Geography

GEOGRAPHY

MAIN

TOPIC WISE PAPERS

PAPER -1

        GEOGRAPHY

  1. Discuss the views of W.M. Davis and Walter Penck on the cycle of erosion.

(86/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the evolution and characteristics of the land forms of graciated regions.

(87/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note on Karst landforms in about 200 words.

(88/I/2d/60)

  1. Critically analyse the concept of plate tectonics and bring out the evidences to support it.

(88/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note on Rejuvenated landforms in 200 words.

(89/I/2a/20)

  1. Write short note on Plate tectonics in about 200 words

(90/I/2a/20)

  1. Analyse the differences in the models of slope evolution proposed by Davis and Penk.

(90/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Polycyclic landforms.

(91/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Analyse the sequential development of landforms in either Karst or Coastal region.

(91/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Classification of Earth Movement.

(92/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Explain the factors causing rejuvenation in landscape and describe the resultant landforms.

(92/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Treppen concept.

(93/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Discuss, with examples, the influence of vulcanism and diastrophism on the evolution of landscape.

(93/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the concept of cycle of erosion and bring out clearly the difference between the views of Davis and Penck.

(94/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the limitations of the theory of Continental Drift and show how the theory of Plate Tectonics is an improvement over it.

(95/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the processes of mechanical and chemical weathering and show their relationship with soil formation.

(96/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Weathering and soil formation.

(97/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Discuss the concept of polycyclic landforms and present an analytical study of the polycyclic landforms of a selected region.

(97/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Geomorphic processes

(98/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Discuss the concept of volcanicity and show how the theory of Plate Tectonics explains the mechanism of volcanism and volcanic eruptions.

(98/I/3/60)

  1. Bring out the distinctions between the ‘continental drift’ theory and the ‘plate tectonics’ theory.

(99/I/3/60)

  1. With reference to the theory of Plate Tectonics, explain the origin and growth of the Young Fold Mountain Systems of the world.

(00/I/2/60)

  1. Present a critical analysis of the theory of Isostasy.

(01/I/2/60)

  1. Provide a critique of the ‘geographical cycle’ model, propounded by Davis.

(02/I/2/60)

  1. Write short note: Geosyncline

(02/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Explain the sequential development of landforms associated with the coastal areas.

(03/I/2/60)

  1. Describe the landforms which are products of endogenetic forces.

(04/I/2/60)

  1. Write short note: Peneplain.

(04/I/5(a)/20)

  1. “Structure is a dominant control factor in the evolution of landforms.” Discuss with suitable examples.

(05/I/2/60)

  1. Write short note: Role of seismic waves in the study of earth’s interior.

(05/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Critically evaluate the continental drift hypothesis of A. Wegener.

(06/I/2/60)

  1. Define the concept of isostasy and discuss the postulations of Airy and Pratt.

(07/I/4/60)

  1. Critically examine the concept of geomorphic cycle & discuss the views of W.M. Davis and W. Penck.

(08/I/2/60)

  1. Write short note on Seafloor spreading theory.
  2. Highlight the geomorphic features essentially found in topographics under the Second Cycle of Erosion.

(09/I/1a/20)

  1. Give a brief account of the principal and biomes and their latitudinal distribution.

(09/I/1b/20)

  1. Discuss views on slope development provided by L.C. King.

(05/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note on Essential conditions for the development of Karst topography.

(10/I/1a/30)

  1. Bring out the relevance of seismic study in determining the structure of the interior of the earth.

(10/I/2a/30)

  1. “Weathering is a complex phenomenon involving a number of processes and is influenced by various factors.” Elaborate.

(10/I/2b/30)

  1. Write short note on Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism.

(11/I/1a/12)

  1. Name the climatically controlled agents of erosion. Explain how they difffer in terms of properties of matter. Compare the landforms produced by each one of them.

(11/I/2b/30)

  1. Explain the concept of Isostasy as postulated by Airy and Pratt.

(11/I/2b/30)

  1. Write short notes on Palaeozoic glacial evidence of Continental Drift. (150 words)

(12/I/1a/12)

  1. Write short notes on : Systems approach to landform analysis. (150 words)

(12/I/1b/12)

  1. Write short notes on Major components of IGBP. (150 words)

(12/I/1d/12)

  1. Explain how Bosche and Haldenhang lead to the Theory of Slope Replacement. (400 words)

(12/I/2a/30)

  1. Answer the following; Characteristic of the standard epigene cycle of erosion. (250 words)

(12/I/4a/20)

  1. Write short note: Differences between Normal cycle and Arid cycle of Davis.

(13/I/1a/10)

  1. Write short note: Impact of Pleistocene Ice Age on the crust of the Earth.

(13/I/1d/10)

  1. Define the term ‘meander’ and describe the basic characteristics of entrenched meander and ingrown meander. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/1a/10)

  1. State the concept of plate tectonics. How does it help in explaining the formation of the Himalayas and Appalachian Mountains?

(14/I/2a/20)

  1. State the concept of erosion surfaces and highlight the factors responsible for their development.

(14/I/3b/15)

  1. Attempt a classification of geomorphic process from the zonal point of view.

(15/I/1a/10)

  1. Discuss the contribution of the American school of subaerial Denudation in geomorphology.

(15/I/2a/20)

  1. Explain with examples as to how channel dynamics has been responsible for the development of alluvial fans and cones.

(15/I/3b/15)

  1. “Present – day landforms bear more complexity than simplicity.” Elucidate.

(15/I/4b/15)

Climatology

    1. Compare the basis of the climatic classification of Koppen with that of Thornthwaite’s classification.

(86/I/4/60)

  1. Discuss critically the characteristics of tropical cyclones and analyse the extent to which they differ from the temperate cyclones.

(87/I/4/60)

  1. Attempt a classification of air masses and give the characteristic features and associated weather conditions of each class.

(88/I/3/60)

  1. Explain the origin, characteristics and distribution of temperate cyclones.

(89/I/3/60)

  1. Explain the basic criteria used in Thornthwaite’s 1948 classification of climates.

(90/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Hydrological cycle.

(91/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Explain the origin, distribution and characteristics of tropical cyclones.

(91/I/5/60)

  1. Discuss the origin, movements and characteristics of air masses and explain their role in influencing world climates.

(92/I/4/60)

  1. Explain the basis of Koppen’s classification of climates. Also mention its merits and limitations.

(94/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Inversion of temperature

(95/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Explain and illustrate the life-cycle of a temperate cyclone and also describe the weather associated with it.

(95/I/4/60)

  1. Examine critically the drawbacks of Koppen’s Classification of climates Explain how thornthwaite attempted to overcome Koppen’s limitations.

(96/I/4/60)

  1. Define air masses. How do they originate? Classify them and state the characteristics of any one type.

(97/I/4/60)

  1. Discuss the nature and composition of earth’s atmosphere.

(98/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Cs type of climate, as per Koppen’s classification.

(99/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Make a comparative study of the tropical and temperate cyclones.

(99/I/4/60)

  1. Give an account of the types and distribution of precipitation on the surface of the earth.

(00/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the concept of air-masses and present their classification.

(01/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the criteria which Thornthwaite adopted for his 1948 classification of world climates.

(02/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the mechanism and significance of tricellular meridional circulation of atmosphere.

(03/I/3/60)

  1. How would the impact of global warming differ from one part of the each to another? Give a reasoned account.

(04/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note on Potential evapotranspiration.

(04/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the main features of the climatic classification system evolved by Koppen. Also point out its anomalies.

(05/I/3/60)

  1. Compare the structure and associated weather conditions of tropical cyclone with that of temperate cyclone.

(06/I/3/60)

  1. Discuss the development of local winds, and their influence on local weather, giving three examples of the well-known local winds in the world.

(07/I/2/60)

  1. Discuss the mechanism and origin of Monsoon winds & explain the role of EI Nino on Monsoon circulation.

(08/I/3/60)

  1. Explain factors contributing to the Global Climate Change.

(09/I/3a/20)

  1. Discuss the consequences of Climate Change on agriculture and food security, and on the Coastal Zones of the world.

(09/I/3b/20)

  1. How does Climate Change affect urban areas?

(09/I/3c/20)

  1. Write short note on tropical atmospheric instability.

(09/I/5c/20)

  1. Write short note on Inversion of temperature.

(10/I/1c/15)

  1. What is ‘polar front’? How does cyclone develop along this front? Describe the weather conditions associated with it.

(10/I/3a/30)

  1. Examine the various kinds of atmospheric humidity and their associated forms.

(10/I/3b/30)

  1. Write short note on Rossby waves and Jet Stream.

(11/I/1b/12)

  1. Give an account of global distribution of precipitation.

(11/I/3a/30)

  1. “Contemporary global climate change is an anthropogenic phenomenon.” Discuss.

(11/I/3b/30)

  1. Compare and contrast tropical cyclone and temperate cyclone. (150 words)

(12/I/1c/12)

  1. Classify airmasses and explain how ‘cP’ airmasses affects global climate. (400 words)

(12/I/2b/30)

  1. Answer the following: Impact of Cryosphere on global climate. (250 words)

(12/I/3c/20)

  1. Write short note: Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches.

(13/I/1b/10)

  1. With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of and area.

(13/I/2a/20)

  1. Discuss Dew point and various forms of condensation,

(13/I/3b/15)

  1. Bring out the relationship between climate and vegetation in the Mountain Biome.

(13/I/3c/15)

  1. Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and ‘mistral’. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/1b/10)

  1. Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples.

(14/I/2b/15)

  1. Discuss the nature and origin of Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction.

(14/I/3a/20)

  1. Discuss as to how frontogenesis contributes to weather instability.

(15/I/1b/10)

  1. What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area.

(15/I/2b/15)

  1. Discuss the basis of Koppen’s climatic classification. Bring out the salient characteristic of ‘Cs’ type of climate.

(15/I/3a/20)

  1. Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate.

(15/I/4c/15)

Oceanography

  1. Write short note on Pelagic deposits in about 200 words.

(86/I/2b/20)

  1. Give an account of marine resources and discuss their present day utilization.

(86/I/5/20)

  1. Give a reasoned account of the contents of the Atlantic Ocean and their impact on the climatic conditions of the coastal regions.

(87/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note on Coral reefs in about 200 words.

(88/I/2b/20)

  1. Write short note on Ocean bottom relief in about 200 words.

(89/I/2b/20)

  1. Discuss the theories of the formation of coral reefs proposed by Daly, Darwin and Davis.

(90/I/5/60)

  1. Draw a hypsographic curve to represent the major physiographic units of teh ocean and comment on their permanency.

(91/I/4/60)

  1. Give a reasoned account of the distribution of salinity in the oceans and partially enclosed seas.

(93/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Food from the sea.

(95/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Explain and illustrate the ocean floor topography and give a detailed account of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

(96/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note: Marine resources, biotic, mineral and energy resources.

(97/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Examine critically the theorities of the formation of coral reefs and atolls.

(97/I/5/60)

  1. Explain and illustrate the submarine relief of the Atlantic Ocean.

(98/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note: Submarine canyons.

(99/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: T-S diagram.

(00/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Write short note: Formation of coral reefs

(01/I/5(d)/20)

  1. Present a concise account of bottom relief of the Indian Ocean.

(03/I/4/60)

  1. Discuss the mid-Atlantic Redge in terms of its origin, extent and relief.

(04/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Pelagic deposits.

(04/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: Ocean currents of Northern Atlantic Ocean.

(06/I/5(d)/20)

  1. Discuss the different bases for classifying the ocean deposits and give a detailed account of pelagic deposits of the oceans.

(07/I/3/60)

  1. Write short note: Eustatic changes of Sea-level.

(07/I/5(iii)/20)

  1. Describe the ideal conditions for coral reef formation and discuss the glacial control theory of coral reef formation.

(08/I/4/60)

  1. Examine economic significance of the resources of the Continental shelf of the Indian Ocean.

(09/I/4a/30)

  1. Comment on marine heat budget and the oceanic circulation system.

(09/I/4b/20)

  1. Write short note on Ocean deposits.

(10/I/1b/15)

  1. Explain the scientifically sound methods of bathymetry and give an account of the bottom topography of the Atlantic Ocean.

(10/I/4a/30)

  1. Write short note on Salinity patterns in Indian Ocean.

(11/I/1c/12)

  1. “Temperature, salinity and density differences in ocean water are the prime causes of ocean water circulation.” Elaborate.

(11/I/4a/30)

  1. Write short notes on different layers of ocean water above abyssal plain. (150 words).

(12/I/1e/12)

  1. “Atolls present the most challenging explanation in the evolution of coral reefs”, Discuss. (250 words)

(12/I/4c/20)

  1. What is “Base level”? Explain the types of base level.

(13/I/2c/15)

  1. “Offshore Acoustic Study helped the development of the concept of sea floor spreading”. Explain.

(13/I/3a/20)

  1. Compare the Subsidence and Glacial control theories on the formation of coral reefs.

(13/I/4a/25)

  1. Illustrate the origin and nature of Sargasso Sea and Lagoon. (in about 150 words.)

(14/I/1e/10)

  1. Give a critical account of reasons and consequences of marine pollution.

(14/I/3c/15)

  1. Give an account of recent observations on coral bleaching with reference to Glive Wilkinson’s Report.

(14/I/4c/15)

  1. Describe the characteristics of different types of pelagic deposits.

(15/I/1c/10)

Biogeography

  1. Present a classification of the soils of the world and give their economic significance.

(92/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note: Biotic succession.

(93/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: Man and the Amazon rainforest.

(96/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Short note: Soil genesis.

(98/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Short note: Soil Profile

(00/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Short note: Agro-forestry

(01/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Short note: Genesis of Soils

(03/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Short note: Soil erosion and conservation

(05/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Short note: Distribution of soils

(06/I/5(a)/20)

  1. Short note: Zonal and Azonal soils

(09/I/5d/20)

  1. Write short note on Floristic kingdoms, based on their global distribution

(10/I/1d/15)

  1. Write short note on Soil profile in Zonal and Azonal soils.

(11/I/1d/12)

  1. Define the term biome. List the terrestrial biomes and describe the characteristics of Savanna biome.

(11/I/4b/30)

  1. Answer the following: Adaptation and distribution of animals in the Ethiopian realm. (250 words)

(12/I/3b/20)

  1. Write short note: Types of endemic plants and their degree of vulnerability toe extinction.

(13/I/1e/10)

  1. State the uniqueness of the Eurasian Steppe Biome. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/1d/10)

  1. Explain weathering and mass wasting, and describe their geomorphic significance.

(14/I/4a/20)

  1. Define zoogeographic region. Also describe the basic faunal makeup of the Neo- Arctic zoogeographic region.

(14/I/4b/15)

  1. Classify soils based on their zonal distribution and describe the characteristics of pedocals.

(15/I/3c/15)

Environmental Geography

  1. Write short note on World’s biotic regions.

(86/I/2a/20)

  1. Discuss, in detail, main’s impact on ecosystem as a result of the modern technological advancement.

(88/I/4/60)

  1. Divide the world into major biotic regions and explain the basis of your division.

(89/I/4/60)

  1. Examine the causes of ecological imbalances and briefly explain the measures taken to rectify them.

(89/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note: Concept of Ecosystem.

(92/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Define ecosystem and describe briefly its various components. Also discuss how and to what extent the modern man has affected the various types of ecosystems.

(93/I/5/60)

  1. Short note: Biodiversity

(94/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Write short note: Sustainable development

(94/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Indicate the major biotic regions of the world and discuss the ecological aspects of the monsoon region.

(94/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Write short note: Natural Hazards.

(95/I/2(a)/20)

  1. ‘Man must realize the importance of maximizing agricultural production without destroying the ecological basis on which our entire food production systems rests.’ Explain with examples.

(95/I/5/60)

  1. Write short note: Desertification and its preventive measures.

(96/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Examine the impact of advanced agricultural technology on environment. Support your answer with examples.

(98/I/8/60)

  1. Discuss the relevance of ‘watershed’, as an ecosystem for the purpose of sustainable development.

(99/I/5/60)

  1. Discuss the causes and consequences of environmental degradation and highlight the related conservation measures.

(00/I/4/60)

  1. Discuss the concept, components and functioning of an ecosystem.

(01/I/4/60)

  1. Write in detail on the concept of biosphere as an ecosystem.

(02/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Environmental Pollution.

(03/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Bring out the major problems of environmental pollution at global scale and suggest measures to check it.

(05/I/4/60)

  1. Discuss the global ecological imbalances and their management.

(06/I/4/60)

  1. Write short note: Sustainable development.

(06/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Social Forestry and Environmental Conservation.

(07/I/5(i)/20)

  1. Write short note on Desertification as an environmental hazard.

(08/I/5a/20)

  1. Give an account of the structure of ecosystem and describe its functional aspects.

(10/I/4b/30)

  1. Write short note on Marine Ecosystem.

(11/I/1e/12)

  1. Discuss how different types of mining lead to different types of environmental problems. (250 words)

(12/I/3a/20)

  1. Answer the following: Programmes initiated by the International Council of Science on Earth system studies, (250 words)

(12/I/4b/20)

  1. Write short note: Uniqueness of fauns in the Notogean realm,

(13/I/1c/10)

  1. What are the characteristics that make CHC a serious threat to the ecosystem? Give examples.

(13/I/2b/25)

  1. Explain the levels of Noise pollution and legislative measures to control it.

(13/I/4b/25)

  1. “Ellen Churchill Semple is an ardent supporter of Determinism.” Explain.

(13/I/5a/10)

  1. Give an account of the nature of biosphere as an ecosystem. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/1c/10)

  1. Enumerate the major causes of increasing degradation of environment in hills and hillslopes, and state its down-valley impact.

(14/I/2c/15)

  1. Explain the characteristics of ecological succession.

(15/I/1d/10)

  1. Comment on the impact of environmental education on quality of life.

(15/I/1e/10)

  1. Discuss the method of conserving biodiversity for sustainable development.

(15/I/2c/15)

  1. Explain the different stages of ecological adaptation of man and bring out the changing balance between man and environment.

(15/I/4a/20)
Perspectives in Human Geography

  1. What is meant by ‘quantitative revolution in geography? Discuss its impact on the development of the subject?

(86/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note on Environmental Determinism.

(88/I/2a/20)

  1. Give a critical account of the cultural evolution of man. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

(88/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note on-Major cultural realms of the world.

(89/I/2c/20)

  1. Write an essay on the contribution of European geographers to the development of geographic thought.

(89/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note on Diffusion of innovation in agricultural technology.

(90/I/2c/20)

  1. Write short note on Quantitative and behavioural revolutions in geography.

(90/I/2d/20)

  1. Explain the major contribution by Arab geographers of the early medieval period in the development of geographic thought.

(91/I/6/60)

  1. Give a comparative assessment of the works of Humboldt and Ritter leading to the foundation of modern geographical thought.

(92/I/6/60)

  1. Examine critically the concepts of ‘determinism’ and ‘possibilism’. Bring out the significance of regional concept.

(94/I/6/60)

  1. Discuss the contributions of Al Beruni towards the development of geographical knowledge.

(95/I/6/60)

  1. “The emergence of Behavioural Geography was due to the disillusionment with axioms on which models were based and the axioms were far removed from reality.” Comment.

(96/I/6/60)

  1. Critically examine the concept of dualism with special reference to physical versus human geography.

(97/I/8/60)

  1. What is understood by quantification in Geography? Discuss the significance of quantification in modern geographical studies with examples.

(98/I/6/60)

  1. Describe the sequence of major paradigm shifts in geographic thought during the twentieth century.

(99/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Radical Approach in Human Geography.

(01/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: Neo-environmentalism.

(02/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Present a critical analysis of human and welfare approaches in Human Geography.

(03/I/6/60)

  1. Distinguish between radical and welfare approaches in geographic studies.

(04/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Areal differentiation.

(05/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Cultural regions of the world.

(06/I/5(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: Dualism in Geography.

(07/I/5(ii)/20)

  1. Write short note on Behavioural Geography.

(08/I/5d/20)

  1. ‘Quantitative Revolution and model building provided an empirical basis for geogrpahycal research’ – Elaborate.

(09/I/6b/30)

  1. Provide a broad classification of world cultural regions.

(09/I/8a/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Neo-determinism.

(10/I/5a/12)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Occidental culture realm.

(10/I/5b/12)

  1. Critically examine the method of deriving Human Development Index.

(10/I/6a/30)

  1. Critically examine the changing perspectives on the concept of areal differentiation.

(10/I/7a/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Welfare Approach in Human Geography.

(11/I/5a/12)

  1. Discuss the impact of positivism in paradigm shift in Geography.

(11/I/6a/30)

  1. Explain the parameters for assessment and the spatial pattern of Human Development Index in the world.

(13/I/7c/15)

  1. Elaborate the concept of mental map. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/5a/10)

  1. Discuss the contribution of geographers in the development of radical geography.

(14/I/6c/15)

  1. “Indo-Gangetic hearth is considered to be one of the world’s richest cultural realms.” Examine.

(14/I/7c/15)

  1. “The welfare face of geography makes it an inter disciplinary subject.” Elaborate.

(15/I/5a/10)

  1. “Regional synthesis is the crux of geographical studies.” Elaborate.

(15/I/6a/20)

  1. “Cultural regions are the most suited units to study the diversity of an area.” Comment.

(15/I/7b/15)

  1. Discuss the approaches to the study of behavioural geography.

(15/I/7c/15)

  1. “There is a rejuvenation of environmentalism as a paradigm in geographical studies.” Comment.

(15/I/8a/20)
Economic Geography

  1. Give an account of the pattern of international trade and examine the linkages between resource endowed regions and resource utilizing regions.

(87/I/8/60)

  1. Discuss the various sources of energy and their uses. Suggest the measures to overcome the present day energy crisis.

(88/I/8/60)

  1. Give an account of the spatial pattern of world food production and analyse the related problems of malnutrition and malnutrition diseases.

(90/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: World energy crisis.

(91/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Concept of ‘Limits to Growth’.

(91/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Examine the world patterns of industrial development and explain the porblems of industrial development at national levels.

(91/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Land capability versus Land use efficiency.

(92/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Measures of agricultural efficiency.

(93/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Give an account of the agricultural typology of the world as presented by Whittlesey and critically examine the parameters used in its delineation.

(93/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Dryland farming.

(95/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Write short note: Globalization of trade and industry.

(96/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Examine the bases of classification of agricultural regions as proposed by Whittlesey and explain the causes for the essential difference between intensive subsistence tillage with rice dominant and without rice in the crop association.

(96/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Types of Farming.

(98/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Explain the term resource management Discuss its relevance in the context of global resource scarcity and the future of mankind.

(98/I/7/60)

  1. How far do the patterns of economic development and those of human development correspond with each other in the world? Illustrate your answer with examples.

(99/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: The limits to growth.

(00/I/5(d)/20)

  1. To what extent do the regional patterns of economic development and human development in the world correspond with each other? Highlight situations of departure, in particular.

(02/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Concept of limits to growth.

(03/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Write down main agricultural types and their associated features with special reference to Whittlesey. Show these regions on the World map provided to you.

(06/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note on ‘Limits to Growth.’ model.

(09/I/5b/20)

  1. Provide a geographical account of global production and distribution of food.

(09/I/6a/30)

  1. “Famine, to a considerable extent, is a man – made hazard.” Elaborate.

(10/I/6b/30)

  1. Discuss the role of World Trade Organisation in determining the pattern of world trade.

(10/I/8a/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Population and Food Security.

(11/I/5d/12)

  1. Mention the agricultural regions as classified by Whittlessey and discuss their relevance.

(11/I/7b/30)

  1. Write short note on Problems faced by industries which developed due to inertia. (150 words)

(12/I/5d/12)

  1. Answer the following: Impact of failure of Monsoon on Gujarat Agro – climatic zone. (250 words)

(12/I/8b/20)

  1. Answer the following: Locational significance of Rotterdam in European economy. (250 words)

(12/I/8c/20)

  1. Write short note: Role of Venezuela in the production and export of oil.

(13/I/5b/10)

  1. Write short note: Countries most effected in case of shut down of Nuclear power.

(13/I/5d/10)

  1. Discuss the changing pattern of production and export of Coffee in the world.

(13/I/6b/10)

  1. Analyse the reasons for a comparatively poorer development of fishing grounds in tropical areas.

(13/I/7b/15)

  1. Analyse the causes for changes in the pattern of world trade.

(13/I/8b/25)

  1. Give an account of food security issues in developing countries. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/5b/10)

  1. Explain the relevance of bottom-up and top-down approaches in the development or agrarian economy. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/5d/10)

  1. Discuss environmental and economic problems associated with coal production.

(14/I/6b/15)

  1. “World is passing through a global resource dilemma.” Comment.

(14/I/8b/15)

  1. “Food productivity with purity of ecosystem is the need of the hour.” Elaborate.

(14/I/8c/15)

  1. “Energy mix is a step towards sustainability.” Discuss.

(15/I/5b/10)

  1. “Man-induced famines are becoming more common than nature-induced one.” Comment.

(15/I/6b/15)
Population and Settlement Geography

  1. Write short note on Demographic transition.

(86/I/2c/20)

  1. Define the urban sphere of influences and discuss different methods of determining the spheres of influence of cities.

(86/I/7/60)

  1. Give an account of the existing distributional pattern of population in the world and give your assessment regarding the importance of geographical factors for such a pattern.

(87/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Classification of cities.

(89/I/2d/20)

  1. Examine the causes of the international migrations of the last 50 years or so and the socio-economic and political problems generated by them.

(90/I/6/60)

  1. Enumerate the different models of the internal structure of cities. Choose one of them and discuss it in its application to a particular city.

(90/I/7/60)

  1. Trace and account for the various trends of population growth in the world during the present century.

(91/I/7/60)

  1. Citing suitable examples from India, explain the role of site and other physical factors in determining the types and patterns of rural settlements.

(92/I/7/60)

  1. Discuss the major international streams of migration in the world in recent times and account for the relationship that exists between population pressure areas and migration prospects.

(93/I/6/60)

  1. Define umland and discuss, with specific examples, the criteria for its delimitation.

(93/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Slums and squatter settlements.

(94/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Examine the theories about population control and explain the relative merits of these theories in limiting population growth.

(95/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Growth of population and food resources of the world.

(96/I/2(a)/20)

  1. Write short note: Rural – urban fringe

(97/I/2(d)/20)

  1. “Water is a scarce resource in plenty.” Comment and discuss its importance in the balanced habitat development. Support your answer with examples from Asia.

(97/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Primate city

(99/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Bring out the contrast between the internal structure of the pre-industrial and industrial cities.

(99/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Short note: Rank – Size Rule.

(00/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Discuss the causes and consequences of population migration in the world.

(00/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Concept of optimum population.

(01/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Examine the concept of sphere of urban influence and discuss the qualitative and quantitative methods used in its delimitation.

(03/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Concept of primate city.

(05/I/5(d)/20)

  1. In urban geography, what are the concepts of primate city and Rank Size Rule? Discuss in detail.

(06/I/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Delineation of Urban Fringe.

(07/I/5(iv)/20)

  1. Give an account of the functional bases of central place hierarchy.

(07/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note on the parameters used to describe the demographic transitions in the developing countries like India.

(07/I/8/60)

  1. Discuss the social and economic theories of population growth.

(08/I/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the social and economic theories of population growth.

(08/I/6/60)

  1. Elaborate the concept of Megalopolis and discuss the characteristics and problems related to two such regions selecting one each from North America and Europe.

(09/I/7/60)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Optimum population.

(10/I/5c/12)

  1. “Huge populations of developing countries are not a curse. These may be and also are an asset, if situations are property managed.” Elaborate on the assertion.

(10/I/8b/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Secondary cities in the context of urbanization in developing world.

(11/I/5b/12)

  1. Write short note on Relevance of distance decay principle in India cities. (150 words)

(12/I/5a/12)

  1. Write short note on Impact of migration on urban demography. (150 words)

(12/I/5b/12)

  1. Write short note on Similarities in the population distribution of southern continents and reasons for the same. (150 words)

(12/I/5c/12)

  1. Write short note one Status of infant mortality rate in the world. (150 words)

(12/I/5d/12)

  1. “Though 70% of Indian population is rural, urban planning is crucial to the development of India.” Discuss. (400 words)

(120/I/6b/30)

  1. Answer the following: Impact of changing fertility ratio on world population distribution. (250 words)

(12/I/7b/20)

  1. Answer the following: “Colonial forces resulted in the primate pattern of urban process in most Southeast Asian countries.” Discuss. (250 words)

(12/I/7c/20)

  1. Answer the following: Regional shifts in the world urbanization after 1950 and the varied characteristics of urban process. (250 words)

(12/I/8a/20)

  1. Write short note: Misra’s theoretical stages of Rural-Urban Process.

(13/I/5c/10)

  1. What is Geriatrics? What are the problems associated with Geriatric population?

(13/I/6a/20)

  1. “Urban Geography is nothing but city “in” area and city “as” area.” Elaborate.

(13/I/8a/25)

  1. Discuss the factors responsible for counter – urbanization. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/5c/10)

  1. Discuss Nelson’s method of functional classification of towns.

(15/I/5c/10)

  1. Critically examine the theories on population migration.

(15/I/6c/15)
Regional Planning

  1. Discuss the genetic classification of international boundaries. How does it differ from the morphological classification?

(86/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note on Concepts of nation and state.

(87/I/2c/20)

  1. Write short note on Geopolitics.

(88/I/2c/20)

  1. What is a region? Discuss the types of regions & the methods of regionalization.

(00/I/8/60)

  1. Examine the spatial patterns of development disparity prevailing in the world.

(01/I/6/60)

  1. Critically examine the role of growth centres and growth poles in regional development process.

(01/I/7/60)

  1. Write an essay on ‘sustainable development’ from the perspective of geography.

(02/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Regional imbalance.

(03/I/5(d)/20)

  1. Discuss various strategies for correcting regional imbalances.

(04/I/7/60)

  1. What is a region? Discuss the methods of regionalization.

(05/I/8/60)

  1. What is the concept of a region? Discuss the types regions.

(06/I/7/60)

  1. Explain the concept of sustainable development and propose a model for agricultural development.

(07/I/6/60)

  1. Highlight the significance of environmental issues in Regional Planning.

(09/I/8b/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Ingredients of Sustainable Development.

(11/I/5e/12)

  1. Enumerate alternative strategies of planning for backward regions.

(11/I/6b/30)

  1. Answer the following: Salient features of watershed planning and its advantages and disadvantages. (250 words)

(12/I/7a/20)

  1. “Urban Solid Waste Management poses the greatest challenge in Metropolitan Planning.” Elaborate.

(13/I/7a/20)

  1. “Rural sustainability is necessary for urban sustainability.” Discuss the statement in the backdrop of integrated development approach.

(14/I/7b/20)

  1. Explain the qualitative and quantitative methods of delineation of the sphere of urban influence.

(14/I/8a/20)

  1. “Development planning has a component of environmental cost.” Discuss.

(15/I/5e/10)

  1. “Geographical traits lead to regional imbalances.” Examine.

(15/I/8b/15)

  1. “Vital Statistics are necessary ingredients for development planning.” Elaborate.

(15/I/8c/15)
Models, Theories & Laws in Human Geography

  1. Write short note on Systems approach in geography.

(87/I/2b/20)

  1. Write short note: Theories of agricultural location.

(87/I/2d/20)

  1. Examine the various theories concerning the internal structure of cities and discuss how far they are applicable to Indian cities.

(87/I/7/60)

  1. Analyse Christaller’s Central Place Theory and the modifications introduced in it and examine its relevance in teh present day context.

(88/I/7/60)

  1. Discuss in detail the Heartland concept of Mackinder and the criticism it has attracted in recent years.

(89/I/7/60)

  1. Review in detail the various theories of the location of industries.

(89/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Central place theory.

(92/I/2(d)/20)

  1. Discuss the theories of Industrial location propounded by any two of the follwoing: Weber; Hoover and smith.

(92/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: System approach in Geography.

(93/I/2(b)/20)

  1. Write short note: Models in Geography.

(94/I/2(b)/20)

  1. ‘Oil has placed in the hands of Arab nations a tremendous geopolitical weapon with which they yield power.’ Comment.

(94/I/7/60)

  1. Discuss Von Thunen’s model of agricultural land use and examine if the model is applicable to India.

(94/I/8/60)

  1. Explain and illustrate the models of internal structure of cities as proposed by Burgess and Hoyt. Mention also the limitations of these models.

(95/I/8/60)

  1. ‘Without the Mediterranean, Europe could not be held, without the Middle East the Mediterranean could not be held’ Discuss.

(96/I/8/60)

  1. Critically examine Alfred Weber’s Theory of the Location of Industries.

(97/I/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Locational Triangle.

(98/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Gravity model.

(99/I/2(c)/20)

  1. Explain the basis and applicability of Christaller’s Central Place Theory. Bring out the recent modifications.

(00/I/7/60)

  1. Discuss the concept and application of systems analysis in Human Geography.

(01/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Isolated state.

(02/I/5(c)/20)

  1. Write short note: Rimland Theory.

(02/I/5(d)/20)

  1. Bring out the main points of difference between the central place theories of Christaller and Losch.

(02/I/6/60)

  1. Critically examine the stages Economic Growth Model propounded by Rostov. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

(03/I/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Growth pole.

(04/I/5d/20)

  1. To what extent are the heartland and rimland theories helpful in understanding the world political situation today? Express your opinion clearly.

(04/I/6/60)

  1. Examine the Heart – land theory, and assess its merits and demerits.

(05/I/6/60)

  1. Discuss Weber’s theory of industrial location, and assess its relevance in the present-day context.

(05/I/7/60)

  1. Describe the laws of international boundaries & frontiers.

(08/I/7/60)

  1. Discuss the views of von Thunen on agricultural location.

(08/I/8/60)

  1. Write a note on Weight Triangle.

(09/I/5a/20)

  1. Write short explanatory note on Growth poles.

(10/I/5d/12)

  1. Write short explanatory note on von Thunen’s concept of economic rent.

(10/I/5e/12)

  1. Bring out the sequential improvements in models of city structure by E.W. Burgess, Homer Hoyt, and Harris and Ullman.

(10/I/7b/30)

  1. Write short explanatory note on isodapane in the Theory of Industrial Location.

(11/I/5c/12)

  1. Distinguish between boundaries and frontiers. Identify different types of boundaries.

(11/I/7a/30)

  1. Discuss Systems Approach and its applicability in Geography.

(11/I/8a/30)

  1. Critically examine the salient features of Central Place Theory propounded by Christaller and Losch.

(11/I/8b/30)

  1. Evaluate the various models on population density distribution in urban centres. (400 words)

(12/I/6a/30)

  1. Write short note: Relevance of Heartland theory in Contemporary World.

(13/I/5e/10)

  1. What are the basic postulates in the Central Place Model of Christaller?

(13/I/6c/20)

  1. Critically analyse application of models in Geography. (in about 150 words)

(14/I/5e/10)

  1. Explain the necessary conditions of takeoff and subsequent stages of development of a nation as propounded by Rostow.

(14/I/6a/15)

  1. Giving suitable examples, describe the importance of system analysis in geographical studies.

(14/I/7a/15)

  1. “Mar’s view on population is more humanistic.” Comment.

(15/I/5d/10)

  1. Discuss the relevance of Von Thunen’s model on agricultural location in the contemporary context.

(15/I/7a/20)
Miscellaneous

  1. Write short note: Buffer zone.

(97/I/2a/20)

Paper – II

Physical Setting

  1. The drainage systems of the two regions: Peninsular and extra – Peninsular India are very different in their character. What are these difference and why?

(86/II/1a/20)

  1. Give the salient features of the Aravalliswith respect to geologic structure, relief and impact on human settlements.

(87/II/1a/20)

  1. Analyse the mechanism of Indian Monsoon. How are the spatial temporal variations and vicissitudes in percipitation related to this mechanism?

(86/II/2/60)

  1. Give the geographical cases of unity and diversity in India.

(88/II/1b/20)

  1. Evaluate the Koppen’s scheme of climatic regionalisation of India.

(88/II/1d/20)

  1. Explain the salient features of the structure, relief and drainage of the Himalayas.

(88/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the causes of soil erosion occurring over extensive areas in certain parts of India. What measures would you suggest for solving this problem?

(89/II/1a/20)

  1. Give an outline of the geological history of the Peninsular India and in its terms. Explain the salient features of the relief of the areas.

(89/II/2/60)

  1. Explain some of the important theories of the origin of the South-West monsoon in India. Evaluate the impact of its characteristics with occurrence of floods and droughts in different parts of our country

(90/II/2/60)

  1. Elucidate the character of the Himalayan Rivers and examine their role in the Indian plains.

(91/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the characteristics and productivity of the ‘Regur’ balck soils of India.

(92/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Discuss the major characteristics of the Indian monsoon with special emphasis on the causative factors.

(92/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the geographical factors responsible for the growth of mangrove vegetation in Indian and discuss its role in coastal ecology.

(93/II/1(a)/20)

  1. ‘India presents an example of unity in diversity’. Elucidate this statement in the context of India’s physical and human aspect.

(93/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the drainage characteristics of Peninsular India.

(94/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Discuss the recent theories put forward to explain the origin and mechanism of the Indian Monsoon.

(94/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the factors responsible for uneven distribution of rainfall in India.

(95/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Examine the origin and characteristics of the soils of the North Indian Plain.

(95/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Draw a sketch-map in your answer book to delineate the main physiographic regions of India and provide a reasoned account of the relief and structure of the Himalayan region.

(95/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Examine the origin and characteristics of the antecedent drainage system of the Himalayas.

(96/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Discuss the distribution and characteristics of the evergreen forest in India.

(96/II/1(c)/20)

  1. Draw a sketch-map in your answer book to delineate the main climatic regions of India and discuss the important climatic characteristics of each region.

(96/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the origin and main geomorphic features of Thar Desert of India.

(97/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Evaluate the feasibility of the proposed Ganga-Cauveri drainage link.

(98/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Explain the rise of the Himalayan ranges.

(99/II/1(a)/20)

  1. Elucidate the mechanism of the Indian Monsoon.

(99/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Describe the structure and relief features of Peninsular India.

(00/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the relief features of India Northern Plains.

(01/II/2/60)

  1. Give a brief account of the second-order regions of India’s Peninsular Plateau.

(01/II/5(b)/20)

  1. Explain the sequence of vegetation zones of the Himalayas.

(01/II/5(c)/20)

  1. Explain the origin, mechanism and characteristics of Summer Monsoon in India.

(02/II/2/60)

  1. Highlight the salient differences between the Himalayan and the Peninsular drainage systems.

(03/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, especially with reference to Stamp’s climatic regionalization.

(04/II/2/60)

  1. Give a critical account of the recent theories of origin of India monsoon with special reference to Jet Stream Theory.

(06/II/2/60)

  1. Distinguish between the Himalayan and the peninsular drainage systems.

(07/II/2/60)

  1. Distinguish between the Himalayan and the peninsular drainage systems.

(08/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the formation and their distribution of the major soil types of India.

(09/II/2a/30)

  1. Give reasons as to why rainfall variability is a characteristic feature of India’s monsoons.

(09/II/2b/30)

  1. Distinguish between the West and East coasts of India in terms of their evolution, present topography and drainage pattern.

(09/II/3/60)

  1. Explain Himalayan Orogeny and illustrate how the process has affected the geomorphic characteristics of Macro divisions of Himalayas.

(10/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the spatial distribution of Natural Vegetation in India with the help of a sketched map.

(10/II/3a/30)

  1. Present a comparative analysis of the regimes of Himalayan and Peninsular rivers of India and examine their implications in the irrigation system of the country.

(11/II/2/60)

  1. Explain the structural characteristics of the Deccan plateau.

(12/II/2a/30)

  1. Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, specially with reference to stamp’s climatic regionalization.

(12/II/2b/30)

  1. Explain the topographical and structural characteristics of the Siwalik Range. (150 words)

(13/II/1b/30)

  1. Discuss the mechanism of Indian Monsoon. (150 words)

(13/II/1c/10)

  1. How is drainage pattern determined by the water divide? (150 words)

(14/II/1c/10)

  1. Bring out the distribution of Laterite soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.

(14/II/2a/20)

  1. Describe the salient climatological characteristics of Rayalaseema region.

(14/II/4a/15)

  1. Explain the pattern of winter rainfall in India. (In about 150 words)

(15/II/1c/10)

  1. How does natural vegetation affect the formation of in situ soils? (In about 150 words)

(15/II/1e/10)
Resources

  1. Discuss briefly the utilization, distribution and production of manganese in India.

(86/II/1c/20)

  1. Describe the programmes for management and development of forests in India under the National Forest Policy. Mention briefly the roles of other institution in the development of forestry in the country.

(86/II/1d/20)

  1. Discuss the utilization and conservation of coal of India resources.

(88/II/1c/20)

  1. Assess the fish resources of India and examine the present and future prospects of their exploitation

(89/II/1c/20)

  1. Analyse the spatial patterns of the utilization of groundwater for tube-well irrigation in different parts of India.

(89/II/1d/20)

  1. Attempt a spatial analysis of the development of minerals based industries in relation to mineral resources potentialities and their exploitation in different states of India.

(89/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the spatial variation in the developmental levels of canal irrigation in India in relation to the physical setting.

(90/II/1d/20)

  1. Assess the fossil fuel reserves of India in terms of current and future demands for energy. Examine the present and future and prospects of the their utilization.

(90/II/3/60)

  1. Explain the distribution of the major mineral resources of the Deccan plateau together with the extent of their exploitation.

(92/II/4/60)

  1. Critically examine the marine resources of India and discuss the problems encountered in their development.

(93/II/4/60)

  1. Examine the forest resources of India and explain the principles of conservation which could be applied to improve the forest wealth of India.

(94/II/3/60)

  1. Examine the fossil fuel resources of India with particular reference to the present and future demands for energy.

(95/II/3/60)

  1. Critically examine the metalliferous mineral resources of India with particular reference to their present and future demands.

(96/II/3/60)

  1. Examine the resources of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

(98/II/1(c)/20)

  1. Bring out the present-day position of exploitation and processing of nuclear minerals in India.

(98/II/1(d)/20)

  1. Examine the pattern of distribution and mode of exploitation of bauxite in India.

(98/II/4/60)

  1. Examine the need for conservation of biotic resources in India.

(99/II/1(c)/20)

  1. Examine the National Forest Policy of India.

(00/II/5(c)/20)

  1. Give an account of the success and prospects of Blue Revolution with comments on its impacts of rural economy of India.

(03/II/3/60)

  1. Identify the improtant biotic-resource regions of India. Highlight, in brief the problems and remedial measures of biotic resource conservation in India.

(04/II/3/60)

  1. “Non-conventional energy is the energy of the future in India.” Justify this statement.

(05/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the need of conservation and utility of water resources in India.

(07/II/3/60)

  1. Suggest appropriate energy policy for minimizing energy crisis in India.

(08/II/5a/20)

  1. Discuss the emerging pattern of surface water utilisation in India.

(10/II/4a/30)

  1. Assess as to how surface water utilisation affects food production and food security in the country.

(10/II/4b/30)

  1. Write about the Offshore oilfields and coastal ecology.

(10/II/5b/15)

  1. Identify the major biosphere reserves of India and discuss their role in the conservation of forest and wildlife.

(11/II/3a/30)

  1. Give an account of potentially and prospects of development of marine resources of India.

(11/II/3b/30)

  1. Write about Karewa Deposits and their economic significance.

(11/II/5b/15)

  1. Delineate the mineral belts of India and mention their distinctive features.

(12/II/3a/30)

  1. Delineate the coalfields of India and mention their distinctive features. (150 words)

(13/II/2b/15)

  1. Highlight the socio-economic and ecological roles of river Cauvery in its riverine tract.

(14/II/3a/20)

  1. Account for the geographical distribution of ground water resources of India. How serious it its depletion in recent decades?

(15/II/2a/20)

  1. Outline the Government of India’s strategies of conservation of the Western Ghats.

(15/II/8c/15)
Agriculture

  1. Describe the problems of production and distribution of food crops in India from the regional point of view.

(86/II/2/60)

  1. Give an account of the infrastructural factors necessary for promoting agricultural development in the dry zones of India with specific examples.

(86/II/4/60)

  1. Outline the impact of land reform measures on agricultural development in India.

(87/II/1c/20)

  1. Analyse the relationship between cropping intensity and agricultural productivity and throw light on the measures of increasing the cropping intensity in India.

(88/II/4/60)

  1. Formulate a suitable agricultural land-use policy that will achieve the twin goals of optimum agricultural efficiency and crop productivity.

(89/II/4/60)

  1. What is the significance of land capability classification in land use planning? Explain the method of long capability classification adopted by the All India land use and soil survey organisation.

(90/II/1a/20)

  1. Analyse critically whether the existing cropping in different parts of India would need any change for better agriculture performance in future.

(90/II/4/60)

  1. What is meant by ‘Operation Flood’ Discuss the manner of its implementation and its success in India.

(91/II/1(d)/20)

  1. Discuss the role of animal husbandry in the agricultural economy of India with special reference to any one region.

(91/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the role of social forestry in any one region of India.

(92/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Explain the distribution and characteristics of dry zone agriculture.

(92/II/1(c)/20)

  1. What is meant by Green Revolution? Explain its successes and failures.

(92/II/1(d)/20)

  1. Explain the role of institutional factors in the development in agriculture in India.

(93/II/1(d)/20)

  1. Differentiate between agricultural efficiency and agricultural productivity and discuss the methods used in the determination of agricultural efficiency in India.

(94/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the role of infrastructural, scientific and technological developments in the recent transformation of India agriculture.

(95/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the importance of irrigation in India Agriculture and describe the methods of irrigation practised in either the Ganga Valley or the Karnataka Maharashtra region.’

(96/II/4/60)

  1. Examine the significance of social forestry in the rural economy of India.

(97/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Discuss the impact of green revolution on the agricultural production in India.

(97/II/1(d)/20)

  1. Divide Peninsular India into agricultural regions. Explain the basis of such a regionalisation.

(97/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the role of institutional factors in the efficiency and productivity of agriculture in India.

(98/II/1(b)/20)

  1. Discuss the cropping patterns in different agricultural regions of India.

(98/II/3/60)

  1. Write an essay on the role of animal husbandry and household industries in the development of rural economy in India.

(99/II/2/60)

  1. Critically examine the role of infrastructural and institutional factors in the recent transformation of Indian agriculture.

(99/II/4/60)

  1. Examine the geographical basis of agroclimatic planning regions of India.

(01/II/3/60)

  1. Critically evaluate the dual impacts of green revolution in India.

(02/II/3/60)

  1. Present an account of the success and constraints of White Revolution in India.

(05/II/3/60)

  1. Discuss the problems and prospects of dry zone agriculture in India and highlight strategies and schemes for its development.

(06/II/3/60)

  1. “The institutional factors have grip over the crop pattern and crop productivity on Indian agriculture.” Justify.

(07/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the bases of identifying agroclimatic zones and explain the core-strategies for agricultural development.

(08/II/3/60)

  1. Discuss teh potentiality and status of aqua-culture in the Ganga Plain.

(11/II/4a/30)

  1. Write about Prospects of Rainbow Revolution in India.

(11/II/5a/15)

  1. Write about impact of land tenure on agricultural productivity in India.

(11/II/5c/15)

  1. Write about Agro- forestry in India.

(11/II/5d/15)

  1. Divide India into agricultural regions and critically examine the role of ecological and human factors responsible for transformation of agricultural economy in any one region.

(12/II/3b/30)

  1. Explain the method of delineating crop-association regions with reference to India. (150 words)

(13/II/1e/10)

  1. Discuss the potentiality and present status of horticulture in the Western and Central Himalaya. (250 words)

(13/II/2a/20)

  1. Discuss the role of institutional factors in shaping the pattern of Indian agriculture. (150 words)

(13/II/3b/15)

  1. Define agricultural productivity. Mention the methods of its measurement and bring out the disparities in its regional distribution. (150 words)

(13/II/4b/15)

  1. Why has agro and social forestry has failed to achieve its objectives? (150 words)

(14/II/1e/10)

  1. ‘In spite of various negative impacts of Green Revolution, there is a demand for New Green Revolution.’ Elaborate.

(14/II/1e/10)

  1. Explain how modernization of Indian agriculture is affected by unfavorable institutional factors with suitable examples.

(15/II/1c/15)

  1. Distinguish between ‘agricultural productivity’ and ‘agricultural efficiency,’ and bring out the disparity in regional distribution of agricultural efficiency.

(15/II/3a/20)

  1. With the help of a map, indicate the principal areas of dryland farming in the country and account for famers’ suicides mainly in those areas.

(15/II/3b/15)

  1. Discuss the scope replication of ‘While Revolution’ in India.

(15/II/4c/15)
Industry

  1. Write short note on Aluminium industry in India.

(86/II/5c/20)

  1. Discuss the location, present situation and future prospect of the jute industry in India.

(86/II/6/60)

  1. What is an industrial complex? Describe the growth, problems and prospects of any major industrial complex in India.

(86/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note on Agro-based Industries of India.

(87/II/5b/20)

  1. Trace the evolution of Industrial Policy in India and bring on its impact of industrial development of the country.

(87/II/6/60)

  1. Write short note on Location and growth of Fertilizer Industry in India.

(88/II/5a/20)

  1. Write short note on Types of rural industries and their basis in teh Rajasthan-Gujarat region.

(92/II/5(a)/20)

  1. Growth of agro-based industries in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

(93/II/5(a)/20)

  1. Identify the important periods of industrialisation in India and analyse the character of its two most developed industrial regions.

(93/II/6/60)

  1. Identification of industrially backward areas and problems in their development.

(94/II/5(a)/20)

  1. Draw a sketch-map to delineate the major industrial complexes of India and discuss their important characteristics.

(94/II/6/60)

  1. Write short note: Recent changes in India’s basic industrial policy.

(95/II/5a/20)

  1. Examine critically the factors for the localization of iron and steel industry in India with special reference to the newer centres of steel production.

(95/II/6/60)

  1. Analyse the factors for the localization of either the cotton textile or the sugar industry in India and note the recent trends in the industry.

(96/II/6/60)

  1. Analyse the locational pattern of cement industry in India.

(97/II/5a/20)

  1. Critically examine the locational patterns and trend of production of forest based industries in India.

(97/II/6/60)

  1. Examine the importance of industrial estates in India.

(98/II/5a/20)

  1. Bring out the trends in the development of fertilizer industry in India.

(98/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the factors for the localisation of either the cement or the cotton textile industry in India and analyse the pattern of its distribution.

(99/II/3/60)

  1. Discuss the growth, location and distribution of Iron and Steel Industry in India.

(00/II/4/60)

  1. Describe the growth, characteristics and distribution pattern of India’s industrial regions.

(01/II/4/60)

  1. Analyse the role of policy of liberalization on industrial landscape of India.

(02/II/5b/20)

  1. Trace the evolution of industries in India & evaluate the role of multinationals & liberalisation policies in this context.

(06/II/4/60)

  1. Bring out the impact of multinationals and liberalisation on the Industrial Economy / Pattern of India.

(07/II/6/60)

  1. Explain the factors promoting the rapids growth and development of the automobile industry in India, giving suitable examples.

(08/II/4/60)

  1. Examine the role of raw materials in the location of the Iron and Steel Industry in India. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

(09/II/4/60)

  1. Explain the factors responsible for the distribution of Sugar industry in India.

(09/II/5b/30)

  1. Examine the problems and prospects of agro-based industries in Bihar.

(10/II/3b/30)

  1. Assess the scope and development of Pharmaceutical Industry in India.

(11/II/4b/30)

  1. Describe the development of textile industry in India.

(12/II/4a/20)

  1. Identify the spatial pattern of agro-industrial regions of India. Analyse the potentiality of Malwa as an important agro-industrial region of the future. (200 words)

(12/II/4c/20)

  1. Identify the main industrial clusters of India and account for their development. (150 words)

(13/II/1d/10)

  1. Explain the role of multinationals in globalization of industries in India. (150 words)

(13/II/2c/15)

  1. Distributional pattern of industries in India does not provide requisite basis for division of teh country into distinct industrial regions. Elaborate. (250 words)

(13/II/3a/20)

  1. Discuss the problems in realization of benefits of globalization and liberalization in industrial sector of India. (150 words)

(13/II/4c/15)

  1. Explain how eco-tourism activities could be important livelihood options in the Himalayan and North-Eastern regions of the country. (150 words)

(14/II/1b/10)

  1. Location of thermal power plants and coal fields in India are not mutually conducive. Analyse. (150 words)

(14/II/1d/10)

  1. Describe the problems of agro-based industries in India in general and cotton textiles in particular.

(14/II/2c/15)

  1. What are the desired possible changes in our trade policy to promote the development of cottage industry?

(14/II/4c/15)

  1. Why does the pharmaceutical industry concentrate largely in the western region of the country? (In about 150 words)

(15/II/1b/10)

  1. Why is the traditional crafts industry in India on the decline?

(15/II/2b/15)
Transport, Communication &Trade

  1. Development of Railway transport in India during different plan periods.

(86/II/5a/20)

  1. Discuss the significance, traffic flow pattern, emerging trends and problems of road transport in India.

(87/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note in about 200 words. Significance of inland waterways in the development of transportation and trade.

(89/II/5b/20)

  1. Analyse the role of different types of transport in the commodity flows of the Delta regions of East India.

(91/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the basis on which the current network of Airways is built in India, highlighting its role in the overall transportation milieu.

(92/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss briefly the overall pattern of inter regional trade in India.

(93/II/7/60)

  1. Role and characteristics of rural market centres in different parts of India.

(93/II/5b/20)

  1. Write short note: Competitive and complementary character of the Indian rail-route and road network.

(94/II/5b/20)

  1. role of rural market centres in promoting intra and inter-regional trade.

(95/II/5b/20)

  1. Geographical impediments in the development of inland waterways in India.

(96/II/5a/20)

  1. Discuss the nature of commodity flows in India,

(97/II/5c/20)

  1. Explain the role of railways as a unifying factor in Indian economy.

(98/II/5c/20)

  1. Role of rural market centres in fostering intra and inter-regional trade in India.

(99/II/5a/20)

  1. Critically examine the complementary and competitive character of the Indian rail-routes and the road network.

(99/II/8/60)

  1. Analyse the recent trends in Indian International Trade.

(00/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the oil and natural gas pipeline networks in India. Highlight their complementary role in regional development.

(02/II/4/60)

  1. Discuss the growing importance of ports in foreign trade of India.

(03/II/4/60)

  1. Give a comparative account of the development of River Water Transport in pre-colonial and post-independence periods in India. Highlight the role of River Transport in regional development.

(04/II/4/60)

  1. What is the Golden Quadrilateral? Discuss the progress made in its execution and impacts of Indian economy.

(05/II/4/60)

  1. What is the role of the Triplet Transport System in the regional development of India?

(09/II/5a/30)

  1. Assess the growing importance of air transport in India and examine its role in the regional development of the country.

(11/II/6a/30)

  1. Examine the role of road transport in regional development taking suitable examples from an area you have studied in detail.

(12/II/4b/20)

  1. Discuss the problems and prospects of National Waterway No.1

(14/II/3b/15)

  1. Evaluate the contribution of Communication and Information Technology to the development of economy and society, and examine the relevance of the recently launched “Digital India” programme.

(15/II/3c/15)

  1. How has India’s “Look East” policy taken shape in the past two decades and how it may affect India’s external trade?

(15/II/7b/15)
Cultural Setting

  1. Discuss the problems of the tribal areas and suggest measures for solving them.

(89/II/1b/20)

  1. Analyse the recent trends in the growth and density of population of India and evaluate the socio-economic and environmental problems generated by them,

(89/II/3/60)

  1. Analyse the causes of the low literacy rate of India. Suggest feasible measures for raising the literacy level.

(90/II/1c/20)

  1. Identify the major tribal communities in India by regions and examine the problems common to all of them and the ways of their solution.

(91/II/3/60)

  1. Examine critically the major factors responsible for the growth of two highest population density zones in India.

(92/II/3/60)

  1. Elucidate the current population policy of India and comment on its effectiveness.

(93/II/1c/20)

  1. Analyse the changes in the literacy rate during the post-independence period in India.

(93/II/1d/20)

  1. Elucidate the population density types of India.

(94/II/1b/20)

  1. Discuss the problems of tribal areas in India.

(95/II/1c/20)

  1. Elucidate the measures taken to limit the growth of population in India.

(95/II/1d/20)

  1. Elucidate the genesis of ethnic and cultural diversities in India.

(96/II/1d/20)

  1. Name the million cities of India according to 1991 census and critically examine the factors for unprecedented growth in their population in the last 40 years.

(96/II/7/60)

  1. Examine the genesis of racial diversity in India.

(97/II/1c/20)

  1. Critically examine the factors affecting the distributional pattern of population in India.

(97/II/2/60)

  1. Critically examine the problems and prospects of tribal areas in India.

(98/II/2/60)

  1. Discuss the genesis of ethnic and racial diversities in India.

(99/II/1d/20)

  1. Analyse the distribution of population in India in the perspective of natural resources and identify the over-populated and under-populated regions in the country.

(00/II/3/60)

  1. Elucidate the sex and age structure of the population of India.

(01/II/5a/20)

  1. Account for the present distributional pattern of population density in India.

(02/II/5a/20)

  1. In what way the language, religion and tradition can form the basis of cultural regionalisaton of India? Elaborate.

(02/II/5a/20)

  1. Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control.

(04/II/5a/20)

  1. “Economic characteristics of an area exert a much more direct effect upon its population patterns than do the physical characteristics.” Explain with examples.

(04/II/6/60)

  1. Identify the tribal areas of India and highlight their important problems.

(05/II/5a/20)

  1. Discuss the causes and consequences of sex-ratio their important problems.

(06/II/5a/20)

  1. Present an account of tribals, tribal areas and their problems in India.

(06/II/7/20)

  1. Explain the causes and consequence of migration.

(07/II/5b/20)

  1. Describe & explain the spatial patterns of literacy in India.

(08/II/5b/20)

  1. Write about the Ethnic diversity of North-eastern States.

(10/II/5d/15)

  1. Explain how Demographic Transition created Demographic Divide in Contemporary India.

(10/II/8a/30)

  1. Discuss the spatial pattern of intra-regional migration in India and examine its implications in regional development.

(11/II/6b/30)

  1. Write about linguistic diversity in North-eastern states. (150 words)

(12/II/5b/12)

  1. Write about Geographical reasons for the variation in literacy from state to state in India. (150 words)

(12/II/5c/12)

  1. Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control.

(12/II/6a/30)

  1. How age structure affects dependency ratio? Explain with suitable examples. (200 words)

(12/II/bb/20)

  1. What do you understand by ‘Young India’? How can the present state of population composition be converted into an asset for the country? (150 words)

(13/II/3c/15)

  1. Demographic dividend and its implications on Indian socio-economic environment.

(13/II/5c/10)

  1. Describe the impact of linguistic diversity on the development of various regions of India. (150 words)

(13/II/8b/15)

  1. Highlight the implications of declining child sex ratio in India. (150 words)

(14/II/5b/10)

  1. Discuss the trends in emigration focusing on its major thrust.

(14/II/6a/20)

  1. “Age-sex pyramid is representative of the history of a region.” Explain. (in about 150 words)

(15/II/5b/10)

  1. Discuss the social and spatial ramifications of increasing longevity. (in about 150 words)

(15/II/5e/10)

  1. In population planning the thrust of the Government has been ‘planning the population’ not ‘plan for the population.’ Elaborate.

(15/II/6b/15)
Settlements

  1. Writes short note on Functional and hierarchical patterns of Indian cities.

(86/II/5b/20)

  1. Write short note on Functional and Morphological Typology of Indian Cities.

(87/II/5a/20)

  1. Discuss the process, pattern and impact of urbanisation in India.

(88/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the recent trends in urbanisation in India and briefly describe the main characteristics and problems of the major Indian cities.

(89/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Function, Classification and hierarchy of urban settlements.

(90/II/5b/20)

  1. Write short note: Growth of urban slums and problems associated with hem.

(90/II/5c/20)

  1. Analyse the extent of urban population growth in India in the last four decades.

(91/II/1b/20)

  1. Explain the hierarchical pattern of Indian cities and discus their growth and distribution.

(91/II/7/60)

  1. Major characteristics of the rural – urban fringe around metropolitan cities.

(92/II/5b/20)

  1. Describe briefly the internal structure of Indian cities, together with the ensuing problems. Illustrate your answer with specific examples.

(92/II/7b/60)

  1. Distinguishing features of an urban slum and its position in metropolitan area.

(93/II/5c/20)

  1. Write short note: Internal structure of an Indian city.

(94/II/5c/20)

  1. Bring out the salient characteristics of Indian urbanization with suitable examples.

(94/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Land-use characteristics of the rural-urban fringe in India.

(95/II/5c/20)

  1. Explain, with the help of suitable examples and illustrations, the distribution of various patterns of rural settlements in India.

(95/II/7/60)

  1. Factors for the growth of slums in the metropolitan cities of India.

(96/II/5b/20)

  1. Examine the census concept of urban areas in India.

(97/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the geographical control of rural settlement pattern in India.

(98/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the concept of city region and referring to Indian cities, examine critically functional indicators used for delimiting the city region.

(98/II/7/60)

  1. Hierarchical pattern of Indian towns.

(99/II/5b/20)

  1. Explain, with suitable examples and sketch-maps, the distribution of various patterns of rural settlements in India.

(99/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the environmental impact of the growth of slums in Indian cities.

(00/II/5d/20)

  1. Describe the salient characteristics of the morphology of Indian cities.

(00/II/6/60)

  1. Provide the geographical background and characteristics of the distribution of Hill Stations of India.

(01/II/5d/20)

  1. Discuss the census definition of urban areas in India.

(03/II/5a/20)

  1. How do slums develop? Give concrete suggestions for their improvement.

(04/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss briefly the principal types of rural settlements in India.

(05/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the elements and approaches of town planning in India.

(06/II/5d/20)

  1. Explain the morphology of Indian cities in the background of existing morphological models.

(06/II/6/60)

  1. “Slums are urban menace.” Elucidate with Indian cities as examples.

(07/II/8/60)

  1. ‘Unplanned urban development has created numerous problems.’ Comment.

(08/II/6/60)

  1. State the geographical factors which influence rural house types in India.

(09/II/5c/30)

  1. “There is no sharp divide where an urban settlement stops and rural area begins.” Analyse the statement with reference to the sprawl of Indian cities.

(09/II/7/60)

  1. How do the ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors operate for the emergence of slums in the metropolises of India?

(09/II/8a/30)

  1. Outline the role of Class I and Class II towns in the urban process of India and indicate their contribution towards balanced urban development.

(10/II/7a/30)

  1. Differentiate between conurbations and metropolitan regions. Give a reasoned account of emerging conurbations in India.

(11/II/7a/30)

  1. Write about morphological characteristics of villages situated in hilly regions. (150 words)

(12/II/5e/12)

  1. Give an account of geogrpahical conditions responsible for the development of different types of rural settlements in India.

(12/II/6b/30)

  1. Write a note on the emergency of National Settlement System in colonial India and discuss the factors contributing to urbanization in post-independence period. (250 words)

(13/II/7a/20)

  1. Define slums and explain their problems. (150 words)

(13/II/7b/15)

  1. Analyse the feasibility of ‘Smart Towns’ Development in India.

(14/II/5c/10)

  1. Account for the multiple problems of urban agglomerations.

(14/II/6b/15)

  1. “Mono-functional towns are economically vulnerable,” Discuss (in about 150 words)

(15/II/5c/10)

  1. Reduction in regional disparities has been one of the priority goals of national planning in India. How the proposed new Smart urban centres may contribute to the process?

(15/II/7a/20)
Regional Development and Planning

  1. Write short note: Regional Planning in India.

(86/II/5d/20)

  1. Examine the geographical bases for growth of regional consciousness and regionalsim during last three decades in India.

(86/II/8/60)

  1. Indicate the criteria of identification, demarcate the industrially backward areas of India and enumerate the main hurdles in their development.

(87/II/1d/20)

  1. Discuss the population problem of India in regional perspective and make specific suggestions for tackling the problem with respect to the broad population regions.

(87/II/3a/60)

  1. Outline the agricultural regions of India indicating the bases of regionalization. Bring out the factors responsible for the emergence of different crop combination in different regions.

(87/II/4/60)

  1. Analyse the causes and consequences of regional disparity in the economic development of India and outline measures to reduce disparity.

(87/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Significance of District Planning in India.

(88/II/5c/20)

  1. Differentiate between River Basin and Command Area. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of River Basins as planning regions in India. Give concrete examples.

(88/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note: role of rural markets in regional development.

(89/II/5c/20)

  1. Write short note: Regional consciousness and national integration.

(89/II/5d/20)

  1. Analyse the prevailing patterns of regional disparities in the socio-economic development of India and evaluate the role of the five-year plans in reducing them.

(89/II/8/60)

  1. What is meant by integrated rural development planning. What are its components? What has been teh extent of its success in relation to its objectives.

(90/II/8/60)

  1. Critically examine the relationship between deforestation and environmental degradation with specific examples from any one region in India.

(91/II/1c/20)

  1. Discuss the changes brought about in Indian agriculture by the successive Five-Year Plans, mentioning their successes and failures.

(91/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Salient features of Tribal area planning.

(92/II/5c/20)

  1. Examine critically the advantages and disadvantages of multi-level planning with special reference to India.

(92/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Major causes for regional disparities in the development of India.

(93/II/5d/20)

  1. Discuss the growth of regional regions and bring about the role of metropolitan planning in fostering regional development in India.

(94/II/8/60)

  1. Give the hierarchy of planning regions and bring about the role of metropolitan planning in fostering regional development in India.

(95/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Magnitude of regional imbalances in economic development in India.

(96/II/5c/20)

  1. Explain the salient features of the tribal development programme with particular reference to either Dandakaranya of Chotanagpur.

(96/II/8/60)

  1. Evaluate the benefits of Block Level development planning in India.

(97/II/5d/20)

  1. Draw a sketch map of India showing major river basins. Examine the feasibility of the concept of river basins as a planning unit.

(97/II/7/60)

  1. Write short note: Nature and utility of multi-level planning in India.

(99/II/5c/20)

  1. Analyse the causes of regional disparities in the economic development of India and suggest measures for their removal.

(99/II/7/60)

  1. Explain the concept of multi-level planning in India.

(00/II/5a/60)

  1. Explain the concept of watershed and its utility in land management.

(01/II/7/60)

  1. Elucidate the role of Tribal Development Blocks in development of Tribal areas.

(02/II/5d/20)

  1. Give a reasoned account of regional disparities in economic development in India and bring out the contribution of decentralized planning in solving this problem.

(02/II/8/60)

  1. Explain the concept of Command Area Development in respect of Multi-Purpose Projects of India.

(03/II/5b/20)

  1. Discuss the programmes and policy of development of dry areas in India.

(03/II/6/60)

  1. Present an account of the experience of regional planning in India in the context of Damodar Valley.

(03/II/7/60)

  1. Examine the regional development policy of India in various Five Year Plans.

(04/II/8/60)

  1. Discuss Panchayati Raj as a measure of decentralised planning in India.

(05/II/5d/20)

  1. Examine the relationship between geography and regional planning.

(05/II/7/60)

  1. Discuss the experience of regional planning in India in the context of the National Capital Region.

(05/II/8/60)

  1. Explain the processes and patterns of regional disparities in India and suggest suitable measures for bringing about the regional balances.

(06/II/8/60)

  1. Discuss the politics and programmes of Integrated Rural Development Programmes in India.

(07/II/5a/20)

  1. Critically examine the Panchayati Raj setup.

(07/II/5d/20)

  1. Discuss the problems and prospects of development of catchment and command areas.

(08/II/8/60)

  1. What is Regionalism? Discuss how regionalism affects the developmental process with suitable examples.

(10/II/8b/30)

  1. Elucidate the role of Tribal Development Blocks in the development of Tribal areas. (200 words)

(12/II/8c/20)

  1. City-regions as territorial units for regional planning and development.

(13/II/5a/10)

  1. Planning and development of ‘Tribal Regions’ in India.

(13/II/5d/10)

  1. Enumerate the basic indicators of development and explain their application in identification of the spatial diversity in development in India. (150 words)

(13/II/6c/15)

  1. Discuss the objective of ‘Vision 2020’ in creation of viable village complex in India for ‘Inclusive Rural Development’ programme. (150 words)

(13/II/7c/15)

  1. Comment on the criteria of identifying Drought Prone Areas in India. (150 words)

(14/II/5d/10)

  1. Evaluate the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.

(14/II/6c/15)

  1. How can a meaningful skill development programme contribute to the economic growth of hill areas?

(14/II/7a/20)

  1. Discuss the concept of Command Area Development and evaluate its success with reference of Indira Gandhi Canal.

(14/II/8b/15)

  1. Discuss the relationship of watershed approach to village level planning (In about 150 words)

(15/II/1d/10)

  1. Decentralized planning through the strengthening of the Panchayat system is the focus of planning in India in recent times. Suggest a blueprint for an integrated regional development plan.

(15/II/6a/20)

  1. Is planning for a cluster of villages a viable option, when planning for backward areas of the country? Discuss with suitable examples.

(15/II/6c/15)

  1. Indian island territories are vulnerable to the sea level rise. Explain.

(15/II/7c/15)

  1. Discuss the concept of multi-level planning as practised in India, and explain the implications of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in this respect.

(15/II/8a/20)
Political Aspects

  1. Write short note: Geopolitical significance of the Indian Ocean.

(87/II/5d/20)

  1. Write short note: The Sino-Indian Boundary.

(88/II/5d/20)

  1. Critically examine the political consequences of the regionalisation of our country on the basis of language.

(90/II/1b/20)

  1. Write short note: The international boundary of India and related issues.

(90/II/5d/20)

  1. Discuss the political issued involved in the ‘Tin Bigha’ or Siachen dispute.

(91/II/5d/20)

  1. Write short note: Major issues involved in the Sino-Indian boundary conflict.

(92/II/5d/20)

  1. Examine critically the geographical basis of the Indian federation.

(93/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Problems of militancy in India’s border states.

(94/II/5d/20)

  1. Write short note: Importance of India in the geopolitics of the Indian Ocean realm.

(95/II/5d/20)

  1. Write short note: Geographical basis of the Indian Federation.

(96/II/5d/20)

  1. Explain the basis and consequences of the establishment and implementation of recommendations of the State Re-organisation Commission in India since 1950s.

(97/II/8/60)

  1. Discuss the geopolitical importance of Indian Ocean area.

(98/II/5d/20)

  1. Discuss the role of languages in regional consciousness and national integration in India.

(98/II/8/60)

  1. Write short note: Regional consciousness versus national integration in India.

(99/II/5d/20)

  1. Analyse the role of Indian in the geo-politics of the Indian Ocean Region.

(00/II/7/60)

  1. Discuss the geopolitical importance of India’s Land Boundaries.

(01/II/6/60)

  1. Make an appraisal of the role of India in the geopolitics of the Indian Ocean.

(03/II/5d/20)

  1. Write an essay on the origin, dimensions and implications of Sino-Indian border dispute.

(04/II/5c/20)

  1. Examine the geographical basis of Indian federalism.

(06/II/5b/20)

  1. Assess the geopolitical significance of Indian Ocean.

(08/II/5c/60)

  1. Critically examine the bases of state reorganization in India since independence.

(08/II/7/60)

  1. Write about the Role of physiographic in cross border terrorism

(10/II/5a/15)

  1. Examine the origin, dimensions and implications of the Sino-Indian border dispute.

(12/II/7a/30)

  1. Write a note on geopolitics of the Indian Ocean realm. (250 words)

(13/II/6a/20)

  1. Comment on the basis of creation of new States in India in 2000. (150 words)

(13/II/6b/15)

  1. Bring out the role of terrain in determining India’s political Influence over neighbouring countries. (150 words)

(14/II/5e/10)

  1. Discuss the implications of India’s strategic location with reference to the Indian Ocean.

(14/II/8a/20)

  1. India is involved in a number of border disputes. Explain the reasons and remedies.

(14/II/8a/20)

  1. Give a Reasoned account of river water disputes related to the River Krishna.

(15/II/8b/15)
Contemporary Issues

  1. Discuss the environmental problems regarding industrial pollution in India.

(86/II/1b/20)

  1. Analyse the ecological significance of forests in different regions of India indicating the impact of rapid deforestation.

(88/II/3/60)

  1. Explain the origin and consequences of earthquakes in the Himalayas with special reference to the Uttarkashi earthquake 1991.

(91/II/1a/20)

  1. Delineate the flood-prone areas of India by drawing a sketch map in the answer book and discuss the causes and consequences of floods in the North Indian plains.

(93/II/3/60)

  1. Examine the nature and extent of environmental degradation in the Himalayas.

(94/II/1c/20)

  1. Explain the salient features of Sardar Sarover Project and elucidate the controversy related to its implementation.

(94/II/1d/20)

  1. Explain the criteria used in the identification of drought-prone areas in India.

(96/II/1b/20)

  1. Evaluate the nature of ecological problems in India and suggest measures for their management.

(97/II/3/60)

  1. Give a reasoned account of either flood hazards of drought hazards occurring in India, and also suggest measures for controlling them.

(00/II/8/60)

  1. Explain the geographical characteristics of the regional distribution of earthquakes in India.

(01/II/8/60)

  1. Discuss the salient features of Cauvery Water Award.

(02/II/5c/20)

  1. Explain the causes, impacts and remedial measures of earthquake disaster.

(02/II/6/60)

  1. Identify the drought – prone areas of India and discuss the measures of their development.

(03/II/5c/20)

  1. Explain the causes of regional disparities in economic development of India.

(03/II/8/60)

  1. Evaluate the concept of sustainable growth and development.

(04/II/5d/20)

  1. Explain the causes, impacts and remedial measures of flood-hazards in Middle and Lower Ganga plain.

(04/II/7/60)

  1. Elucidate the concept of sustainable growth and development.

(05/II/5c/20)

  1. Give an account of the distribution of flood-prone areas of India and the programmes and policy of controlling the impact of floods in the country.

(05/II/6/60)

  1. Write an essay on the population explosion and food security in India.

(06/II/5c/20)

  1. Write a critical note on teh Cauvery River Dispute.

(07/II/5c/20)

  1. Discuss environmental problems of India in the context of rapid economic development and population growth.

(07/II/7/60)

  1. Explain the concept of sustainable development and examine its relevance.

(08/II/5d/20)

  1. Giving reasons, identify the chronic drought-prone areas of India.

(09/II/5d/20)

  1. What are the causes & consequences of environmental degradation in India’s industrial areas? Give specific examples.

(09/II/6/60)

  1. Discuss the impact of globalization on India’s industry and agriculture section.

(09/II/8b/30)

  1. Write about the Spatial pattern of soil erosion in India.

(10/II/5c/15)

  1. Define an ‘Epidemic’ and discuss the occurrence of Chikungunya in India.

(10/II/6a/30)

  1. Identify the regions affected by Chikungunya with the help of a sketched map and bring out the regional pattern of the diseases.

(10/II/6b/30)

  1. How does the formation of a National Park help ecological restoration and conservation? Explain with suitable examples.

(10/II/7b/30)

  1. Identify the ravine-affected areas in India and discuss the environmental and economic impacts of their reclamation.

(11/II/7b/30)

  1. Discuss the problems of environmental degradation generated by urban wastes in India.

(11/II/8a/30)

  1. Analyse the causes of desertification in India. Represent the decertified areas of the country on a sketch map and suggest remedial measures to control it.

(11/II/8b/30)

  1. Write about factors affecting innovation diffusion. (150 words)

(12/II/5a/12)

  1. Write about identify Tsunami affected areas and give their management problems in India. (150 words)

(12/II/5d/12)

  1. Explain the causes, impact and remedial measures of flood – hazards in the middle Ganga plain. Represent the flood – affected areas of middle Ganga plain on a sketch map in your answer – book.

(12/II/7b/30)

  1. Examine the relevance of linkage of rivers in India with special reference to Ganga-Cauveri linkage canal. (200 words)

(12/II/8a/20)

  1. Comment on the feasibility of interlinking of rivers of India and its possible contribution to resolution of water crisis. (250 words)

(13/II/4a/20)

  1. Snags in the Food Security Policy of India.

(13/II/5b/10)

  1. Identify the earthquake-prone zones and suggest strategy for their management. (250 words)

(13/II/8a/20)

  1. Describe how urbanization creates air and water pollution in India. (150 words)

(13/II/8c/15)

  1. Suggest the measures of wild-life conservation with reference to extinction of rare species.

(14/II/2b/15)

  1. Explain the concept of ‘Make in India’ and indicate the essential inputs for its success.

(14/II/3c/15)

  1. Differentiate between ‘intensity’ and ‘magnitude’ of an earthquake and explain its varying impact in different parts of India.

(14/II/7b/15)

  1. How has an inappropriate urban land use policy accounted for undesirable development in and round metropolitan cities?

(14/II/8c/15)

  1. Account for the growing frequency and intensity of floods in India, and suggest short and long-term remedial measures indicating the chronically flood-prone areas.

(15/II/4a/20)

  1. How does climate change affect the process of desertification of India?

(15/II/4b/15)

  1. Explain how change in land use can promote eco-development at different levels in the country. (in about 150 words)

(15/II/5d/10)