in the annual rate of inflation in the course of the year. What are the factors that moderated the inflation in the pressures?
  11. Explain the factors responsible for the decline in the value of Indian Rupee vis-a-vis U.S. Dollar during the Financial year 1995-96 , Enumerate the corrective measures undertaken by the Reserve Bank of India in this regard. (About 250 words)
  12. What is a Lorentz curve?
  13. Discuss the steps taken by the Government in recent years to control inflation.
  14. Differentiate between “galloping inflation” and “run-away inflation.”
  15. Illustrate Lorentz curve.
  16. Write about cost-push inflation.
  17. What is Phillips curve?
  18. What is Laffer curve?
  19. What is stagflation? (20 words)
  20. Why the Central statistics Office has notified a new series of Consumer Price Index from this year?

 

Money Market and Capital Market

  1. State as to what the MONEX stands for?
  2. What do you understand by

(i) a right share issue

(ii) a bonus share issue

  1. What are ‘bearer bonds’? Why were special bearer bonds devised in February, 1981? What were their budgetary objectives? Examine how far such bonds achieved their objectives?
  2. What do you understand by ‘MONEX’?
  3. What are mutual funds? Do we have such funds in India?
  4. What is Exchange Risk Administration Scheme?
  5. In the context of recent institutional developments in our capital markets, what do the following abbreviations stand for:

(i) CRISIL            (ii) SEBI

(iii) SHCI

  1. What is Call Money?
  2. What is meant by Mutual Fund?
  3. What does buy-back of shares mean?
  4. Discuss the nature and causes of the UTI crisis with particular reference to US-64. How does this UTI fiasco affect the investment climate in India?
  5. What is ‘CRISIL’? What does it do?
  6. Expand the term “NASDAQ”.
  7. Distinguish between a “Hard” currency and a “Soft” currency.
  8. Highlight the main feature of the policy relating to buy-back of shares.
  9. Write about Dow Jones.
  10. Write about Repo market.
  11. Describe the main sources of Industrial finance in India. How could India be benefitted from recent developments in International finance?
  12. What is Hundi?
  13. What is the main difference between free trade area and common market?
  14. What is forward currency market?
  15. What is offshore currency market?
  16. What are Eurobonds?
  17. What are nifty and the nifty junior?
  18. What is Hot Money. (20 words)
  19. What is Venture Capital? (20 words)
  20. After the September Ist changes, do you think that Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) and Mutual Funds (MFs) are on a level playing field? Substantiate your answer from the perspective of an ordinary investor.

 

Capital Formation

  1. What measures do you suggest to raise the volume of Public Savings in our country?
  2. What is ICOR (incremental Capital Output Ratio)?
  3. Indian economy presents a paradox of high savings rate with low-income and high savings rate with low growth rate. Analyse.
  4. Write brief note on National Investment Fund.

 

Infrastructure

  1. What are the principal components of economic infrastructure? Inadequacy of the infrastructure as well as its poor utilization have been the principal bottlenecks in economic development. Comment.
  2. Make a case for strengthening the social sector in India.
  3. “Infrastructure bottlenecks continue to stifle the economic growth in India” Comment.
  4. What is eco-tourism? How could it be promoted in India.
  5. Adoption of PPPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free of criticism. Critically discuss pros and cons of the model. (200 words)
  6. Explain how Private Public Partnership arrangements, in long gestation infra-structure projects, can transfer unsustainable liabilities to the future. What arrangement need to be put in place to ensure that successive generations’ capacities are not compromised?
  7. “While we flaunt India’s demographic dividend, we ignore the dropping rates of employability. What are we missing while doing so? Where will the jobs that India desperately needs come from Explain.

 

Transport

  1. Point out at least three advantages of of dieselisation of rail transport in India.
  2. Highlight salient feature of ‘National Highway Development Project.
  3. What ails India’s road transport economy Suggest measures of remedy.
  4. Technological changes have brought in a major shift in the use of roads as transport corridors in India. How far do you agree with this view?
  5. What are the alternative fuels available for the transport sector? Discuss their characteristics advantages and disadvantages in their utilization.
  6. In the context of recent incidents, suggest measures on how security of passengers and property can be improved over Indian Railway.
  7. Are the ‘Dedicated Freight Corridor’ railway project and the ‘Golden Quadrilateral’ road project mutually complementary or competitive? Assess?
  8. National Urban Transport Policy emphasizes on ‘moving people’ instead of ‘moving vehicles’. Discuss critically the success of the various strategies of the Government in this regard.

 

Telecom Sector

  1. What are the major provisions of the New Telecom Policy approved by the Government? What has been the decision of the Delhi High Court in this respect?
  2. The Telecommunications Ministry’s proposed Spectrum Management Commission.

 

Energy

  1. Briefly review India’s Energy resources. In the context of the world shortage of petroleum, how would you plan for meeting our rural energy needs? Discuss the relative merits of centralised generation, supply and distribution of energy vis-a-vis generation of energy at consumer points or centres.
  2. What is the global energy crisis and what is its impact on India? Having regard to our situation, environment, resources and problems, what would be the profile of an appropriate energy policy for India? Examine critically the available alternative options. (About 500 words)
  3. Most of the present-day conventional sources of energy are likely to be exhausted sooner or later. Give a short resume of the non-conventional sources of energy that can be availed of in India.
  4. Expert opinion is sharply divided regarding the advisability or otherwise of building nuclear power plants in India. Summarize the chief arguments on either side and suggest what according to you would be a wiser policy. (About 250 words)
  5. India is planning to provide for the generation and distribution of 38,000 MW of electric power in the Eighth Plan. How are these objectives to be achieved? What are the constraints that are likely to be met with? (About 250 words)
  6. “20th century was century of oil, 21st century would be the century of natural gas.” Comment.
  7. What is the energy independence? Discuss how India can be transformed into an ‘Energy independent Nation.’
  8. Comment on the salient feature of the Integrated Energy Policy recently approved by the Government and is implications on the energy security needs of the country.
  9. Evaluate India’s approach towards meeting the country’s growing energy demands. Compare the success of this approach with that of another Asian giant which has perhaps the fastest growing energy demands.

 

Programmes – Poverty alleviation,

Employment Generation/Rural Development

  1. Discuss the role of Village Cooperative Movements in promoting rural welfare and development in India. How is the National Dairy Development Board achieving their objectives? (About 500 words)
  2. “Removal of poverty’ was a principal objective of the Fifth Five Year Plan; this has been reiterated in the Sixth Plan. Analyse the nature of the problem and the impediments involved. How far is this objective likely to be realized during the Sixth Plan Period? (About 400 words.)
  3. What are the main reasons for launching the Integrated Rural Development Programme? State its main objective. How is it being financed? (Not more than 150 words)
  4. Why did the Prime Minister of India announce in June 1982 “new” Twenty-Point programme? Mention briefly the main points included in the new programmed which would directly benefit the rural population and rural economy. (Not more than 200 words)
  5. Discuss the specific schemes announced in the Union budget for 1982-83 for fostering saving.
  6. Government of India has given high priority to Oilseeds Development Programme. What strategy has been adopted to accelerate the efforts for increasing their production? Name important oilseeds cultivated in India with their distribution.
  7. Examine the working of the Public Distribution System in India, with particular reference to its objectives and constraints. Suggest a set of measures towards an improvement in the present system. (About 250 words)
  8. Discuss the problem of rural employment in India. What specific schemes have been launched by the Government go generate employment opportunities in rural areas? (About 250 words)
  9. What is the economic rationale for undertaking the Back ward Area Development Programme? Discuss the specific measures taken by the Government in this direction.
  10. What, according to you, are the remedies to the problem of rural indebtedness in India?
  11. Explain the term ‘Integrated Rural Development.’ Bringing out its strategic importance.
  12. Describe the main objective of DPAP.
  13. How is poverty-line defined in India? Briefly enumerate the measures undertaken by the Government in recent years to alleviate poverty.
  14. What measures has the government taken to make women economically independent and self-reliant during the last decade?
  15. Why was the rationale for ‘Mid-day-Meal’ Scheme?
  16. Describe the use of ‘Command Area Development’ in India.
  17. What is (Revised) Targeted Public Distribution System? What are its main features?
  18. What are the objectives of Social Security?
  19. Describe the use of ‘Command Area Development’ in India.
  20. What is the rationale for ‘Mid-day-Meal’ Scheme?
  21. What has been the impact of the recent economic reforms programme on the incidence of poverty in India?
  22. What is the incidence of poverty in India? How should poverty alleviation programmes be constructed?
  23. With what objectives was ‘Annapurna’ Scheme launched?
  24. Elucidate ‘Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojna’
  25. What is TRIFED’? What are its objectives?
  26. Why was Janashree Bima Yojana introduced?
  27. What was the essential feature of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana?
  28. How is poverty level measured? Evaluate poverty eradication programmes in India.
  29. Write note on Sethusamudram Project.
  30. Write about Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Yojana.
  31. Bring out the main objectives of Rashtirya Krishi Bima Yojana. The scheme is being implemented by which agency?
  32. Write on Rajiv Gandhi Seva Kendra in about 20 words.
  33. What do you understand by the term “Innovation”) Discuss the need for launching a national innovation policy in India.

 

World Economic Organisations

World Trade Organisation (WTO)

  1. Discuss the reasons for the failure of the seattle Millenium talks on the WTO (World Trade Organisation). Discuss some implications of this failure for the Indian economy.
  2. What is ‘dumping’? What is its objectives?
  3. What are hte major provisions of Agreements on Agriculture in the context of World Trade Organisation?
  4. What is WTO? What are India’s objections to its coverall functioning?
  5. What are the major provisions of Agreements on Agriculture in the context of World Trade Organisation?
  6. What do we understand by ‘Doha round’ of talks?
  7. Discuss the importance of World Trade Organisation (WTO) to Indian economy in the light ov various opportunities and challenges at the global level.
  8. What is the difference between Green Box subsidies and Blue Box subsidies?
  9. What is Dumping? Evaluate the remedial measures taken by Government of India vis-a-vis WTO provisions regarding dumping. (250 words)
  10. Discuss India’s stand on agricultural issues in WTO’s Ministerial Conferences since Doha Round. (250 words)
  11. “In the WTO negotiations over the years of the DOHA Round, India appears to be diluting its stand on agriculture issues to pursue perceived gains in services.” Critically examine this statement.
  12. Food Security Bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO. (200 words)

 

World Bank / IMF

  1. Describe briefly about 0 The World Bank.
  2. Write short notes on the following. Your answer should cover inter alia the points mentioned: IMF Loan to India: Reasons for seeking the loan assistance: quantum of loan sanctioned: amounts so far released by IMF, Corrective measures taken by the Government of India in pursuance of their discussions with IMF. (Not more than 100 words)
  3. What is a ‘soft loan’?
  4. What is ‘Black Box’? What are teh functions of FDR and CVR? (About 35 words)
  5. What does SDR stand for? How are the countries benefited by it?
  6. Elucidate Special Drawing Rights.
  7. Does India need the World Bank?
  8. Compare and contrast the role of the IMF with that of the World Bank.

Others

  1. State as to what the Group of 77 stands for?
  2. Write a short note on European Common Market (1992)
  3. Give the full names of:

(i) FAO                 (ii) FOB

(iii) GATT

  1. What are Euro issues?
  2. What is Marraesh Declaration?
  3. What is Eurostar?
  4. What is Group of 77?
  5. What is an MOU? What does it mean?
  6. Examine the functions of the European Free Trade Association.
  7. What is banana war?
  8. What is CEMA bloc?

20   Write about the following (answer to each question in about 20 words.)

  1. Comment on the reasons for the recent economic crisis in the so-called ‘PIGS’ countries of Europe.

 

Indian Economic Organisations

  1. H.U.D.C.O.- objectives and functions – main source of finance.
  2. ‘Indian Trade Union Movement should grow stronger, but not militant.’ Discuss.
  3. Discuss the status and the specific role of the Finance Commission in India.
  4. Give an account of the mechanism employed in India to transfer financeial resources from the Centre to the States.
  5. What is NABARD and what is its main role?
  6. Analyze the main defects of Indian Trade Union Movement.
  7. Discuss briefly the main recommendations of the Tenth finance Commission.
  8. Discuss the advantages of ‘Alternatives Scheme of Devolution suggested by Tenth Finance Commission of India.
  9. When and why was SEBI established?
  10. What is SIDBI? What are its functions?
  11. What are the main objectives of NABARD?
  12. What do you know about 11th Finance Commission?
  13. What is the role of SEBI?
  14. What is a Finance Commission?
  15. When was the idea of Agriculture Insurance Corporation mooted?
  16. What are the objectives of the Twelfth Finance Commission.
  17. What is the main objective of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)?
  18. What is IFC?

 

Committee / Policy

Industry Related

  1. What were the terms of reference of the Abid Hussain Committee?
  2. List the main objective of the National manufacturing Policy (NMP), 2011.
  3. With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new Companies Bill, 2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also  discuss others provisions in the Bill and their implications (200 words)
  4. Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indians. Are they competing with the MNCs satisfactorily? Discuss. (200 words).
  5. Discuss the rational for introducing Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Bring out critically the reasons for the delay in roll out for its regime. (200 words)

Bank & Insurance Related

  1. What were the recommendations of the Malhotra Committee?
  2. Describe the recommendations of Narasimham Committee regarding the banking sector in India.
  3. Should recommendations of the RBI-appointed Damodaran committee on customer service in Banks.

Tax Reforms Related

  1. Do you agree with the view that, in a country like India, a tax on wealth would be a useful supplements to the income tax? Argue the case in the light of Raja Chelliah Tax Reform Committee Report. (About 250 words)
  2. What were the major recommendations of the Task Force on direct taxes appointed under the Chairmanship of Shri Vijay L.Kelkar?

Science and Technology-Policy

  1. Comment critically on the impact that modern Science and Technology have made on the attitudes, life styles, social structures and economic well being of the people in the rural areas in India.

(79/II/3b/75)

  1. What has been the contribution of the Science and Technology to the development of Indian Agriculture? (About 150 words)

(79/II/6a/20)

  1. What is India’s position in the world in respect of Scientific and Technological manpower.

(79/II/7m/3)

  1. What is the role of Scientific and Technological Research in our Economic Development Process? What steps are necessary to adapt the nature, structure, content and result of such research to increasing agricultural and industrial production? Comment briefly on the adequacy and relevance of technology developed in Western countries for adoption by India. Is it necessary or feasible for India to achieve scientific and technological self-sufficiency? (About 500 words)

(80/II/3b/65)

  1. What are the main objectives of Governments science policy? What steps are being taken for the optimum utilisation of scientific manpower and improvement in the quality of science and technical education?

(81/II/6b/20)

  1. Comment upon the main aims outlined by the Technology Policy Statement in 1983?

(84/II/6d/20)

  1. In the context of the challenges to be faced in the 21st century, it is generally felt that there is an urgent need to reorient science education and scientific research in the country. Identify the important areas that need reorientation and suggest the steps you consider necessary for the purpose.

(85/II/3a/40)

  1. Government of India has constantly laid emphasis on the development of Science and Technology as major instruments for achieving national goals of self-reliance and development. Name the departments which were set up during the sixth plan period to deal with newly emerging areas. Who significant achievements have been recorded as a result of this policy?

(86/II/3a/40)

  1. Trace the growth of Science museums in India. Examine their role in promoting science awareness and the spirit of scientific temper among the common people. (About 250 words)

(88/II/3a/40)

  1. What are the aims of the New-Technology Policy? What steps are being taken to improve the standards of technical education?

(88/II/7c/20)

  1. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research has established a number of laboratories for interacting with industry and development of indigenous technologies. Citing specific examples, point out the significant achievements of CSIR in the last one decade. (About 250 words)

(89/II/3a/40)

  1. Briefly describe the Karimnagar experiment for application of Science and Technology for regional development.

(90/II/7a/20)

  1. Explain the significance of Prasar Bharati Corporation in the context of modern mass media.

(90/II/8a/B/3)

  1. Trace the progress of India’s Space Research Programmes? What are its significant achievements?

(91/II/7a/20)

  1. Assess the contributions made by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in agricultural development. (150 words)

(10/I/3b/24)

  1. Discuss the globalization of R&D and its impact on India’s development Provide an illustration from at least one sector such as Information Technology or Health.

(12/II/1b/25)

  1. Scientific research in India universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as are business professions, engineering or administration, and the universities and becoming consumer-oriented. Critically comment.

(14/III/10/121/2)

 

Defence

  1. Evaluate the impact and implications of the Pokhran Test and the Launching of the Rohini with particular reference to India.

(80/II/6a/20)

  1. Name the main combat aircraft which are i active service in India Air Force. Which of them is obsolete or obsolescent? What have been the recent acquisitions of combat aircraft for use in our Air Force? What options are open to Indian Air Force to match the F-16 Aircraft, which its being acquired by Pakistan?

(81/I/11b/15)

  1. Answer the following:

(i) Where Vijayanta Tanks produced in India?

(ii) In which Defence Undertaking are the “antitank” issiles produced?

(iii) Which aircraft is proposed to be inducted in the Indian Air Force to match F-16 of Pakistan Air Force?

(iv) Where will submarines be constructed in India?

(v) In which Defence Institution do the Senior Defence and Civilian Officers receive training in the higher methods of management and coordination during peace and war?

(82/I/8c/5)

  1. What was the achievement of ‘Varuna’?

(88/I/10c/3)

  1. Give the names of three missiles developed by India under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. Briefly mention their capabilities.

(89/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is meant by a “stealth aircraft”? Mention two “stealth technological techniques” used in such an aircraft.

(89/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What are binary chemical weapons?

(91/II/7d/20)

  1. What are the salient features of India’s missile development programme.

(92/II/7d/20)

  1. Give an account of the achievements of Indian defence scientists in technology development.

(93/II/7a/20)

  1. What do the following stand for:

(i) ANURAG       (ii) HVDC

(iii) GMRT

(93/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is VIKAS engine? What is it being used for?

(93/II/8f/C/3)

  1. Why is Agni Project important for India?

(97/II/3a/40)

  1. What was the controversy about ‘Prithvi’?

(97/II/7g/2)

  1. How does the development of Pihaka benefit India?

(98/II/7b/20)

  1. What do the ICMR stand for?

(98/II/8d/(ii)/C/1)

  1. What is a cryogenic engine? Discuss its significance in India’s space programme.

(01/II/10a/30)

  1. What is Stealth Technology (135 words)

(07/II/11a/10)

  1. Discuss the missile technology initiatives undertaken by India. (150 words)

(07/II/11c/15)

  1. Write about India’s L.C.A. (Tejas)

(08/II/2e/2)

  1. Write brief note on Nuclear Submarine ‘Arihanf’.

(09/II/2d/5)

  1. Write brief note in about 30 words: The ‘P-8A Poseidon’

(09/II/10d/3)

  1. Write brief note on Agni-V

(10/I/9d/2)

  1. What is ‘Predator’ drones and why have it been in the news recently? (Your answers should be in the news recently? (your answers should be in a sentence or two only)

(10/I/8f/3)

  1. The Kaveri K-10 aero-engine.

(11/I/9c/5)

  1. F-22 ‘Raptor’ aircraft.

(11/I/5j/5)

 

Space

  1. State as to what the APOLLO-17 stand for?

(79/I/6g/2)

  1. Give a brief review of India’s accomplishments in the field of space science and technology.

(79/I/6d/10)

  1. What will be your weight when orbiting in a space satellite?

(80/II/7b/2)

  1. What the significant achievements of Indian scientists in the context of Space Research? How will space technology be useful for weather prediction, telecommunications and identification of natural resources? (About 400 words)

(81/II/3b/50)

  1. What are RS-I and SLV-3?

(82/II/8f/C/3)

  1. There are many artificial satellites circling the earth, Describe the various uses of these artificial satellites. Name the satellites put in orbit by India.

(83/II/6d/40)

  1. Name three applications of remote sensing techniques.

(83/II/8/3each)

  1. What are the advantages to the nation in sending our men into space? it is sometimes argued that the problem of tackling poverty will get sidetracked if we indulge in such luxurious experiments. What are your views in this regard? (Not more than 150 words)

(84/I/6/35)

  1. Where is Balasinor? Why has it come into news recently?

(84/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is a spacecraft? name the Indian who undertook space flight.

(84/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is ‘Chandrasekhar limit’?

(85/II/8b/C/3)

  1. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur has build five observations for astronomical observations. Two of these are situated at Delhi and Jaipur. Where are the other three located?

(87/II/8c/C/3)

  1. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur has build five observations for astronomical observations. Two of these are situated at Delhi and Jaipur. Where are the other three located?

(87/II/8f(C)/3)

  1. Write brief notes on: (About 30 words)

(i) ASLV-D2         (ii) INSAT-1C

(88/I/9a/10)

  1. Discuss briefly the importance of the cryogenic engine for India’s space programme.

(92/II/7a/20)

  1. What is a leap second?

(92/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is the advantage of putting a satellite in the geosynchronous orbit?

(92/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is remote sensing? Describe the status of remote sensing in India.

(93/II/6c/15)

  1. What are jet streams?

(93/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is Talsur?

(94/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is ‘Shoemaker-Levyo 9’? Why was it in the news recently?

(94/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is PSLV? Describe its significance for India’s space programme.

(95/II/7b/20)

  1. What are VSATs? What are they used for?

(95/II/8b/3)

  1. Describe how India’s space programme has helped in its socio-economic development.

(96/II/3a/40)

  1. Where are the following located?

(Give the name of the city and state)

(i) Space Applications Centre

(96/II/8f/3)

  1. what it remote sensing? What are its uses especially in the Indian context. (About 250 words)

(98/II/3a/40)

  1. What new type of satellite is proposed to be inducted for bolstering surveillance on India’s border? How does this type of satellite compare with existing IRS satellites?

(99/I/6a/10)

  1. Answer the following :- (About 25 words each):

(a) What is ‘Swatch of no ground’?

(b) From where was the most advanced commercial satellite of India Insat 2E launched?

(c) What is Global Positioning System (G..P.S.)

(99/II/8/3each)

  1. What do the GMRT stand for?

(99/II/10d(ii)/1)

  1. Where is Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre located?

(99/II/10e(iii)/1)

  1. What is the significance of the geostationary orbit? What would happen if it becomes too crowded?

(00/II/10a/30)

  1. Discuss the significance of GSLV in space research.

(01/I/10b/30)

  1. Determine the utility of Direct To Home in broadcasting system.

(00/I/11a/10)

  1. In which year and by which countries was International Space Station (ISS) launched? How many countries are participating in this program? What are the unique studies being made in the station which could not be made so accurately on the earth?

(03/11/lib/15)

  1. Detail the salient features of project ‘Anthareeksha’?

(05/II/7a/15)

  1. What do you know about Indian National Satellite System? Describe its important features (250 words)

(08/II/10b/30)

  1. What is the ‘Hubble Space Telescope’? How many Servicing Missions (SMS) have been conducted for it?

(09/II/8d/15)

  1. Write brief note in about 30 words: Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA)

(09/II/10f/3)

  1. Write about NNRMS.

(09/I/4d/3)

  1. Write about GAGAN Project.

(09/I/4f/3)

  1. Write brief note on Chandrayaan-II

(10/I/9c/2)

  1. Comment on CARTOSAT-2B

(10/II/7f/5)

  1. The ‘Kessler syndrome’ with reference to space debris.

(11/II/5e/5)

  1. Various applications of Kevlar

(11/II/5m/5)

  1. Gliese 581g

(11/II/7c/2)

  1. Significance of the SPRT-6 rocket launch for ISRO.

(12/I/4d/2)

  1. The safe landing of the “Curiosity” Rover under SASA’s space programme has sparked many possibilities. What are those and how could humankind benefit from them?

(12/II/3e/10)

 

Bio-Technology

  1. Define ‘genetic code.’

(80/II/7c/2)

  1. What is meant by ‘Genetic Engineering’? What are the promises and dangers associated with it? Do you recommend that India should go ahead in developing this technology?

(81/II/6d/20)

  1. What is biogas technology? What benefits are envisaged from its use? Describe the steps Government of India is taking for its development discussing the salient features of the programme. (250 words)

(82/II/4a/45)

  1. What is photosynthesis? Where does it generally occur?

(83/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is a mutant and what role does it play in Agriculture.

(83/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is biotechnology? Discuss how the promotion and progress of this technology can bring spectacular change in the areas of health, energy food and agriculture. (About 250 words)

(84/II/3a/40)

  1. Microorganisms have been barnessed by man for a long time for the production of useful materials. Point out some important developments in this area. What is the current status of microbial technology in our country? (About 250 words)

(85/II/3b/40)

  1. What is meant by DNA finger printing?

(86/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What are test tube babies?

(86/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Explain the meaning and the uses of gene therapy.

(88/II/8c/C/3)

  1. Advances in biotechnology have led to the creation of new micro-organisms previously unknown in nature. What are their uses?

(88/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Mention the breakthrough made in NCL in the fields of plant-genetics and explain its significance.

(90/II/8f/C/3)

  1. Give a brief account of major achievements in the realm of bio-technology in India. (250 words)

(91/II/3b/40)

  1. What is tissue culture?

(91/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is genetic conservation? Bring out the salient features of genetic conservation activity in India. (About 250 words)

(93/II/3b/40)

  1. Describe how biotechnology is finding use in medicine. Give a few current examples.

(93/II/7b/20)

  1. What are synthetic seeds?

(93/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is DNA finger printing? Which research institution in India is working in this area?

(94/II/7d/20)

  1. What is a gene? Where is it found?

(94/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is nuclear medicine? Describe briefly its different uses.

(96/II/7a/20)

  1. What are transgenic organisms? What are they used for?

(96/II/7d/20)

  1. What is tissue culture?

(97/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What is genetic engineering? Why is it getting increasingly important these days?

(98/II/3b/40)

  1. Why are transgenic organisms important?

(98/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is the Human Genome Project? Discuss briefly its importance.

(99/II/7a/20)

  1. What is carbon dating? Describe its applications in archaeology.

(99/II/7b/20)

  1. What are biosensors? Describe their uses.

(99/II/7d/20)

  1. Where is Centre for Cellular and Molicular Biology located?

(99/II/10e(i)/2)

29   .How do identical twins differ from each other genetically?

(99/II/10f/3)

  1. Discuss Human Genome.

(00/I/11b/10)

  1. How are transgenic plants different from hybrid plants and what is their relevance in modern agriculture? Elaborate.

(00/II/11a/15)

  1. What are stem cells? Why have they been in the news recently? Discuss.

(01/II/10b/30)

  1. “Bio-technology boom may pave a golden path for India.” Discuss.

(02/II/10b/30)

  1. What is Human Cloning? Is it a golden path for India.” Discuss.

(02/II/11C/15)

  1. Short note on Genome.

(03/II/13e/2)

  1. Discuss the elements of ‘frozen semen technology.’ what are ‘embryo transfer’/ “transgenic animals’. ‘DNA recombinant technique’?

(03/II/11c/15)

  1. What is Bio-technology? Discuss the important applications of Biotechnology.

(04/II/11b/15)

  1. What is the therapeutic cloning? Describe briefly the method and its potential application.

(05/II/11b/15)

  1. Write short note on Genetically Modified Seeds. (in 20 words)

(05/II/13c/2)

  1. Write a note on ‘Bio-refinery versus Fossil fuels.’

(06/II/11b/15)

  1. What are normal osmosis and reverse osmosis? Why the reverse osmosis become popular in India today?

(06/II/11c/15)

  1. Short note on Genome.

(07/II/13e/2)

  1. Explain the objectives and the current achievements of human genome project. (150 words)

(07/II/11b/15)

  1. In what way ‘Medical Bio-technology’ and ‘Bio-engineering’ are useful for technological development of India? (250 words)

(08/II/10a/30)

  1. Write brief note on Sappan.

(08/II/12e/2)

  1. What do you understand by ‘Bio-signatures’? Discuss briefly.

(09/II/8a/15)

  1. Write about Green Fluorescence Protein (GFP) and its applications.

(09/II/8b/15)

  1. Define ‘Bio-informatics’. How does it work? What are its major branches and applications.

(09/II/8c/15)

  1. Explain: DNA Finger Printing and its utility.

(09/II/9a/10)

  1. Explain brief note in about 30 words: Biometric ATMs.

(09/II/10e/3)

  1. Write brief but precise note on Golden Revolution.

(10/I/5c/5)

  1. What is Blue Gene Project and why have it been in the news recently? (Your answers should be in a sentence or two only)

(10/II/8e/3)

  1. What is ACTN 3 gene and why have it been in the news recently? (Yours answers should be in a sentence or two only)

(10/II/8h/3)

  1. Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) technology.

(11/II/9d/5)

  1. ‘Designer’ poultry eggs.

(11/II/5c/5)

  1. ‘Arsenic-bug’ and the significance of its discovery.

(11/II/5i/5)

  1. The human population is slated to grow to 9 billion by 2050. In this context, many scientists predict that plant genomics would play a critical role in keeping our hunger and preserving the environment. Explain.

(12/II/1d/25)

  1. Analysis critically the inter linkages between the Convention on Biological Diversity and FAO Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

(12/II/2d/15)

  1. What is Permaculture? Give at least three common examples where permaculture concepts are being put to use.

(12/II/3g/10)

 

Energy including Nuclear Energy

  1. Answer the following:

(a) What is a Blast Furnance? Name the inputs into the Blast Furnace.

(b) What are super thermal power stations” Where are they being established in India and by which Agency?

(c) Distinguish Fusion from fission. Which process is relevant to generation of power in Atomic Power Stations at present?

(d) How is solar energy

(i) collected

(ii) concentrated and

(iii) stored?

(e) What is a ‘solid-state device’? Mention two manufactured items in which such devices find applications.

(80/II/7/2each)

  1. What is heavy water and same one locations where it is produced?

(82/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What are radioisotopes? Describe their use in Industry and in medicine.

(83/II/7/6/20)

  1. Where is Kalpakkam and what is the project established there?

(83/II/8a/C/3)

  1. The current technology of nuclear power generation is based upon the fission process. What are the alternate methods possible for the generation of nuclear power with reference to the India conditions?

(85/II/7a/20)

  1. What is ‘Nuclear Winter’? What could be its consequences?

(85/II/8a/C/3)

  1. Name three Indian reactors which supply radio isotopes.

(86/II/8b/C/3)

  1. Mention some of the new programmes that have been undertaken in recent years in respect of nuclear research in India.

(92/II/6b/15)

  1. What is a fast breeder reactor? Discuss briefly in role in India’s nuclear energy programme.

(92/II/7b/20)

  1. What is heavy water? What is it used for?

(92/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is RDX made of? Why has it been in the news lately?

(93/II/7d/20)

  1. Describe briefly the different phases of India’s nuclear energy programme.

(94/II/7a/20)

  1. Where are the following located?

(Give the name of the city and state)

(i) Central Drug Research Institute

(ii) Space Applications Centre

(iii) Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research

(96/II/8f/C/3)

  1. How has India’s Nuclear Programme contributed to the economic and defence requirements of the country? (About 250 words)

(97/II/3b/40)

  1. What is a fast breeder reactor? Comment on its suitability in the Indian context. (About 250 words)

(99/II/3b/40)

  1. What do the INMAS stand for?

(99/II/10d(iii)/1)

  1. Where is Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research located?

(99/II/10e(ii)/1)

  1. Write about Radiation & its effects.

(03/II/13b/2)

  1. Discuss in detail “Alternative Energy Sources.”

(04/II/10a/30)

  1. Why is hydrogen being acclaimed as the fuel of the future? (About 150 words)

(05/II/11c/15)

  1. Bring out the prospects of development of alternative energy sources of India.

(06/II/4a/10)

  1. Write brief note in about 30 words: Artificial Sun.

(09/II/10a/3)

  1. What is ‘Deepwater Horizon’ incident and why have it been in the news recently? (Your answer should be i a sentence or two only)

(10/II/8g/3)

  1. ‘Concentrated’ solar energy and ‘photovoltaic’ solar energy.

(11/II/5k/5)

 

Information Technology (IT)

  1. Discuss the impact of electronics on science, industry and society.

(82/II/7b/20)

  1. What is microchip? Describe the impact it can have on the technological advancement in India.

(82/II/6a/20)

  1. What are artificial fibres? Compare their properties with natural fibres. Comment upon the growth of artificial firbre. Comment upon the growth of artificial fibre industry in India.

(83/II/6b/20)

  1. What are ‘optical fibres’? What are their applications?

(85/II/8d/C/3)

  1. It is believed that the use of fibre optics will revolutionize the telecommunication technology. What progress has been made in India in this field?

(87/II/7c/15)

  1. What is frequency modulation?

(90/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What do the following stand for?

(i) PUFA               (ii) VHRR

(iii) HDTV

(92/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is an E-lamp? What are its main advantages?

(93/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is virtual reality? What is it used for?

(96/II/7D/20)

  1. What do the following stand for:

(i) C-DOT             (ii) CGCRI

(iii) INMAS

(96/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What do the following stand for?

(i) TIFR                (ii) GRDO

(iii) NEERI

(97/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What are optical fibres? What are their advantages?

(98/II/7c/20)

  1. State the importance of Antrix Corporation.

(98/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What do the following stand for:

(i) C-DAC                        (ii) ICMR

(iii) TRAI

(98/II/8d/C/3)

  1. Give the functions of interferons.

(98/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What do the NISSAT stand for?

(90/II/10d(i)/1)

  1. What is fibre optics? What advantages does it offer in telecommunications? Elaborate.

(01/II/11a/15)

  1. Write about E-commerce in 20 words.

(01/II/13b/15)

  1. Discuss the detail “The Internet Telephony as an alternative.”

(02/II/10b/30)

  1. What is interactive television? What special advantages and derived by using VOD services? What are the components of a typical VOD system? Which feature film was generated first entirely on computers and in which year?

(03/II/10b/30)

  1. What is digital convergence? Examine its implications for modern society. (About 250 words)

(05/II/10b/30)

  1. Write short notes on PACE.

(07/I/13b/2)

  1. Explain: Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) (150 words)

(08/II/11a/15)

  1. Write brief note on TIFAC in 20 words.

(08/II/12b/2)

  1. Define ‘optical frequency comb’. Suggest at least three applications.

(09/II/9d/10)

  1. Trace the significant steps in the evolution of Television in the country.

(09/I/9a/15)

  1. Explain and differentiate among ‘Plasma’, ‘LCD’ and ‘LED’ television technology.

(10/II/5c/12)

  1. Comment on Various generations of mobile phone technology.

(10/II/7g/5)

  1. Analogy, hybird an IP systems in CCTV technology.

(11/II/5l/5)

  1. OPERA detector at Gran Sasso

(11/II/7a/2)

  1. ‘Operation Shady Rat’

(11/II/7e/2)

  1. ‘SAGA-220’

(11/II/7f/2)

  1. INSPIRE programme of the Department of Science and Technology.

(11/II/5d/5)

  1. What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in Cricket? Discuss its vaiuors components. Explain how silicone tape on the edge of a bat may food the system? (200 words)

(13/III/15/10)

  1. (a) What is a digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient build-in features of a digital signature. (100 words)

(13/III/16a/5)

(b) How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology. (100 words)

(13/III/16b/5)

 

Computer

  1. Explain briefly the impact of the Computer on Industry, Education and Public Services in India.

(79/II/6c/20)

  1. What are mini-computers? Comment on the economic and social implications of this innovation.

(80/II/6d/20)

  1. Comment on the state of computer technology in India today. In this context, point out the possible uses to which super-computers could be put.

(87/II/7b/15)

  1. What is a “Compact Disc”?

(88/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is a “Computer Virus? What are its effects? Is there a remedy?

(89/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Explain the meaning of the term ‘quantum jump’.

(90/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is artificial intelligence? What is its current scenario and what are its prospects? (About 250 words)

(91/II/3a/40)

  1. What is supercomputer? Give an account of super-computer development in India.

(93/II/3a/40)

  1. What is a CD-ROM? Describe its main advantages as a vehicle for information dissemination.

(93/II/7c/20)

  1. What are encilites?

(94/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What do the following stand for?

(i) C-DAC                        (ii) SROSS

(iii) INSDCO

(94/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What do the following stand for:

(i) IREDA                        (ii) APPLE

(iii) INMAS

(95/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is E-mail?

(97/II/8c/C/3)

  1. Describe the development of Super-computer in India.

(98/II/7a/20)

  1. Why is Website getting popular?

(98/II/7a/20)

  1. What is the difference between E-mail and Fax?

(98/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is a modern? What is it used for?

(99/II/10a/3)

  1. What is a computer virus? How does in infect systems?

(99/II/10C/2)

  1. Answer the following about 20 words each:

(a) What does in ‘clock speed’ of a computer signify?

(b) What do the following stand for?

(i) http                   (ii) CPU

(iii) ROM              (iv) BIOS

(c) What is a modem and what is it used for?

(d) What is spamming

(e) How does a computer virus destroy data?

(00/II/12/2each)

  1. Answer the following in about 20 words each:

(a) What is “handshake” in computer language?

(b) What is “ethernet” and what is it used for?

(c) What is “digital signature” and what is it used?

(d) What do the following stand for?

(i) DRAM             (ii) IPEG

(iii) ASCII                        (iv) IMAP

(e) What is WAP-enable phone?

(01/II/12/2each)

  1. Answer the following in about 20 words each:

(a) What is a digital camera?

(b) What is firewall in Computer Language

(c) What is multimedia?

(d) Shat do the following stand for?

(i) HTML                    (ii) FTP

(iii) MELOPS              (iv) PLANIT

(02/II/12/2each)

  1. Answer the following (in about 20 words each)

(a) What is ‘Sympathetic Haptics’?

(b) What are special features of ‘Linux’?

(c) What is an operating system?> List the basic services provided by an operating system

(d) What is an ‘Internet Worm’? Explain DDoS.

(e) What do the following stand for?

(i) POSIX                    (ii) EPROM

(iii) MODEM              (iv) COBOL

(03/II/12/2each)

  1. Answer the following (in about 20 words each):

(a) What do you understand by E-governance

(b) What is a URL?

(c) What do the following stand for?

(i) CD-ROM               (ii) USB

(iii) ITES                     (iv) FORTRAN

(d) What do you understand by MP3?

(e) What are cyber crimes? How are these protected?

(04/II/12/2each)

  1. Write about the following: Bluetooth.

(05/II/6i/2)

  1. Answer the following (in about 20 words each):

(a) What is an exabyte?

(b) What is VIRUS?

(c) What do the following stand for?

(i) XML                       (ii) MASER

(iii) SECAM                (iv) TIPS

(05/II/12/2each)

  1. What do you understand by optical computing? Why is optical computing envisaged to have much better performance than that of electronic computing? (in about 150 words)

(06/II/11a/`5)

  1. Answer all the fire (in about 20 words each):

(a) What do you understand by a ‘search engine’ in computing?

(b) Expand the following:

(i) CAD           (ii) CAM

(iii) CIM

(c) Explain what in Thin Film Memory in computers

(d) Write a short note on ‘Artificial Intelligence.’

(e) Who are called ‘hackers’ in computer world?

(06/II/12/2each)

  1. Answer all the five (in about 20 words each):

(a) What is firewall?

(b) What is malware?

(c) What do the following stand for?

(i) MPEG        (ii) ISP

(iii) HTML      (iv) ASCII

(d) What is Root kit?

(e) What is computer architecture?

(07/II/12/10)

  1. Explain: Wifi (150 words)

(08/II/11c/15)

  1. Explain: Components of Robots

(08/II/11d/15)

  1. Write about ‘bhuvan’ website.

(09/I/4a/3)

  1. What is ‘cloud computing’? Bring out its essential features and list its advantages and limitations.

(10/II/5d/12)

  1. What is Wolfram Alpha and why have it been in the news recently? (Your answers should be in a sentence or two only)

(10/II/8c/3)

  1. Difference between Compact Disc (CD). Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) and Blu-ray Disc.

(11/II/7d/2)

  1. MABEL robot

(11/II/7a/2)

  1. Tiangong-1 (Each answer in a sentence or two only)

(11/II/7a/2)

  1. K- computer (Each answer in a sentence or two only)

(11/II/7b/2)

  1. Te sequoia supercomputer was launched this year. What are its specific futures and what is its purpose?

(12/II/4a/5)

 

Health including Medicine

  1. Write short note on Asian Charter for Health development.

(80/I/11a(i)/10)

  1. Why has there been a recrudescence of Malaria in India? What steps should be taken to prevent its spread and to eradicate is eventually?

(80/II/6b/20)

  1. What are antibiotics? Name two antibiotics which are commonly used?

(80/II/7d/2)

  1. Protein deficiency is a major nutritional problem among the Indian masses. What are the serious consequences of protein deficiency? Evaluate the limitations and advantages of the use of soya beans as a source of protein diet.

(84/II/6c/20)

  1. What is a pacemaker?

(84/II/8e/C/3)

  1. What are genetic diseases? Give some examples. What are the prospects of treatment of patients suffering from such diseases? Can these patients be cured?

(85/II/7c/20)

  1. What are’ monoclonal antibodies’? What are their uses?

(85II/8c/3)

  1. What are psychedelic drugs? Give a few examples. What are their effects?

(85/II/7d/20)

  1. What is eugenics?

(86/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What do you know about ‘Operation Faith’?

(86/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is “immunization”? Mention the steps being taken to immunize the rural population against common diseases to which they are generally prove.

(87/II/7d/15)

  1. It has been estimated that there are more than four million leprosy patients in India. What steps are being taken by the Government of India for their treatment and rehabilitation?

(89/II/7b/20)

  1. What are “anabolic steroid”? Give one example. Why have they been in the news recently?

(89/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is ultrasound? State two of its uses in modern medical practice.

(89/II/8d/C/3)

  1. The ICMR has cautioned that the dreaded disease AIDS might spread in the next few years in India too. What steps are recommended for its control?

(90/II/7b/20)

  1. Write an account of BVO. Give reasons against its use.

(90/II/7d/20)

  1. What is Hepatitis E?

(91/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What id MRI? What is it used for?

(92/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is DPT vaccine? What is it used for?

(93/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What are the diseases caused by Iodine Deficiency? What steps are beings taken to tackle the problem in India? (About 250 words)

(94/II/3b/40)

  1. What in AIDS? Describe its salient features. (About 250 words)

(95/II/3b/40)

  1. What is ‘amniocentesis? What has made it a controversial technique?

(95/II/7d/20)

  1. What is ELISA? What is it used for?

(95/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is pacemaker? How does it work?

(95/II/8c/C/2)

  1. What is bioremediation?

(95/II/8f/C/2)

  1. What is HIV? What does it cause?

(96/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is ‘Madcow disease’?

(97/II/7b/20)

  1. What is Polio? Name its few features and how it can be prevented?

(97/II/7d/20)

  1. What are enzymes? What is their importance?

(98/II/7d/20)

  1. Why is the HIV considered so dangerous? Why has the spread of the virus proved so difficult to contain, especially in the poorer countries of the world?

(00/II/10b/30)

  1. Write about Anthrax.

(03/II/13a/2)

  1. Write note on Use of Information Technology in health management in India, (in 125 words)

(05/II/12c/10)

  1. Write brief note on Aspartame.

(08/II/12c/2)

  1. Write brief note on Gene doping.

(08/II/12d/2)

  1. The last National Family Health Survey (NFHS) displayed a very dismal picture of nutrition as regards several indicators for average Indians. Highlight the salient aspects of this problem.

(09/II/9b/12)

  1. Write on Ayush-64 in about 20 words

(09/II/10f/2)

  1. Why is tele-medicine important for country like India?

(09/II/9c/10)

  1. What is phytoremediation? Discuss its applications.

(10/II/5b/12)

  1. Discuss the applications of nanotechnology in the health care sector.

(10/II/5e/12)

  1. Comment on MRSA infection.

(10/II/7a/5)

  1. Comment on Ginkgo biloba.

(10/II/7e/5)

  1. New initiatives during the 11th Five Years Plan in the National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB.)

(11/II/4e/12)

  1. The Community-Led total Sanitation (CLTS) appraoch to sanitation.

(11/II/7f/5)

  1. The first-aid that you can safely administer to a person standing next to you at the bus-stop who suddenly faints.

(11/I/9b/5)

  1. Omega-3 fatty acids in our food.

(11/II/5f/5)

  1. What do you understand by the term “Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis” (MDR-TB)? What measures would you advocate for its containment and what are the implications of its spread in the community?

(12/II/2f/15)

  1. Many food items contain “Trans fats”. What do you understand by this term? Which Indian food items contain trans ‘fats? What are the implications of trans fats on human health?

(12/II/2h/15)

  1. The Human Papilloma Virus vaccine has been making the headlines in the recent months. Who make the ideal candidates for receiving this vaccine and what are its benefits?

(12/II/4c/5)

  1. What do you understand by Fixed Dose Drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits. (200 words)

(13/III/14/10)

  1. Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor’s prescription, be contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.

(14/III/11/121/2)

 

Laser and Super Conductivity

  1. What is a laser beam?

(80/II/7a/2)

  1. What is laser? indicate two of its important uses.

(83/II/8d/3)

  1. What is holography?

(84/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What is a laser? How does it differ from an ordinary light? Describe the application of lasers in various fields. What are the prospects of its large scale use in India? (About 250 words)

(86/II/3b/40)

  1. What is fluorosis? What can be done to minimize its harmful effects?

(88/II/7d/20)

  1. How do “quartz watches” keep accurate time?

(89/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is the application of superconductors in computers? (About 250 words)

(90/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is photonics? Mention some of the areas of its application.

(90/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What are high-temperature super-conductors? Describe their important applications.

(94/II/7b/20)

  1. What is Piezoelectricity?

(94/II/8c/C/3)

  1. What is a microwave oven? How does it cook food?

(96/II/7c/20)

  1. What is centchroman?

(96/II/8a(A)/3)

  1. What is ultrasonography?

(96/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What are fullerness? Why are they important?

(97/II/7C/20)

  1. What are Quasars?

(97/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is ‘Superconductivity’? Give its uses and applications.

(04/II/11a/15)

  1. Describe the importance of “Laser” in war and peace.

(04/II/11c/15)

 

IPR/Copyright/Patent

  1. Discuss the main issues involved in the provisions regarding the Trade Related Intellectual Property Right in the DUNKEL Draft Text, in relation to India. (About 250 words)

(93/II/2a/40)

  1. What are Intellectual Property Right? Why are Indian scientists concerned about the new patent regimes? (About 250 words)

(96/II/3b/40)

  1. What is the concept of copyleft?

(05/II/8b/2)

  1. Explain the implications of the implementation of Intellectual Property Clauses in our patent law regine after joining the WTO.

(06/II/10b/30)

  1. Write brief note on Copyright and Trade-make in 20 words.

(08/II/12a/2)

  1. Have the Uruguary Round negotiations and the resultant Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement helped in resolving trade conflicts arising out of variations in different nations’ IPR regimes? Also list the steps taken by India to conform to TRIPS.

(10/II/2e/12)

  1. Bringing out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to the sections 3(d) in India Patent Law, 1970, discuss how it has been utilized by the Supreme Court in its judgment in rejecting Novratis’ patient application for ‘Glivec.’ Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision. (200 words)

(13/III/13/10)

  1. In globalized world, Intellectual Property Rights assume significance and are a source of litigation. Broadly distinguish between the terms – Copyrights, Patents and Trade Secrets.

(14/III/12/121/2)

 

Nano Science & Nano

Technology

  1. Explain how Nanoscience and Nano-technology have revolutionized modern technology.

(06/II/10b/30)

  1. Explain: Spintronics (150 words)

(09/II/11b/15)

  1. What is ‘Nanotech’? Give a brief account of its basic concepts, materials used and applications.

(09/II/9b/10)

  1. What are the fundamental constants and their use in the measurement system?

(02/II/11a/15)

  1. What is “Graphene”? Mention at lease three of its applications.

(09/II/9c/20)

 

Miscellaneous

  1. Describe briefly are achievements of India scientists in the exploration of marine resources.

(84/II/6b/20)

  1. Why do the leaves look green in light?

(84/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is Agent Orange? What were its effects?

(85/II/8f/C/3)

  1. What is SQUID? Which of the CSIR laboratories are working on it?

(92/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What is ‘Maitri’?

(92/II/8d/C/3)

  1. Write brief none on ‘Aerostat’ balloon

(10/II/9h/2)

  1. Comment on HRP-2 M Choromet.

(10/II/7b/5)

  1. Comment on Maglev vehicles.

(10/II/7c/5)

  1. Comment on Super absorbent polymers (SAP)

(10/II/7d/5)

  1. What is ‘Dreamliner’ aircraft and why have it been in the news recently? (Your answers should be in a sentence or two only)

(10/II/8d/3)

  1. Nisarga-Runa technology of BARC.

(11/II/9a/5)

  1. Difference between ‘spin-drying’ and ‘tumble-drying’ technology with reference to drying of washed cloths.

(11/II/5g/5)

  1. International Year of Chemistry

(11/II/5a/5)

  1. Comment on the significance of Rasarnava in stydying the history of India Chemistry.

(12/I/3c/5)

  1. Issues highlighted through the work of Palagummi Sainath

(12/I/4e/2)

  1. What is a FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their applications in aviation and automobile industries.(100 words)

(13/III/17a/5)

  1. You are stationed in a small district town in the plains of Northern India. The summer has been severe. Suddenly, a colleague, who had been out since morning, returns to the office complaining of headache, restlessness and confusion. Shortly, he becomes unconscious. His body temperature is 400C. What first aid steps world you take to revive him?

(12/I/3k/5)

CONSERVATION,ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND DEGRANDATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Environment & Bio-diversity

  1. What is eutrophication? What are its effects?

(87/II/8b(C)3)

  1. What do you understand by Ecological Balance? Why is this balance necessary? What is being done in India to maintain this balance?

(87/II/6d/15)

  1. Where is the Desert National Park situated in India? Why has it been created?

(88/II/8f(A)/2)

  1. What is Sardar Sarovar Project? What is the nature of the controversy surrounding it?

(89/II/7b/10)

  1. Where the Tehri Dam located and what is the scope of the project? What are the objections of the Environmentalists to the project?

(90/II/7b/5)

  1. What is “Biosphere Reserve”? Explain its significance.

(90/II/8f(A)/3)

  1. Account for the varied environmental problems resulting from wide spread deforestation in both Aravallis and Himalayan regions.

(91/II/6d/15)

  1. What is biodiversity? Why should it be preserved? (About 250 words)

(92/II/3b/40)

  1. What do you understand by Environmental Polllution? Mention the various kinds of pollution and their effect on human health in India.

(92/I/6c/15)

  1. What is a biosphere reserve?

(93/II/78e(A)/3)

  1. What is ozone hole? How is it formed and what effect does it have on the earth?

(96/II/6d/15)

  1. How is deforestation of Humalayas disturbing the ecological balance of north India?

(99/II/6a/15)

  1. What is Integrated Wastelands Development Programme?

(02/I/12a/10)

  1. Write short note on Kaziranga National Park.

(02/I/5(iii)/2)

  1. Write briefly about Desert Development Programme.

(02/I/12b/10)

  1. Blue Revolution has definite advantages in India but it is not free from environmental impacts. Discuss.

(06/I/4b/10)

  1. Write on Desert National Park in about 20 words.

(09/I/10b/2)

  1. Examine the causes and the extent of ‘desertification’ in India and suggest remedial measures.

(12/I/1c/5)

 

Pollution, Sustainable

Development and Urbanisation

  1. Indicate the sources of atmospheric pollution in the major urban centres in India and the steps to be taken to minimise the problem.

(79/II/6b/20)

  1. State as to what the SALT II stand for?

(79/I/6e/2)

  1. What is the scope of the Silent Valley Project and what are the issues which have been raised in relation to it? Having regard to the different views expressed. How should the Central Government proceed forther in regard to this project?

(80/II/6c/20)

  1. What do you understand by ecology? What measures are being taken to preserve the wild flora and fauna and protect the endangered species of animals in India? Name three species of animals for which special measures have been taken to preserve them. What results have so far been achieved in this regard?

(81/II/6a/20)

  1. When is the World Environment Day observed every year? What are the major factors which have contributed towards degradation of environment in India?

(82/II/7a/20)

  1. What measures have been taken by the Government of India for the protection and preservation of historic monuments and relics? What are the responsibilities of the Archaeological Survey of India in this regard?

There have been recent reports of serious damage to the world’s famous Taj Mahal at Agra. What are the reasons for the damage? What steps are being taken to protect and preserve the Taj Mahal?

(82/II/8a/20)

  1. The environmental pollution poses serious health hazards in developing and developed countries. Describe the various human activities that cause environmental pollution. Suggest ways and means for containing environmental pollution in India.

(84/II/3b/40)

  1. What are the objects of the Ganga Action Plan? Explain, in brief, the benefits of the plan. (About 75 words)

(86/I/10c/10)

  1. State the type of environmental pollution and some of the places where it has occurred due to the progress of industrialization in India.

(88/II/8d/C/3)

  1. What are the harmful consequences of excessive noise?

(88/I/8d/C/3)

  1. What it Ozone pollution?

(88/I/8f/C/3)

  1. What are the main recommendations of the Montreal Protocol to protect the Ozone layer? What are the implications for India of the latest convention held at London? (About 250 words)

(90/II/3a/40)

  1. What is meant by global warning? What are its effects?

(90/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Where is Antarctica and what is there so special about it? What do you know of any ban on exploration in Antarctica?

(91/I/7e/6)

  1. What are biofertilizers? What advantages do they have over chemical fertilizers?

(92/II/7c/20)

  1. What policy initiatives have been taken to reduce water pollution of major rivers in India?

(93/I/7c/6)

  1. Describe the various measures taken under the Ganga Action Plan and their impact on the water quality of the river. (About 250 words)

(94/II/3a/40)

  1. Describe the salient features of Projects Tiger. How far has it helped in saving the tiger from extinction?

(94/II/7c/20)

  1. What is ‘greenhouse effect’? What are its adverse effects on the Earth’s environment? What stop are being taken to check the same? (About 250 words)

(95/II/3a/40)

  1. What policy has the Government of Indian adopted in recent years to protect our environment, control pollution and maintain ecological balance? State briefly?

(95/II/5b/20)

  1. What is lead-free petrol? What are its merits and demerits?

(95/II/7a/20)

  1. What is the safe level of noise for the human ear? Give the noise level of electric bell.

(97/II/8a/C/3)

  1. What is ozone hole? How is it caused and what are its implications for life on Earth?

(99/II/7c/20)

  1. What is CNG? How can is reduce air pollution?

(99/II/10b/3)

  1. What are greenhouse gases? What impact do they have on the Earth’s climate and with what consequences? Elaborate.

(00/II/11b/15)

  1. There is a wide-spread concern about the degradation of environment and the problems that go with it. Assess the international response.

(00/II/7b/15)

  1. What does the Montreal Protocol deal with? Discuss its role in protecting Earth’s environment.

(01/II/11c/15)

  1. Plastic hazards – Discuss.

(02/II/10a/30)

  1. Discuss about ‘Environment’, its components and its awareness.

(02/II/11b/15)

  1. What do you understand by depletion of ozone layer and why is it considered harmful? Name ozone depleting substances and processes. What international ramification took place to protect the ozone layer and what was the target agreed upon?

(03/II/10a/30)

  1. “Global Warming” – Discuss

(04/II/10b/30)

  1. Describe the sources of ionizing and non-ionizing radiations and their effects on the biotic components of the atmosphere.

(05/II/10a/30)

  1. Why do environmentalists regard asbestos and polythene as pollutants?

(05/II/11a/15)

  1. Justify with necessary logic “Biological clean-up methods can be cheaper than the conventional physical and chemical pollution treatments.”

(06/II/10a/30)

  1. Write about: The UN conference on Environment and Developments (The Earth Summit)

(07/II/7c/15)

  1. Answer any one of the following in about 250 words:

(a) Explain the phenomenon of ozone depletion its causes and effects. What effects are needed to reduce it?

(b) What do you understand by the term ‘biodiversity’? Examine the causes and consequences of degeneration of biodiversity.

(07/II/10/30)

  1. Write brief note in about 30 words: PFCs and ‘liquid breathing.’

(09/II/10c/3)

  1. Bring out the salient features of the evolution and the current states of the ‘Bharat Stage’ vehicle emission norms in the country. (150 words)

(10/I/4c/24)

  1. Comment on the recent HFC-23 emissions controversy that includes in its ambit soma Indian companies.

(10/II/8b/5)

  1. Bring out the applications of computer models in studying climate changes, with special reference to the Community Earth System Model (CESM)/

(10/II/5a/12)

  1. The scourge of e-waste

(11/II/5b/5)

  1. In the context of the growing demands for the ban of Endosulfan in the country, critically examine the issues involved, What, in your view, should be done in the matter?

(12/II/1d/25)

  1. What are the consequences of Illegal mining? Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for coal mining sector. (200 words)

(13/III/19/10)

  1. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions of management and handling of hazardous wastes in India? (200 words)

(13/III/20/10)

  1. Should the pursuit of carbon credits and clean development mechanisms set up under UNFCCC be maintained even though there has been a massive slide in the value of a carbon credit? Discuss with respect to India’s energy needs for economic growth.

(14/III/13/121/2)

 

Environmental Issues & Conservation

 

  1. What important issues were considered at the Conference held in August 1981 at Nairobi on new and renewable sources of energy under the auspices of the United Nations? What progress has been made in India towards the development of renewable sources of energy? (Not more than 200 words)

(81/I/7/30)

  1. (a) What is greenhouse effect?

(b) What is ‘Jaipur Foot’?

(c) What is Richter scale used for?

(d) What is ‘biological nitrogen fixation’?

(81/II/7/3each)

  1. Explain the importance of Project Tiger.

(83/II/8c/3)

  1. What is the ‘Chipko’ movement about, and what it its significance?

(85/I/8e/3)

  1. Name the sanctuaries/ places where the following animals are found in India:

(i) Wild Ass          (ii) Rhinoceros

(iii) Hangul           (iv) Great Indian Bustard

(88/I/10f/4)

  1. What do you know of the ‘Project Tiger’? How and when was it initiated? Name any five tiger reserves in the country.

(88/I/11c/10)

  1. Briefly describe the main achievements of Habitat II Conference in Istanbul.

(96/I/6b/10)

  1. Why has there been opposition from the North-Eastern States to the Supreme Court ban on all activities inside forests?

(97/I/7b/10)

  1. What is meant by Environmental Impact Assessment?

(98/I/8e/A/3)

  1. Discuss the significance of Kyoto Protocol. Why is U.S.A. not signing it?

(00/II/7a/15)

  1. Discuss the significance of Kyoto Protocol. Why is U.S.A. not signing it?

(01/II/7a/15)

  1. Elucidate the factors contributing to the growing need for water harvesting in India, both rural and urban.

(05/I/4b/10)

  1. Write about IPCC Report on Global Warming in 20 words.

(08/II/8d/2)

  1. Discuss the wetlancs and their role in ecological conservation in India.

(09/I/3b/15)

  1. In the context of the United Nations Framework. Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). distinguish between ‘Annex-I’ and ‘Annex-II’ countries.

(10/II/3f/5)

  1. Comment on Rotterdam Convention.

(10/II/6a/5)

  1. List any eight ‘Ramsar’ wetland sites located in India. What is the ‘Montreux Record’ and what Indian sites are included in this Record?

(10/I/7c/12)

  1. The diminishing population of vultures

(11/II/5h/5)

  1. Phase-IV of the tiger monitoring programme in India.

(11/I/7a/5)

  1. ‘Billion Acts of Green’.

(11/II/7g/2)

  1. The issue of tourism in core areas of tiger reserve forest in the country is a subject matter of debate. Critically examine various aspects of this issue, keeping in view relevant recent judicial pronouncements.

(12/I/1f/25)

  1. Explain the concepts “Environmental Sustainability” and “Sustainable. Development of People”

(12/II/4e/5)

  1. Explain briefly the “Clean Development Mechanism” as provided under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

(12/II/4f/5)

  1. Write a note on India;s green energy corridor to alleviate the problem of conventional energy (200 words)

(13/III/11/10)

  1. What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project? (100 words)

(13/III/17b/5)

  1. Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent.

(14/I/20/10)

  1. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the Government. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads.

(14/III/15/121/2)

DISASTER & DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Topicwise Trend Analysis

  1. Why are flood such a recurrent feature in India? Discuss the measures taken by the Government for flood control.

(85/II/6c/20)

  1. Give examples of some serious problems associated with the operation of chemical industries in India and other countries. What technical steps can be taken to achieve maximum safety in chemical factories?

(85/II/7b/20)

  1. When did the world come to know about Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor disaster and how? How does a Chernobyl type reactor work? What lessons can India draw from this accident? (About 125 words)

(86/I/7a/2)

  1. What is “Science City.”

(87/II/8e/C/3)

  1. Which parts of India were mainly affected by the severe drought of 1987-88? What were its main consequences?

(88/II/6b/20)

  1. Some experts are of the opinion that the dams and the reservoirs located in different parts of the country may lead to undesirable consequences. How far are these fears justified?

(88/II/7b/20)

  1. What do you understand by nuclear fall out? What is its harmful effects?

(90/II/8b/C/3)

  1. What was the magnitude of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy and what were the salient features of the Supreme Court verdict on the Bhopal Gas Tragedy?

(91/I/7b/6)

  1. Give your assessment of the soundness of large river vally projects with high dams vis-a-vis smaller river valley projects.

(93/II/6a/15)

  1. Write note on Causes of droughts in India.

(05/I/5d/2)

  1. How has the Indian State tackled the trade – off between environment and development? (in 150 words)

(05/I/8b/15)

  1. What is disaster management? Discuss the steps required to tackle natural disasters.

(05/I/10b/30)

  1. What are the salient features of The National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan?

(10/I/8e/5)

  1. You arrive first at, the scene where a bus accident has just occurred. What emergency measures should you immediately and safely adopt?

(10/I/8e/5)

  1. Comment on the spatial components in Urban solid waste management in the country. (150 words)

(10/I/3a/24)

  1. Composition and functions of the National Executive Committee of the National Disaster Management Authority?

(11/I/7c/5)

  1. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System. (200 words)

(13/III/18/10)

  1. Drought has been recognized as a disaster in view of its spatial expanse, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effects on vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), discuss the mechanisms for preparedness to deal with likely EI Nino and La Nina fallouts in India.

(14/III/14/121/2)

External Security Challenges &

Related Matters.

  1. Review briefly the present state of India’s economic relations with the neighbouring countries – Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka and indicate how the mutual interests of India and these countries could be promoted through bilateral economic cooperation. Identify a few areas or projects in which it would be in our interests to secure the cooperation of one or more of our neighbours. (About 500 words)

(80/II/2a/65)

  1. What are India’s island territories? What efforts are being made to safeguard them? (Not more than 100 words)

(85/I/10a/15)

  1. What is the Tamil problem of Sri Lanka? Why is India involved in it? What efforts have been made by India to solve this problem?

(84/II/8a/15)

  1. What is ‘Star Wars’? Explain the stand India has taken on this issue. (About 125 words)

(85/I/7a/15)

  1. What are the issues involved in solving the problem of refugees from Bhutan?

(96/I/6c/10)

  1. Differentiate between Collective security and Cooperative security.

(00/II/8b/2)

  1. Write about: Terrorism: Sources in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

(06/II/1b/15)

  1. What, in your opinion, are the causes of terrorism? Suggest suitable measures to deal with the threat of terrorism in India. (250 words)

(08/I/8a/30)

  1. Highlight the role of the Indian peacekeeping contingent as part of MONUSCO.

(10/II/3g/5)

  1. Measures taken by the Indian government to combat piracy in the Indian Ocean.

(11/I/5b/12)

  1. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management particularly in view of the porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar? (200 words)

(13/III/25/10)

  1. International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above their territory. What are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace? Discuss the challenges which this poses and suggest ways to contain the threat.

(14/III/17/121/2)

  1. How does illegal transborder migration pose a threat to India’s security? discuss the strategies to curb this, bringing out the factors which given impetus to such migration.

(14/III/18/121/2)

  1. In 2012m the longitudinal marking for high -risk areas for piracy was moved from 65 degrees east to 78 degrees east in the Arabian. Sea by the International Maritime Organization. What impact does this have on India’s maritime security concerns?

(14/III/19/121/2)

  1. China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What threat does this pose for India’s security? Critically examine.

(14/III/20/121/2)

 

Internal Security Challenges

Internal Security Challenges and Their Management in Border Areas

  1. Analyse the situation in the North-eastern States and indicate what steps are being taken and could be taken to restore it to normally having regard to the strategic location of these States, the interests and aspirations of the different communities and classes of people living there and the paramount importance of national integration. (About 500 words)

(80/II/1a/65)

  1. What are the main demands of the ‘Akali Dal’ in support of which an agitation has been launched by them? What stand has the Government of India taken in respect of these demands? What issues remain outstanding? What difficulties are being experienced in resolving them? (Not more than 150 words)

(83/I/3a/25)

  1. What were the measures taken by the Government of India which preceded the Punjab Accord with the Akali Dal? What are the main points in the memorandum of settlement signed by the Prime Minister and the President of the Akali Dal on July 24, 1985?

(85/I/6/35)

  1. When was the Mizoram Accord signed? What were the salient points in the memorandum of settlement? Set forth the main grounds on which the Mizoram Accord was criticised by the Opposition Parties.

(86/I/6/35)

  1. What does the Gorka National Liberation Front week? In what way are their demands different from the earlier demands of Miza National Front and the demand for Khalistan? (Not more than 200 words)

(87/I/6/35)

  1. Who are the Bodos? Why have they become restive recently?

(87/II/6a/10)

  1. Why has the Jharkhand Movement acquired prominence? What are its main demands? (in about 50 words)

(89/I/6b/10)

  1. Analyse the different phases of the Nexalite Movement from its inception to present day. What were the initial drawbacks of the movement?

(90/I/6a/10)

  1. Examine whether the grant of greater autonomy to the States would be i the interest of strengthening the integrity and promoting the economic development of the country, especially in the light of recent happenings in our Country. (About 250 words)

(91/II/1b/40)

  1. Discuss the justification for the creation of new states in U.P. and Bihar. (100 words)

(98/I/6b/10)

  1. Examine the demand for greater State-autonomy and also its impact on the smooth functioning of the Indian polity. (in about 250 words)

(00/I/6b/30)

  1. Explain the problem of infiltration in eastern parts of India.

(01/II/2c/2)

  1. Discuss India’s policy towards international terrorism. (in 20 words)

(03/II/2d/2)

  1. Why is there a demand for making Uttarakhand a Separate Hill State in India?

(97/II/6c/15)

  1. Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of Indian polity. (150 words)

(08/I/6b/15)

  1. Article 244 of the Indian Constitution relates to administration of scheduled areas and tribal areas. Analyse the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of the Fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing extremism. (200 words)

(13/III/24/10)

  1. “The diverse nature of India as a multi-religious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which is seen in her neighbourhood.”. Discuss along with stategies to be adopted to counter this environment.

(14/III/16/121/2)

Role of Media and Networking Sites/ Cyber Securities / Money Laundering & Its Prevention

  1. Answer about Cyber-terrorism

(05/II/2b/2)

  1. Money laundering poses a serious security threat to a country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace? (200 words)

(13/III/21/10)

  1. What are social networking sites and what security implications do these sites present (200 words)

(13/III/22/10)

  1. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same. (200 words)

(13/III/23/10)

 

Various Security Forces and

Agencies and Their Mandate

  1. What is Territorial Army? For what reasons has it been constituted? Who are eligible to join it? What incentives are given to the members of the Territorial Army? (Not more than 100 words)

(81/I/11a/15)

  1. What are the main tasks assigned to the Coast Guard Organisation? What is its setup? Where are its headquarters located?

(82/I/8b/10)

  1. Why was the National Cadet Corps established in 1948? How is the Corps organized and who are eligible to join it?

Who are responsible for running the organization?

What incentives are available to those, who joins the N.C.C.? (Not more than 100 words)

(83/I/10a/20)

  1. Name the pars-military forces of the Government of India and their normal roles.

(83/I/10b/10)

  1. What are the following and what are their functions?

(i) Coast Guard     (ii) Territorial Army

(iii) Border Security Force

(87/I/9a/15)

  1. What do you consider are the problems of National Integration in India? Suggest suitable remedies. (About 250 words)

(88/I/1b/40)

  1. What are the important recommendations of the technical committee headed by Air Marshal Ramdass regarding operation of A-320 aircraft in Indian Airlines? (About 30 words)

(90/I/7h/5)

  1. What is National Integration Council? Is there a need for it? What was the major outcome of the recent meeting of the National Integration Council?

(91/I/7a/6)

  1. For what reasons have the parliamentarians recently stressed the importance of setting up a National Security Council in India? (About 100 words)

(95/I/6d/10)

  1. What are the highlights of the draft nuclear doctrine formulated by the National Security Advisory Board? What shortcomings have been pointed out in media reports relating to the same? (250 words)

(99/I/5a/35)

  1. What were the major recommendations of the ‘group of ministers’ on Indian National Security System? (in about 150 words)

(01/II/1b/15)

  1. Discuss the problems in achieving National Integration in India. (150 words)

(08/I/9b/15)

  1. Write brief note on National Security Advisory Board (NSAB).

(09/II/2e/5)