Public Administration

Topic Previous Years’ Questions

Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration

  1. Warldo’s ‘The Administrative State’ provides a fundamental challenge to some of the orthodox premises. Explain. (15/I/1a/10)
  2. “British philosophy of Administration is based on a unification of science of Administration with ethics.” Analyze. (14/I/8c/15)
  3. How did traditional public administration “resolve a fundamentally irresolvable problem – creating an administration strong enough to be effective but not so strong enough to endgnger accountability? (13/I/1a/10)
  4. “The study of administration should start from the base of management rather than the foundation of law.” Explain. (10/I/1d/20)
  5. “Public and Private Administrations are two species of the same genus, but they also have special values and techniques of their own.” Comment. (07/I/1a/20)
  6. “If public administration is to play a major legitimizing role in governing our complex society, it needs to be more fully conceptualized.” Discuss. (06/I/1a/20)
  7. “Though there are certain points of similarity between public and private administration yet no private organization can ever be exactly the same as a public one”- Examine. (02/I/1a/20)
  8. “Publicness” of Public Administration in an ideal democratic government remains the ultimate value in theory and practice.’ Elucidate. (01/I/1a/20)
  9. “A science of administration would be a body of formal statements describing invariant relationships between measurable objects, units, or elements. Unquestionably, administrative research has produced definite precepts and hypotheses that are applicable to concrete situation.” – (Fritz Morstein Marx) Comment. (00/I/1b/20)
  10. “What do you understand by the term under administration? What are the issues involved in it?” (99/I/7a/30)
  11. “As long as the study of public administration is not comparative, claim for a ‘science of public administration’ sounds rather hollow.” (98/I/7b/30)
  12. “The scope of administration is determined by the scope of government functions which is decided politically.” Comment. (98/I/1a/20)
  13. “In the science of administration, whether public or private, the basic ‘good’ is efficiency.” Comment. (97/I/1a/20)
  14. How far is it true to state that the bureaucratic state began to displace the administrative state; when the predominant function of the government changed from regulation to operation of business? (96/I/4/60)
  15. “The scope of Public Administration is ever expanding.” Comment. (96/I/1a/20)
  16. A theory of public administration means in our time a theory of politics also, comment. (95/I/1a/20)
  17. “The postwar formulations of White and pfiffner reflect the new ‘public policy’ orientation – the conception of administration as a political process.” Comment. (94/I/1b/20)
  18. How does Public administration differ in the developed and developing societies? How far can it modernize the traditional political culture of developing countries? (93/I/2/60)
  19. Waldo speaks of the fears of F.M. Marx that Public administration has grown so broad, and so much is involved at its periphery that it stands “In danger of disappearing completely as a recognizable focus of study.” Comment. (93/I/1a/20)
  20. ‘The identity and scope of Public Administration both as an academic discipline and government in operation, have always been matters of continuing debate and controversy.’ Discuss. (91/I/3a/30)
  21. ‘Public Administration consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of Public Policy.’ Comment. (91/I/1a/20)
  22. ‘… the development, if not survival of civilization depends on the science and practice of administration.’ Comment. (90/I/1a/20)
  23. “Popular belief is that ownership change from public to private brings about improved performance.” Comment. (89/I/5b/20)
  24. Management of the flow of work upward & downward within human heirachies and between human hierarchies is the art of administration. (Appleby). Comment. (89/I/2/60)
  25. Do you think that contemporary Administrative. Theory supports the ‘art’ of public administration and generally tends to place less emphasis on the ‘science’ of public administration? (88/I/2/60)

Wilson’s vision of Public Administration

  1. “The field of Public Administration is a field of business.” (Woodrow Wilson.) (09/I/1a/20)
  2. “Calling Woodrow Wilson, the father of Public Administration is doing injustice to equally or even more eminent contributions made prior to him.” Comment. (05/I/1a/20)

Evolution of the discipline and the present status

  1. How would you trace the development of Public Administration in terms of different paradigms from the politics / administration dichotomy of 1900-1926 to the rise of Public Administration an Public Administration after the formation of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) in the USA in 1970? (12/I/2a/30)
  2. In the evolution of the discipline of Public Administration. Minnowbrook Conference, I, Ii and III reflect the discipline’s reconceptulisation and its changing values. Elucidate. (11/I/2a/30)
  3. From Woodrow Wilson to Herbert Simon most writers on administration have taken the achievement  on administration have taken the achievement of efficiency as the central objective. Justify the statement with references to the work of major writers. (09/I/4/60)
  4. Give a account of major landmarks in the growth of the discipline of Public Administration in the 20th What are the possible trends in its growth in the first decade of 21st century? (03/I/2/60)
  5. “The advent of the concept of “roll back of the state” since the nineteen eighties has been altering the role of Public Administration but certainly not diminishing its central place in human society.” Discuss. (02/I/2/60)
  6. Describe the evolution of the discipline of public administration with special emphasis on post.1970 developments. (02/I/2/60)
  7. “… The paradigms of public administration may be understood in terms of locus and focus.” – Golembiewski. In the light of the above statement describe the “five-paradigms” of Nicholas Henry about the evolution of the discipline of public administration. (00/I/2/60)
  8. Examine the growth of the discipline of Public Administration as a response to the developing capitalistic system in the U.S.A. (99/I/2/60)
  9. “Most of the propositions that make up the body of administrative theory today share, unfortunately, this defect of proverbs. Comment. (94/I/1a/20)

New Public Administration

  1. “New Public Management is dead; long live digital era of governance.” Comment. (10/I/2b/20)
  2. “New Public Administration is… a revolution or radicalism in words, and (at best) status. Quo in skills or technologies.” (09/I/1b/20)
  3. Minnowbrook Conference in USA identified four features crucial to ‘new public administration.’ Explain. (01/I/1b/20)
  4. “The themes developed at 1988 MINNOWBROOK conference (20 years after the first conference) largely focus on the current and future visions in the field of public administration.” Elucidate. (98/I/3b/30)
  5. New Public Administrationist are likely to be forthright advocates for social equity and would doubtiess seek a supporting clientele. (95/I/1d/20)
  6. Explicate the theoretical premises of ‘New Public Administration’ and show how far their concerns were accommodated in Public Administration. (94/I/2/60)
  7. The essence of New Public Administration is “some sort of movement in the direction of normative theory, philosophy, social concern & activism,” (Waldo). Comment. (89/I/1b/20)
  8. ‘Deductive – nomological and inductive – probabilistic approach dominate new public administration.’ (Marini) Discuss. (87/I/2/60)

Public Choice Apporach

  1. Discuss how the Public Choice Theory promotes the concept of ‘Steering’ and undermines the concept of ‘Rowing’ in visualizing efficient and effective administration. (15/I/1b/10)
  2. What is administrative elitism? How does it evolve in public administration? Elaborate your response with reference to historical examples. (150 words) (13/I/5c/10)
  3. ‘On a more sophisticated plane public choice is concerned with “Pareto optimality”, or at least with “Pareto improvement.” Comment. (12/I/1a/12)
  4. Whereas Downs’ model is largely dependent on a theory of psychological motivation, Niskanen’s model is framed by neo-classical thinking. (11/I/3a/30)

In the light of the above, discuss the public choice approach to deceision-making.

  1. “Public Administration today Stands at the crossroads of public choice theory, pluralism, corporatism & elitism.” Discuss. (89/I/2/60)

Challenges of liberalization, Privalitisation, Globalisation

  1. “Globalisation has transformed the nature and character of State from traditional administrative Welfare State to a Corporate State.” Analyse the changes in the nature of public administration in this context. (15/I/2a/20)
  2. “In the globalized public administration, hierarchy creates more ethical problems than it solves…” Comment. (13/I/1c/10)
  3. “Public Undertakings have received a raw deal in the wake of liberalism and privatization. Comment. (99/I/5b/20)

Good Governance : Concept and application

  1. “Governance theory and the notion of governmentality have many points of convergence, but they run on parallel lines.” Comment. (14/I/2a/20)
  2. Civil Servants must be social moralists in action, living up to Paul Appleby’s dictum that ‘responsible government is ethical government.’ Examine this statement in the light of good governance. (11/I/7a/30)
  3. “Not merely governance but good governance is the key factor in achieving the United Nations Millennium Goals (2000)” Explain. (10/I/1a/20)
  4. Democracy and good governance are contradictions in terms. Discuss t\with examples. (04/I/2/60)
  5. “Elaborate the World Bank’s concept of ‘Good Governance.” (99/I/7b/30)

New Public Management

  1. “New public management and post new public management reforms initiatives ever affected the balance between managerial, political, administrative, legal, professional and social accountability.” Analyse. (14/I/4a/20)
  2. “New Public Management may have neither been the savior its enthusiasts promised nor the deveil its critics worried it would be.” Discuss. (13/I/2a/25)
  3. It is said that “the perspective of public administration, developed over a century, institutions and services has received a jolt Management”. Bring out the core values, approaches and assumptions of traditional public administration and show how the New Public Management has attempted to change or retain them, and to what extent. (09/I/3/60)
  4. “In the last two decades, almost all countries of the world have experienced transformations in their administrative systems.” Explain this developed and the developing nations in the context of New Public Management Movement. (08/I/2/60)
  5. “The ‘New Public Management’ (NPM) is an incarnation of a new model of public sector management in response of the challenges of liberalization, international competitiveness and technological changes.” Explain. (03/I/1c/20)


Enterpreneurial Government

  1. ‘A crisis of credibility’ in the administrative system can be overcome only by ‘reinventing government.’ Comment. (11/I/1a/20)

Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement

  1. “Taylor’s ideas need modification in the context of post-industrial economies in contemporary era.” Justify with reasons. (14/I/2b/15)
  2. In what respects is Taylor’s ‘Scientific Management’ or classical motivational theory different from the classical organizational theory expounded by Gulick, Urwick etc? (12/I/2b(i)/15)
  3. What light does Antonio Gramsci’s critique of Taylorism throw on its socio-psychological underpinnings? (12/I/2b(ii)/15)
  4. “Taylor’s contribution was not a set of general principles of organizing work efficiency, but a set of operating procedures that could be employed in each concrete situation to secure their application.” (09/I/1c/20)
  5. “Taylor’s scientific management ignored social and psychological factors.” Comment. (07/I/1b/20)
  6. “Taylor’s Scientific Management already offered a ‘humanistic’ theory of motivation, with its democratic and participatory emphases, that was hardly improved on by Elton Mayo and others.” Comment. (94/I/1c/20)
  7. ‘Taylor’s Scientific Management had a major influence on the growing reform and economy movements in Public Adminsitration.’ Comment. (92/I/1a/20)
  8. ‘Scientific Management is a primitive tool for industrial polyarchies.’ (Dahl). Explain. (87/I/3b/30)

Classical Theory

  1. “The design of the physical structure, the anatomy of the organization came first, and was indeed the principal consideration.”

“An organization is a system of inter-related social behaviours of participants,” Analyse these statements and evaluate the contributions of the respective approaches to administration theory. (13/I/2b/25)

  1. Structure theory is, by and large, grounded in classical principles of efficiency, effectiveness and productivity. Explain. (13/I/4a/25)
  2. Explain the ‘Peter Principle’ in respect of promotion policy in a hierarchical organization. (10/I/6a/20)
  3. Discuss the main approaches to increase the efficiency of government and public administration. (06/I/8/60)
  4. Critically examine the Classical Science of Administration with special reference to its criticism by Dwight Waldo and Robert Dahl. (06/I/2/60)
  5. “The failure of classical science of administration lies in its capacity to confront theory with evidence.” Discuss. (05/I/1d/20)
  6. In a hierarchy every employee trends to rise to his level of incompetence. Comment. (96/I/1c/20)
  7. Although the theory of V.A. Graicunas is admittedly crude, it is useful as reference against which variations between organizations as well as within organizations can be examined. Comment. (96/I/1b/20)
  8. Compare the relative merits of the classical theory of organization and the systems approach. (90/I/2/60)
  9. Elucidate whether increasing organizational size gives rise to dialectical forces having opposite organization effects. (89/I/4a/30)
  10. “Managing means looking ahead, which makes the process of prevoyance a central business activity.” (Henry Fayol). Comment. (88/I/1b/20)
  11. Describe the institutional and organizational consequences of delegation of authority. (87/I/3a/30)
  12. ‘The law of Graicunas about the span of relationships in an organization states a partial truth.’ Comment. (87/I/1a/20)

Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post – Weberian Developments.

  1. “Weberian model of bureaucracy lacks emotional validity when applied to modern democratic administration.” Comment. (15/I/4b/15)
  2. ‘In the canonization of this abstract idea of ‘Staasraison’ are, inseparably woven the sure instincts of the bureaucracy for the conditions which preserve its own power in the State’ (Weber). Explain. (12/I/1b/12)
  3. Consider the statements below:
  • “Technically, the bureaucracy represents the purest type of legal-rational authority.?
  • “Bureaucracy does not represent the only type of legal authority.” Identify the theoretical context and analyse the above statements. (04/I/3/60)
  1. Weber’s ideas of impersonal detachment and esprit de corps are incompatible. Explain. (04/I/1a/20)
  2. “Bureaucracy can exist only where the whole service of the state is removed from the common political life of the peoples, its chief as well as rank and file. Its motives, its objectives, its policy, its standards must be bureaucratic.” – Discuss. (04/I/1a/20)
  3. “Weberian model of bureaucracy lacks empirical validity when applied to modern democracti administration.” Examine. (03/I/1b/20)
  4. Critically examine the models of Max Weber and Chester I Barnard with reference to ‘bureaucratic authority.’ (99/I/3b/30)
  5. “It is not weak but strong bureaucracy that creates concern in democracy.” Comment. (99/I/3b/30)
  6. “Once fully established, bureaucracy is among those social structures which are the hardest to destroy.” Comment. (97/I/1c/20)
  7. Bureaucrqcy is “a system of government the control of which is so completely in the hands of officials that their power jeopardizes the liberties of ordinary citizens.” Comment. (96/I/1d/20)
  8. “The transition to a study of the negatives aspects of bureaucracy is afforded by the application of Veblen’s concept of trained incapacity.” Examine. (93/I/3a/30)
  9. ‘Bureaucracy thrives under the cloak of ministerial responsibility in a parliamentary democracy.’ Comment. (92/I/1d/20)
  10. For charisma to be transformed into a permanent routine structure, it is necessary that its anti economic character should be altered. (Weber). Comment. (89/I/1a/20)
  11. “Hierarchy of authority and the system of rules ensure depersonalization and efficiency.” (Mas Weber). Comment. (88/I/1a/20)

Dynamic Administraton (Mary Parker Follett)

  1. “Folletts’ work was not directed towards the resolution of the conflict of ideas, but towards the resolution of structural conflicts between workers and capitalists.” In the light of the statement critically evaluate Follett’s idea of dynamic administration. (15/I/3a/20)
  2. Critically examine conflict resolution according to M.P. Follett. Explain how McGregor took forward her ideas to the context of complex organizations. (11/I/2b/30)
  3. “Mary Parker Follett was far ahead of her times. Discuss. (08/I/1c/20)
  4. “The main problem with Mary Parker Follett’s work is that her idealism is showing.” Explain. (06/I/1c/20)
  5. In Folletts’ view, “authority, belongs to the job and stays with the job.” Explain. (05/I/1c/20)

Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others)

  1. To what extent has the human relations movement contributed to the knowledge and practice within the field of personnel administration? (06/I/7/60)
  2. Explain the contribution of George Elton Mayo the development of the Human Relations School. How did behavioural scientists modify his basic findings? (02/I/3/60)
  3. Examine the basic postulates of the Human Relations Theory and show how far it differs from the classical theory of organizations. (97/I/2/60)
  4. “The Hawthrone researches demonstrate the need to analyse organizations as living social structures.” Comment. (93/I/1c/20)
  5. Evaluate the contributions of George Elton Mayo to Administrative organization. Do you consider his contributions as great innovations of modern times? (92/I/2/60)
  6. ‘Mayo was a behavioural scientist long before the term became popular.’ Comment. (90/I/1b/20)
  7. “From Taylorism to Mayoism the organization theory has travelled a long road in quest of Organisaitonal Effectiveness.” Comment. (89/I/5a/20)
  8. “Many problems of Worker-Management cooperation were the results of the emotionally based attitudes of the workers rather than objective difficulties in the situation.” (Elton Mayo). Comment. (88/I/1c/20)

Functions fo the Executive

(C.I. Barnard)

  1. “Contemporary Organisational theory seems further afield of Chester Barnard’s Functions of the Executive than of organizational ecology.” Examine the statement in the light of ecological elements in Barnard’s thought. (15/I/2b/15)
  2. “The Barnard-Simon Theory of Organisation is essentially a theory of motivation.” Comment. (09/I/1d/20)
  3. “Organisation is a system of consciously coordinated activities or forces of two or more persons.” Comment. (05/I/1b/20)
  4. ‘The inculcation of belief in the real existence of common purpose is an essential executive function. Comment. (01/I/5a/20)
  5. …”a more thorough consideration leads to the understanding that communication, authority, specialization and purpose are all aspects compare-hended in coordination.” (Chester I. Barnard) comment. (00/I/1c/20)
  6. Why is it that the behavioural approach to the study of organizations is a continous phenomenon? Discuss Chester Barnard’s contribution to this approach. (98/I/2/60)
  7. Show how Barnard while analyzing the multiplicity of satisfactions, clearly indentifies four specific inducements. (96/I/3a/30)

Simon’s decision.. making theory

  1. “Decisions are not made by ‘organizations’, but by ‘human beings’ behaving as members of organizations,” How do Bernard and Simon conceptualize the relation between the decisions of the individual employee and the organizational authority? (13/I/3a/20)
  2. “Three features characterize Simon’s original view of bounded rationality: search for alternatives, satisficing, and aspiration adaptation.’ Elucidate. (12/I/3a/20)
  3. “Simon’s identifying decision – making as the core field of public administration appears logically acceptable but his positivist underpinning is problematic.” Critically examine the statement. (10/I/2a/40)
  4. ‘Simon’s work has had major implications for the study of public administration and the practice of public administration professionalism.” Comment/ (06/I/1b/20)
  5. The ‘decision-making scheme’ and ‘satisfying model’ of Herbert A Simon is the major component of administrative theory. Comment. (01/I/2/60)
  6. “Administrative efficiency is enhanced by keeping at a minimum the number of organizational levels through which a matter must pass before it is acted upon.” – (Herbert A. Simon) comment. (00/I/1a/20)
  7. ‘The basic question in the relationship between political and permanent executives is the separation of facts and values at the operational level.” Comment. (99/I/1b/20)
  8. “The study of decision-making is proceeding in so many directions that we can lose slight of the basic administrative processes that Barnard and Simon were trying to describe and that so many men have been trying to improve.” Elucidate. (95/I/4/60)
  9. “As March and Simon point out, there seems to exist a ‘Gresham’s Law’ of decision making.” Explain. (94/I/3a/30)
  10. “Though somewhat unwittingly, Herbert Simon and James March have provided, the muscle and the flesh to the Weberian (bureaucratic) skeleton.” Comment. (93/I/1b/20)
  11. ‘Simon explains that decision-making basically involves choice between alternative plans of action and choice in turn, involves facts and values’. Comment. (92/I/1c/20)
  12. Argue for and against the Simonian perspective that the ‘decisional science envelopes decisional structure, decisions and their feedback not in a integrated manner but anything other than that.” (89/I/4b/30)
  13. Discuss the Simonian concept of ‘satisfying’ as a bridge between rational and non-ratinoal perspectives on organizations. (88/I/4a/30)
  14. ‘The first stage (in administrative decision making0 is what I call “Intelligence.” The second represents, “Designin” and the last stage is “Choice.” Critically examine the Simonian Model of Rational Decision – Making in administration. (87/I/4/60)

Participative Management

(R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor)

  1. According to McGregor, “true professional help is not in playing God with the client, but in placing professional knowledge and skills at the clients disposal.” In the light or above, justify how theory-Y is indicative and not prescriptive. (14/I/3a/20)
  2. The theory of ‘organizational incompetence’ has two separate and distinct faces. Examine Chirs Argyris’ views on this. (13/I/1b/10)
  3. “In McGregor’s view, the managerial cosmology meaningfully addresses the understanding of manager and his role perceptions.” Explain. (10/I/1b/20)
  4. “The successful management leaders are found in Likert’s ‘System-4’ approach to organizational leadership.” Examine. (10/I/1c/20)
  5. Analyse McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. Do you agree with the view that with every passing year, McGregor’s message has become more relevant and more important? Substantiate your answer. (07/I/12/60)

System Apporach

  1. The Systems Approach is relevant even today for organizational analysis. Discuss how Chester Barnard and David Easton adopted this approach in their respective areas of study. (11/I/3b/30)

Karl Marx

  1. “Karl Marx’s interpretation of bureaucracy was rooted in the history of the nature of the State.” Evaluate. (14/I/1c/10)


  1. “That is, to be successful administrator one must have a catholic curiosity.” Comment. (97/I/1b/20)
  2. ‘The Chief Executive is a trouble shooter, a supervisor, and a promoter of the future programme. Comment. (91/I/1c/20)

Process and techniques of decision – making

  1. Examine the respective roles of facts and values in the decision – making process. Is it possible to make value – free decisions in government system? How can government decisions be made more rational/ (08/I/3/60)
  2. “Consensus’ and ‘Unanimity’ are used as styles in decision – making.” Comment. (98/I/1d/20)
  3. “While the entrepreneur makes strategic decisions, the manager makes tactical ones.” Elucidate. (93/I/3b/30)
  4. ‘A management which takes its environment as given… is pursuing a dangerous course.’ Comment on the environment of decision – making. (90/I/3a/30)
  5. Elucidate the socio-psychological bases of individual and group behavior in a complex organization.


  1. “Information constitutes the life-blood of the functioning of an organixation.” Explain the utility and significance of communication in decision – making. (15/I/3b/15)
  2. ‘The nature and role of communication in administration indicates that “Communication is authority” Comment. (01/I/1c/20)
  3. “Information constitutes the life-blood of the functioning of organization.” In the light of this statement, explain the utility and importance of communication in decision making. (00/I/3/20)
  4. “Communication holds the organization together.” Comment. (98/I/1b/20)
  5. Authority has been defined in part as a “character of a communication in a formal organization.” Comment. (95/I/1c/20)
  6. Bring out the importance of communication in administrative organizations. What are the drawbacks in upward communication? (94/I/4/60)
  7. ‘Without communication, there can be no organization.’ Discuss the importance of communication in Public Administration. (90/I/3b/30)
  8. Critically examine the functions of administrative leadership. What role does communication play in improving the quality of administrative decisions in goal setting and goal getting by public servants. (87/I/8/60)


  1. What is the nature of psychological contract pursued by organizational management through authority and the employees through exertion of upward influence? (13/I/3c/15)
  2. What is meant by morale? There is a belief that “moral and productivity to hand in hand and higher the productivity.” Do you agree? (07/I/3/60)
  3. What is morale? State its significance and suggest methods to foster and sustain morale in an organization. (03/I/4/60)

Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary

  1. Read the following instances carefully and suggest what specific perspectives on organizational psychology of motivation would help the concerned organization to reconcile the needs of the following four persons with the needs of the organization.
  • A comes to his office with clocklike punctuality, does his work with impeccable honesty and integrity; takes order from above gladly; responds well to overtures by peers; but neither mixes with anyone himself nor seeks anyone’s company. What is more, he seems quite happy in his isolation
  • B is an efficient charge-hand at the welding shop. He is very outgoing and makes friends fact, but falls out with them very fast too. He is, however, easily pacified where anyone asks him to calm down in the name of the organizations.
  • C is completely happy and absorbed when he is teaching in the classes, and does not at ll mind when his workload gets heavier and covers new areas. But he gets angry when the finance section raises objections about his medical bills; and is furious that the higher administration is yet to give him full tenure.
  • D is a metallurgist in the forge shop of the steel plant, and has received honours for his innovativeness in modifying conventional alloys. He also paints well and values his painting skills far more than his metallurgy and is extremely unhappy that the company house journal did not finally carry his water sketch on its front cover. (13/I/8a/30)
  1. ‘Man’s motives… in different subparts of the same organization may be different’ (Edgar Schein). Discuss. (12/I/1c/12)
  2. “Motivation theory is not synonymous with behavior theory. The motivations are only one class of determinants of behavior while behavior is almost always motivated, it is also almost always biologically, culturally and situationally determined as well.” Comment. (04/I/1b/20)
  3. Compare Abraham Maslow’s theory or motivation and Herzberg’s motivation – hygiene theory. Do you think that they are universally applicable? If so, why? If not, why not? (02/I/4/60)
  4. “Frederick Herzberg’s Two-factor theory is more or less an extension of Abraham Maslow’s theory of motivation.” Explain. (97/I/3a/30)
  5. “the interest or power group base provides a member of an organization with negotiable goods that can be cashed for recognition, status and rewards” Examine. (95/I/3b/30)
  6. “A managerial leader should effectively communicate to motivate his team,” How do Maslow and Herzberg see this inter linkage between motivation and communication? (93/I/4/60)
  7. Compare the relative merits of Maslow’s theory of Human Needs and Herzberg’s conception of Motivation and Hygiene Theory. (91/I/2/60)
  8. Outline the intrinsic and extrinsic rewards that motivate the public employees to achieve personal and organizational goals. (89/I/6/60)
  9. “Adam nature of man seeks the avoidance of dissatisfaction and it basically concerned with the job environment: Abraham nature of man seeks satisfaction in job content.” (Frederick Herzberg). Comment. (88/I/1d/20)
  10. ‘Contributions of Maslow and Herzberg have deepened our understanding about the State of morale and motivation of the public servants.’ Comment. (87/I/1b/20)

Theories of Leadership – Traditional and Modern

  1. Do you agree with the view that the charismatic approach of the mid-1970s is a “new version” of the Classical Trait Theory of Leadership? Give reasons. (15/I/1db/10)
  2. Leadership is the ‘influential increment over and above mechanical compliances with the routine directives of the organization’ (Katz and Kahn). Analyze. (12/I/1d/12)
  3. “Leaders do the right things, managers do them rightly.” (Bennis) comment. (08/I/1b/20)
  4. “Thus the endurance of organization depends upon the quality of leadership” comment. (94/I/1d/20)
  5. ‘A leader must always adapt his behavior to take account of the persons whom he leads. Comment. (90/I/1c/20)

Theories – Systema, Constingency, Critical theory, Post-Modernism, Post-structuralism

  1. What are the implications of the post-structuralist perspective on the discrete aspects of Public Administration, coming from its epistemological positions? (14/I/1a/10)
  2. How does the Strategic ContlingenciesTheory of organizationaldesign deal with problems arising from sub-unit centrality and non-substitiutablity? (14/I/2c/15)
  3. (i) ‘The essence of the contigency theory paradigm is that organizational effectiveness results from sub-unit centrality and non-substitutability? (12/I/3b(i)/20)

(ii) In the light of your discussion on 3(b) (i) above, also show where and how this ‘fitting’ differs essentiality from the environment emphasized by the systems theory of organization. (12/I/3b(ii)/20)

  1. “The process of change may create crises in the system.” Comment. (99/I/5a/20)
  2. Examine the view that systems theory, despite its promises that characterised the structural classical theories. (96/I/3b/30)
  3. How does system Theory help to delineate functional and dysfunctional characeristics of a public bureaucracy? (88/I/3/60)

Structure and Forms

  1. “The notion of informal organisation is a residual or cafeteria concept of diverse and sprawling contents.” How does Goundner established the need for understanding the interdigitations between the formal and informal organisation? (14/I/3b/15)
  2. “A variety of different organizational arrangement can be used to provide different public goods and servics.” Explain the theory underling this proposition and its potential contribution. (13/I/3b/15)
  3. “The distinction between line and staff is relative rather than absolute.”Discuss. (07/I/1c/20)
  4. A fairly adequate analysis of the Administrative Organization in Government if possible when we treat ‘bureaucracy’ as a ‘structure’ and ‘administration’ as a ‘function’. Discuss. (01/I/6/60)
  5. Why do all administrative organizations consider ‘hierarchy’ as the many splendoured technique? Discuss. (01/I/3/60)
  6. Differentiate between managerial and functional aspects of co-ordination. How Is co-ordination achieved? (98/I/3a/30)
  7. “Theoretically the Board administration violates the distinction between government and politics because through it politics is injected in the administration”. Comment. (97/I/1d/20)
  8. Hierarchic control, whereby instructions are, passed down the line is not the only dimension of control. Comment. (95/I/5b/20)
  9. “Much of what the recruit learns in an organisation is communicated after the fashion of Bentham’s dog law’”. Discuss (95/I/3a/30)
  10. “The distinction between line authority and profession expertness is also less clear-cut In reality than the abstract concepts of line and staff make it appear.” Discuss. (94/I/3b/30)
  11. ‘It is difficult to state any demarcating principles to differentiate between Line and staff functions of agencies.’ Discuss (92/I/3b/30)
  12. ‘And therefore Modern Civilization has an unprecedented need of Organizaion Development (OD). Comment (87/I/5d/20)
  13. ‘The distinction between line and staff is a distinction without a difference.’ Comment. (87/I/1d/20)

Centralization and Decentralization

  1. “Centralization inclines towards power and domination, Decentralization, on the other hand, inclines toward competition and self-determination.” Discuss. (97/I/3b/30)
  2. “Decentralization is never just a technical exercise, with intentions and effects neatly confined o questions of economy and efficiency.” comment. (93/I/1d/20)
  3. ‘Decentralization has a more important justification than more administrative effencincy.’ Comment. (92/I/1b/20)
  4. Account for the growing tendency of centralization in the modern state. (91/I/4/60)
  5. ‘The essence of delegation is to confer discretion upon others, to use their judgment in meeting specific spedific problems within the framework of their duties. Comment. (91/I/1b/20)
  6. Explain the impact of privatisation on public administration with special reference to (10/I/3/60)
  • The issue of user fees.
  • Public-private partnership
  • Outsourcing technique.

Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies.

  1. “There is no doubt the departmentalisation is fraught with complexties. These are in part techinical, in part political.” Discuss. (09/I/5a/20)
  2. “To claim that a company of a corporation form is always more effective than a departmental form of organization is an outdated view. The real test of a sound structure is its capacity to balance decisional autonomy and operational flexibility with optional accountability.”Critically examine this statement. (08/I/4/60)
  3. “Public corporations are not an end in themselves but an extension of the government activitives designed to promote public welfare.” – Substantiate. (02/I/1c/20)
  4. ‘The Departmetal pattern of undertaking does not offer the necessary, autonomy, flexibility and entreprenuership to Management.” Examine. (92/I/3a/30)
  5. ‘A Public Corporation is a combination of Public ownership, public accountablity and business managements for public ends. Comment. (91/I/1d/20)

Bords and Commissions

  1. ”The Commission form of organization would tend to be a ‘headles fourth branch’ of government.” Comment. (99/I/1c/20)

Headquarters and Field relationship

  1. “Headquarter and Field relationships determine the tendor of implementation of programmes. Comment. (98/I/1c/20)

Regulatory Authorities

  1. “Delegation to independent agencies has taken place in an interdependent progress driven by emulaton.” Discuss in the context of independent regulatory agencies in the modern regulatory State. (14/I/4b/15)

Public-Private Partnership

  1. “PPPS serve too many parties and too many interests… to be focussed.” Identify in the context of the statement, the parties involved in Public-Private Partnership and their conflicting aims. (15/I/2c/15)
  2. “To talk about the regulatory framework is to talk about governance.” Analyse the statement in the context of public-private parnerships and identify the elements of regulation. (13/I/6c/15)

Concepts of Accountability and Control

  1. Public administration in te neo-liberal era is governed less by instruments of internal accountability and more by those of externl accountablity. Elborate. (150 words) (13/I/1d/10)
  2. “Autonomy and accountability in Public Enterprises cannot wald together.” Explain. (06/I/1d/20)
  3. “The weakest aspect of Indian Administrative System is utter disregard of accountability.” Examine the current mechanism for enforcing accountablity. What steps are necessary to make it more effective? (00/I/7/60)
  4. It would be fatal for administration if the public functionaries indulge in procrastination, betrary inaction, or more in cricles simply because the demand for accountablity has overawed and benumbed them.’ Comment. (92/I/5b/20)

Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over administration

  1. “Legislative action is not subject to the rules of natural justice. “Explain the exceptions to the rule of natural justice. (15/I/3c/15)
  2. What is judicial activism? How far has it been successful in exercising a check over administration? (05/I/4/60)
  3. Write short note on Judicial control over administration in India and concept of judicial activism. (00/I/5b/20)
  4. “Public Interest Litigation is an effective innovation in realising social justice” Comment . (99/I/5d/20)
  5. “Executive control over administration is much more real” comment. (98/I/5b/20)
  6. “The controls exercise over administration by legislature are, in sum, of greater theoretical than practical efficiency. Comment. (97/I/5a/20)
  7. At one extreme, the vigour of jdicial control may paralyse effective administration, at the bureaucratic tyranny, exactly where the balance may be best struck is a major problems of judicial administration realationship.. comment. (96/I/5d/20)
  8. ‘The Judicial Control over administration, operates through a system of writs.’ Comment. (87/I/5b/20)

Citizen and Administration

  1. “For those who use the euphemism of ‘shared power’ for participation, the appropriate literature for guidance is practical politics, not organization and management.” “Strong state and strong civil society are the need to develop both participatory democracy and responsive government as mutually reinforcing and supportive.

Bring out the myths and realities associated with public participation.  (13/I/6a/20)

  1. What are the various institutional devices available for the redressal of citizen’s grievances against the excesses and malfunctioning of administration? How successful have they been? (03/I/8/60)

Roel of Media, interest groups, voluntary organizations.

  1. How far do you agree with the view that the growing influence of media comes in the way of agenda-setting by the Government? (15/I/4c/15)
  2. “Voluntary organizations have become tools of sensitization of governmental agencie” Comment. (14/I/4c/15)
  3. Should media exposure be included in rules for administrative accountability in India? State your views. (12/I/4b/15)
  4. ‘Media is a Parliament of citizens.’ Explain. (11/I/1b/20)
  5. “Instruments of public accountability can be truly effective only if the people and their associations, backed by a responsible media, are assertively pro-active.” Comment. (08/I/1d/20)
  6. “Voluntarism is not anti-thesis of state-centricism.” Comment. (99/I/5c/20)

Civil Society

  1. Comment on the role of Civil Society in facilitating administrative accountablility with special refrence to the ‘Janlokpal’ issue in India. (12/I/4c/15)
  2. Define the term ‘civil society’. How does civil society influence the public policy? (06/I/3/60)
  3. “Civil society exists to ensure that government does provide good governance.” Discuss. (02/I/1b/20)

Citizen’s Charter

  1. “Right from the days of the ‘Peoples’ Charter’ to the new concept of ‘Precariat Charter’, the concept of Citizen’s Charter and its scope is constantly evolving.” Comment. (15/I/4a/20)
  2. Explain the basic principles underlying Citizens’ Charter with special reference to
  • Its administrative philosophy
  • Promoting public accoutability
  • Ensuring standards of public service. (10/I/4/60)
  1. “ ‘Citizen’s charter’ is the most important innovation in the context of promotion of customer-orientation of administration.” (03/I/1d/20)

Right to Information                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

  1. “The right to information is not all about citizens empowerment, it essentially redefines th econcept of accountability. Discuss. (14/I/3c/15)
  2. ‘Open access to government ecords is… the hallmark of the democratic government.’ But ‘government are not hesitant about destroying records – very deliberately – in order to prevent investigations, as well as think that in this situation right to information can go to the extent of demanding complete declassification and ‘de-archivization’of government records? Argue. (12/I/4a/30)
  3. “Right to information promotes transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority.” Explain. (07/I/4/60)
  4. Discuss the legal and political implication of Right to information. Is it a feasible concept in the developing countries? (04/I/4/60)

Meaning, scope and significance

  1. “The conceptual division between administrative ad constitutional law is quite porous, and that along many dimensions, administrative law can be considered more constitutional in character than the constitutions.”How would you justify the statement? (14/I/1d/10)
  2. Would you agree that the strong Rechsstaat version of he rule of law found on the Continent never existed in England because of its particular history? (12/I/6b/20)
  3. Why is le droit agministratif regarded alongside the Napoleonic Code as the most notable achievement of French legal science? (12/I/6c/20)
  4. “Today the content of administrative law is driven primarily by the scope of public administrative activity” Explain. (06/I/4/60)
  5. “Today the content of administrative law is driven primarily by the scope of public administration activity.” Explain. (05/I/3/60)
  6. “Administrative Law in modern government system is inevitable.” Comment. (98/I/5c/20)
  7. The central concern of administrative law has been the legal limitation of administrative ‘discretion.’ Comment. (97/I/5c/20)
  8. The field of administrative law, after a century of litigation & adjudication, remains alive with simmering issues. Comment. (95/I//20)
  9. “Administrative law is not a rigid, rule-bound barrier to good management Discuss. (94/I/7a/30)
  10. How has the interest of judiciary in administrative decision grown over the years? Has it extended the frontiers of administrative law? (93/I/6/60)
  11. ‘Rule of law is the base of Inda’s constitutional life, and administrative law seeks to ensure that this basic premise remains upheld and protected.’ Comment. (92/I/5d/20)
  12. ‘…. Administrative law, with its creature administrative tribunals, is like marital law, the negation of law.’ Comment. (90/I/5c/20)
  13. “Administrative Law has the obligation to observe the principles of natural justice and fairness.” Elaborate. (89/I/7/60)

Dicey on Administrative law

  1. Do you think that there is an unresolved and often overlooked tension in Dicey’s concept of rule of law, considering that the other principle of parliamentary sovereignty in English constitutional system runs counter to it? (12/I/6a/20)
  2. Make a critical assessment of Dicey’s understanding of the Rule of Law and Droit Administratif.
  3. “Dicey was wrong not only in his concept of rule of law, but he also overlooked the significance of the administrative law.” –comment. (02/I/1d/20)
  4. ‘The Droit Administratiff violates Dicey’s basic principles of Rule of Law. Comment. (87/I/5c/20)

Delegrated legislation

  1. “Delegated Legislation is a necessary evil.” Comment. (15/I/1c/10)
  2. Make out a case of Delegated Legislation. (11/I/4b(ii)/15)
  3. “Delegated legislation is a necessary evil.’ Examine. (07/I/1d/20)
  4. Delegated Legislation is not absolute. Explain. (04/I/1c/20)
  5. “Increased delegated legislation is a phenomenon of a modern positive state.” Elucidete. (99/I/6/60)
  6. How far is it true to state that delegated legislation has become a present day necessity and it has come to stay, it is both inevitable and indispensable? (97/I/7a/30)
  7. Bring out the reasons for the growth and the dangers of delegated legislation. (95/I/7a/30)
  8. “The most effective safeguard against the abuse of delegated legislation is not to delegate it in such a manner that it may invite abuse.” Comment. (93/I/5c/20)
  9. ‘increased legislative delegation should be considered as a phenomenon of the modern positive state’ discuss.\ (92/I/8/60)

Administrative Tribunasl

  1. Discuss the views that ‘tribunals should have the same degree of independence from the executive as that enjoyed by the Supreme Court and the High Courts, especially for those tribunals that look over the functions of High Courts.(150 words) (13/I/1e/10)
  2. Write short note on Effectiveness and utilityof Central and State Administrative Tribulals. (00/I/5c/20)
  3. Administrative Tribunals are authorities outside the ordinary court syste which intrpret and apply the laws when acts of Public Administration are attacked in formal suits or by other established methods.’ Discuss. (91/I/6b/30)
  4. Administrative tribunals and judicial review are not only instruments of interpretation of law but also safeguards against administrative weaknesses and administrative excesses. Comment. (88/I/5c/20)

Historical and sociology factors affecting administrative system

  1. How does Ferrel Heady rationalize the three stages of development in comparative administration? (15/I/7a/20)
  2. “Comparative Public Administration both resembles and differs from modern organization theory.” Elaborate. (13/I/5a/10)
  3. “No science of public administration is possible unless… there is a body of comparative studies from which it may be possible to discover principles and generalities that transcend nation boundaries and peculiar historical national oundaries and peculair historical experiences,=.” Discuss (05/I/5d/20)
  4. “Instead of looking inward in their own values and requirements, the Asian countries looked outward.” Comment. (99/I/1a/20)
  5. A major problem with comparative public administration is that it has been behavioural. Comment. (95/I/5d/20)
  6. “The main distinction between administration in western countries and in underdeveloped countries does not lie in difference in socio-economic environments” Comments. (94/I/5a/20)
  7. “Comparative Public administration as a field of research is not so much comparative, as it is the study of Public administration in foreign countries,” Comment. (93/I/5a/20)

Administration and politics in different countries

  1. “… in most cases… newly independent states, of the nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America, despite their differences … are in transition.” (Ferrel Heady). What common features are indicative of characteristic of their administrative patterns (cultures)?  (13/I/6b/15)
  2. “….. non-western states officer, if not always, have unbalanced politics , but these may not necessarily be bureaucratic politics.” Discuss (09/I/5c/20)
  3. Critically comment on the function of administrative capability with reference to developing countries. (99/I/4/60)

Current status of Comparative Public Administration

  1. Comment on the reasons why universal theory remains elusive in comparative public administration (12/I/7a/20)
  2. “Truly comparative administrative studies are empirical, nomothetic and ecological.” (Riggs). In this perspective, examine the current status of Comparative Public Administration. (08/I/5c/20)
  3. Explain the meaning, significance and Models of Comparative Public Administration. (04/I/7/60)
  4. “The emphasis in most of the writing on comparative bureaucracy appears to be on the interaction between the political system in which it exist.” Comment. (94/I/5d/20)
  5. ‘The growth of comparative Public Administration is a continuing process and is of relevance for both operational and academic study of Public Administration. (91/I/5d/20)
  6. Discuss the major conceptual approaches to the study of Comparative Public Administration and explain how max Weber is considered to be the foremost mentor in the field. (90/I/7/60)

Reggsian models and their critique

  1. Critically examine the Riggsian concept of differentiation in context of post globalisation era. (14/I/5a/10)
  2. ‘Riggs’ classification of societies into fused, prismatic, and diffracted is built around the concept of differentiation,’ analyze. (12/I/5a/15)
  3. “The Prismatic model of Riggs is equally applicable to developing as well as developed society.” Comment. (10/I/5b/20)
  4. Which of the model(s) development administration is/are characterised by ‘Selectivism’, ‘Attainment’ and ‘Poly-functionalism’? Describe the corresponding theoretical roots and attributes. (09/I/2b/30)
  5. “Not to be comparative is to be naively parochial” (Riggsian). Comment. (07/I/5c/20)
  6. How did Fred W. Riggs conceptualise the interactions between administrative systems and their environment? (02/I/7/60)
  7. Critically comment on Riggsian Prismatic Sala model of administration of developing societies. To what extent India Administrative system exhibits prismatic characteristics? (01/I/5c/20)
  8. Critically examine the approach and methodology adopted by Fred W. Riggs in his study of prismatic and sala societies. What is valid-content of Raj Krishna’s criticism of refraction? (00/I/8/60)
  9. “Political” environment conditions administrative system” – (F.W.Riggs) Comment. (00/I/1d/20)
  10. What, according to Riggs, are the three important characterstic features of the prismatic society? (96/I/7a/30)
  11. Rigg’s key concept have alerted the researcher that Weberian bureaucracy might not be entirely predictive of behaviour in most Third World countries. Comment. (95/I/1b/20)
  12. Rigg’s approach and models may be considered as more sophisticated tools for describing and diagnosing administrative situations.’ Discuss. (92/I/7a/30)
  13. Explain how the concept of ‘clects’ and working of the administrative system in a developing society. In this context compare the working of the administrative sysem in a developed & in a developing society. (90/I/8/60)
  14. The prismatic sala model “enables us to cope with many problems of transitional societies..” (Riggs0. What are these problems and how can this model enables us to cope with them. (89/I/3/60)
  15. “The nature of Prismatic Society adversely tells upon the phenomenon of administrative development which in-turn hinders the working of development administration.” Comment. (88/I/5d/20)
  16. Distinguish between administrative development and administration of development to the letter in a Prismatic Society? (87/I/7b/30)

Concept of Development

  1. “The term Development Administration can be used only in a broad sense to mark the variety of approaches and point of view. (14/I/5b/10)
  2. Neither Edward Weidner nor Fred Riggs was able to describe the process of development is crucial to development administration.” Comment. (12/I/6a/30)
  3. “The concept of development is multi-dimensional and ever – expanding.” Explain. (10/I/5a/20)
  4. “People’s participation is crucial to development administration.” Comment. (07/I/5a/20)
  5. Do you agree with the view that development administration has in recent years lost its impetus without making any significant intellectual breakthrough? Discuss. (06/I/6/60)
  6. “Development administration is starved for theories which will guide the pooling of empirical knowledge, orient new research, and recommend administrative policy”.   (05/I/5a/20)
  7. “Development administration has two important aspects viz. ‘the administration of development.” Explain.  (03/I/5b/20)
  8. “Development administration is concerned with maximising innovation for development.” Discuss. (02/I/5a/20)
  9. Hat are the objective of Development Administration? Also examine the demands D.A. places on the structure and practices of administration. (98/I/7a/30)
  10. Development administration is basically an action.” Comment (97/I/5b/20)
  11. Outline the feature of development administration and explain the reasons for its marginal performance. (95/I/7b/20)
  12. ‘Development administration calls for some recolutionary changes in the attitudes, behaviour, orientation and out-look of public service at all levels of administration’. Comment. (91/I/5c/20)
  13. Development administration is “an action oriented goal oriented administrative system”. (Edward Weidner). Comment. (89/I/1d/20)
  14. Examine the positive and negative roles of ideology and culture in administrative development. (88/I/7/60)

Changing profile of development administration

  1. “Lenin’e concept of Socialist management refers to directing the organisational development of Socialist .” explain. (15/I/6b/15)
  2. Indicate the milestones in the story of developmentalism.” Comment. (11/I/6b/30)
  3. “The market has become the new icon of developmentalism.” Comment. (10/I/5c/20)
  4. “In certain discourses, there is a reflected basic distrust against bureaucracy As an instrument of developmant.” Do you think bureaucracy is more appropriate for regulatory administration than for development administration? In the changing profile of development administration in a liberalizing environment, what role of bureaucracy can be envisaged? (08/I/8/60)
  5. Describe the changing profile of Development Administration and identify its efforts towards people’s (04/I/8/60)



Anti-development thesis

  1. “The anti-development thesis….. reduces development to an idea without history, impervious to change’, but ‘fails to take account of the fact that for all its faults, development can be empowering.’ Discuss. (12/I/5b/15)
  2. An attack has been made on the “top down” character of the kind of implementation studies of an alternative ‘bottom up’ ‘approach has been developed.’ Comment. (96/I/5a/20)

Bureaucracy and Development

  1. “Adaptive problems-solving, temporary systems of diverse specialists, linked together by coordinating executives in an organic flux-this is original form that will gradually replace bureaucracy.” Discuss, in the light of this statement, the ‘end of  bureaucracy’ thesis and its strengths and limitations. (14/I/1b/10)
  2. “Many Asian and African countries have inherited the colonial idea of civil service as a privileged elite. Hence, the social status of the civil services is an important aspect of the bureaucracy’s unsuitability for change.” Comment. (14/I/7c/15)
  3. “The principle of bureaucratic neutrality is more superfluous and redundant in the context of developing countries.” Comment. (99/I/1d/20)

Strong state versus the market debate Impact of liberalisation on administration in development

Note: Till now, no direct questions came from this section.’’

Women and development – the self-help group movement

  1. Show in what way the Gender and Development approach differs from the Woman and Development approach. (15/I/5e/10)
  2. “Self-help groups have not only empowered women, but have also brought about attitudinal change among all stakeholders towards women development. Discuss. (14/I/7b/15)
  3. “In organizational analysis, there is always gender around”. (Gouldner) Argue. (150 words) (13/I/5b/10)
  4. Given the importance of the issue of sex equality in development to you think the equality in development do you think the self-help group movement adequately addresses absence of women in the former mainstream development agenda? (12/I/7b/20)
  5. Consider the statements below”
  • Self-Help Group (SHGs) enable women to realize their full potential in some spheres of life.
  • Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are providing avenues of political mobilization, Examine the implications of these two statements and assess the potential of SHGs for development. (09/I/6a/60)

Important of human resource development

  1. “To talk of administrative modernization and still continue with the conventional practice of public personnel administration is a gross incongruity.” Offer suggestions to initiate radical reforms in Human Resource Management of public administrative systems. (08/I/6/60)
  2. “Public Personnel Administration is concerned with a number of functions.” Elaborate. Why are PROCUREMENT and DEVELOPMENT functions important. (98/I/4/60)
  3. “It is said that the generalist rationale was part of a revealed truth. All of us should have known better, for in a world of increasing scientific and technical complexity, it has compelling inadequacies.” Discuss. (96/I/2/60)
  4. “Be it an occupation or a profession, Public Personnel has Certainly developed a series of subspecialists and techniques that, over the years, have combined to produced an organizational subsystem that must be staffed by experts if it is to meet the standards set by Public Personnel Administration.” Explain. (95/I/2/60)
  5. “The administrator is a layman rather than a specialist; or at least he has about him something of the qualities of a layman.” Comment. (94/I/5b/20)


  1. The ‘selection model of recruitment rests on the assumption that the primary needs to be met are those of the organization,’ examine.\ (12/I/5c/15)
  2. Recruitment is the backbone of Public Administration. Explain. (04/I/5c/20)
  3. Differentiate between the open the closed career systems. Do you favour the coexistence of both the systems for a balanced career development? (92/I/4/60)
  4. ‘Government has been slow in using modern methods for discovering executive talent.’ Examine to recruitment to higher civil service in India, USA and France. (90/I/4/60)


  1. Distinguish fully between the syndicate method, role playing method, and T-Group training method in personnel management. (10/I/7a/40)
  2. “Training has proved its incapacity to change the attitudes, behavior and values of civil servants.” Do you agree with this statement? (08/I/5d/20)
  3. “Training is essential not only for efficiency and effectiveness but also for broadening the vision of the employees.” Substantiate. (07/I/5b/20)
  4. “Training is practical education in any profession, not only to improve skill but also to develop attitudes and scheme of values necessary for effective performance.” Elaborate. (03/I/5c/20)

Career advancement

  1. What opportunities are available to All India Services and state services in career development? Do you agree that days of generalists in modern administrative stats are numbered? (00/I/4/60)

Position classification

  1. “The position-classification attempts to establish a triangular relationship between duties and responsibilities, working conditions and qualification requirements.” Elucidate. (15/I/8b/15)
  2. ‘Position Classification can be problematic. A serious complaint in its practice is that it dehumanizes the employee.’ Discuss. (11/I/5c/20)
  3. It is said that ‘position classification’, as originally conceived is sound in terms of its operational characteristics, but complicated and unresponsive in practice. Why is it still considered better than other models of civil service classification? (09/I/7/60)
  4. “If positions are the raw material of classification, class is the operating unit.” Discuss. (05/I/5b/20)
  5. “The Gneralist will always have an edge over the specialist.” Substantiate the view. (99/I/3a/30)

Discipline, Performance appraisal

  1. Why do public organisations evaluate employees’ performance? How can performance evaluation systems affect employees’ behaviour? How can administration effectively evaluate employees? (05/I/6/60)
  2. What techniques the Government of Indian have employed to evaluate (appraise) the performance of senior level employees, i.e., Class I and Class II? Are you satisfied with these techniques? (01/I/7/60)
  3. Public Agencies have used a number of sources and procedures for measuring Performance. Comment. (96/I/5c/20)

Promotion, Pay and Service Conditions

  1. Discuss in this connection the case for and against promotion based on seniority. (10/I/6b/40)
  2. “The widening gap in emoluments of government employees versus the public sector corporations and private sector employees has a strong bearing on the motivation and ability to work.” Comment. (07/I/7/60)

Employer – Employe relatoins

  1. Analyse the relevance of Whitleyism in contemporary employer – employee relationship. (15/I/5b/10)
  2. Analyse the constitutional, political and operational dimensions of employer – employee relations. What are your suggestions to bring about a satisfactory relationship between them? (02/I/6/60)
  3. ‘Whitleyism represents a typical British response to Trade Unionism by public servants.’ Comment. (87/I/1c/20)

Grivance redressal mechanism

  1. In what respects, the power of proposed institution of Lok Pal in the Bill already introduced in Indian parliament, will strengthen the institution at compared to Parliamentary Commissioner of UK? (01/I/4/60)
  2. ‘Professional standards, ethics, philosophy, attitudes and ideology of public service are the means to promote accountability of Public Administration. Explain how career and no-Career Public
    Service is accountable to judiciary. (90/I/6b/30)

Code of Conduct

(Anonymity and Neutrality)

  1. Distinguish between ‘Codes of Conduct’ and ‘Codes of Ethics.’ Justify your answer. (15/I/7b/15)
  2. Civil Service neutrality is a thing of the Past-Discuss. (04/I/5b/20)
  3. “The doctrine of political neutrality ad anonymity is no more relevant to modern civil service.” – Comment. (02/I/5c/20)
  4. How far is it true to state that for a developing democracy the concept of civil service neutrality is outdated; instead there is a need for a civil service with professional competence and commitment.? (97/I/4/60)
  5. “Committed bureaucracy is unsuitable in a Parliamentary democracy.” Comment. (96/I/5b/20)
  6. ‘Public interest demands the maintenance, of political impartiality in the civil services.” Comment. (90/I/1d/20)

Administrative ethics

  1. “Administrative ethics is a process of independently critiquing decision standards, based on core social values that can be discovered, within reasonable organisational boundaries that can be defined, subject to the personal and professional accountability. (Denhardt). Explain. (15/I/6a/20)
  2. Briefly discuss the principles of ensuring ethics in public service as recommended in the Nolan Committee Report. (10/I/8b/20)
  3. The administrator needs autonomy and discretion in much the same way as the politician needs control and intervention. Discuss. (04/I/5d/20)
  4. Account for the increasing corruption in Administration. Suggest remedies to curb administration corruption. (03/I/3/60)
  5. ‘The Civil Servants must not forget that he is the servant, not the master of the community and that the official competence need not, and should not involve the loss of human touch.’ Examine. (91/I/3b/30)

Models of policy-making & their critique

  1. “In the appreciate systems of policy makers, goals are subsidiary to norms and values.” (Vickers). Explain. (15/I/5d/10)
  2. “The concept of political feasibility in policy alternative is a probabilistic concept and is related to each policy alternative.” In the context of the above statement analyse Dror’s contribution. (15/I/8a/20)
  3. “Policies determine politics as governments constrain.” Attempt a critique of this statement. (14/I/5d/10)
  4. According to Y.Dror,. ‘The Science of Muddling through is essentially a reinforcement of pro inertia and anti-innovation ideas in policy-making.” Comment. (14/I/8b/15)
  5. “The policy process was not structured in the way required by bureaucratic planning. “Arguably, incrementalism by bureaucratic planning, “Arguably, incrementalism now stands most in contrast to neo-liberal nationality that impose markets against both gradual change and democratic liberalism.” Analyse these two statements. (13/I/7b/20)
  6. ‘Policy Judgments comprise reality judgments, value judgements and instrumental judgments’ (Geoffrey Vickers). Elucidate. (12/I/1e/12)
  7. Would you agree with Bachrach and Baratz that along with decisions, non-decisions are also part of policy? Give reasons for your answer. (12/I/7c/20)
  8. Critically examine the following statements in the field of Pollicy Sciences:
  • The incrementalist paradigm posits & conservative tendency in public policy making. (11/I/7b(i)/15)
  • Dror’s Optimal Model is a fusin of the economically rational model with the extra-rational model. (11/I/7b(ii)/15)
  1. ‘Policy is being made as it is being administered and administered as it is being made. Comment. (11/I/5b/20)
  2. “Yehezkel Dror’s normative models of policy making tend to be academic in perspective with poor operational utility.” Comment, (09/I/5d/20)
  3. Policy is a decision driven model of research use. Explain. (04/I/5a/20)
  4. Public Policy is not an independent variable and human history shoes little evidence of systematic learning from policy experience. Discuss. (04/I/1d/20)
  5. “Public policy is what politics is about.” (02/I/5b/20)
  6. Elucidate the political process of policy formulation. Bring out its distinguishing features in developing countries. (99/I/8/60)
  7. “Policy –making does not end once a decision is made. The implementation of the decision can have just as great an impact on public policy as the decision itself.” Discuss. (97/I/8/60)
  8. Sketch and overview of the State of Public Policy Analyse as it is most likely to interest those who have a public administration perspective. (96/I/8a/60)
  9. ‘Policy-making is a series of continuing dynamics processes which are plural and composite.’ Explain. (92/I/7b/30)
  10. ‘The emerging discipline of policy science aims to work out solutions to problems in policy making. Comment. (90/I/5d/20)
  11. “Incrementalism in administration is not, in principle, it is a fast moving sequence of small changes that after the status que” Examine, in the light of this statement, the desire of development administration, for incrementalist policy-making. (88/I/8a/30)

Processes of conceptualisation

  1. “…even if policies are well-organized, efficiently operated, widely utilized, adequately financed and supported, we may still ask, so what? Do they work?… What about their costs, outputs and impact? Discuss. (09/I/8/60)
  2. “The activities of public administrators at various stages of the policy process illustrate the difficulty of divorcing politics from administration..” Comment. (93/I/5d/20)
  3. ‘There has been an increasing emphasis on the need for policy formulation and policy analysis in order to ensure improved performance and to avoid ad hoc or fragmented approach to administration, particularly in the context of active role of the state in economic, socil, defence and scientific areas’. Discuss. (91/I/8/60)
  4. ‘Every public policy is a government decision aimed at solving a problem of society and a calls for collective approach to its planning and implementation. Comment. (91/I/8/60)
  5. “Policy process must take account of the political complexion of an authority, demography and the historical pattern of service.” Comment. (89/I/5d/20)

Planning, Implementation

  1. “Policy analysis is incomplete without taking into account policy delivery.” Argue. (15/I/6c/15)
  2. “The term policy implementation is, in some respects preferable to the label public administration.” Argue. (15/I/1e/10)
  3. Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dan in a mountain valley girded by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational techniques of policy analysis should it resort to for policy analysis should it resort to for coping with likely uncertainties and unforeseen contingencies. (13/I/8b/20)
  4. ‘Our normal expectation should be that new programs will fall to get off the ground and that, at best, they will take considerable time to get started. The cards in this world are stacked against things happening.’ (Pressman and Wildvsky) . (12/I/5d/15)
  5. “Public administration can be portrayed as a wheel of relationships focused on the formulation and implementation of public policy.” Explain. (10/I/5d/20)
  6. “Implementing a public policy is a process of discovereing what works and what does not.” Examine. (07/I/5d/20)
  7. “Nothing comes across more strongly than the great naivete about policy implementation.” Discuss. (06/I/5c/20)
  8. Give an assessment of the processes of policy formulation and discuss the problems of policy implementation. (05/I/7/60)
  9. Comment on the role of public administration in policy making and its implementation. What are the other factors influencing the policy process? (03/I/7/60)
  10. “Policy implementation in Less Developed Countries needs to be effective.”Comment. (98/I/5d/20)
  11. Explain how factors such as communications, resources, self interests and bureaucratic structures affect implementation of public policies. (95/I/6/60)
  12. Elucidate the concept of policy implementation. How does implementation assessment focus on the operation of a public policy? (94/I/8/60)
  13. “The basic issue of administrative accountability elevated to that part of Public Administration which has something concrete to contribute towards not only policy execution but also policy formulation and policy adjudication.” (94/I/7b/30)
  14. “One way of analysing implementation problems is to begin by thinking about what “perfect administration” would be like, comparable to the way in which economists employ the model of perfect competition.” Discuss (93/I/7a/30)
  15. Define Public Policy. How does its formulation and implementation involve participation by administrators, voluntary agencies and pressure groups in a democracy? (87/I/6/60)


  1. “Laxity in monitoring and evaluation can render even the best policies infructuous.” Discuss. (08/I/5a/20)

Evaluation and review and their limitatios.

  1. “Public interest is still inadequate as a ground concept to evaluate public policy.” Discuss. (13/I/4b/25)
  2. “Cost-benefit analysis is a very unsatisfactory view of evaluating public policy.” Comment. (10/I/8c/20)
  3. Outline the traditional and Cost-Benefit approaches to policy-evaluation. (88/I/8b/30)

State theories and public policy formulation

  1. “The output studies approach to public policy analyses ovestresses the rational techniques and allocative dimension of public policy.” Analyse the statement. (14/I/6b/15)
  2. “All policy-making is decision-making, but all decision – making is not policy-making.” Elaborate. How does a policy emanate and what course does policy-making in government follow? (98/I/8/60)

Organisation and methods (Management by objectives)

  1. Is Peter Drucker justified in saying, “Management principles should not tell us what do, but only tell us what not to do?” comment. (14/I/1e/10)
  2. What are the main functions of an O and M office? (11/I/8a(i)/`5)
  3. Bring out the various techniques of O & M adopted I India to improve efficiency in administration. (07/I/6/60)
  4. Examine the needs and facets of administrative reforms in the fast changing scenario of the 21st What are the obstacles to administrative reforms? Give suggestions to overcome them. (03/I/6/60)
  5. Bring out the importance of Organization and Methods (O&M). Do you think that there should be a separate O & M organization? (97/I/6/60)
  6. “Administrative reforms are induced changes in the machinery of government under taken in ordr to bridge the gap between reality and desirability.” Comment. (97/I/5d/20)
  7. “Whatever is purpose it is true that reform always takes place against ‘resistance’ and that failure to recognise the various sources of opposition, and to plan and to neutralise them, is a major reason for the widespread failure of reform efforts.” Examine. (96/I/6/60)
  8. “The entire process of development and of administrative reforms.” Comment. (94/I/5c/20)
  9. “Administrative reforms represent efforts. Intended to enhance and/or expand the administrative and managerial capacity of Public administration to achieve national objectives or goals.” Elucidate. (93/I/7b/30)
  10. ‘Administrative reform, by its very definition, seeks to apply new ideas to administration and ths entails new values. Comment. (92/I/5c/20)
  11. ‘There are widely different views not only about the context of O and M, but also concerning its relationship with other techniques concerned with improving effectiveness and efficiency. Discuss. (91/I/6a/30)

Work study and work management.

  1. Write short note on Work study and work-measurement in Indian Administration. (00/I/5d/20)
  2. “Work study succeeds because it is systematic in investigating a problem and also in developing a solution for it.” Explain. Also discuss the components of Work Study and their usefulness. (98/I/6/60)
  3. Work study comprise all ‘systematic activities concerned with the investigation, recording, measurement and improvement of work. Comment. (90/I/5b/20)

e-goverances and information technology

  1. E-Governance creates a direct relationship between the Citizen and the State.” In this context, explain the changing role of the elected representatives. (15/I/7c/15)
  2. “The bottom line for governance outcome rather than the outputs of government.” Analyse in context of e-government and e-governance. (14/I/5c/10)
  3. “The technical and multidisciplinary nature of e-governance has created an interdependent relationship within government between policymakers, program administratos and technical specialists.” Analyse in context of generalist – specialist relationship. (14/I/7a/20)
  4. The success rate of e-government projects in most developing countries is stated to be rather low. Assess the reason. (14/I/5d/10)
  5. ‘The apparent demise of e-Government and e-Business as the main organizing principles of society has created the conditions for the rise of e.-Governance from the ashes.’ – In the context of the above statement show the distinctions between e-Government and e-Governance. (12/I/8b/15)
  6. A system of Information ties planning and control by managers to the operational system of implementation. Elaborate. (11/I/8a(ii)/15)
  7. E-Governance is the final arrival of Max Weber’s ‘Iron cage of rationality.’ Discuss. (11/I/1c/20)
  8. Do you think that there is a sort of paradox between e-Governance and good governance? Explain fully. (10/I/7b/20)
  9. “e-Governance has the potentiality to emerge as the most effective instrument of efficiency, transparency and accountability.” Comment. (08/I/5b/20)
  10. “The rise of information technology is an opportunity to overcome historical disabilities.” Explain. (06/I/5a/20)
  11. In what ways and how can information technology play a crucial role in effective government – citizen interaction the context of good governance? (05/I/2/60)
  12. What is Information Technology? Describe its impact on Public Administration. (04/I/6/60)
  13. “Organisations today seem to invest in information and information systems, but their investments often do not seem to make sense.” Comment. (03/I/5a/20)


  1. Do you think that sudden eruption of ‘Information society” has adapted and accelerated administrative development? (89/I/8a/60)

Management aid tools like networking analysis, MIS

  1. “The field of MIS is not necessarily an extension of computer science, but of management and organisation theory. Elucidate. (13/I/7a/15)
  2. ‘Relations are the building blocks of network analysis.” – In the light of this statement summarize the form and content of relations in ‘network analysis.’ (01/I/8/60)
  3. There is a need for intimate relation between Generalists, Specialists and the Management Information System. (MIS). Comment. (88/I/5a/20)


  1. “Comparative Performance Measurement (CPM) bridges everyday work experience with the broader horizons of comparativism.”Explain. (15/I/5a/10)
  2. “MIS, PERT, and CPM have accelerated the process of reinventing O & M.”In the context of the above statement, explain the recent developments in managerial techniques. (15/I/8c/15)
  3. Trace the back ground the development of PERT and enumerate the steps involved in the application of PERT. (12/I/8c(ii)/15)
  4. Draw a simple PERT chart for a seminar planning project. (12/I/8c(iii)/15)
  5. “Techniques like PERT and CPM help in effective office management.”Elaborate. (09/I/5b/20)
  6. Time may be regained as an alternative to reform, as by ‘efflux of time’ remarkable powers may be acquired to resolve conflict. Comment. (88/I/5b/20)

Monetary & Fiscal Policies

  1. “Economic reforms are a work in progress with the state reluctant to fully relinquish its reins.” Discuss the statement with regard to implementation of economic reforms in India. (13/I/7a/15)
  2. Critically examine the monetary and fiscal policies of Government of India in the decade 1991 to 2001. Do you think would financial institutions had a role to play in opening Indian economy to global forces? Give reasons to substantiate your argument. (01/I/8/60)
  3. “Time-honoured and yet often not sufficiently appreciated are the fiscal techniques for securing responsible conduct of administrative business.” Discuss. (97/I/7a/30)

Budgets – types and forms

  1. “Instead of reforms to budgetary process Wildavsky proposes to redefine the role of political institutions and rules by which politics leads to agreement on budget.” Explain. (14/I/5e/10)
  2. Identify the main elements of program budgeting, output budgeting and new performance budgeting. What do they have in common with PPBS? (14/I/8a/20)
  3. What new models of budgetary capacity and incapacity have emerged after the decline of Planning Programming Budgeting and Zero-based Budgeting? (150 words) (13/I/5e/10)
  4. An administrator uses the budget as a framework for communication and co-ordination, as well as for exercising administrative discipline throughout the administrative structure. Explain. (11/I/8b/20)
  5. ‘Budget is a series of goals with price-tags attached.’ Explain. (11/I/5a/20)
  6. Distinguish between PPBs and performance budgeting. (10/I/8a/20)
  7. What is performance budgeting? Bring out its merits, limitations and difficulties. (07/I/8/60)
  8. “Successfully implementing budgeting approach requires favourable incentive structures.” Discuss. (06/I/5d/20)
  9. Why does the issue of budgeting as politics versus budgeting as analysis remain important in the budgeting process? Do you agree that some synthesis of the two positions seems possible? Illustrate. (05/I/8/60)
  10. “The budget is an instrument of coordination.” Explain. (05/I/5c/20)
  11. Examine the government budget as an instrument of public policy and a tool of legislative control. (02/I/8/60)
  12. Burekehead says: ‘Budget in Government is a vehicle of fiscal policy and a tool of management.’ Examine this statement. (01/I/5b/20)
  13. Give reason for the failure of Government of India to introduce the performance programme budgetary technique in Union Ministries. What type of budgetary system is being currently practiced in India and why? (00/I/6/60)
  14. Write short note on Budget as an instrument of socio-economic transformation. (00/I/5a/20)
  15. “Budget is a tool which serves many purposes.” Comment. (98/I/5a/20)
  16. “Budgeting and fiscal administration require the public administrator to resolve a variety of operational, managerial and strategic issues.” Examine. (96/I/7b/30)
  17. Program budgeting is often considered interchangeable with performance budgeting, but there is a significant difference, at least in theory. Comment. (95/I/5a/20)
  18. Examine the view that during the last two decades Programming, Planning and Budgeting system and even Zero Base Budgeting have been driven out by political dissensions. (94/I/6/60)
  19. Explain the principle involved in the preparation of budget. Assess the scope of budgetary techniques in financial management. (93/I/8/60)
  20. What is performance budgeting? Do you agree with the statement that it is a tool of business management? (92/I/6/60)
  21. ‘Financial administration is a vital institution for economic and social change in a poor country.’ Comment. (92/I/5a/20)
  22. ‘……. Budget office needs accountants, statisticians and procedure analysis; it must provide a working climates in which these specialist skills are applied in a general context.’ Comment. (90/I/5a/20)
  23. :In so far as budgeting is successful or otherwise, if depends not only on its internal working but upon the environment in which it operates.’ Explain. (88/I/6/60)
  24. Explain Performance Budgeting and illustrate its need and utility in development administration. (87/I/7a/30)


Budgetary Processes

  1. “No significant change can be made in the budgetary process without affecting the political process.” (Wildavsky). Analyse. (15/I/5c/10)
  2. Budget allocation involves series of tensions between actors with different backgrounds, orientations between and interests and between short-term goals and long-term institutional requirements. Discuss. (13/I/7c/15)
  3. ‘Those who budget, deal with their overwhelming burdens by adopting heuristic aids to caliculation’ (Wildavsky) Explain. (12/I/5e/15)
  4. “Good economics and bad politics cannot coexist in a sound budgetary process.” Discuss developmental challenges in countries experiencing competitive politics. (08/I/7/60)
  5. Give reasons for the failure on the part of bureaucracy and the legisleture to supervise the enactment of the budgetary provisions. (89/I/8b/30)

Financial accountability

  1. “Legislative controls over finance are inadequate and incomplete.” Comment. (03/I/5d/20)
  2. Describe the method by which the Public Accounts Committee and the Estimates Committee control administration. (95/I/8/60)
  3. Examine the nature of parliamentary control over the National Finances in India. (91/I/7/60)

Accounts and audit

  1. “The fact that we call something performance auditing means that we imply salient features which can distinguish it from other forms of enquiry.” Discuss with reference to the main measures or indicators of performance measurement. (14/I/6a/20)
  2. Whereas ‘value for money’ audit aims at economy and ‘performance’ audit seeks efficiency, ‘social’ audit goes beyond both, to examine the effectiveness of a programme or activity. (11/I/4a/30)
  3. “Audit continues to be considered as something alien, something extraneous and something of the nature of an impediment.” Explain. (06/I/5b/20)
  4. “Auditing in Government is an exercise in post-mortem.” – Examine. (02/I/5d/20)
  5. ‘Statutory External auditing is one of the protectors of democracy in the parliamentary form of Government.’ Comment. (01/I/5d/20)
  6. “Government has numerous ideal objectives, and three of these are closely linked to accounting and finance: efficiency, effectiveness and equality.” Comment. (93/I/5b/20)
  7. ‘It (Audit) is the process of ascertaining whether the administer has spent or is spending its fund in accordance with the terms, of legislature which appropriated money.’ Comment. (91/I/5a/20)
  8. ‘What the auditors know is auditing…. Which is not administration.’ Comment on the nature, importance and role of audit in administration. (90/I/6a/30)
  9. “Public bureaucracies have not grown yet to adopt their accounting and auditing mechanisms to the ever growing automation within them.” Comment. (89/I/5c/20)
  10. ‘The financial administration in modern times needs updating administrative Cybernetics and Audit reforms.’ Comment. (87/I/5a/20)


  1. Evolution of Indian Administration

Kautilya’s Arthashastra

  1. “Ethic in public services has been the central concern of Kautilya’s Arthashastra,” Critically examine the statement. (14/II/1a/10)
  2. “Indian administration is said to be characterized by its three feature viz. Weberian structures, Kautilyan practice and Gandhian rhetoric.” Examine the statement. (14/II/2b/20)
  3. ‘The Arthashastra is a book of political realism.’ Elaborate. (12/II/4c/15)
  4. “The rule of kings depends primarily on written orders….” Why did Kautilya favour Condificatino of Laws? (10/II/1a/20)
  5. Comment on the view that despite different contexts, administrative maxims of Kautilya’s Arthashastra bear considerable similarity with features of Weber’s idea bureaucratic model. (09/II/1b/20)
  6. “Kautilya was not only the foremost politico-administrative thinker of ancient India but he was an advocate and preacher of moral values too.” Comment. (07/II/1a/20)
  7. “In the happiness of his subjects lies the king’s happiness; in their welfare his welfare” Comment on Kautilyan state administration. In what respects is modern democratic rulers’ behavior different from Kautilyan rulers? (06/II/1a/20)
  8. “The Arthashastra is India’s oldest complete text on public administration.” Comment. (03/II/1a/20)
  9. “The machinery of government designed in Kautilya’s Arthashastra does not exactly resemble our modern-day polity, but it does contain some principles which could be said to be the part of today’s science of public administration.” Comment. (01/II/1a/20)
  10. “kautilya’s Arthashastra has significant relevance to the contemporary Indian administration. Comment. (98/II/1a/20)
  11. “The principles in Arthshastra do not command as much of our attention as the delineation of the machinery of administration in it… It reveals the authors mastery of detail, which could have developed only as a result of his actual experience of administration.’ Comment. (90/II/1b/20)
  12. ‘It is not possible to maintain that the administrative system, described in Arthashastra was in actual existence during the Mouryan period.’ Comment. (97/II/1a/20)

Mughal administration

  1. “The Mughal Administrative System was military fule by nature and a form of centralized depoitism. “ Analyse. (12/II/1a/12)
  2. ‘Some features of Mughal Administration, in essence, do exist in India Administration.’ (08/II/1d/20)
  3. “The Mughal Administrative System was a military rule by nature and was centralized despotism.” Comment. (05/II/1a/20)
  4. Trace the evolution of Judical Administration in India during the Mughal and British periods of Indian History and highlight the major landmarks of this evolution from 1774 to 1911. (89/II/2/60)
  5. “Iqtal, the lowest unit of administration during the Sultanate period was sub-divided. ‘Shiqs.’ The Shiqdar administered a number of ‘Paraganas’. A Chaudhari in every paragana and a Patwari in every Village Constituted the local administration.” Comment. (88/II/1a/20)

Legacy of British rule in politics and administration.

Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.

  1. “The Charter Act of 1853 marked the beginning of parliamentary system inIndia.” Explain (150 words) (13/II/1a/10)
  2. It is said that the British made a significant contribution towards modernizing the Indian Administrative System ‘ ‘rational-legal’ basis. Justify the assessment with reference to the period from 1830 to 1865. (10/II/2a/30)
  3. “Bureaucracy developed by the British stifled the village self-rule” comment. (09/II/1a/20)
  4. “The main features of British governmental and administrative system continue to influence the present Administrative System.” Comment. (04/II/1a/20)
  5. “Though India emerged as a sovereign state after Independence, the administrative system remained the same as was during the British period.” Comment. (03/II/1b/20)
  6. “After independence, despite the change in socio-economic and political milieu, the basic features of colonial impact on administration continues to exist in our administrative system.” Comment. (02/II/2/60)
  7. “The period of British rule generated most of the structural and behavioural values of Indian Administration not by imitation but through interaction.” Comment. (00/II/1a/20)
  8. “Under the Company’s rule a distinction was drawn between Regulation and Non-Regulation Provinces.” Comment.  (97/II/1a/20)
  9. “It is not wholly correct to suggest that British rule had seriously attempted to bring about unity in India’s administration.” Comment. (96/II/1a/20)
  10. “The purpose of Clive’s famous ‘double government’ was to mask Company’s sovereignty.” Comment. (95/II/1a/20)
  11. Trace the evolution of Judicial Administration in India during the British period and highlight the legacies that persist and the judicial reforms that have followed during the Twentieth Century. (93/II/2/60)
  12. “The generalist – neutralist model of Civil Service, more than any other model of Civil Service, fits in framework of parliamentary democracy in India, a legacy of the British pattern with which Indians have been familiar.” Comment. (93/II/1b/20)
  13. “The British colonial administration superimposed the prefectorial system on the historically inherited district administration in India, in the absence of rural local government at the district level.” Comment. (93/II/1a/20)
  14. ‘Lord Ripon was the prophet of local government in India.’ Comment. (92/II/1b/20)
  15. “The proposals of the Royal Commission on Decentralization (1907-1909) did little more than echo the resolution of May, 1882, yet even such entirely conservative reforms were postponed for a future ten years: the last of the years of opportunity for British statesmen and officials and they passed away unused. Comment. (90/II/1c/20)
  16. ‘The Cabinet Committee provide a useful forum for interface between officials and non-officials in participatory situation in “Policy Administration” in a Parliamentary Democracy.’ Comment. (89/II/1b/20)
  17. ‘Lord Ripon’s Resolution of 1882 has been described as the Magna Carta of Local Self-Government in India. It was a Policy Statement and marked a fundamental change in the approach’ comment. (89/II/1a/20)
  18. “The formative stage of administration, preceding the Indian mutiny of 1857 witnessed a struggle between the ‘Cornwallis’ and ‘Munrd schools of district administration.” Comment. (88/II/5a/20)
  19. Trace the evolution of the system of Public Administration in India from 1858 to 1919, highlighting the major landmarks of this period of administrative history. (87/II/2/60)


  1. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government.

Salient features and value premises; Constituionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

  1. “Democracy within bureaucracy is likely to reduce its effectiveness.” Do you agree with this view? Argue you case. (15/II/1a/10)
  2. To what extent has political culture influenced and administrative culture of India? Explain. (15/II/2a/20)
  3. As Dr. B.r. Ambedkar observed, “the text of the Constitution can provide the organs of the State, but the final outcome of the governance process depends on how it has operationalized by the political parties and people.” Elucidate the statement. (15/II/2c/10)
  4. Discuss the valuable premise of constitutionalism in India which the bureaucracy cannot violate. (14/II/1b/10)
  5. “Beneath the soft outer shell of democratic administrative framework lies unscathed the steel frame of Indian administration which has survived through ages.” In the in the light of this statement, examine the relationship between bureaucracy and development in the last one decade. (14/II/3c/10)
  6. “The liberal-democratic ideology of the West influenced the shaping of value premises of the Indian constitution.” Discuss. (In about 250 words) (13/II/2b/20)
  7. “Over-dependence on bureaucracy for bringing about socio-economic development in India has proved to be dysfunctional.” Comment. (11/II/1a/20)
  8. Explain with appropriate illustrations the interface between political cultural and bureaucratic culture in contemporary India. (11/II/1c/20)
  9. The prevalence of multiple channels for transfer of resources from the Centre to the States is stated to have compounded the problems of federal fiscal arrangements. Discuss. (10/II/3b/20)
  10. “Values of Indian administration must be rooted in the Preamble of the Indian constitution.” Discuss. (09/II/8a/30)
  11. ‘The shift from the N… to the liberalization model of development has necessitated reinventing government.’ Comment. (08/II/1a/20)
  12. There is constant and continuous collision between bureaucratic values and democratic values which adversely affects development. In the light of this statement examine the role of bureaucracy in development. (08/II/2/60)
  13. “The basic values of the Constitution of India enshrine social, political and economic philosophy symbolizing sovereignty of the people, rule of law and basic characteristics of a socialist, secular, democratic, republic.” Comment. (06/II/1b/20)
  14. “Culturally sanctioned values and symbols have acted as important influencing catalyst in administration.” – Elaborate. (02/II/7a/30)
  15. “Indian federalism is described as federal in form but unitary in spirit.” Comment. (02/II/1b/20)
  16. “The value premises of our Constitution in the era of global constitutionalism” comment. (02/II/1a/20)
  17. ‘The use of the word ‘Socialist’ in the Indian Constitution has become redundant In the context of the liberalization of economy.” Comment. (01/II/1b/20)
  18. “Reservation policy and its implementation has had some positive impact in relation to terms on the socio-economic development of the SCs and STs but it is very meager in absolute terms.” Comment. (00/II/7a/30)
  19. “The Indian Constitution considerably influences the nature, role and structure of Indian administration.” Elucidate (98/II/3b/30)
  20. “The Directive Principles of State Policy and socialistic in their direction and content.” Comment. (98/II/3b/30)
  21. “The Premble to the Constitution is a key to open the mind of the markers.” Comment. (97/II/1b/20)
  22. Examine the motives and intentions of the framers of the Indian Constitution as they opted for the system of parliamentary democracy in India. (97/II/2/60)
  23. “The constitutional provisions for the appointment of a special officer for the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes are some investigative than executive in orientation.” Comment. (96/II/5d/20)
  24. “The first Article of the Draft Constitution of India provided that India shall be a federation.” Comment. (96/II/1b/20)
  25. “The Indian Constitution is a bag to borrowed materials.” Comment. (95/II/1b/20)
  26. “The purists have criticized the Indian Constitution as not conforming to the conception of a federation and so being unduly rigid.” Examine the statement. (95/II/2/60)
  27. “The word ‘socialist’ in the Preamble to our Constitution requires to be defined.” Comment. (94/II/1a/20)
  28. “In framing a Federal Constitution the Constituent Assembly had many models to draw union, but it wisely decided to take the Government of India Act, 1935 as the basis on which the new Constitution was the basis on which the new Constitution was to be framed.” Critically examine this statement. (94/II/2/60)
  29. ‘Reservation Policy in Public Services as a mandate from the Constitution has been conducive to the promotion of Social Justice.’ Discuss and illustrate. (92/II/35/30)
  30. ‘The Indian Constitution provides a mere environmental setting for our politics and administration but the state of conflict arises from the mass base and the elitist orientations of the two respectively.’ Comment. (92/II/1a/20)
  31. ‘The fine art of deception which the Biritish Practised in the name of “Dyarchy” was too crude for it to pass the test of self-government. It hastened “Provincial Autonomy” But this too did not promote Parliamentary democracy of federalism.” Comment. (91/II/1b/20)
  32. ‘As the Fundamental Law of Administration of the land, the Indian Constitution lacks teeth in its institutional package to realize the landable ideals enshrined in the Constitution.’ Comment. (91/II/1a/20)
  33. ‘Welfare and development administration calls for qualities different from law and order administration.’ Examine, in the light of the statement, the crucial issues in tribal welfare and development administration, highlighting the role of the Government agencies involved in it. (91/II/6/60)
  34. ‘The Preamble to the Constitution of India contains the ideals to be achieved by the administration; the progress in regard to their realization has however been halting and patchy, the libertarian ideal on the whole gaining an upper hand over the egalitarian.’ Comment. (90/II/1a/20)

Public sector in modern India

  1. “The size of the leviathan goes on expanding, despite the country’s recent commitment to downsizing or rightsizing.” Comment. (03/II/5a/20)
  2. “The steady expansion and the gradual decline of the public sector has been one of the most conspicuous development in post-Independence India.” Discuss the statement and suggest measures to arrest the decline of the public sector in India. (03/II/4/60)
  3. “Indian public enterprises and neither adequately ‘public’ nor truly ‘enterprising.” Comment. (98/II/1d/20)
  4. “The public sector has to grow. It has a strategic importance.” (94/II/1d/20)
  5. ‘With the fall of the Soviet System, the fervor socialist administration has declined. Examine the statement in the light of recent policy decisions in the Government of India with regard to public undertakings. (92/II/3a/30)
  6. Public Undertakings of the Central Government could be booked upon both as an asset and a liability. Which measures would you suggest toenhance their utility as an asset and to reduce their drag as a liability? Examine in depth the working of one central public undertaking in this context. (90/II/4/60)
  7. ‘Pricing Policy for Products and Services have to be different for monopolistic, semi-monopolistic and competitive kinds of Public Enterprise. A policy of No Profit, No Loss cannot be recommended as the long-term goal or as a permanent policy for most State Undertakings in India.’ Comment. (89/II/5a/20)
  8. “The development of the Joint Sector, the availability of organized trade unions and the entry of the Public Sector into low Social priority areas have rendered the administration of public enterprises politically unaccountable, managerially ineffective and financially non-viable” comment. (88/II/1c/20)

Forms of PSUs

  1. Can the holding company’s structure act as an institutional change to add to efficiency? Give your answer with appropriate illustrations. (11/II/7a/30)
  2. “The Public Corporations in India are like exhausted Leviathans.” Comment. (99/II/1d/20)
  3. “The departmental public undertakings have necessarily been placed under the full control of the Government and Parliament.” Comment. (95/II/1d/20)
  4. ‘The company form of organization in public sector is said to be a fraud on the principle of parliamentary accountability. Yet it is the most popular enterprise in the field of public sector organization in India.’ Comment. (91/II/4/60)

Problems of autonomy accountability and control

  1. Explain fully how a balance can be struck between autonomy and accountability of India’s public enterprises. (15/II/8c/10)
  2. Argue the case for and against creating Indian Public Enterprises and Industrial Service for boosting the moribund public sector in India. (15/II/8c/10)
  3. “Public sector undertakings must learn to survive and be entrepreneurial, without assured government budgetary support.” In the light of this statement give your suggestions for strengthening their autonomy and reviving the health of sick Public Sector Undertakings. (14/II/2a/20)
  4. “Autonomy to public sector undertakings is a myth.” Analyse in the context of the use of government expenditures by politicians who control government at different levels. (In about 150 words) (13/II/2c/10)
  5. Is it correct to state that “one of the major reasons for the failure of many… public sector undertakings was due to departures from the original concept of autonomy.”? (10/II/1b/20)
  6. “The blame for our poor public sector performance can be laid on the way our bureaucracy is structured.” Comment. (07/II/5a/20)
  7. “Public performance of Public Undertakings in the Core Sectors of Indian economy has sparked off problems of political accountability and labour participation in management.’ Comment. (02/II/5d/20)

Impact of liberalization and privatization

  1. “Memorandum of Understanding’ scheme between the Governemnt and Public enterprises has forced public undertakings to improve their overall performance.” Do you agree with this statement? (12/II/1d/12)
  2. “Memorandum of understanding scheme’ between government and public enterprise has forced public undertakings to improve the overall performance.” Comment. (07/II/1d/20)
  3. “In the context of liberalization the role of Public sector and its welfarist approach Is being drastically changed.” Elucidate. (04/II/3b/30)
  4. “The role of public sector has been changing tremendously in the context of liberalization.’ Comment. (02/II/1d/20)
  5. “Despite liberalization, privatization and globalization of economy, the public sector has its own relevance for India.” Discuss the functions and role of public sector in the new economic scenario and the changes that they need to bring about in them. (01/II/4/60)
  6. Do you agree that globalization, liberalization and privatization policies are going to change the very fabric of India Administration? What, according to you, are the major challenges before it in the 21st century? (00/II/8/60)
  7. Discuss the major problems of management and working of Public Sector Undertakings in India. Give suggestions in the light of liberalization policy to improve their performance. (00/II/4/60)


  1. “Ordinance-making power of the Executive needs to be suitably restrained.” Examine it critically. (15/II/1d/10)
  2. In the exercise of his/her functions, the President of India is a mere ;Convenient working hypothesis.’ Do you agree with this view? Justify your reasoning with illustration. (12/II/2b/30)
  3. “In an era of hung parliaments the power of the President expands, more so when the incumbent decides to be assertive.” Comment on the statement with reference to the situation in India during the last two decades. (10/II/4a/30)
  4. Does the emergence of an Empowered Group of Ministers at the Central level impair the doctrine of Cabinet responsibility? (10/II/1c/20)
  5. “By tanking some offices out of the Jurisdiction of the Office of Profit Act, the Government of India has doubly assured the public mind of its duplicity.” Comment. (06/II/5c/20)
  6. Indian Prime Minister should not only be accountable to the Indian Parliament but should appear to be so.” Comment on the accountability of the Prime Minister to the Indian Parliament in the context of extra-constitutional power. (06/II/3/60)
  7. “Not the Potomac, but the Thames, fertilizes the flow of Yamuna.” In the light of the statement comment on the symbolic institution of the President of India. (06/II/1d/30)
  8. “The veto-power of the Indian President is a combination of the absolute, suspensive and pocket veto.” Comment. (05/II/1b/20)
  9. “Presidents of India prior to the passage of 42nd and 44th amendment could afford to be more assertive.” Comment. (04/II/1c/20)
  10. “Looking back to our past experience, the fear that the emergency provisions can be misused have at times proved right and wrong at other times.” Discuss with examples. (03/II/2/60)
  11. “Despite all the powers that he has, the Indian Prime Minister cannot become a dictator.” Comment. (03/II/1c/20)
  12. “The Prime Minister stands out as the most powerful authority even today.” Comment. (01/II/1c/20)
  13. “Indian Constitution confers vast legislative powers on the President.” Comment. (00/II/1d/20)
  14. “Though the dictatorship of the Cabinet is a stark reality in modern times, it does not mean that the Cabinet is omnipotent.” Comment. (00/II/1b/20)
  15. “Art.78 of the Constitution confers Executive Power on the President.” Comment. (98/II/1b/20)
  16. “The essential purpose of Cabinet Committee is relieve the Cabinet of some burden of work.” Discuss. (96/II/3a/30)
  17. “Rather than describing the Prime Minister’s position through phrases, it is better to examine how the office of the Prime Minister has actually evolved over time.” Explain. (96/II/2/60)
  18. “While discussing the President’s position in the Constitution, the model of the British monarch being impracticable and the model of the French Presidency having been rules out, the compromise model had to fall back upon some such device as the German one.” Comment. (95/II/1c/20)
  19. “The Cabinet is not a constitutional body.” Comment. (94/II/1b/20)
  20. “The Cabinet Committees in the Union Government are a proven asset to it as staff agencies.’ Elucidate. (91/II/3b/30)
  21. “Administrative talent of Minister determined his success.” Comment. (09/II/5d/20)



  1. Parliamentary committees bring about accountability and public expenditure. Discuss. (14/II/5b/20)
  2. ‘parliamentary Department Committees have played their role effectively in analyzing the demands for grants.’ Evaluate. (12/II/3a/20)
  3. ‘Parliament is an independent institution, not to be seen as an extension of government or of a party.’ Elaborate. (12/II/1c/20)
  4. It is said that the image and influence of Indian Parliament have suffered a serious decline in recent years. How far do you agree with this view-point? (99/II/2/60)
  5. ‘The Parliamentary Control over administration is a misnomer… It is like the blade at the top of the Guillotine, which need not fall to be politically effective… If accountability to Parliament gets improved, the desire to control by its members will abate.’ Comment. (89/II/5d/20)
  6. “The judicial control over administration is no substitute for parliamentary conttol. Infact, they are supplementary but serve two different kinds of purposes.” Discuss. (88/II/7b/30)

Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes ; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations.

  1. Discuss the arguments for and against the National Judicial Appointments Committion Act, 2014. (15/II/4a/20)
  2. “Management of intragovernmental relations is as important as that of intergovernmental relations.” Example its impact upon the performance of the government. (14/II/4a/20)
  3. ‘Judges should not govern the country. They can lay down a law, not interfere with governance.’ Discuss. (12/II/1b/12)
  4. “. Judges and Courts have creatively reinterpreted their statutory authority and expanded their own power and enhanced their standing vis-à-vis the legislature and executive.” Critically examine this assessment. (10/II/4b/30)
  5. “Public Interest Litigation (PIL) has undergone several changes since its inception in 1980.’s. comment. (10/II/5a/20)

Cabinet Secretariat

  1. Critically examine the variables in the composition and functioning of Cabinet Committee. (125/II/1c/120)
  2. “The respective roles of the Cabinet Secretary of the Government of India and of the Chief Secretary of a State are similar in certain respects, and dissimilar in other.” Explain. (09/II/6a/30)
  3. “The Cabinet Secretariat provides the eyes and ears for the Prime Minister to keep in touch with the process of official business in Central Government.” Comment. (05/II/3a/30)
  4. “The leadership qualities of a civil servant are test most during his tenure as the Cabinet Secretary ‘ a dream-post for every bureaucrat.” Elucidate. (00/II/3a/30)
  5. “The efficiency of the Cabinet depends to a large extent on the Cabinet Secretariat “Elucidate. (97/II/3a/30)
  6. ‘The cabinet secretariat in India as an innovation in the central administration has been emulated from the British experience. Its fortunes have changed with the vicissitudes of the Prime Minister.’ Review the working of the Cabinet Secretariat since its inception in the light of the above statement. (90/II/3a/30)
  7. “Cabinet Secretariat the Prime Minister’s Secretariat in India have Common but dissimilar staff, functions.’ Elucidate. (88/II/7a/30)

Prime Minister’s Office

  1. The functional role of Prime Minister’s office (PMO) depends on the Prime Minister’s policy orientation, personality and style of administration. Comment on the statement with suitable examples. (14/II/1c/10)
  2. Discuss the evolution of the role of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) since independence. (11/II/2a/30)
  3. “A strong PMO is a salvation for any Indian Prime Minster, but concentration of power is a danger to democracy.” Comment. (05/II/1d/20)
  4. “The rise of the Prime Minister’s Secretariat and the Cabinet Secretariat in Indian during the past three decades is an indication of the growing centralization of policy and decisional authority in the positions of the Prime Minister.” Examine. (99/II/4/60)
  5. “The Prime Minister’s Office is a staff agency. Its line functions are inconsistent with the Secretariat Systems of administration.” Comment. (93/II/3b/30)
  6. Examine the comparative roles of the Cabinet Secretariat and the Prime Minister’s Secretariat in the functioning of the Union and the Governments in India. Illustrate your answer. (925/II/2/60)
  7. “The Prime Minister’s Secretaria – the youngest of the Central Secretariat Organizations-has grown taller than the Cabinet Secretariat.’ Discuss this, analyzing the role and influence of the Prime Minister’s Office on the Administration of the country. (91/II/2/60)

Central Secretariat

  1. “Central Secretariat is the nodal agency for administering the Union subjects and establishing coordination among the various activities of the government.” Discuss. (In about 250 words) (13/II/3b/20)
  2. “The central secretariat is a policy formulating, coordinating and supervisory agency besides being the principal executive agency of the government.” Explain. (02/II/3a/30)
  3. “The Central Secretariat is thus today encumbered with non-essential work and has, for a large part, become an unwisely and over-staffed organization.” Elucidate. (99/II/3b/30)
  4. “The Secretariat system of work has lent balance, consistency to the administration and serves as a nucleus for the total machinery of a ministry.” Explain. (95/II/3a/30)
  5. “One weakness of the Gopalaswami plan was to identify a ministry with a minister’s charge.” Discuss, in this context, Gopalaswami Ayyangar’s recommendations regarding Secretariat organization. (94/II/3a/30)
  6. Trace the evolution of Secretariat system in India during to British period of administrative history with special reference to the structure of central administration and its field organizations. (08/II/2/60)

Ministries and Departments

  1. Critically analyse the functions and role of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with regard to development of disabled persons in India. (07/II/8a/20)
  2. What concrete steps have been taken by the Union and the State Govern-ments to protect child labour and prevent abuse of children? (06/II/8c/20)
  3. What measures have been taken by the Union and the States for the welfare of women in the profession of sex? (06/II/8b/20)
  4. Critically evaluate the policies of the Union Government with regard to the welfare of women and children of India. (06/II/8a/20)
  5. Explain the role and structure of Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of India. What are the challenges being faced by this Ministry? Give suggestions for enhancing the capacity of this organization to meet these challenges. (98/II/4/60)
  6. Critically examine the role of the Finance Ministry as the custodian of all public revenues. (97/II/6/60)
  7. Outline in brief the organization and working of the Union Ministry of Finance and offer concrete suggestions for organizational reforms in the light of the new economic policy of liberalisaton of the Central Government. (93/II/4/60)
  8. Outline the organization and working of the Ministry of Home Affaris in the Government of India & examine its role in the event of breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state. (92/II/6/60)
  9. Analyse the role and functions of Ministry of Finance of the Government of India. What steps would you visualize to improve its performance of the function of financial management. Suggest measures to streamline its relationship with other Ministers? (91/II/8/60)
  10. Outline in brief the organizational structure and working of the Ministry of Finance or Ministry of Home of the Union government of India and discuss the role, relationship and relevance of its field organisation. (89/II/4/60)

Boards; Commissions; Attached Offices; Field organizations.

  1. “Finance Commission in india performs the job of statistics aggregation – Comment. (13/II/1d/10)
  2. “For national planning, the commission type of organization was deliberately preferred.” Examine the statement. (97/II/3b/30)
  3. ‘The recommendations of a Finance Commission, according to Constitutional provisions, do not constitute an award. These are recommendations…. the Finance Commission is an aid, and the executive may or may not accept its recommendations considering their feasibility and desirability of implementation on objective considerations.’ Comment. (90/II/3b/30)
  4. ‘It is high time that the distribution of Central Assistance Under Article 282 of Indian Constitution, (Which is entirely or even mainly made on the basis of Semi-Judicial Awards of the Finance Commission) needs to be re-examined in all its implications.’ Why? (89/II/3a/30)

Machinery of planning

  1. The objectives, approaches and organizational arrangements for decision making of the NITI Aayog aim at restoring the federal character of the Indian polity. Explain. (15/II/3a/20)
  2. “Planning enables comprehensive and scientific understanding of problems.” Examine the statement in the context of planning methodology. (13/II/1e/10)
  3. “Effective implementation of plan projects has been the weakest link in the chain of the entire planning programme. Elucidate. (04/II/7b/30)
  4. “Indian planning is highly centralized.” Comment. (03/II/5d/20)
  5. ‘Planning in a federal system, needs to depoliticized.’ Comment. (92/II/5c/20)

Role, Composition and functions of the Planning Commission.

  1. Explain the context and perspectives of the following statements.: (10/II/6a/30)
  • The Planning Commission is “an armchair adviser.”
  • The Planning Commission should reinvent itself as a systems reforms commission in the backdrop of changed global and domestic scenarios.
  1. The Planning Commission continues to exist but some would say that it is withering away, along with real planning itself.” Comment. (99/II/1a/20)
  2. “The organization of the Planning Commission is in consonance with its expert character.” Comment. (94/II/1c/20)

Role, Composition and functions of the National Development Council

  1. How far do you agree with the view that national development Council could resonate the demands of the state governments as long as planning commission is kept subservient to it? Critically examine. (14/II/4b/20)
  2. “National Development Council is criticized as an usurping authority – functioning as a virtual super – cabinet.” Explain. (05/II/7b/30)
  3. “National Development Council was established to co-ordinate between Union government, the Planning Commission and the State governments.” Comment. (04/II/1c/20)
  4. “National Development Council has virtually become a super-cabinet and tries to arrogate itself the functions of Parliament.” Comment. (02/II/5c/20)
  5. “National Development Council, it seems, is like a super – Cabinet.” Comment. (00/II/1c/20)
  6. ‘The National Development Council should be grafted as Federal Economic Cabinet of the Prime Minister in the East Minister model of Indian democracy.’ Comment. (92/II/5a/20)
  7. “The National Development Council (not the planning Commission) is the appropriate instrument to ensure linkages between the district, the State and the regional levels of national planning processes. Do you agree? (88/II/3a/30)
  8. Examine the inadequacies of machinery for planning to ensure democratic but depoliticized planning process in Indian federation. How does National Development Council accentuate of inhibit this process? (87/II/3a/30)

Indicative’ planning

  1. Justify ‘indicative’ planning in the context of LPG. (12/II/3b)ii)/10)
  2. “From highly centralized planning system, India has moved towards indicative planning under which long-term strategic vision of the future is build and nation’s priorities are decided.” Elucidate. (05/II/6/60)

Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels

  1. Why has District Planning been marginalized in many States and remained prominent in a few States? Explain. (15/II/1c/10)
  2. Discuss the problems in the planning process at the state and sub-state levels. (08/II/3b/30)
  3. “State and district planning bodies in India have not been effective in achieving their goals.” Comment. (98/II/1d/20)

Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.

  1. “Decentralized governance must serve as an instrument of realizing social change and social justice.” Comment on the statement. (15/II/3c/10)
  2. Despite the adoption of decentralized planning, participatory initiative remain marginalized and divisive live in many regions. Discuss. (14/II/1d/10)
  3. “In spite of having Constitutional status the District Planning Committee is not able to implement decentralized planning due to centralized nature of economic planning.” Comment. (07/II/5c/20)
  4. “Welfare of the people has been a constitutional and legal obligation of the state where – both the Centre and State Governments are required to discharge the obligation within available resources.” Does this stand true in the context of globalization? (04/II/6/60)
  5. “The emphasis in women’s development programme has in recent years shifted from a purely welfare and consumption oriented one to a realistic one which recognizes women as contributors to the country’s economy.” Elaborate. (95/II/7b/30)
  6. “Development administration ultimately boils down to effective project implementation, and it is implementation that has been badly negated in Indian planning. Critically examine the statement.” (95/II/7a/30)
  7. How would you respond to the view that the welfare programmes for Women have touched the fringe of their problems, the administration, Examine the working of a government agency involved in the implementation of a women’s welfare programme. (90/II/6/60)
  8. ‘The ultimate picture of the planning Organisation in India has to be a network of planning units in the villages and enterprises, coordinated at successive higher levels by State Planning Commissions, which will ultimately feed the Planning Commission at New Delhi.’ Make out a case for decentralized and depoliticized federal planning in India. (89/II/7a/30)

Union-State administrative, lieislative and financial relations.

  1. Briefly discuss the main recommendations of the Punchhi Commission (2010) on Centre-State relations for transforming Indian Federal System. (15/II/2b/20)
  2. Comment on the recent changes in the approach and methodology of devolution of responsibilities and transfer of funds from the Union to the States. (15/II/4c/10)
  3. “The Centre State relations have acquired new dimensions in recent times due to several political parties being in power at the Centre and the State.” (Second administrative commission.) Do you agree? Give reasons to support your arguments. (14/II/1e/10)
  4. “There is a tendency of centralism in Indian federalism, but it is not because of its institutional framework but because of its socialist goals and centrally devised plan development.” Explain the statement in the context of Union-State relationship. (In about 250 words) (13/II/4a/20)
  5. What are the tension in Union-State relations in Planning? (08/II/3a/30)
  6. There is a separate Central Ministry or Department on each subject allocated to State List. Does it mean supremacy of the Union Government or an emphasis on development administration? Analyse. (07/II/2/60)
  7. “The main problem of Centre-State relations in India is bottlenecks in fiscal federalism.” Comment. (06/II/6/60)
  8. “One of the greatest weakness inherent in a Federal polity is the possibility of conflict of loyalty and responsibility on the part of public servants as between Central and State governments. – Elaborate and comment. (04/II/8/60)
  9. “Among several toher problems, the problem of financial relationship is perhaps the most complex one.” Explain in the context of recent developments in Uinon-State relations in India. (00/II/2/60)
  10. “The legislative and executive powers of the States are comprehensive, but the exercise of these powers are subject to regulation, abridgement and even suspension by the Union.” Comment. (99/II/3a/30)
  11. “The States are constitutionality obliged to ensure that the laws passed by Parliament are implemented.” Explain the constitutional position fully. (97/II/4/60)
  12. “The legislative relation between Union and State governments are more biased towards Union government.” Comment. (97/II/1d/20)
  13. “The Union-State financial relations, as provided in the Constitution, are blased towards Union Government in the context of borrowing.” Comment. (96/II/1c/20)
  14. Critically review the constitutional provisions relating to centr-state administrative relations in India during normal times within the framework of a normative federal system. (94/II/4/60)
  15. ‘In the case of the centre-tilt in the administrative relations between Centre and States, neither the causes are unknown nor are they incurable.’ Discuss and Suggest measurs to improve this relationship. (91/II/3a/30)
  16. “The planning commission of India in the post-Nehru period has conduced to better Centre-State relations, but (it has) not necessarily brought about depoliticisation of the planning processs.’ Discuss and illustrate. (90/II/2/60)
  17. Discuss the various facets of the All India Service and examine the emerging patterns of Conflict and Co-operation between the Union and the State in Indian Federalism. (88/II/4/60)
  18. Discuss the financial and administrative relationship obtaining between the Union and the States in India. Do you think States have been reduced to a position of glorified municipalities? (87/II/4/60)

Role of the Finance Commission

  1. States with a record of good governance, it is argued by spokesperson of some states, lost their earlier share from the Finance Commission’s award. Comment. (10/II/5c/20)
  2. “After the creation of the Planning Commission, the role of the Finance Commission has started diminishing.” Review the statement. (96/II/4/60)
  3. “The concept of Fiscal Federalism calls for the National Development Council to regulate plan decisions about discretionary grants – in aid, which should in fact be distributed by the Finance Commission.” Comment. (93/II/1c/20)
  4. “The jurisdictions of Planning Commission and Finance Commission overlap and together the two circumscribe the Sovereign character of Indian Parliament.’ Comment. (92/II/1c/20)


  1. “In very recent time, the role of the State Governor is found to be more diplomatic than administrative nature.” Comment on the statement with suitable examples. (15/II/4b/20)
  2. “The gubernatorial position of the Governor is comfortably placed in the fuzzy area between ‘Withdrawal of the pleasure of the President.’ And ‘Compelling reasons for removal.” Discuss with some recent examples. (14/II/3b/20)
  3. Is there a need to dispense with the Office of the Governor? Examine in the context of coalition governments. (150 words) (13/II/3c/10)
  4. ‘The authority of the Governor in the discretionary field is not unrestrained. If it is misused… the President can check him/her and if necessary, he may even remove the Governor.’ Examine this statement critically in the context of the Office of the Governor. (12/II/4a/25)
  5. “Because of several judicial pronouncements, Governors in States are no longer viewed as agents of the ‘Party in Power’ at the Central level.” Evaluate. (07/II/1b/20)
  6. “The position of Governors towards exercising their discretion and powers has considerably changed after 1967.” Discuss. (04/II/2/60)
  7. “Article 163 makes the governor the sole judge in matters in which he is required to act in his discretion.” Explain. (03/II/3a/30)
  8. “It would be a gross fallacy to regard the institution of the Governor as a faint presence like a full moon at midday.” Comment. (99/II/1c/20)
  9. “The Government of a State wears two hats, and therefore, dilemmas have arisen in practice.” Comment. (96/II/5b/20)

Chief Minister

  1. ‘The Chief Minister is the real executive of the State, whose effectiveness is largely related to his personality traits and equation with central leadership.’ Explain the illustrate with relevant examples. (08/II/4/60)
  2. “The Chief Minister symbolizes ruling power structure and is the real executive head of the State Government.” Discuss the above statement in the light of his position in a Coalition Government. (05/II/2/60)

Chief Secretary

  1. “The success and prestige enjoyed by a Chief Secretary depend, to a large extent, upon his equations with the varied sets of people and institutions that form the work environment.” Critically evaluate the statement and its relevance to the role of the Chief Secretary in the discharge of his functions. (12/II/2a/30)
  2. “The highly significant and elevated position of Chief Secretary is significantly undermined in practice today.” Comment. (04/II/1d/20)
  3. “IN the Chief Secretary, the State Government has an officer whose counterpart does not obtain in the Union Government.” Elucidate. (00/II/7b/30)
  4. “By virtue of his unique position as head of the official machinery and adviser to the State Council of Ministers, the Chief Secretary has an extremely important role to play in the state administration.” Comment. (94/II/5b/20)
  5. ‘The Office of the Chief Secretary should be rotated among the top Civil Servants in the State Administration.’ Comment. (89/II/1d/20)
  6. ‘The role of the Chief Secretary as Principal Co-ordinator in State administration is comparable with that of the Cabinet. Secretary in Union Government.’ Do you agree or not? Give reasons. (87/II/7a/30)

State Secretariat

  1. “The dispute between Secretariat and Directorate is the result of Generalist vs Specialist controversy.” Analyse. (07/II/4/60)
  2. ‘The Secretariat in State Government is an anachronism held over from the British regime. The sooner the secretariat disappears from the State administrative scene, the better it would be in the interests of improvement of administrative efficiency and promotion of equity between the officials at the levels of the secretariat and the Executive Departments.” Comment. (90/II/5c/20)


  1. “State Directorates are administrative and implementation units assisting the Departments functioning from the Secretariat.” Explain. (01/II/3a/30)
  2. “The departments, the directorates, the corporations, the companies and the Boards have different organizational purposes and statutory functions in State administrative.” Discuss. (93/II/7b/30)
  3. ‘The Directorates in the departments of State Administration serve very little functional purpose.’ Comment. (89/II/5c/20)

Changing role of the Collector

  1. “District Collector’s role in the development process has been overemphasized.” Comment on the statement. (15/II/1b/10)
  2. “District collector is a legacy of the British Raj and has largely remained insulated from the demands of contemporary professionalism.” Discuss. (14/II/2c/10)
  3. “Reducing the size (geographical area) of the district will provide relief to the overburdened and overworked collector.” Comment. (150 words) (13/II/5d/10)
  4. Explain the emerging ambiguity in respect of the developmental role of the District Collector in the wake of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act. (12/II/3b(i)/10)
  5. “District Administration is like small tortoise carrying the load of an elephant.’ Discuss. (08/II/1c/20)
  6. “The District Collector, the Additional Deputy Commissioner and Sub-Divisional Officer, have virtually become ‘officers-in-attendance’ and have lost initiative and independent of judgment.” Comment. (06/II/4/60)
  7. “One of the most distinctive characteristics of Indian Administrative Service is its multipurpose character.” Comment. (05/II/5a/20)
  8. “District Collector has increasingly become multi-dimensional.” Comment. (03/II/1d/20)
  9. “Collector is the representative of the State government in the district and also represents public interest.” Comment. (02/II/3b/30)
  10. “The District Collector admirably survived the historical change of role from an alien regime to a national one.” Comment. (01/II/1d/20)
  11. ‘The office of collector created by the British forms the basis of district administration in India, but today it needs a new look to metamorphise itself into a Key office of District Government.’ Comment. (92/II/1d/20)
  12. ‘The designation “District Collector” is a misnomer at the present Juncture, the correct designation would be “Chief District Administrator.” He is the pivot, in district administration, of the stability and process of the district, but his performance in both these respects depends on the co-operation of and co-ordination with the officials in various departments in the district.’ Elucidate the statement in the light of the experience, particularly during the eighties and nineties. (90/II/7b/30)
  13. “The role of District Collector has changed but not diminished for now he has an additional function of guiding democratic bodies and has to carry conviction with members of these democratic institutions.’ Comment. (87/II/5a/20)

Union-state local relations.

  1. “Indian federalism is passing through a state of potential maturity.” Discuss this statement in the context of the views of the Commission on Centre-State Relations (Justice M.M. Punchi). (11/II3b/30)
  2. “Many of the programme of development being implemented at the State and the Local level have been initiated or financed by Union Government. This has transformed the nature of Indian federalism.” Critically examine this assessment. (09/II/8b/30)
  3. “Autonomy of local bodies is conditioned by state-local relations and the managerial capability of the local bodies themselves.” Comment. (94/II/5c/20)
  4. Examien some of the Challenges to Development Administration in the Panchayati democracy of rural India. Do you think that the Constitutionalisation of three-tier Federalism will be a viable model for future? (92/II/8/60)

Imperatives of development management and law and order administration

  1. “The primary emphasis in District Administration has to be on implementation of development programmes in cooperation with active support of people.” Elucidate. (05/II/3b/30)
  2. “The District Collector is an overburdened officer due to the expansion and incrasing developmental activities.” Comment./ (05/II/1c/20)
  3. Critically review the evolving relationship between the district magistrate and the superintendent of police in the field of law and order management in a district.” (95/II/6/60)

District administration and democratic decentralization

  1. NGOs demand greater autonomy from the State and are now ‘new actors’ to development. How effective are they as instruments of decentralization asdn debureaucratisation? Critically evaluate. (12/II/7c/30)
  2. “The district officer as a chief agent and representative of state serves as a channel of communication? Critically evaluate. (04/II/3a/30)
  3. “It is at the district level that the common man comes into direct contact with the administration.” Elucidate. (03/II/3b/30)
  4. “It is a major challenge to balance the role of District Collector with the powers of democratic bodies.” Comment. (00/II/5c/20)
  5. “The Bengal pattern of district administration was based on the Zamindarl system of land tenure.” Explain. (94/II/7a/30)

Constitutional position

  1. “Article 320 states that the Government shall consult the U.P.S.C. on certain specific matters.” Comment. (99/II/1b/20)
  2. “Independence of the Public Service Commission has been ensured under specific provisions of the Constitution.” Examine. (96/II/3b/30)
  3. “The public services in India have been conferred a Constitutional status.” Comment. (96/II/1d/20)
  4. ‘Though the legislature and the executive rule as well as administer, the Civil Servatns only administer and do not rule. Comment. (87/II/1c/20)

Structure, recruitment, training & capacity-building

  1. Assess the role of honest and upright civil servants in regulatory and development administration in India. Give examples to substantiate your arguments. (14/II/6a/20)
  2. Do State Services suffer in comparison with the All-India and Central Services/ Suggest measures for enhancing the role, competence and impact of State Services. (09/II/4b/30)
  3. ‘Training of civil servants for capacity building should be in consonance with the needs of the socio-economic and technological development of the country.’ Explain. (08/II/6a/30)
  4. “A well-designed mould-based training for Civil Servants is the best way to achieve the goals of good governance.” Analyse. (07/II/5d/20)
  5. “The generalist character of I.A.S. is its chief characteristic as well as its chief criticism.” Comment. (06/II/5a/20)
  6. “In-service training of officers belonging to higher civil services has been perhaps the most conspicuous development in India administration.” Discuss with reference to training designed for the Indian Administrative Service officers. (03/II/6/60)
  7. “All India Services as an institution – is the result of history.” Comment. (02/II/5a/20)
  8. “All India Services play a crucial unifying role in the whole administrative system of the country .” Explain. (00/II/3b/30)
  9. “The All-India Services have, naturally, to be remunerated on an higher level that services recruited purely on a local basis.” Comment. (99/II/5b/20)
  10. It is argued that the recruitment and training of All india and Central Services have not kept pace with the changing needs and time. Give suggestions for improving these processes in order to make administrators more effective, committed and honest. (98/II/2/60)
  11. “Central Services are more ‘All-India’ in character than are the All-India Services.” Comment. (98/II/1c/20)
  12. “The Satish Chandra Committee made a valiant attempt to correct the imbalances unnecessarily introduced in the selection process for civil servants during the late 1970s.” comment. (95/II/3b/30)
  13. “Although training in development administration, on the surface, appears to be a straight, simple matter a close hard look reveals its manifold complexities and interrelated problems.” Elucidate the statement. (94/II/3b/30)
  14. “Professionalisation Civil Services demand that their training programmes should be tagged with the Personnel policies of promotion, placement and career planning at each level.” Comment. (93/II/5c/20)
  15. ‘The recruitment of recruiters in the Public Service Commissions of India needs streamlining.’ Examine the statement. (92/II/7b/30)
  16. ‘Systematic training of higher Civil Servants has been conducive to promote ability, skills and integrity of the Civil Services, but the objectives of training have not been realized to the desired extent.’ Comment. (91/II/1c/20)
  17. “Training is viewed as a paid holiday by a large number of public officials in India. It essentially betrays a crisis of motivation: In the process of administration, and on the part of both the trainers and trainees.’ Comment. (90/II/1d/20)
  18. ‘The Union Public Service Commission should have an integrative and coordinating role visa-via- State Public Service Commissions in more or less the same way as in the Case of Supreme Court of India vis-à-vis the High Courts in the States. A sound case exists for an institutional linkage between UPSC and SPSCs for evolving a National Policy, a uniform approach and common work procedures.’ Discuss. (89/II/7b/30)
  19. “Higher Civil Service Training in India is too pedagogic to be result-oriented, too Casual to be promotion-linked and too generalistic to be professionally relevant.” Discuss. (88/II/3b/30)
  20. ‘Generalism in Civil Service is a powerful bulwark against committed bureaucracy.’ Comment. (87/II/5d/20)
  21. ‘The objective and methods of higher Civil service training hardly match with the personnel policies and man-power planning by government of India.’ Discuss. (87/II/3b/30)




Good Governance initiatives

  1. “ ‘Minimum government, maximum governance’ is not just a slogan but a philosophy of administration with enormous potentialities.’ Do you agree? Give reasons for you answer. (15/II/1e/10)
  2. “Most Civil Servants in India are competent administrators, but they pay little attention to encourage people’s participation in decision-making.” Comment on the statement. (15/II/5c/10)
  3. Supreme Court ruling on 31st October, 2013 in respect of bureaucracy’s functioning would help achieve good governance. Analyze this ruling and add your comments on it. (14/II/8b/20)
  4. “Gandhian model of decentralization is similar to the process of reinventing governance.” Analyse in the context of good governance. (In about 250 words). (13/II/6a/20)
  5. ‘Good governance is closely aligned with effective democratic governance. Elaborate. (12/II/5b/12)
  6. Indian administration is yet to fully appreciate and adopt the benefits of Information Technology. Elucidate. (12/II/7a/15)
  7. ‘Performance Appraisal Systems’ with special reference to the Performance Management and Evaluation System (PMES) are expected to transform the bureaucratic culture of Indian administration. Do you agree? Give reasons. (11/II/4b/20)
  8. Comment on the following statements. (10/II/2b/30)
    1. “The more developed an administrative system became the greater the likelihood that it would have developmental effects.”
    2. “The thrust of development administration failed to energise the Indian bureaucracy.”
  9. “A fixed tenture in Civil Service postings can increase productivity, accountability, and probity in Government.” Comment. (09/II/5b/20)
  10. Discuss the relationship between governance and development in any one Indian State, giving illustrations. (09/II/4a/30)
  11. “Social (Welfare) Administration in India is witnessing specialization and faster expansion of its administrative agencies.” Evaluate. (07/II/8c/20)
  12. Define Civil Society. Is it an effective organ to control administration machinery? Comment. (07/II/8b/20)
  13. “If information is power, nothing can perhaps empower a citizen more than the secret and developmental informations held by various public authorities.” Analyse the merits and demerits of RTI Act, 2005 in the light of this statement. (07/II/6/60)
  14. “Information technology, if properly used, can bring about sweeping changes in the nature of governance in India. Discuss the current status and future possibilities about the use of information technology in the governance of India. (03/II/8/60)
  15. “The Central Social Welfare Board has become an anomalous institution.” In light of this statement, examine the functions and role of the Central Social Welfare Board and suggest measures for making it an effective institution. (01/II/8/60)
  16. “Indian administration is yet to fully appreciate and adopt the benefits of the information technology.” Elucidate. (01/II/7b/30)
  17. “The need and significance of all-India services has been well recognized in political as well as administrative circles.” Comment. (01/II/5a/20)
  18. “A middle way should be worked out to utilize the services of both generalists and specialists for the national development.” Comment. (00/II/5d/20)
  19. “People’s participation in administration, being a part of the political mobilization process in India, is determined by the elite groups of each level of administration.” Comment. (09/II/5d/20)

Code of Conduct and discipline

  1. Discuss the major highlights of the reforms introduced from time-to-time in Central Civil Services Conduct Rules and add your own comments. (15/II/7c/10)
  2. “Values, more than technique are the eventual determinants of the actions of the administrations.” Comment. (04/II/5b/20)

Grievance redressal mechanism

  1. Elaborate the features of the grievance redressal mechanism of the civil services in India. Does this mechanism satisfy the objectives of its creations? (14/II/7a/10)
  2. “Judicial review of administrative tribunal’s decisions defeats the very objective of establishing tribunals.” Comment with reference to Central Administrative Tribunal) (In about 150 words) (13/II/4c/10)
  3. “Grievance redressal system is perhaps the weakest link in India’s civil service management.” Comment. (11/II/6a(ii)/15)
  4. “The weakest aspect of Indian administration is the grievance redressal machinery.” Discuss. (09/II/1c/20)
  5. Do you think that our administration is sensitive to public grievances? Discuss the existing grievance redressal mechanism and give suggestions for enhancing its capabilities. (00/II/6/60)
  6. Peoples participation in administration is a democratic rhetoric, which when translated into action, tends to become mere redressal of citizen’s grievances.’ Discuss. (92/II/7a/30)
  7. The Ombudsman, The Parliamentary Commissioner, The People’s Procurator General, the Consei d’etat and the Lokpal represent some of the major experiments in designing a “Machinery for Redress of Citizen’s Grievances.” Comment. (89/II/5b/20)
  8. What do you understand by ‘Peoples’ participation in administration’? Suggest measures to sensitie administrators to citizen’s grievances and enlist co-operation from voluntary agencies. (87/II/6/60)

Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism

  1. Discuss the need for civil service neutrality in development administration. Suggest some measures for achieving and strengthening it in practice. (14/II/8a/20)
  2. “Civil service neutrality is found on the application of the principles of Rule of Law.” Comment. (150 words) (13/II/1b/10)
  3. ‘Bureaucrats should not play politics, but understand how politics works.’ Comment. (12/II/5a/12)
  4. “Civil service neutrality is a fiction. How any thinking person can be neutral?” comment. (10/II/5b/20)
  5. “There is no basic contradiction between Civil Service neutrality and Civil Service activism,” comment. (09/II/1d/20)
  6. “It is axomatic that a country’s public administration system, including its bureaucracy, must fit into the respond to its overall political system.” In the light of this statement discuss the mutual relations between the civil servants and the ministers since Independence. (01/II/2/60)
  7. ‘The Political-Civil Servant relationship in India has been a much complex phenomenon; it just cannot be tackled through mere structural remedies. Comment. (91/II/5c/20)
  8. ‘The line of Jurisdiction of the political executive and the Civil Servants get blurred more vividly as we descend from the Union to the State and further to the local level.’ Comment. (90/II/5d/20)

Budget as a political instrument

  1. Explain how budget can be used as a political instrument. (15/II/5b/10)
  2. “Gender responsive budgeting has infused greater accountability of planning departments towards women empowerment programs.” Examine the statement. (14/II/3a/20)
  3. “Performance budgeting failed because it was applied to sectors/programmes where quantitative evaluation was not fessible.” Examine the principles underlying performance buegeting techniques. (150 words) (13/II/5b/10)
  4. What is an output-based performance budgeting system? Analyse this system in the context of India. (12/II/7b/15)
  5. ‘The Budget is more than the economic horoscope of the nation. Comment. (08/II5c/20)
  6. “The policy of the government is reflected by various items of the budget.” Explain by distinguishing between a commercial budget and a government budget overall political system. In the light of the statement discuss the mutual relations between the civil servants and the ministers since Independence. (01/II/7a/30)

Parliamentary control of public expenditure

  1. Justify the constitutional provision to treat certain expenditure as charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India. (150 words) (13/II/8c/10)
  2. ‘Questions represent a powerful technique of parliamentary control over expenditure.’ Explain. (12/II/5d/12)
  3. The optimism expressed by the proponents of the Financial Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003, in ensuring fiscal discipline appears to be unwarranted. Comment. (10/II/7b/20)
  4. “Parliamentary Departmental Committees have played their role effectifely in analyzing the demands for grants.” Evaluate. (07/II/5b/20)
  5. “Public Accounts Committee conducts a post-mortem examination of Public Accounts.” Comment. (05/II/5b/20)
  6. “The Estimates Committee is – ‘a continuous economy committee.’ Comment.
  7. “Questions represent a powerful technique of parliamentary control over expenditure.” Comment. (04/II/5a/20) (03/II/5b/20)
  8. “Control over public expenditure is an essential feature of accountable and responsible financial administration.” In the light of this statement discuss various methods of control over public expenditure which are exercised by the Indian Parliament. (01/II/6/60)
  9. “The Public Accounts Committee is probably the best medium through the eyes of which the tax-payer sees what has been done with his money.” Comment. (99/II/5a/20)
  10. “The main function of the Public Accounts Committee is to ascertain that the money granted by Parliament has been spent by the Parliament has been spent by the government within the scope of the demand.”comment. (97/II/5a/20)
  11. “The Estimates Committee merely gives a big list of advices.” Comment. (95/II/5d/20)
  12. ‘Public Accounts Committee of Parliament is the real watch dog of financer of Union Govt. Comment. (02/II/5d/20)
  13. “Whereas the control over expenditure, as well as on actual expenditure, incurred after the accounts are closed and audited, is essential, it appears to be neither necessary nor desirable to scrutinize the estimate before their inclusion in the budget in a parliamentary system of government.’ Comment. (90/II/5b/20)
  14. What have you to suggest to make legislative control over public administration healthy and purposeful? (87/II/7b/30)

Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal ara

  1. Examine the role of the Finance Ministry of the Union Government in designing and implementing monetary and fiscal politics. (09/II/3b/30)

Accounting Techniques

  1. “Accounting is the essence of producing promptly and clearly the facts relating toe financial conditions and operations that are required as a basis of management.” Substantiate the statement in the context of accounting methods the techniques in government. (In about 250 words). (13/II/6b/20)


  1. “Audit concept of social audit is more comprehensive than that of traditional audit.” Comment. (150 words) (13/II/5e/10)
  2. “Audit, like the judiciary, the executive and the legislature is one the important ingredients of democracy.” Comment. (06/II/5d/20)
  3. “Audit provides a healthy safeguard against public money going down the drain.” Comment. (05/II/7a/30)

Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India

  1. Discuss the changes in the power of Controller and Auditor General (CAG) of India, following a recent Supreme Court Judgment concerning a private service provide. (14/II/5a/10)
  2. “Social auditing of flagship programmes of the Central government facilitates the performance of the Comptroller and Auditor-General.” Elaborate the statement with appropriate examples. (14/II/6b/20)
  3. Comment on the following statement:

“The Comptroller and Auditor – General (CAG) of India is a prosecutor with a law that hobbies its functioning, a judge without the power to sentence and a litigant with no right to appeal.” (11/II/3a/30)

  1. “The role of Comptroller and Auditor General is a limited one.” Comment. (02/II/5b/20)
  2. “It is the audit of propriety that distinguished the audit of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) from the audit made by any professional auditor.” Comment. (01/II/5b/20)
  3. Do you think that the Comptroller and Auditor-General’s role is to maintain the dignity, independence, detachment of outlook and fearlessness necessary for a fair, impartial and dispassionate assessment’ of the actions of the executive in the financial field? Give arguments. (99/II/6/60)
  4. “CAG should be watch-dog and not a blood-hound.” Comment. (98/II/5d/20)
  5. “The Comptroller and Audit-General is the friend, philosopher and guide of the Public accounts Committees.” Comment. (96/II/5a/20)
  6. “The Comptroller and Auditor General’s audit of Public Undertakings is an effective instrument of parliamentary control, but the form, content and the approach of this audit have affected the efficiency and profitability of the Public Undertakings in India.” Comment. (93/II/1d/20)
  7. ‘The office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is a Constitutional device to ensure parliamentary accountability, federal supervision and expert administrative control over expenditure in the Financial administration of the nation.’ Comment. (91/II/5a/20)
  8. “Unlike Finance Ministry, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India do not control public expenditure. He only offers an objective-oriented mechanism which is conductive to popular control of public expenditure.” Comment. (88/II/5d/20)
  9. “As an auditor, the Comptroller and Auditor-General’s functions and authority are wider and more comprehensive than those exercised by professional auditors.” Comment. (94/II/5a/20)

Major concerns

  1. “Excellent ideas but poor implementation have charactersed the administrative reforms in India since Independence.” Critically examine the statement giving examples from the Union and State Governments. (15/II/6a/20)
  2. “Unimplemented reforms in administration weaken the administrative reforms process most.” Do you agree? Give your answer citing specific cases as illustrations. (14/II/7c/20)
  3. ‘Efforts made towards administrative reforms so far have been lacking in congruence between strategy, structure and substance.’ Discuss with illustrations. (12/II/6b/30)
  4. “The real problem of administrative reforms in India at the State and the local levels is that they are imposed from above.” Comment. (11/II/5a/20)
  5. “Administrative reforms get diluted because of constant tinkering on the margin rather than a holistic transformation.” Discuss the statement in the context of reforming district administration in India. (11/II/2b/30)
  6. With reference to India, discuss the assertion that administrative reforms are multi- dimensional and need to be substantiated by reforms in other related areas of state action. (10/II/3a/30)
  7. In your view, which have been the five most important administrative reforms implemented after Independence? What has been their impact? (09/II/7b/30)
  8. “All efforts in the field of reforms in public administration by the political executive have resulted in no significant output.” Comment. (05/II/5c/20)
  9. “Efforts made towards administrative reforms so far have been lacking in a congruence between strategy, structure and substance.” Comment. (05/II/5c/20)
  10. “In spite of valuable suggestions through Administrative Reforms, still we have not been able to come up to the expectations of the people.” Discuss. (04/II/7a/30)
  11. “The problems of administrative improvement in India are larger and more conmpex tha in any other country in the world.” Comment. (02/II/7b/30)
  12. “Administrative Reforms in India are not necessarily the result of the recommendations of any specific committees or commissions.” Comment. (01/II/5d/20)
  13. “Most administrative reforms have a political cost.” Comment. (00/II/5b/20)
  14. Do you agree with the view that the Indian reforms effort has been conservative or orthodox, not breaking radically never ground, but only modifying the existing structures and process? Give arguments. (99/II/8/60)
  15. In tune with the winds of administrative change blowing throughout the world, the Indian administration has also taken certain noticeable initiatives in administrative restructuring in the nineteen ninety. What are these initiatives and how effective have they been? (98/II/6/60)
  16. “The success of administrative reforms in a country like India depends upon political as well as administrative will.” Comment. (98/II/5a/20)

Important Committees and Commissions

  1. What are the major concerns of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission on Civil Service reforms? Indicate the current status of their implementation. (15/II/6c/10)
  2. The 13th Finance Commission highlighted an indispensable need to improve the finance of rural and urban level bodies. Does this make local bodies more accountable in the discharge of their functions? (14/II/7b/20)
  3. Explain the important recommendations of V.T. Krishnamachary Committee (1962) on Indian and State Administrative Services and problems of District Administration. (In about 150 words) (13/II/6c/10)
  4. Discuss the recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission in respect of the National Development Council for improving Centre-State planning relations. (12/II/4b/20)
  5. The Second Administrative Reforms Commission, in its 10th Report, observes that “the common perception is that the incentive structure in government is too weak and inadequate to motivate better performance.” Elucidate. (10/II/6b/30)
  6. Briefly discuss the main recommendations of any two of the following:
  • Paul Appleby (1953 and 1956)
  • Santhanam Committee
  • Hota Committee
  • Sixty Pay commission (09/II/3a/30)
  1. “The recommendations of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission on reforming the Civil Service are radical yet implementable.” Do you agree? (09/II/2b/30)
  2. National Commission to review the working of the Constitution has suggested revolutionary changes in administrative culture. Analyse its major recommendations on Civil Services and Administration. (07/II/7/60)

Reforms in financial management and human resource development

  1. “Public Administration today tends to be less public in quantitative terms, but more responsive to public needs than before in qualitative terms.” Examine with reference to citizen-centric administration. (150 words) (13/II/5a/10)
  2. Describe the changing character and new orientations of Public Services in India since Independence. (08/II/7/60)

Institutions and agencies since independence

  1. “Self-Help Groups (SHGs) have contributed to a change in the role of rural women in development – from symbolic participation to empowerment.” Discuss. (150 words) (95/II/5b/20)
  2. “Absence of District Planning Committees in a large number of districts has prevented convergence of planning at the district level.”

Examine the above statement with examples. (11/II/5c/20)

  1. “Non-Governmental Organisations play a catalytic role in enabling communities play a catalytic role in enabling communities to define their own priorities…” Comment. (10/II/7a/20)
  2. “Although District Plannign Committee and Metropolitan Planning Committees have been provided, those remain mostly on paper.” Comment. (01/II/5c/20)
  3. “The most momentous recommendation of the Ashoka Mehta Committee was the cration of a two-tier system of Panchayati Raj.” Examine the statement. (97/II/7b/30)
  4. “The District Rural Development Agency is presently serving as the nodal agency of rural development at the district level.” Explain. (97/II/7a/30)
  5. “The most important feature of the second generation panchayats is their change from local developmental organization to local political institutions.” Comment. (95/II/5b/20)
  6. “Conceptually, district planning introduces a spatial dimension to the planning process at the state level.” Examine, in this context, the role of district planning in practice in different states. (95/II/4/60)
  7. ‘District Planning in India has been dream of the technocrat, the promise of the democrat and a vanishing trick of the political administration. The nature and working of the district planning machinery are a mute witness to these.’ Comment. (91/II/1d/20)
  8. The real problem with Panchayati Raj institutions is to promote efficiency in the implementation of the rural development programmes and to ensure social and economic justice to the poor in the country side.’ Examine the past experience of working of Panchayat Raj and Susggest specific constitutional measures to enforce genuine decentralization in the light of the above statement. (90/II/8/60)
  9. ‘Ase the Panchayati Democracy descends down to the hustings, the Office of the ‘Collector’, like that of the ‘Givernor’ tends to become anachronistic in the Federal Political System of India.’ Examine the Statement. (89/II/3b/30)

Rural development programme : foct and strategies

  1. What are the basic hurdles and pitfalls in the implementation of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act? (08/II/6b/30)
  2. “The special development programmes taken up for poverty alleviation with a hope that benefits of these programmes may reach to the people living below poverty line – have utterly failed to achieve its objectives.” Comment. (04/II/4/60)
  3. “Women’s development programmes of recent have shifted from welfarist approach to empowerment of women.” – Elaborate. (02/II/8/60)
  4. “The machinery for welfare administration at the national and state level trickling down to grassroots becomes meaningless in the context of global constitutionalism.” Discuss. (02/II/6/60)
  5. “Rural and urban development programmes have gained in importance, but implementation has been a failure.” Comment. (02/II/1c/20)
  6. “Despite the serious commitment on the part of the government, the benefits of the rural development programmes do not seem to reach the intended targets and they fail to serve fully the purpose for which they were intended.” Elucidate. (01/II/3b/30)
  7. “The failure of I.R.D.P. is attributed to its over-powering centralized approach.” Comment. (99/II/5d/20)
  8. “Rural development programmes in India suffer from lack of co-ordination and a sound appraisal system.” Comment. (98/II/5b/20)
  9. “In rural development, people are the starting point centre and end goal of all development programmes.” Comment. (95/II/5d/20)
  10. “Special development programmes seek to solve special problems, but their successful implementation depends on complex inter-institutional linkages.” Comment. (95/II/5c/20)
  11. “The resource base and the social and cultural heritage of our Scheduled Tribe population is getting eroded through a combination of development interventions, commercial exploitation and ineffective legal and administrative systems.” Comment. (94/II/7b/30)
  12. Attempt an evaluation of various welfare programmes, sponsored by the Central and State governments and district level agencies, for the development of women and children, accounting for their success or failure. (92/II/6/60)
  13. “A holistic approach to Integrated Rural Development implies strengthening and regulating the sectoral and spatial interactions and linkages and transformation of the rural habitat.” Comment. (93/II/5a/20)
  14. Evaluate the administrative experience of Rural Development Schemes or Progarmmes in the area of Social Justice during last two decades. What role should the voluntary agencies play in the administration of Social welfare to ameliorate the conditions of women in the villages? (89/II/8/60)
  15. Identify the major inadequacies in the administration of the welfare programmes of the weaker sections. Suggest effective strategies and alternative measures to ensure their proper implementation and to enhance beneficiary faction. (88/II/8/60)
  16. “The rural development programs have helped only those who are on the fence of the poverty line. The ‘guest schemes’ have lots of organizational overlap and the lack of ‘orchestration of development effort’ has pushed the ‘real poor’ into a state of destitution, derulalisation and detribalization.” Comment. (88/II/5b/20)
  17. ‘The administrative problems of Integrated Rural Development Program include the most fatal but common cold of public administration – the sheer difficuly of doing ordinary things. Comment. (87/II/5b/20)

Decentralization and Panchayati Raj

  1. Do you think that the functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), in practice, reflects genuine devolution of powers and resources? Give reasons for your answer. (15/II/5d/10)
  2. Do you think that the role of Panchayati Raj should go beyond development Administration? Give reasons for your answer. (14/II/5c/10)
  3. “The second generation reforms in the Panchayati Raj institutions have changed Panchayats from a agency of development at local level into a political instituton.” Discuss (150 words) (13/II/1c/10)
  4. “Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Panchayat’s functions enhances efficiency, transparency and accountability and also induces mass ICT culture.” Examine. (In bout 250 words) (13/II/4b/20)
  5. ‘Panchayati Raj Institutions are still affected by State control and domination by bureaucracy.’ Do you agree? (12/II/5e/12)
  6. “The Panchayati Raj institutions at grass-roots level are ensuring greater peoples participation and involvement in development work.” Comment. (96/II/7b/30)

73rd Constitutional amendment.

  1. “The 73rd Amendment, it is felt, may accentuate fiscal indiscipline by stablishing between States and Local Governments a system of transfers similar to the one in place between the Central and State Governments.” (World Bank). Comment. (In about 250 words. (13/II/7a/20)
  2. ‘Economic Development and Social Justice are the hallmarks of the 1992 Constitutional Amendment Acts.’ Elucidate. (08/II/1b/20)
  3. “73rd Constitutional Amendment has provided permanent structural framework to PRI’s resulting into silent social revolution.” Comment. (07/II/3/60)
  4. “The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments are major landmarks in India’s Constitutional History and Local Governance.” Comment. (06/II/1c/20)
  5. “Even after a decade of having adopted the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution, the Panchayat Raj institution still faces a number of problems towards making it a strong and vibrant unit of Government.” Comment. (05/II/4/60)
  6. The role of local self-government in the state administration is of considerable importance. Evaluate the statement in the context of the 73rd and 74th amendments made. (02/II/4/60)
  7. “The State Finance Commission under Panchayat Raj Law is designed to ensure regional balance in the distribution of State and Central Funds.” Comment. (98/II/8/60)
  8. Discuss some of the State models of Panchayati Raj in the Uniform Constitutional frame of 73rd Amendment with special reference to Panchayati Polls, grassroot justice, local finances and centrally sponsored development programme. (93/II/8/60)
  9. ‘The political will at higher levels seems hesitating to go wholehog for democratizing the entire filed administration, So long as this trend would persist, we would be having successive Commiottee Reports pinpointing same allments of Panchayati Raj and prescriptions to restore its health,’ Elucidate the achievements and failures of the Panchayati Raj Institutions in the context of this statement. (91/II/7a/30)
  10. “It is unrealistic to attempt to eliminate political parties from Panchayati Polls… The issue is how to get these parties to provide good government at the local level?” Comment. (88/II/5c/20)
  11. ‘The Panchayati Raj bodies do provide an appropriate forum for effecting welfare of Weaker Sections, including the members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes through decision-making and programme implementation processes at local level.’ Comment. (87/II/5c/20)

Municipal governance : main features, structures, finance and problem areas

  1. “Municipal Administration in India faces both structural and operational challenges.” Examine in the context of post-74th Amendment Act. (In about 250 words) (13/II/7b/20)
  2. Local self-government in India is the interplay of several factors – historical, ideological, and administrative. Critically examine these factors. (12/II/6a/30)
  3. Examine the institutional vulnerability of municipal governance in the midst of an emerging spectre of multiple partnerships. (11/II/7b/30)
  4. “Sound municipal governance requires a cadre of specialized municipal services executives equal is status to State Services.” Comment. (09/II/5c/20)
  5. “It is time to rationalize urban bodies in matters of size and distribution of functions with a regional authority taking an overall charge of area-wide problems.” Comment. (93/II/5b/20)
  6. “The State Governments now have little alternative but to accept autonomy, innovation and political directions by representative bodies in Urban Local Government.” Comment. (92/II/5b/20)
  7. ‘The mega growth of urban areas unaccompanied by matching urban government reforms in which the ruralised State governments are least interested, have left urban governance in India neither autonomous nor effective.’ Comment. (91/II/5b/20)
  8. ‘The Old City owned its vitality to religious and cultural forces as a center of administration… The Modern City, however, is an economic phenomenon.’ In the light of the above statement discuss the problems of
  • Suburban Sprawls.
  • Slum Dwelling, and
  • Urban Renewal in Metropolitan areas high-lighting the Central Issues of
  • Structural reorganisation, and
  • Functional distribution in City Government. (89/II/6/60)
  1. ‘The public administration perspective of urban areas has primarily been concerned with the problems of their multiple structures and working relationship in the field.’ Examine the validity of this observation. (87/II/8/60)

74th Constitutional Amendment

  1. To What extent has the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act created a ‘federation within a federation’ in India? (12/II/1e/12)
  2. “A singular feature of the 74th Constitutional Amendment is the new role assigned to the urban local bodies in the field of planning.”Comment. (97/II/5c/20)
  3. Examine the provisions of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments from the point of view of the autonomy of the local bodies. (96/II/6/60)
  4. “The institution of Nager Panchayat as mentioned in the 74th Constitutional Amendment has to be created with utmost care.” Comment. (96/II/5c/20)

Global – local debate

Note: Till now, no direct question came from this section.

New Localism

  1. How does New Localism impact Centre- State – Local relations in the era of LPG? (12/II/8c/15)
  2. Discuss the basic principles of ‘New Localism’ as a part of the global – local debate. (11/II/5b/20)
  3. New Localism is identified with the new Local-State and local activism. Examine how this has impacted city management in India. (08/II/8/60)
  4. “NGOs are fast replacing the government in the implementation of a large number of programmes.” Elucidate. (03/II/7d/30)

Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.

  1. How do the Union Government policies on Smart and AMRUT Cities address the problems of management of urban development? Explain. (15/II/7a/20)
  2. Do you agree that there has been a serious governance-deficit in development administration in india? Give reasons for your answer and add your suggestions. (15/II/6b/20)
  3. Explain the notion of one hundred ‘smart cities’ and its likely impact on India’s urbanization. (14/II/6c/10)
  4. “The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNURM) is one of the biggest reforms-linked development programmes taken up by the Government.” Comment. (10/II/7c/20)
  5. In urban governance, uni-functional agencies and development authorities create a “functional jungle.” Explain. (08/II/5a/20)
  6. Discuss the urban anti-poverty programmes launched in recent times to ameliorate the poverty situation in our urban areas. (94/II/8/60)

British Legacy

  1. Critically examine the statement: ‘Thana’ (police station) as the last bastion of the waning British administrative legacy in India. (14/II/4c/10)

National Police Commission, Investigative agencies

  1. Discuss critically the salient features of the national Investigation Agency (NIA) regarding its purposes and jurisdiction. (15/II/8b/20)
  2. “Laws are enacted without involving the police in the conception stage, with the result implementation of these laws leaves much to be desired.” Examine the role of police in protection of children. (In about 250 words) (13/II/3a/20)
  3. ‘No Statement made by any person to Police Officer in the course of an investigation shall be signed by the person making it; nor shall any such Statement or any record thereof, be used for any purpose at any enquiry or trial.’ Comment. (89/II/1c/20)

Role of Central and state agencies including paramilitary

Forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism

  1. Discuss the significance and role of the Central Paramilitary Forces in maintaining law and order and countering insurgency as well as terrorism. (15/II/7b/20)
  2. Do you think that the Central para-military police forces have proven more effective than the State police service? Give your answer objectively I a critical vein. (14/II/8c/10)
  3. “Even though law and order administration is a State subject in the Indian Constitution, it is paradoxical that the para-military and other kinds of security forces under the Union Government have grown in recent years.” Critically analyse the statement. (12/II/8b/20)
  4. “Law and order problems of the twenty” first century cannot be tackled through legislations and structures of the nineteenth century.” Give suggestions for transforming the law and order machinery at the State level. (09/II/2a/30)
  5. “The role played by Central and State Governments in maintaining law and order is inadequate and unmatched to growing criminalization.” Comment. (05/II/5d/20)
  6. “Maintenance of law and order is a State subject but the Union Government can deploy armed forces in any State.” Comment. (00/II/5a/20)
  7. “In the midst of political and socio-economic challenges, the law and order administration ahs become both difficult and delicate.” Explain. (99/II/7a/30)
  8. “The word ‘Police’ in the title of the Central Reserve Police Force and the Indo-Tibetan Border Police is a misnomer.” Comment. (97/II/5b/20)
  9. “Internal Security is a para-political exercise and a para-military operation in detecting, combating and dissolving “Threat Profiles” in the area of law and order, social order and national security.” Discuss. (93/II/3a/30)
  10. “Even though law and order administration is a State subject in the Indian Constitution it is paradoxical that the para-military and other kinds of security forces under the Union Government have surgeoned in recent years.’ Comment. (87/II/1b/20)
  11. “Maintenance of law and order is a de facto concurrent subject.” Discuss, in this connection, the roles of the centre and the state in the law-and-order field. (94/II/6/60)

Criminalisation of politics and administration

  1. “There is both criminalization of politics and politicisation of criminals in India.” Examine and identity the challenges they cause for law & order administration. (250 words) (13/II/8a/20)
  2. “Criminalisation of politics has been responsible for the problems related to law and order in our nation.” Comment. (04/II/5d/20)
  3. “Criminalization of politics in India has been extended to politicization of criminals.” Comment. (03/II/7a/30)

Police – public relations

  1. Critically examine the concept of community policing as a tool for improving public-police relations. (15/II/5a/10)
  2. “Police-public relations are a story of insincere efforts made on both sides.” Elaborate. (14/II/5d/10)
  3. “Community policing has become a victim of elite capture.” Discuss the concept of community policing and bring out the implications of the above statement. (11/II/6b/30)
  4. ‘The Present culture of the Indian police system appears as continuation of what obtained under the British regime. In public estimate the police appears as agency more to implement and enforce the objectives of the Government in power as district from enforcing law as such as an independent and impartial agency.’ Comment. (90/II/5a/20)

Reforms in Police

  1. “The design of the Indian Police was to subjugate the Indian People in the aftermath of 1857.” Analyse in the context of the Indian Police Act of 1861. (150 words) (13/II/5c/10)
  2. Compare and contrast the Padmanabhaiah, Ribeiro and Mallinath Committee Reports. (12/II/8a/25)
  3. “The themes of Police reforms continues to haunt the Parliament.” In the light of this statement, discuss the state of Criminal Justice System administration in India. (11/II/4a/30)
  4. Do you think that the Indian police legislation, structure, technology, attitudes and behavior are appropriate to meet the law and order problems in the country? What fundamental changes would you suggest in these realms to make the Central and the State police forces more effective in their role-performance? (98/II/7/60)
  5. “The work of crime prevention has gone down in the priority list of police activities in recent years.” (96/II/7a/30)
  6. Write a critical essay on ‘The Dilemmas of Police Administration in a Plural Society.” (92/II/4/60)
  7. “Law and order are neither synonymous nor supplementary hence one perspective on police reforms in India can be a bifurcation of the existing Police administration into two independent entities-Judicial (of law) Police and Executive (or Order) Police.” Comment.

Values in public service

  1. “The President of India acts like grand-parent in a family. If younger generation does not follow his/her advice, he/she is just unable to do anything.” Comment. (07/II/1c/20)

Regulatory Commission

  1. With the creation of new regulatory agencies in the wake of a liberalization, overlapping jurisdictions and conflicts became the new trend. Is there need for the creation of a super – regulator or unified regulator? (10/II/8b/30)
  2. “Rigidity in administration and centralization has greatly incapacitated the Central Social Welfare Board.” Examine, in the light of this statement, the organization and working of the Central Social Welfare Board. (96/II/8/60)

National Human Rights commission

  1. “The National Human Rights Commission has done a commendable job in developing a sense of responsibility among organizations towards the protection of human rights.” Comment on this assessment. (09/II/7a/30)
  2. “The role played by the National Human Rights Commission in maintaining and preserving dignity of India’s citizens has been satisfactory and up to the expectations.” Elucidate. (06/II/2/60)
  3. “The National Human Rights Commission is unable to paly its role effectively due to various hindrances.” Comment. (04/II/1b/20)

Problems of administration in coalition regimes

  1. “From coalition government to one-party dominance is a big change that is bound to affect the governmental system.” Explain why and how. (14/II/5e/10)
  2. Examine the constitutional, political and operational dimensions of official and non-officeial relationship in Indian policy. What kind of institutional reforms are needed for bringing about a satisfactory relationship between them? (88/II/6/60)

Citizen-administration interface

  1. Do you agree with the view that Citizens’ Charters in India have not succeeded in their objective of making the administrative system citizen centric? Analyze and give your suggestions in this regard. (09/II/6b/30)
  2. ‘Right to Information Act has led to greater transparency and accountability of administration.’ Comment. (08/II/5d/20)
  3. “A distinctive feature of the Indian administration, since Independence, has been the noticeable efforts undertaken to make the administrative system effectively reach and respond to citizens’ grievances.” Comment. (03/II/5c/20)
  4. “The machinery of administrative tribunals has been provided for the purpose of speedy and cheap justice against official excesses.” Comment. (97/II/5d/20)

Corruption & Administration

  1. “Information Communication Technology (ICT) improves the quality of public service delivery, but fails to check bribery.” Comment. (15/II/5e/10)
  2. “The basic ethical problem for an administrator is to determine how he/she can use discretionary power in a way that is consistent with democratic values.” Comment. With reference to corruption in administration. (13/II/8b/20)
  3. ‘Corruption is more of an environmental that an administrative problem.’ Discuss. (12/II/5c/12)
  4. “One Lok Pal, howsoever strong it may be, cannot eliminate corruption in the politico-administrative system in India.” Comment. (11/II/6a(i)/15)
  5. “One performance of Loc Ayuktas in various States has been uneven.” Comment with examples. (11/II/1b/20)
  6. “Lok-Ayuktas are judicial institutions without adequate teeth.” Comment. (06/II/7/60)
  7. “The Lokayuktas in States have not succeeded in tackling mal-administration, while the Bill on Lokpal still faces stiff opposition on the floor of the Parliament.” Comment. (05/II/8/60)
  8. “Only a systematic-ecological approach to the study of corruption in India can help us understand its causes and dimenstions.” Comment. (99/II/7b/30)
  9. “The performance of Lok Ayuktas in Indian States do not create a vary positive impression.” Comment. (99/II/5c/20)
  10. “Corruption is more of an environmental than an administrative problem.” Comment. (98/II/5c/20)
  11. “Trace the origin of the Lokayukta plan and comment on its working. (97/II/8/60)
  12. “Between social background and administrative culture, it is the latter that has a dominating influence on integrity in administration in the Indian situation.” Review the statement in the light of research findings in this area. (95/II/8/60)
  13. “Corruption has been considered desirable and functional on various grounds.” Comment. (94/II/5d/20)
  14. “The incumbents to civil service posts and political offices, who derive, their legitimacy and strength from intellectual merit and popular support respectively, cannot have identical perspectives on development. Naturally, therefore, the former has a higher & heavier responsibility to avoid conflict & preserve integrity in development administration.” Comment. (93/II/7a/30)
  15. “The institution of Lokpal is still-born while that of Lokayuktas in states are ineffective. But strengthening of these institutions is a sure way of the development of democracy with integrity.” Comment. (91/II/7b/30)
  16. ‘Corruption and development are apparently not antagortic. But, speed in administration is not substitute for integrity. In India Administration neither speed nor integrity is showing an upward curve.’ Comment. (91/II/5d/20)
  17. ‘The Lokayuktas are not social reformers, nor are they persons who do little and accomplish nothing. Experience also seems to indicate that there is no comprehensive knowledge of the duties and functions of the Lokayuktas and the scope of their activities, on the part of the ordinary members of the public. Discuss. (90/II/7a/30)
  18. “The institution of ‘Lokpal’ in India is likely to confront a different set of problems as compared to the set of problems experienced by the ‘Lokayuktas’ in the past.” Comment. (88/II/1d/20)

Disaster management

  1. “Municipal governance in India is not sufficiently prepared to meet the challenges of frequent natural disasters.” Elucidate the statement and add your suggestions. (15/II/8a/20)
  2. “Bureaucratic agencies, characterized by established procedures, specialization, leadership, clear objectives, are not ideal to handle disaster management.” Examine with reference to the need for administrative flexibility in managing disasters. (In about 250 words) (13/II/2a/20)
  3. (i) Identify the different conceptual categories of disasters. (11/II/8a(i)/15)

(ii) Write a note on the new culture of disaster management. (11/II/8a(ii)/30)

  1. “Disaster insurance is desirable but not an easy proposition to implement.” Illustrate with suitable examples. (11/II/8b/30)
  2. It is argued that the Bhopal gas disaster and the response pattern to it reflect multiple vulnerabilities relating responsibility, governance at local, state and central levels, and legal safeguards and liabilities. Comment on this assessment. (10/II/8a/30)
  3. “Indian has failed the devise a long-term strategy for drought management.” Comment. (09/II/5a/20)
  4. “IN India, there appears to be more disaster of management than management of disaster.’ Comment. (08/II/5b/20)