Socialogy

Fundamentals of Sociology

  1. Sociology – The Discipline –
    • a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology
    • b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other
    • c) Sociology and common sense.
  2. Sociology as Science-
    • a) Science, scientific method and critique
    • b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology
    • c) Positivism and its critique
    • d) Fact value and objectivity
    • e) Non-positivist methodologies
  3. Research Methods and Analysis-
    • a) Qualitative and quantitative methods
    • b) Techniques of data collection
    • c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
  4. Sociological Thinkers –
    • a) Karl Marx – Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
    • b) Emile Durkheim – Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
    • c) Max Weber-Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
    • d) Talcolt Parsons-Social system, pattern variable
    • e) Robert K.Merton-Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups
    • f) Mead – Self and identity
  5. Stratification and Mobility-
    • a) Concepts – equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
    • b) Theories of social stratification. Structural functionalist theory. Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
    • c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
    • d) Social mobility-open and closed systems, types of mobility.
  6. Works and Economic Life –
    • a) Social organization of work in different types of society-slave society, feudal society, industrial/capitalist society.
    • b) Formal and informal organization of work.
    • c) Labour and society.
  7. Politics and Society-
    • a) Sociological theories of power.
    • b) Power elite, bureaucracy. Pressure groups and political parties.
    • c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
    • d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution
  8. Religion and Society-
    • a) Sociological theories of religion.
    • b) Types of religious practices, animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
    • c) Religion in modern society, religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism
  9. Systems of Kinship-
    • a) Family, household, marriage
    • b) Types and forms of family
    • c) Lineage and descent
    • d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
    • e) Contemporary trends.
  10. Social change in Modern Society-
    • a) Sociological theories of social change
    • b) Development and dependency
    • c) Agents of social change
    • d) Education and social change
    • e) Science, technology and social change.

Indian Society: Structure and Change

A. Introducing Indian Society

  • i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society-
    • a) Indology (GS. Ghurye)
    • b) Structural functionalism (M.N.Srinivas)
    • c) Marxist sociology (A R Desai)
  • ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society-
    • a) Social background of Indian nationalism
    • b) Modernization of Indian tradition
    • c) Protests and movements during the colonial period
    • d) Social reforms.

B. Social Structure

  • i. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure-
    • a) The idea of Indian village and village studies
    • b) Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
  • ii. Caste System-
    • a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye. M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
    • b) Features of caste system
    • c) Untouchability – forms and perspectives.
  • iii. Tribal communities in India-
    • a) Definitional problems
    • b) Geographical spread
    • c) Colonial policies and tribes
    • d) Issues of integration and autonomy
  • iv. Social Classes in India –
    • a) Agrarian class structure
    • b) Industrial class structure
    • c) Middle classes in India
  • v. Systems of Kinship in India –
    • a) Lineage and descent in India
    • b) Types of kinship systems
    • c) Family and marriage in India
    • d) Household dimensions of the family
    • e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour
  • vi. Religion and Society-
    • a) Religious communities in India
    • b) Problems of religions minorities

C. Social Changes in India

  • i. Visions of Social Changes in India-
    • a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy
    • b) Constitution. Law and social change
    • c) Education and social change
  • ii. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India-
    • a) Programmes of rural development, community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
    • b) Green revolution and social change
    • c) Changing modes of projection in Indian agriculture
    • d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration
  • iii. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India-
    • a) Evolution of modern industry in India
    • b) Growth of urban settlements in India
    • c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization
    • d) Informal sector, child labour
    • e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas
  • iv. Politics and Society-
    • a) Nation, democracy and citizenhip
    • b) Political parties, pressure groups, aocial and political elite
    • c) Regionalism and decentralization of power
    • d) Secularization
  • v. Social Movements in Modern India –
    • a) Peasants and farmers movements
    • b) Women’s movement
    • c) Backward classes & Dalit movement
    • d) Environmental movements
    • e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.
  • vi. Population Dynamics –
    • a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution
    • b) Components of population growth; birth, death, migration
    • c) Population policy and family planning.
    • d) Emerging issues, ageing, sex rations, child and infant morality, reproductive health
  • vii. Challenges of Social Transformation –
    • a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability
    • b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities
    • c) Violence against women
    • d) Caste conflicts.
    • e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
    • f) Illiteracy and disparities in education

I.A.S. SOCIOLOGY (MAIN) PAPER – I 2015

Section – A

  1. Write short answers of the following in about 150 words each:
    • a) Is Sociology a Science? Give reasons for your answer.
      Topic: Sociology as Science
    • b) Discuss the relevance of historical method in the study of society.
      Topic: Sociology – The Discipline
    • c) What are variables? Discuss their role in experimental research.
      Topic: Research Methods & Analysis
    • d) Which concepts did weber use to analyse the forms of legitimate domination?
      Topic: Sociological Thinkers – Max Weber
    • e) “No society can either be absolutely
      Topic: Stratification and Mobility
  2. a) Discuss the role of Calvinist ethic in the development of Capitalism. 20
    • a) Is Sociology a Science? Give reasons for your answer.
      Topic: Socioloty – The Discipline
    • b) Examine the problems of maintaining objectivity and value neutrality in Social Science research. 20
      Topic: Sociology as Science
    • c) “Self and Society are twin-born” Examine the statement of Mead. 10
      Topic:Sociological Thinkers – Mead

I.A.S. SOCIOLOGY (MAIN) PAPER –II 2015

SECTION-A

  1. 1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each:
  2. Verrier Elwin’s views on freedom for the tribals

Topic:  Social Structure

  1. Jyotirao Phule as an agrarian radical

Topic:  Social Changes

  1. Louis Dumont’s perspective on Indian caste system

Topic:  Caste System

  1. How far Gandhi was trusted by the untouchables?

Topic:  Caste System

  1. Feminization of poverty

Topic:  Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. 2. a) Is caste system changing, weakening or disintegrathing in India? 20

Topic:  Caste System

  1. b) Give some of the important studies relation to the structural changes in the Indian family 20

Topic:  Systems of Kinship

  1. c) Broadly compare the kinship system of North and South India. 10

Topic:  Systems of Kinship

  1. 3. a) Discuss the paradigm of modernization of Indian tradition in analyzing social change in India. 20

Topic:  Social changes in India

  1. b) What is partriarchy? How does it affect the child socialization pattern in India? 40

Topic:  Systems of Kinship

  1. c) Discuss the problems of elderly in India. What are the different perspectives to solve their problems? 10

Topic:  Challenges of Social Transformation/Population Dynamics

  1. 4. a) Discuss Marxist approach to the analysis of Indian nationalism.

Topic:  Marxist Sociology – A R Desai

  1. b) What are the basic tenets of Hindu religion? Is Hinduism based on monotheism ore polytheism? 20

Topic:  Religion and Society

  1. c) Why is it necessary to implement PCPNDT Act in India? 10

Topic:  Systems of Kinship/Partriarchy and sexual division of labour

  1. 5. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
  2. Important components of National Education Policy in India

Topic:  Social Change

  1. Main objectives of Tribal Sub-Plan (TSO)

Topic:  Social Change

  1. Effect of displacement through development on the rural landless and marginal farmers.

Topic:  Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. Issues relating to the informal labour market in urban India

Topic:  Industrialisation & Urbanisation

  1. How far Srinivas’ Sanskritization in modernizing force or traditionalizing force in understanding the changes in caste system?

Topic:  Structural functionalism

  1. 6. a) Discuss the impact of post-1970 feminist movement to Indian middle class: 20

Topic:   Social Movement

  1. b) What are the major concerns of ethnic identity and religious identity in India? 20

Topic:   Challenge of Social Transformation

  1. c) How serious is the problem of trafficking against women and children in India?10

Topic:  Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. 7. a) Discuss B.R. Ambedkar as a wise democrat. 20

Topic:  Politics & Society

  1. b) Discuss the main features of farmer’s movements in independent India. 20

Topic:  Social Movement

  1. c) To what extent the Muslim Personal Law Board is in agreement with Islamic feminist agenda? 10

Topic:  Systems of Kinship

  1. 8. a) Analyze Gandhi as a moralist, ascetic and man of action through his Hind Swaraj. 20

Topic:  Indian Society

  1. b) Human development approach affirms that education and health-care growth are more

important than economic growth. Discuss this issue in the light of post-liberalized Indian Society. 20

Topic:  Challenges of Social change/Social Transformation

  1. c) Write a brief note on the freedom of Press. 10

Topic:  Social Transformation / Politics and Society

I.A.S. SOCIOLOGY (MAIN) PAPER I – 2014

Topicwise Question Analysis

  1. 1.  Write short answer of the following in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. How is objectively different from value neutrality? Discuss with reference to Weber’s views on methodology.

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. How did the emergence of industrial society change the family life in Western Europe?

Topic:   Sociology-The Discipline

  1. How is sociological approach to human actions different from that of psychological approach?

Topic:   Sociology – The Discipline

  1. In what way biographies could be used to study social life?

Topic:   Research Methods & Analysis

  1. How can we use reference group theory to understand fashion in society?

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers – Robert K. Merton

  1. 2. a) Which research technique would be most suitable for the study of consumer behavior and its social correlates? Explain. 20

Topic:   Research Methods & Analysis

  1. b) Identity the similarities and differences between Marx’s theory of ‘alienation’ and Durkheim’s theory of ‘anomie.’ 20

Topic:    Sociological Thinker : Karl Marx

  1. c) How could one use Merton’s concept of deviance to understand the traffic problem in urban India? 10

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers – Robert K. Merton

  1. 3. a) What do you understand by gender? How does it shape ‘male’ identify? 20

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. b) “According to Max Weber, ‘class’ and ‘status’ are two different dimensions of power.” Discuss. 20

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. c) Using Merton’s concepts of ‘manifest’ and ‘latent’ functions, explain the persistence of corruption in India society.

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers – Robert K. Merton

  1. 4. a) How does Weber use the notion of ‘ideal types’ in his theory of bureaucracy? 20

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers – Max Weber

  1. b) In what way ‘interpretative’ method is different from ‘positivist’ approach in the study of social phenomena? 20

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. c) Using Mead’s theory of symbolic interactionism, discuss the stages in the formation of gender identity. 10

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers – Mead)

SECTION – B

  1. 5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. For Marx, class divisions are outcomes of ‘exploitation.’ Discuss.

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. What are the distinctive features of social organization of work in slave society?

Topic:   Works and Economic Lefe)

  1. Discuss T.H. Marshall’s views on citizenship

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. Distinguish between Political Parties and Pressure Groups

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. “According to Durkheim, the essence of religion in modern society is the same as religion in primitive society.” Comment.

Topic:   Emile Durkheim

  1. 6. a) “Power is not a zero-sum game.” Discuss with reference to Weber’s and Parsons views. 20

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. b) Critically examine the functionalist views of the institution of family. How do those help us in

understanding family in the present times? 20

Topic:   Systems of Kinship

  1. c) What do you understand by Institutionalization of ‘live-in relationship?

Topic:   Systems of Kinship

  1. 7. a) How is religious revivalism different from communalism? Elaborate with suitable examples from the India context. 20

Topic:   Religion and Society

  1. b) Education is often viewed as an agency of social change. However in reality it could also

reinforce inequalities and conservatism. Disucss. 20

Topic:   Education System & Social change

  1. c) According to Marx, capitalism transforms even the personal relationships between men and women. Critically examinee with illustrations from the contemporary Indian context. 10

Topic:   Sociological thinker : Karl Marx)

  1. 8. a) How is the increasing use of technology changing the status of women in India society? 20

Topic:   Science and Technology)

  1. b) Write a short essay on the Latin American perspective on ‘dependency.’ 20

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society and Development

  1. c) What do you understand by social movement? How has the mobilization by Scheduled Castes helped them in constructing a new identify? 10

Topic:   Politics and Society – Social Movements

SECTION – A

  1. 1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. Gandhi’s efforts on communal harmony. 10

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. Modernisation of Indian traditions. 10

Topic:   Impact of Colonical Rule on Indian Society

  1. Types of kinship systems in India. 10

Topic:   System of Kinship of India

  1. Features of caste system. 10

Topic:   Caste System

  1. S. Ghurye’s indological approach to understand society in india. 10

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. 2. a) Analyse the different views on the integration and autonomy of tribes in India. 20

Topic:   Tribal Communities in India

  1. b) Discuss the social background of Indian nationalism.

Topic:   Impact of Colonical Rule on Indian Society

  1. c) Define Partriarchy. How does it impact the overall entitlement of a girl child in India?

Topic:   System of Kinship of India

  1. 3. a) Give a sociological analysis of the problems of migrant urban poor. 20

Topic:   Industrialisaton & Urbanisation

  1. b) Discuss the problems of religious minorities in India. 20

Topic:   Religion and Society

  1. c) Write some of the important social reforms in India for the removal of untouchability. 10

Topic:   Caste System

  1. 4. a) Discuss the status of women among the emerging urban middle class. 20

Topic:   Social Class Structure in India

  1. b) Describe the impact of land reforms on the peasants of India Society. 20

Topic:   Rural & Agrarian Social Structure

  1. c) What is the idea lf ‘Indian village’? Explain. 20

Topic:   Rural & Agrarian Social Structure

SECTION – B

  1. 5. Write short notes with a sociology perspective on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. Trends of Infant Mortality Rate among females. 10

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. Domestic Violence Act, 2005. 10

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. Dynamics of Contemporary Dalit movements. 10

Topic:   Social Movements

  1. Impact of privatization on educational disparities. 10

Topic:   Education and Social change

  1. Rural landless labourers and development induced displacement. 20

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. 6. a) What are the main features of the second wave of Women’s movement in the Indian context? 20

Topic:   Social Movements

  1. b) Discuss the ‘Chipko movement’s as an example of eco-feminism. 20

Topic:   Social Movements

  1. c) Discuss the impact of globalization on the workers in the information sector. 10

Topic:   Industrialisation & Urbanisation

  1. 7. a) What are the demographic projections for the ageing population (0+) for the next decade? What are the implications for formulating policy for them? 20

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. b) What are the possible underlying causes of the spurt of increased violence against women in public spaces in the last decade? 20

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. c) How do caste and class come together increasing the category of extreme poor?

Topic:   Caste System

  1. 8. a) ‘Many caste conflicts are between castes which are close to each other on the hierarchical scale.’ Give a sociological explanation for the phenomenon. 20

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. b) ‘Tribal conflicts based in ethnic differences often camouflage a struggle for political and economic advantage: Substantiate with examples. 20

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. c) Who are the elites? Discuss their roles in bringing social transformation. 10

Topic:   Politics and Society

SECTION – A

  1. 1. Write Short Note on following (Each note should not exceed 150 words) 10 x 5 = 50
  2. Sociology Emerged in Europe and flourished to begin with on social reformist orientation in the USA.

Topic:   Sociology-The Discipline

  1. Compare and Contrast Sociology with Anthropology.

Topic:   Socioloty – Discipline

  1. Critically Examine positivistic approach in sociology studies.

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. Examine science and Technology as agent of social change.

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society

  1. Analyse the Contemporary Trends in Family with examples.

Topic:   System of Kinship

  1. 2. a) Analyse the limitations of quantitative method in social research. 20

Topic:   Research Methods & analysis

  1. b) Critically examine the functionalist tradition in sociology. 20

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. c) Analyse Salient Features of Historical materialism.

Topic:   Sociological Thinker : Karl Marx

  1. 3. a) Compare Karl Marx with Emile Kurkheim with reference to the frame work of Division of Labour. 20

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers

  1. b) Critically analyse the contributions of G.H. Mead to ‘symbolic interactionism.’ 20

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers

  1. c) Examine the salient features of Weberian bureaucracy. 10

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers

  1. 4. a) How are open and closed systems of stratification undergoing transformation in the emergence of new hierarchical social order in societies?

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. b) Is partriarchy a universal phenomenon? Critically examine how patriarchy a affects sexual division of Labour in Societies. 20

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. c) Examine the role of pressure group in parliamentary Democracy. 10

Topic:   Politics and Society

SECTION – B

  1. 5. Write Short Note on the following: (Each note should not exceed 150 words) 10x 5 = 50
  2. Distinguish between people being socially excluded and people excluding themselves socially in societies.

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. Define Social Movement Elucidate the role of reformist movement in social change.

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society

  1. “Science has empirical mans to logical ends and religion has non-empirical means to logical ends.” Comment.

Topic:   Religion and Society

  1. Examine social dimensions of displacement induced by development

Topic:   Challenge of Social Transformation

  1. Analyse the gender bias in the present society with examples.

Topic:   System of Kinship

  1. 6. a) How do Karl Marx and max Weber differ in terms of their analysis of social stratification? 20

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. b) Examine the social impact of globalization on labour and society. 20

Topic:   Works and Economic Life

  1. c) Examine the relevance of Parsonian Social System in the present society. 10

Topic:   Sociological Thinkers

  1. 7. a) Evaluate how do civil Society and democracy mutually reinforce each other. 20

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. b) Examine the emerging trends in marriage and family as a response to the changes in economic and social order. 20

Topic:   System of Kinship

  1. c) Critically examine the role of civil society. 10

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. 8. a) Illustrate the conflicts and tensions experienced by societies undergoing social change. 20

Topic:   Social change the Modern Society

  1. b) Critically examine the cultural theories of social change with suitable examples. 20

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society

  1. c) Is religion antithetical to science? Comment?

Topic:   Religion and Society

SECTION – A

  1. Write Short Note with sociological perspective on the Following in not more thatn 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. Andre Beteille’s definition of class.

Topic:   Caste System

  1. N. Srinivas’s Concept of Westernization.

Topic:   Caste System

  1. Satya Sodhak movement of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule

Topic:   Social Movement in Modern India

  1. Classes in agrarian society in India.

Topic:   Social Classes in India

  1. Other Backward Class.

Topic:   Social Classes in India

  1. Answer the following questions in not more thatn 200 words each: 20 + 20+10= 50
  2. What are the features that distinguish tribes from the rest of the population? 20

Topic:   Tribal Communities in India

  1. Write a Note on ethnicity and integration in the context of tribes.

Topic:   Tribal Communication in India

  1. How does the new forest act affect tribals?

Topic:   Tribal Communication in India.

  1. Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each: 20+20+10 = 50
  2. What are the main feature of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s views on annihilation of caste? 20

Topic:   Caste System

  1. Critically evaluate Louis Dumont’s Homo Hierarchies. 20

Topic:   Caste System

  1. What are the features of M.N. Srinivas;s concept of mominant caste? How effective is it in understanding today’s reality? 10

Topic:   Caste System

  1. Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each: 20 + 20 + 10 = 50
  2. Distinguish between formal and informal sectors in India.

Topic:   Works and Economic Life

  1. Examine the influence of Industrialization on caste.

Topic:   Works and Economic Life

  1. Discuss the Salient features of Indian Middle Classes.

Topic:   Social Classes in India

SECTION – B

  1. Write Short Note with sociological perspective on the following is not more thatn 150 words each: 10 x 5 = 50
  2. Fife Year Plans

Topic:   Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

  1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.

Topic:   Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

  1. Green Revolution

Topic:   Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

  1. Child Labour

Topic:   Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

 

  1. Sex Ratio

Topic:  Population Dynamics

  1. Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each: 20+20+10= 50
  2. Bring out main features of farmer’s movement in Modern India. 20

Topic:   Social movements in modern India

  1. Discuss the sociological aspect of movements of separate states. 20

Topic:   Social movements in modern India

  1. Explain the Inter linkages between poverty, deprivation and inequality. 10

Topic:   Challenge of Social Transformation

  1. Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each: 20+20+10 = 50
  2. Write an analytical note on Slums in cities. 20

Topic:   Industrialisation & Urbanisation in India

  1. Discuss the problems of working women in India. 20

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. What are the main causes of female mortality in India. 10

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each: 20+20+10= 50
  2. Analyse the role of communalism in undermining democracy in India. 20

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. What is the Dalit Movement? Examine the Issues highlighted by it. 20

Topic:   Social movement in modern India

  1. Discuss the Salient features of right to Education. 10

       Topic:   Visions of Social change in India.

I.A.S. SOCIOLOGY (MAIN) 2012 PAPER – I

Important: Whenever a Question is being attempted, all its parts/sub-parts must be attempted contiguously. This means that before moving on to the next Question to be attempted, candidates must finish attempting all parts/sub-parts of the previous Question attempted. This is to be strictly followed.

SECTION – A

  1. 1. Write short notes on the following, keeping sociological perspective in view (Each short note in about 150 word) 12×5 = 60
  2. Interpretative Sociology

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. Fact Value of Objectivity

Topic:   Sociology as Science

  1. Universalism vs Particularism

Topic:   Talcott Parsons

 

  1. Comparative Method

Topic:   Research Methods & Analysis

  1. Sacred and Profane.

Topic:   Emile Durkheim

  1. 2. a) How did the French revolution and industrial revolution play an important role in the emergence of Sociology? 30

Topic:   Sociology – The Discipline

  1. b) Show how Durkheim through the study of totemism demonstrates the reality of religion. 30

Topic:   Emile Durkheim

  1. 3. a) ‘Power and authority go together.’ Examine. Explain the various types of authority also. 30

Topic:   Max Weber

  1. b) Examine how Weber’s characterization of capitalism is different from those of Marx.

Topic:   Max Weber

  1. 4. a) Differentiate between the qualitative and quantitative methods in Research. 20

Topic:   Research Methods & Analysis

  1. b) Sometimes workers do not feel attachment for their work. Marx formed a theory for this situation, discuss that theory. 20

Topic:   Sociological Thinker : Karl Marx

  1. c) ‘Social fact is to be treated as a thing,’ Discuss. 20

Topic:   Emile Durkheim

SECTION – B

  1. 5. Write short note on the following from a sociological perspective (Each short note in about 150 words)
  2. Stratification of Classes

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. Industrial Democracy

Topic:   Works and Economic Life

  1. Citizenship and Civil Society

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. Millenarian Movements

Topic:   Social Movements

  1. Theory of Cultural Lag-Ogburn and Nikmoff.

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society and Development

  1. 6. a) In our Society Hierarchical relations are influenced by social mobility. Explain how? 20

Topic:   Stratification and Mobility

  1. b) In Maxian classification of Society, feudal and slave societies are very, important. How are they different from each other? 20

Topic:   Sociological Thinker: Karl Mark)

  1. c) Are Social movements always influenced by ideologies? Discuss. 20

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. 7. a) Discuss the factors leading to growing religious revivalism in the contemporary world.

Topic:   Religion and Society

  1. b) Discuss the importance of lineage and descent in kinship and family.

Topic:   System of Kinship.

  1. c) Show how family is distinct from household.

Topic:   System of Kinship

  1. 8. a) How do formal and informal organization of work influence labour’s mobility? Explain with examples. 20

Topic:   Works and Economic life

  1. b) What do you understand by nation? Is the nation same as the state? Discuss. 20

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. c) ‘Revolutionary changes have some specific characteristics.’ Discuss with examples. 20

Topic:   Social change in Modern Society and Development.

I.A.S. SOCIOLOGY (MAIN) – 2012(Paper-II)

Candidates should attempt Questions Nos. 1 and 2 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section.

The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

Illustrate your answer with suitable sketch-maps and diagrams, wherever considered required. An outline map of India is attached to this question paper for answering Question No.1. This map is to be carefully detached from the question paper and attached securely to the answer-book by the candidates.

Important: Whenever a Question is being attempted, all its parts-sub-must be attempted contiguously. This means that before moving on to the next Question to be attempted, candidates must finish attempting all parts/sub-parts of the previous Question attempted. This is to be strictly followed.

SECTION – A

  1. 1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following is not more than 150 words each: 12 x 5 = 60
  2. Limitations of the dialectical approach to the study of Indian society.

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. Changing rural power structure

Topic:   Rural and Agarian Transformation

  1. Challenges to institution of marriage.

Topic:   System of Kinship in India

  1. Westernization and institutional changes in India.

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. Interaction of ‘little tradition’ and ‘great tradition.’
  2. 2. a) Distinguish between the following : 4 x 4 = 16
  • Tribe and Caste.

Topic:   Tribal Communities in India

  • Affinal kin and Consanguincous kin.

Topic:   System of Kinship in India

  • Marriage as sacrament and marriage as contract.

Topic:   System of Kinship in India

  • Positional change and structural change.

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. b) ‘Indian society may be understood as a system of cognitive structures.’ How far do you agree with this statement? 30

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. c) Comment on the social and cultural determinants of sexual division of labour. 14

Topic:   System of Kinship in India

  1. 3. a) Examine the impact of secularization on the various religious communities in India. 30

Topic:   Religion and Society

  1. b) Has geographic and economic mobility impacted the tribal culture and social structure? Give Example. 30

Topic:   Tribal Communities in India

  1. 4. a) Has nuclear family existed in traditional India? Discuss with reference to the view of I.P. Desai. 20

Topic:   System of Kinship in India

  1. b) How have social reform movements in colonial India contributed to modernization of India society? 20

Topic:   Introducing Indian Society

  1. c) Discuss the factors which contributed to industrial modernization in India. What are the salient features of new industrial structure? 20

Topic:   Industrialisation & Urbanisation

SECTION – B

  1. 5. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each: 12 x 5 = 60
  2. Demographic perspective of India youth.

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. Regional political elites and the democratic process.

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. Education and Dalit empowerment.

Topic:   Education and Social change

  1. Constitution as a living document of social change.

Topic:   Social Change in India

  1. Education and removal inequality.

Topic:   Education and Social change

  1. 6. a) Critically examine the concepts of nation and citizenship in the context of globalization. 20

Topic:   Politics and Society

  1. b) Discuss some social and cultural determinates of infant morality rate Give your suggestions to prevent infanticide. 20

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. c) Bring out some positive and negative social consequences of green revolution. How has green revolution changed the rural social structure? 20

Topic:   Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

  1. 7. a) Describe those social change which have contributed to increase of violence against women. What are the emerging forms of violence against women? Suggest suitable measures to contain this problem. 30

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. b) What are the problems of ageing population? Describe the declining traditional social support system for the aged. Suggest alternative measures to support ageing population. 30

Topic:   Population Dynamics

  1. 8. a) Have the new economic policy and economic reforms led to weakening of labour class movements? Explain your views with examples. 30

Topic:   Industrialisation & Urbanisation

  1. b) Do you think that some policies and laws relating to environment have retarded the development process? Give examples. How can an ideal balance between environments protection and development goals be brought about? 30

Topic:   Challenges of Social Transformation

SOCIOLOGY – Main Topic Wide Analysis (Paper-I)
Sociology – The Discipline

  1. Write short note on Emergence of Sociology is an outcome of modernity and social change in Europe, keeping sociological perspective in view. In about 150 words. (11/1a/12)
  2. What can Sociology show us about our actions? Discuss the practical significance of Sociology. (11/2a/30)
  3. “Sociology without History is rootless and History without Sociology is fruitless.” Elaborate. (10/2a/30)
  4. Write short note on Comparison between Sociology and Economics. (9/1c/20)
  5. How is emergence of sociology linked with modernization of Europe? (08/2b/60)
  6. Write short note: intellectual background for the emergence of sociology. (06/1a/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Sociology and its relationship with economics and political science. (05/1a/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Sociology as an interpretative discipline. (01/1a/200W/20)
  9. Write short note: Sociology and social anthropology. (00/1a/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Sociology as a by – product of Industrial Revolution. (99/1a/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Sociology as an interpretative discipline. (97/1a/200W/20)
  12. Write short – note : Intellectual sources for the rise of Sociology. (94/1a/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Ideology and the emergence of sociology. (93/1a/200W/20)
  14. Had the French Revolution anything to do with the emergency of Sociology in Europe? Make a critical study. (89/3/60)
  15. Explain the basic premises of the anti-positivist attack on sociology. Do you agree with these? Substantiate your answer. (88/2/60)

Sociology as Science

  1. Write short note on Fact and value, keeping sociological perspective in view. In about 150 words. (11/1b/12)
  2. Write short note on Serendipity. (10/1c/200W/15)
  3. Comment on the reasons why neo-idealists and symbolic interactinists are critical of ‘positivism’ in Sociology. (09/3a/30)
  4. Write short note on Problems of objectivity in sociological research. (09/1a/20)
  5. Write short note: Role of values in sociological enquiry. (08/1a/200W/20)
  6. Write short note: Sociology as a science of society. (07/1a/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Social research design. (05/1b/200W/20)
  8. Objectivity and Value Neutrality in Social Research. (04/1a/200W/20)
  9. Highlight the problem of objectivity and value neutrality in Social Research. Elaborate, with neutrality in Social Research. Elaborate, with suitable examples, the limitations associated with the tools of measurement in social Science Research. (03/1/2/60)
  10. Write short note: Theory and Fact. (02/1b/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Sociology as a science. (02/1a/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Problem of objectivity in social research. (00/1b/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Value neutrality in social science. (98/1a/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: A good hypothesis. (97/1b/200W/20)
  15. Is it possible to study social phenofnenon scientifically? Give a critical answer. (97/1/2/20)
  16. Write short note: Value – free sociology. (96/1a/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Methods of science and sociology. (95/1a/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Comparative method in Sociology. (94/5a/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Significance of objectivity in sociological research. (93/5a/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Design of sociological research. (92/1a/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Methods of scientific? Investigation/ (91/5a/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: The problem of objectivity. (90/7/60)
  23. Discuss the nature and character of voluntary associations. What is their importance in developing societies? (88/1b/200W/20)
  24. Write short note: Bearing of research on theory. (86/1a/200W/20)
  25. Write short note: The problem of objectivity in sociology. (86/1a/200W/20)
  26. Write short note: Research Design. (85/1b/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Sociology as a science of society. (85/1a/200W/20)

Research Methods & Analysis

  1. Write short note on Reliability and Validity, keeping sociological perspective in view. In about 150 words. (11/1c/12)
  2. What is subjective methods in social research? Examine Focus Group Discussion (FGD( as a technique for date collection, with suitable examples. (11/3a/30)
  3. Write short note on Content Analysis. (10/1a/200W/15)
  4. Write short note on Nomothetic and Idiographic Methods. (10/1b/200W/15)
  5. Distinguish between probability and non-probability sampling methods. How many types of sampling designs are there? (09/2a/30)
  6. Write short note: Importance and sources of hypotheses in social research. (08/5c/200W/20)
  7. What is the importance of sampling in sociological studies? Distinguish between simple random sampling and stratified random sampling. (08/3/30)
  8. Utility of Reliability and Validity in Social Research. (03/1b/200W/20)
  9. What are the uses of Bogardus’ social distance scale and of Likert scale? Discuss. (02/6/60)
  10. Write short note: Limitations of questionnaire as a technique of date collection. (99/1c/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Reliability of a sample. (90/1V200/20)
  12. Write short note: Participant observation. (89/5a/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Measurement of Attitudes. (88/1a/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Experimental design. (88/1a/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Techniques of Data Collection. (87/1a/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Techniques employed in measuring attitudes. (86/1b/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Interview as a method of social research. (85/1c/200W/20)

4a. Sociological Thinker : Karl Mark

  1. Examine Karl Marx’s views on ‘class – in – itself and ‘class – for – itself with reference to proletarians. (10/8b/30)
  2. Comment on the responses of the functionalist- school to Karl Marx’x views on social change. (09/2b/30)
  3. Explain Karl Marx’x analysis of capitalistic mode of production and class-struggle. What are the intellectual reactions to his views? (07/1/2/60)
  4. Explain Karl Marx’s ‘theory of social change. What are the reactions of functionalists to his views? (06/1/2/60)
  5. Write short note: Class struggle a conceived by Karl Marx. (05/1c/200W/20)
  6. Analyse socio-cultural consequences of corruption and suggest remedial measures for curbing it. (04/8/60)
  7. Write short note: Class-in-itself and class-for-itself. (03/1b/200W/20)
  8. Explain Karl Marx’x conception of class-antagonism. How have the functionalists reacted to his views? (01/2/60)
  9. Write short note: Alienation. (00/1c/20)
  10. “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but on the contrary it is their social being that determines their consciousness.” Examine Karl Marx’s notion of mode of production in the light of this statement. (98/2/60)
  11. Explain the concept of social change. Critically examine the contribution of Karl Marx’s theory of social change. (97/8/60)
  12. Write short note: Mode of production. (96/1c/200W/20)
  13. “Subjective perception of the objective reality prepares the context for the articulation of class antagonism.” Evaluate this statement with reference of Karl Marx’s contribution. (95/2/60)
  14. Critically examine Karl Marx’s theory of alternation. (94/6/60)
  15. Explain Karl Mrx’s theory of social stratification. On what grounds functionalists refute it? (93/6/60)
  16. Critically bring out the differences in the approaches of Karl Marx and Max Weber to the study of class structure in industrial capitalist society. (92/3/60)
  17. “The history of the hitherto existing societies is the history of calss struggle. ‘Critically comment on this Marxian thesis. (91/4/60)
  18. How does Marx’s treatment of alienation differ on this Marxian thesis. (90/3/60)
  19. Write short note: Alienation. (89/1c/200W/20)
  20. Attempts a comparative analysis of the Weberian and Marxian theories of social change. Which do you think is more relevant to the Indian society at present? Give reasons for your answer. (88/6/60)
  21. Do you accept that Marxism offers a prefabricated theory of social change? Discuss critically. (87/8/60)
  22. Write short note: Alienation. (87/5d/200W/20)
  23. Write short note: Historical materialism. (86/5d/200W/20)
  24. How is Marxism relevant to developing nations? Will it be able to establish classes societies? (85/8/60)

4b. Emile Durkheim

  1. Compare Karl Marx with Emile Durkheim with reference to the framework of ‘division of labour.’ (10/3b/30)
  2. Write short note on Subject – matter of Sociology according to Emile Durkheim. (09/1b/20)
  3. Elaborate Emile Durkheim’s analysis of the Elementary Forms of Religious Life and role of religion in society. How does the explain existence of religion in modern industrial societies?
  4. Write short note: Social facts. (07/4/60)
  5. What according to Emile Durkheim is the nature of relationship between the individual and society? Explain this with the help of his analysis of division of labour in society. (60/3/60)
  6. Give a Critical Review of Emile Durkheim’s. Theory on Religion and Society. To what extent does it explain the contemporary scenario in Asia? (04/2/60)
  7. Write short note: The sacred and the profane. (02/5c/200W./20)
  8. Examine the nature of social facts as understood by Durkheim. (02/2/60)
  9. What is the focus of sociological analysis in the contributions of Emile Durkheim? Give your answer with the help of any one of his contributions. (01/3/60)
  10. Emile Durkheim had argued that the function of division of labour in society is that of the promotion of social solidarity. Elaborate the statement and analyze the distinction between two forms of solidarity discussed by him. (00/2/60)
  11. Write short note: Gemeinschaft and Gesselschaft types of communities. (99/1d/200W/20)
  12. “Not all facts about human behavior are necessarily social facts. “State the meaning of ‘social facts’ and the methods of studying them with reference to this statement. (96/3/60)
  13. Write short note: Division of labour and the differentiation of social structure. (99/5a/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Anomie. (97/1c/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Social fact. (95/5c/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Organic analogy. (94/1c/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Pathological form of division of labour. (94/5c/200W/20)
  18. Describe the functional analysis of religion given by Durkheim. Is, this analysis applicable to the modern industrialized societies? (93/3/60)
  19. What are the basic questions which inspired Durkheim to study the division of labour in society/ Critically comment on this conclusions. (92/2/60)
  20. Write short note: Concept of social structure. (92/1c/200W/20)
  21. ‘Why does the individual, while becoming more autonomous, depend more upon society’? (Durkheim). How has the author tried to answer this question? (91/1/2/60)
  22. Write short note: The sacred and the profane. (91/5d/200W/20)
  23. Is the Durkheimian concept of religion entirely different from that of his predecessors? Why and how? (89/1//2/60)
  24. In what respects do you think Weber’s conception of sociology differs from that of Durkheim? Which one of the two is more satisfactory? Substantiate your answer. (88/1/4/60)
  25. Write short note: Collective Representations. (87/5b/20)
  26. Discuss Durkheim’s concept of Division of Lbaour. In what way does is differ from that of classical and neoclassical economists? (86/1/2/60)
  27. Discuss the contributions of Durkheim to sociology. How far did his methodology influence sociological traditions? (85/1/2/60)

4c. Msx Weber

  1. Write short note on The Protestant Ethic and Sprit of Capitalism, keeping sociological perspective in view. In about 150 words. (11/1d/12)
  2. Define Ideal Type and explain Weber’s concept of ‘Verstehen’ for understanding social phenomena. (11/3b/30)
  3. What, according-to Maw Weber, is the role of “particular religious ideas” in the emergence of modern capitalism? (09/6b/30)
  4. Using Max Weber’s theory. Discuss what ethical and religious ideas produced capitalism in certain societies and how? (08/1/4/60)
  5. What is the subject – matter of Sociology according Max Weber? Which major methods did he suggest for social science research? Illustrate your answer with his sociological contributions. (07/1/4/60)
  6. Write short note: Concept of Ideal Type and its limitations. (06/1b/200W/20)
  7. Discuss Max Weber’s ideal types and the role of authority in bureaucracy. (05/1/2/60)
  8. Critically examine Webers theory of Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism. (02/1/3/60)
  9. State the meaning and characteristics of an ideal type. What, according to Max Weber, is the use and significance of the ‘ideal type’ in social science research? (01/1/4/60)
  10. Critically examine Max Weber’s theory of social action and its limitations. (97/1/3/60)
  11. Explain the origin and characteristics of bureaucracy according to Max Weber. Illustrates the structural sources of dysfunctions of bureaucracy. (96/1/4/60)
  12. Critically examine the role of formal and informal structures of bureaucracy in economic and social reconstruction of the developing societies. (95/1/4/60)
  13. What did Max Weber mean by Interpretative understanding? Why did he believe that to model sociological researches exclusively on strategies and ambitions of nautral sciences was a serious mistake? (94/1/4/60)
  14. Write short note: Ideal types. (94/1d/20)
  15. Write short note: Authority. (94/5b/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Methods of Sociology according to Max Weber. (91/1c/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Protestant Ethic. (91/1c/200W/20)
  18. What does Weber mean by ideal types? How is the concept relevant in sociology? (89/1/6/60)
  19. In what respects do you think Weber’s the conception of sociology differs from that of Durkheim? Which one of the two is more satisfactory/ Substantiate your answer. (88/1/4/60)
  20. Attempt a comparative analysis of the Weberian and Marxian theories of social change. Which do you think is more relevant to the India society at present? Give reasons for you answer. (88/1/6/60)
  21. Do you agree with Max Weber that the Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism are correlated? What are the alternative theories suggested by other academies? (87/2/60)
  22. Write short note: Ideal Types. (87/1b/20)
  23. Write short note: Ideal types and social analysis. (84/5a/200W20)
  24. Critically examine Max Weber’s theory of the Protestant ethics and the spirit of the Capitalism. Could it be the otherwise possibility that the tenets of the Capitalism must also have effected the emergence of the Protestant ethics? Comment with suitable examples. (03/4/60)

4d. Talcott Parsons

  1. Give conceptual meaning of social system. What is cognitive consonance between ‘pattern variables’ and ‘paradigm’? (11/4a/30)
  2. Write short note on Cybernetic Hierarchy of Control. (10/1d/200W/15)
  3. Write short note on Talcott Parsons’ idea of ‘moving equilibrium.’ (09/1d/20)
  4. Write short note: Relevance of pattern variables in the study of social change. (08/5a/20)
  5. Write short note: Talcott Parsons’ concept of social system. (07/1b/200W/20)
  6. Bring out a comparative analysis of Marxian and Parsonian views of social change and examine the relevance of each view for social development in the comtemporary India. (04/8/60)
  7. Write short note: Social system and the Pattern Variables. (03/1c/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Functional problems of the social system. (99/5d/200W/20)
  9. Discuss Talcott Parsons’ contribution to the analysis of social system. (97/4/60)
  10. Discuss Talcott Parsons’ contribution to the analysis of social change. (96/2/60)
  11. Write short note: The idea of functional indispensability. (96/1d/200W/20)
  12. State Talcott Parson’s contribution to theory of social action. What are the limitations of this theory? (94/2/60)
  13. Critically examine AGIL model of Talcott Parsons. How far is this model capable of explaining social changes in society? (93/2/60)
  14. Write short note: Concept of functional alternatives. (93/1c/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Social determinants of economic development. (93/1d/200W20)
  16. Write short note: Parson’s idea of equilibrium. (92/1b/200W20)
  17. How does Parsons defend the nuclear family in promoting industrialization? Is his thesis universally valid? (91/3/60)
  18. Talcott Parson’s theory of social system has been criticized as a veiled status quoits ideology. Critically examine how valid and justified is this criticism. (90/2/60)
  19. Do you think that in T. Parsons there has been a ‘transition from the analysis of the structure of social action as such to the structural – functional analysis of social system’? Discuss in detail. (87/4/60)
  20. What is ‘social action’? What is its place in the analytical frameworks of Max Weber and Talcott parsons? (86/4/60)

 

4e. Robert K. Merton

  1. To Robert Merton, deviant behavior is a result of anomie. Analyse his sociological theory of deviant behavior, with a special reference to his formulation of types of deviance. (09/4/60)
  2. What is Merton’s view of relationship between social structure and deviance? In what sense is a deviant also a conformist? (08/6/60)
  3. Write short note: Robert Mertons’ views on manifest & latent functions. (07/1d/200W/20)
  4. What are the reactions of Robert Merton to the functionalism pioneered by social anthropologists? Indicate the limitations of his idea of latent functions. (06/4/60)
  5. Write short note: Primary and Reference groups. (03/1a/200W/20)
  6. Critically analyse the concept of Anomie. Elaborate, with suitable examples, the theoretical relationship between nature of anomie and types of Social Deviations as have been formulated by R.K. Merton. (03/8/60)
  7. Write short note: Manifest and latent functions. (01/1b/200W/20)
  8. How does social structure produce a strain toward anomie and deviant behavior? Examine contribution to this field of study. (00/3/60)
  9. Write short note: Relative Deprivation. (00/1c/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Social structure and Anomie. (99/5c/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Pattern variables. (98/1c/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Moddle-range theories. (95/5a/200W/20)
  13. Bring out the strength and the weakness of Robert Merton’s advancement over the classical functionalism. (95/3/60)
  14. In modern structural-functionalism, Merton’s efforts to develop a “Paradigm” for functional analysis in the most significant one. Evaluate this statement. (94/3/60)
  15. What is the importance of Merton’s ‘Middle Range Theory’ in sociology? Discuss critically. (91/6/60)
  16. What does R.K. Merton mean when he admits that not everything works out for the best of everyone in society? What is his improvement on functional theory? (90/4/60)
  17. Write short note: Conformity and deviance. (90/1d/200W/20)
  18. Discuss the relation between social structure and anomie as presented by R.K.Merton. Attempt a critical appraisal of this analysis. (88/3/60)
  19. Critically assess R.K. Merton’s views on the contributions of research to the development of sociological theory. (86/6/60)

4f. Mead

  1. Critically analyse the contributions of G.H. Mead to ‘symbolic interactionism.’ (10/4a/30)
  2. Write short note: Mead’s notion of self. (08/5b/200W/20)

System of Kinship

  1. Write short note: on Lineage and Descent from a sociological perspective (in about 150 words). (11/5d/12)
  2. What you mean be marriage and family? Discuss the structural and functional changes in family in modern society. (11/7b/20)
  3. Write short noteon Kinship and Social Capital. (10/5d/200W/15)
  4. Discuss the emerging forms of marriage and family with examples from the West and the East. Can there be family without marriage? Examine. (09/8/60)
  5. Write short note on Industrialization and changes in the family’s functions. (09/5b/20)
  6. Write short note: New trends in the types and forms of family in contemporary India. (08/5d/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Changing structure of family. (07/5a/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Nuclear family and industrial society. (06/1c/200W/20)
  9. Elucidate changing structure of family and marriage in modern society. (05/3/60)
  10. Write short note: Role of Family in Social Control. (05/1d/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Gender Roles in Changing Structure of Family. (04/1c/200W/20)
  12. Discuss the meanings and significance of culture in Human Society. Critically bring out the role of culture in the Development of personality. (03/3/60)
  13. Elaborate on the concepts of Family and Lineage. Discuss the relationship between Rules of descent and inheritance of property. (03/7/60)
  14. Distinguish between Sex and Gender issues with suitable examples. (02/4/60)
  15. In what way is the process of socialization helpful in the development of personality? Explain with suitable examples. (02/7/60)
  16. Write short note: Incest taboo. (01/5b/200W/20)
  17. Discuss the factors responsible for the changing structure of family in modern societies. (00/4/60)
  18. Social control is more a matter of conviction than that of coercion. Comment. Discuss therole of ideology in social control. (99/4/60)
  19. ‘Socialization is a process by which all of us acquire the culture that we transmit to the, next generation. Elaborate and statement and discuss its various stages. (98/4/60)
  20. Compare the role of custom as an agency of social control in primitive and modern industrial societies. (96/6/60)
  21. Write short note: Impact of changes in sex-role on family. (96/5a/200W/20)
  22. What has been the impact of industrialization on family and kinship organisaton? Illustrate the significance of Kenship organization in the industrial societies. (95/5/60)
  23. Write short note: Primary-group. (95/1d/200W/20)
  24. Write short note: Role of culture. (95/5b/200W/20)
  25. Explain the view that the nuclear family “fits” the needs of industrial society. Is it that the structure of nuclear family is the same in all industrial societies? (94/7/60)
  26. Give a brief account of the trends in sociological analysis of change in traditional family and kinship systems in the face of industrialization. (93/4/60)
  27. Bring out the relationship between culture and personality. Discuss with examples the differences in personalities in the same culture. (93/7/60)
  28. Write short note: Social consequences of increase in the rate of divorce. (92/5C/200W/20)
  29. Write short note: Social control. (91/1b/200W/20)
  30. Write short note: Socialization and personality. (90/5d/200W/20)
  31. How do change in the age and sex roles in the family affect the social structure itself? (89/7/60)
  32. Write short note: Structural principles of kinship. (88/1d/200W/20)
  33. How does culture influence personality? Can personality influence culture? How? (85/3/60)
  34. What are the agencies of social control? Which is the most effective one in a democratic society? (85/4/60)

Stratification and Mobility

  1. Write short note on the problem of Gender. (11/1e/12)
  2. What is Class? Do you think that Weber’s contributions to social stratification are different from that of Marx? (11/2b/30)
  3. What do you mean by social mobility? Discuss the major sources and causes of mobility? (11/4b/30)
  4. Write short note on Ethnicity and Development. (10/1e/200W/15)
  5. Examine how open and closed systems of stratification are undergoing transformation in the emergence of new hierarchical social order in societies. (10/4b/30)
  6. Distinguish between people being socially excluded and people excluding themselves socialily in societies. (10/6b/15)
  7. What are the reasons for calling Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore’s theory of social stratification and Wilber Moore’s theory of social stratification a functional theory? (09/3b/30)
  8. How does hierarchy get built into the systems of natural and social inequalities? (08/8/60)
  9. Write short note: Social mobility in open and closed systems. (08/1b/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Role-conflict and its resolution. (07/5b/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Caste-system as principle of social stratification. (06/5a/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Vertical social mobility. (06/1d/200W/20)
  13. How is vertical and horizontal social mobility problematic in society? Suggest solutions. (05/4/60)
  14. ‘Socialisation and social control are complementary to each other in maintaining social order.’ – Elucidate you answer with appropriate illustrations. (04/3/60)
  15. Write short note: Class within Caste and Caste within Class. (04/1d/200W/20)
  16. Briefly discuss the Conflict Perspective on social stratification and examine the view that social inequality in India is the function of rigid social stratification system. (04/4/60)
  17. Examine the conceptual distinction between social inequality and social Stratification. How do the nature and forms of the social stratification system determine the patterns of social mobility? (03/6/60)
  18. Explain Melvin Tumin’s critique related to the theory of social stratification. (02/8/60)
  19. Write short note: Social Mobility and social change. (02/1c/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Inter-generational mobility. (00/5a/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Role conflict. (00/5a/200W/20)
  22. Discuss the nature and characteristics of social mobility. Can the nature and the rate of social mobility be treated as a index of economic development? Comment. (99/6/60)
  23. How would you distinguish between the stratified and the un-stratified social positions? What explanation would you prefer for the universal existence of the social stratification in human existence of the social stratification in human society? (99/2/60)
  24. Write short note: Role conflict as a source of deviation. (99/1b/200W/20)
  25. Analyze critically the functional theory of social stratification. (98/3/60)
  26. Write short note: Caste as a class. (98/1d/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Vertical and horizontal mobility. (98/5c/200W/20)
  28. Write short note: Types of mobility. (97/1d/200W/20)
  29. Write short note: role-Conflict and its resolution. (96/1b/200W/20)
  30. Write short note: Social class and social status. (95/1b/200W/20)
  31. Write short note: Social class and vertical mobility. (93/5b/200W/20)
  32. ‘Social inequality is the device by which societies ensure that the most important positions, are filled by the most qualified persons. ‘Explain this view point and state the grounds on which it is refuted. (92/7/60)
  33. Elaborate the concepts of ‘status-consistency’ and status-inconsistency. State the factors responsible for status-inconsistency’ in modern societies. (92/1/6/60)
  34. Write short note: Functional theory of stratification. (91/5b/200W/20)
  35. Write short note: Intergeneration mobility. (91/5c/200W/20)
  36. Write short note: Status inconsistency. (90/1c/200W/20)
  37. Write short note: Open and Closed Models of Mobility. (89/1b/200W/20)
  38. Write short note: Functional theory of stratification. (88/1c/200W/20)
  39. Write short note: Intergenerational mobility in a caste society. (86/5c/200W/20)
  40. Write short note: Social Mobility. (85/5c/200W/20)

Works and Economic Life

  1. Write short note on Self-Help Group (SHG) as an informal organization from a sociological perspective (in about 150 words) (11/5a/12)
  2. What is formal organization? “The growth of bureaucracy has resulted in extreme concentration of power at larger levels of social organization.” Discuss. (11/6a/20)
  3. “Work in capitalism is reduced to mere labour in which the individual does not develop freely his physical and mental energy and mortifies his body and ruins his mind.” Critically evaluate the assertion. (10/3a/30)
  4. Write short note on Feminisation of Labour in Informal Sector. (10/5a/200W/15)
  5. Write short note Hu7man Relations School of Thought by Elton Mayo as a social organization of work process in industry. (10/5e/200W/15)
  6. Analyse the social impact of market economy on traditional societies. (10/7b/15)
  7. Indicate social determinants of economic development. Discuss any one sociological perspective analyzing back wardness and poverty in the developing societies. (07/6/60)
  8. Write short note: Features of Pre-Industrial economic system. (07/5d/200W/20)
  9. Write short note: Social determinants of economic development. (05/5a/200W/20)
  10. Examine in detail the impact of new global economy on work organization and family structure in India. (04/6/60)
  11. Write short note: Social determinants of Economic Development. (03/5c/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Industrialization and social change. (02/5a/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Types of Exchange. (01/5a/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Emerging pattern of sex-roles in modern society. (01/1d/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Social determinants of economic development. (00/5b/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Feature of pre-industrial economic system. (98/5a/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Industrial and social change. (97/5d/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Types of exchange. (96/5b/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Social consequences of economic development. (95/5d/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Pre-industrial Economic System. (89/1d/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Formal organization. (88/5c/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: Problems of nation-building in developing countries. (86/5b/200W/20)

Politics and Society

  1. Write short note on Power Elite from a sociological perspective. (In about 150 words) (11/5b/12)
  2. Highlight prerequisites of social movement. Bring out the difference between social movement and revolution. (11/6b/20)
  3. “Collective action in politics can bring integration and disintegration in society.” Comment. (11/6c/20)
  4. Explain the concept of participatory Democracy. What conditions are assumed to be conductive to participation? (11/8c/20)
  5. Write short note on Identity Politics. (10/5b/200W/15)
  6. List the sources of power and explain the various indicators based on which power can be measured. (10/7a/30)
  7. Evaluate how civil society and democracy mutually reinforce each other. (10/8a/30)
  8. Write short note on C.W. Mills’ Power Elite. (09/5a/20)
  9. Write short note: School movement as an expression of protest. (08/1c/200W/20)
  10. Explain the meaning and modes of political participation. What are the factors preventing people’s participation in politics in India? (07/8/60)
  11. Discuss modes of political participation and voting behavior in India. (05/6/60)
  12. Write short note: Power elite in society and the emergence of new elite in power structure. (05/5d/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Authority and Legitimacy. (04/5a/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Bureaucracy in New Capitalist Economy. (04/1b/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Social Structure and Political Participation. (03/5d/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Community Power. (02/5b/200/20)
  17. Write short note: Informal structure of Bureaucracy. (01/5c/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Sources of legitimacy of power. (01/1c/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Role of pressure groups in democracy. (00/5d/200W/20)
  20. Impact of the democratic political system on the traditional social structure. (99/5d/200W/20)
  21. Explain the concept of power. Distinguish between power and authority. (98/7/60)
  22. Discuss the meaning and role of voluntary organizations in the efforts of transformation of society through state-action. (96/7/60)
  23. Write short note: Social disorganization. (95/5c/200W/20)
  24. Evaluate the functioning of political parties in the democracies of the Third World. (93/8/60)
  25. Write short note: Dysfunctions of bureaucracy. (93/5c/200W/20)
  26. Write short note: Informal structure of bureaucracy. (92/5a/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Merits and demerits of secret ballot in democracy. (92/5d/200W/20)
  28. What role can the power of unorganized masses play in bringing about social change in a democratic society? (91/7/60)
  29. Write short note: Bureaucracy and economic development. (90/1b/200W/20)
  30. Write short note: Community power structure. (90/5c/200W/20)
  31. Write short note: Formal and Informal Structure of Bureaucracy. (89/5b/200W/20)
  32. Write short note: Power of the Elite. (89/5C/200W/20)
  33. What do you understand by community power structure? Discuss the major changes in recent times in the pattern of the distribution of power in India society. (88/8/60)
  34. Critically examine the statement. ‘A study of power inevitably involves an investigation of social class. (87/6/60)
  35. Write short note: Authoritarian Personality. (87/5a/200W/20)
  36. Write short note: Legitimacy. (87/5d/200W/20)
  37. Write short note: Bureaucracy in developing societies. (86/1c/200W/20)
  38. Write short note: Power. (85/5b/200W/20)

Social Movements.

  1. Write short note on Structure of a social movement. (09/5d/20)
  2. What are the structural elements of a social movement? State how a social movement comes ot its end. Illustrate your answer with example. (07/7/60)
  3. Write short note: Structure of a social movement. (06/5b/200W/20)
  4. Describe the ideological changes that have ushered in modern society due to social movements in India. (05/7/60)
  5. Write short note: Ideology and Strategy of social Movement. (04/5d/200W/20)
  6. Write short note: Social change and social movement. (02/1d/200W/20)
  7. What social conditions cause a social movement? Explain with illustrations, the career of a social movement. (01/7/60)
  8. Is ideology an essential component of a social movement? Illustrate your answer with suitable examples from some contemporary social movements. (00/7/60)
  9. Bring out the commonality between a social movement and a revolution. Would you agree with the view that each revolution is preceded by a social movement? Give reasons. (99/7/60)
  10. What are the structural conditions under which movements emerge? Discuss with reference to any one theory of genesis of social movements. (98/8/60)
  11. Write short note: Concept of social movement. (97/5b/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Reformative social movements. (96/5d/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Types of social movements. (94/5d/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Protest movements. (93/5d/200W/20)
  15. Trace the Psychological and Sociological roots of social movements in society today. Do social movements facilitate social change? (90/6/60)
  16. Write short note: Types of social movements. (88/5d/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Social Movement. (87/1c/200W/20)

Education System & Social change

  1. Write short note: Education as an instrument of social change. (07/5c/200W/20)
  2. “Education is one of the basic activities for the continued existence and development of a society.” Elaborate this statement. (06/6/60)
  3. Discuss mass education as an instrument of social change and modernization. (05/8/60)
  4. Discuss in detail impact of mass media and education of India Society. (04/6/60)
  5. Write short note: Privatisation of Education & Equality of Opportunity. (04/5b/200W/20)
  6. Write short note:: Education and Social Development. (03/1d/200W/20)
  7. Distinguish between the process of formal education and socialization. Examine affectivity in formal education as an instrument of social change. (01/6/60)
  8. Write short note: Education and culture. (98/5b/200W/20)
  9. “Education is an instrument of social control and social change.” Critically examine the statement. (97/6/60)
  10. What are the problems of universalisation of primary education? Discuss fully. (97/7/60)
  11. Write short note: Role of education in social development. (97/5c/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Education and social inequalities. (96/5c/200W/20)
  13. Elaborate the meaning of the term ‘equality of educational opportunity.’ Discuss education as a medium of cultural reproduction and social transformation. (95/27/60)
  14. Write short note: Education as a medium of cultural reproduction. (92/5b/200W/20)
  15. ‘Education is induction into the Learner’s culture.’ Examine the statement in society today.
  16. Write short note:: Education and inequality. (90/5a/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Education and Modernisation. (89/5d/200W/20)
  18. Examine the role of education in cultural In the context of the Indian society, how would you reconcile this with the demand for social change? (88/7/60)
  19. What is meant by Equality of Educational Opportunities? What are its possibilities in developing countries? (87/7/60)
  20. How do you relate the educational system to the economic development in India? (86/7/60)
  21. Can education be considered as an agent of social change? In ehat manner can it establish a new social order? (85/7/60)
  22. Write short note: Youth culture. (85/5d/200W/20)

Religion and Society

  1. Write short note on Cultural Pluralism from a sociological perspective (in about 150 words) (11/5c/12)
  2. Define sect, cult and religion. In what way do Weber’s views on religion differ from those of Durkheim? (11/7a/20)
  3. Examine the social dimensions of religious revivalism and fundamentalism in the context of globalization. (10/2b/30)
  4. Write short note on Positive Religion. (10/5c/200W/15)
  5. “Science has empirical means to logical ends and religion has non-empirical means to logical ends.” Comment. (10/6c/15)
  6. “Science without religion in lame. Religion without science is blind.” Comment on this statement critically in the light of emerging sociological contexts in Europe. USA and India. (09/1/7/60)
  7. Write short note on Secularization of societies in the modern world. (09/5c/20)
  8. In what important ways can religion be a force both for social stability and social change? Discuss. (08/7/60)
  9. Write short note: Religion and Science. (06/5c/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Origins of religious beliefs and practices in premodern societies. (05/5c/200W/20)
  11. Examine the functional as well as dysfunctional aspects of religion in a pluralistic society taking India and the United States of America as illustrative models. (04/7/60)
  12. Write short note: Religion and Science. (00/5d/200W/20)
  13. Critically examine functional and dysfunctional aspects of religion. (00/8/60)
  14. Elaborate on the social necessity of religion. Discuss the relationship between religion and science. (99/3/60)
  15. Write short note: Religious pluralism. (98/5d/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Fundamentals of religion. (97/5a/200W/20)
  17. What is happening to religion in the face of challenges of science in modern societies? Elaborate your answer with the help of sociological literature. (92/8/60)
  18. “Religion is said to have emancipated human being on the one hand but it also alienates them on the other.’ Bring out the paradoxical functions religion plays in a modern secular society. (90/8/60)
  19. Discuss the role of religion in the world today. Has the supergrowth of science any de-mystifying effect on religion? (86/8/60)
  20. Write short note: Religion and Society. (85/1d/200W/20)

Science and Technology

  1. “Science and Technology are major forces accelerating the process of social change.” Comment. (11/8c/20)
  2. “There has been a substantial decline in labour class and increase in labour force in non-manual jobs with the advent of new technological revolution. “Critically examine. (10/6a/30)
  3. Explain the idea of social responsibility of science. Analyse the social consequences of development of science of technology in the context of removal of backwardness in development societies. (06/7/60)
  4. Write short note: Social consequences of science and technology in India. (05/5d/200W/20)
  5. Write short note: Science and Social Responsibility. (04/5c/200W/20)
  6. Write short note: Social Impact of New Technologies in India. (03/5a/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Ethos of Science. (02/5d/200W/20)
  8. Examine social consequences of changes in technology. Illustrate your answer with examples from new productive processes and equipment. (98/6/60)
  9. Write short note: Science and Social Behaviour. (89/1a/200W/20)

Science and Technology

  1. Write short note on Development and Dependency from a sociological perspective. (In about 150 words) (11/5e/12)
  2. “Social support mechanism needs to be strengthened for effective implementation of development programmes.” Comment. (11/8a/20)
  3. Discuss World System Theory in the context of modern society. (11/8b/20)
  4. Examine the social dimensions of displacement induced by development. (10/7c/15)
  5. Comment on the critics’ change that Immanuel Wallerstein’s dependency theory is simplistic and wrong. (09/6a/20)
  6. Write short note: Education as an agent of social change. (08/1d/200W/20)
  7. State significance of social policy in social development. Under what conditions a social policy fails to be effective in its performance? (06/8/60)
  8. Human factors involved in directed social change. (06/5d/200W/20)
  9. Discuss mass education as an instrument of social change and modernization. (05/8/60)
  10. Bring out a comparative analysis of Marxian and Parsonian views of social change and examine the relevance of each view for social development in the contemporary India. (04/8/60)
  11. Define ‘social policy’. Evaluate the performance of social policy in modernsation of developing societies. (01/8/60)
  12. Pit rim A. Sorokin sees the course of history as a continuous but irregular fluctuation, between two basically different kinds of culture. While explaining this stand of Sorokin, analyse whether it is appropriate to characterize such a notion of change as a cyclical theory of social change. (06/6/60)
  13. Elaborate on the concept of structural change, Discuss the endogenic factors of structural change in a society, with suitable examples. (99/8/60)
  14. Critically examine the impact of traditional social structures on the development and functioning of democratic policy. (98/8/60)
  15. Explain the classical concept of social change and critically examine the contribution of the linear theories of social change. (95/8/60)
  16. What is social policy and its relevance to social development? Under what circumstances social policy becomes a hindrance in social development? (94/8/60)
  17. Write short note: Modernisation. (91/1d/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Directed social change. (90/5b/200W/20)
  19. How far are social policy and directed social change effective in social development? (89/8/60)
  20. Write short note: Theory of underdevelopment. (88/5b/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Planned development in a democracy. (85/5b/200W/20)
  22. Has development been successful in removing poverty? Can you relate development to progress? (85/6/60)

SOCIOLOGY – Main Topic Wise Analysis (Papers-II)

Introducing Indian Society

  1. Write short note on The book-view and the field-view in Indian sociology with a sociological perspective in note more than 150 words. (11/1d/15)
  2. Write short note with a sociological perspective on A.R. Desai’s characterization of leadership of Indian freedom movement. (10/1a/200W/20)
  3. Comment critically on The heterogenic features that influenced Indian tradition, according to Yogendra Singh. (10/2a/200W/20)
  4. How far is the structural functional perspective helpful in understanding changes in contemporary Indian society? (10/4b/30)
  5. Write short note on on Colonial hangover and its social impact. (09/1d/20)
  6. What are the main principles of the structural-functional perspective? Comment on the suitability of applying this perspective to the study of Indian society. (09/3/60)
  7. Write short note on Indological perspective of G.S. Ghurye. (09/1a//20)
  8. How do you differentiate between social change and modernization? Explain with examples from Indian society. (08/4/60)
  9. How has the Marxist Perspective been applied to explain social background of Indian nationalism? (08/2/60)
  10. Describe the major aspects of traditional Hindu social organization. How far are they relevant for present day Indian society? (06/2/60)
  11. Discuss the metaphysical and ethical basis of Hindu social organization. (02/2/60)
  12. Examine the ways in which Indian society can be strengthened as multi-cultural society. Is the dominance of single culture a hindrance to multiculturalism in India? (02/4/60)
  13. Write short note: Impact of West on Indian society. (01/1c/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Impact of Buddhism on Indian society. (00/1c/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Response of Indian society to the early impact of West. (98/1a/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Impact of Islam on Indian society. (97/1c/200W/20)
  17. “Tradition and modernity co-exist in contemporary Indian society.’ Discuss the factors responsible for this continuity and change. (92/2/60)
  18. Explain the significance of empirical approach to the study of Indian society. How does the use of “historical approach enrich empirical orientation. (95/2/60)
  19. Write short note: Social significance of Grihasthasrama. (93/5d/200W/20)
  20. Examine the utility and limitations of indological source material to understanding of Indian Society. (93/2/60)
  21. Examine the features of continuity and change of Indian society in historical perspective. (92/2/60)
  22. Write short note: Ethnic diversity and community integration. (92/1b/200W/20)
  23. ‘Indian tradition, today, exhibits a form of neotraditionalism along with modernisation,’ Comment. (90/6/60)
  24. Write short note: Basic features of traditional Hindu social organization. (90/1b/200W/20)
  25. Analyse and the impact of the modern West on traditionl social values in India. (89/3/60)
  26. Examine the historical roots of Indian society and identify and factors of community and change in it. (88/2/60)
  27. Assess the impact of the west in shaping the Indian Renaissance Movement in the 19th (87/2/60)
  28. Examine the impact of Buddhism and Islam on the Hindu society. (86/2/60)
  29. Write short note: The India intellectual between tradition and modernity. (86/1d/200W/20)

Caste System

  1. Write short note with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words: Perspectives on the study of caste by M.N. Srinivas and Andre Beteile. (11/1a/15)
  2. Analyze the term ‘dalit’ and the evolution of the related concept as a reflection of the changing consciousness and self-assertion of the dalit community. (13/3b/30)
  3. ‘Casteism is the modern edition of the caste system.’ Do you agree with this statement? Discuss with arguments. (11/6b/20)
  4. Analyze the changing nexus between caste and tribe. (11/8b/20)
  5. Comment critically on Dumont’s concept of homohierarchicus. (10/2c/200W/20)
  6. Critically assess the forms in which untouchability continues to be practiced. (10/3b/30)
  7. Discuss the inter – relationship between caste, class and power. (10/4a/30)
  8. In the context of the caste-system, critically examine Louis Dumont’s concept of purity and pollution. (09/7a/30)
  9. Write short note: Concept of Hierarchy in Louis Dumont’s writings. (08/1b/200W/20)
  10. Discuss the social factors responsible for the emergence of Dalit consciousness in India. What have been the social consequences of this phenomenon? (06/3/60)
  11. Write short note: Racial Theories of origin of caste. (05/1a/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Caste mobilization in North India. (04/1a/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Impact of Muslims on Indian Society. (04/1b/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Caste among Muslims. (03/1a/200W/20)
  15. Describe the characteristics of dominant caste. Discuss its role in village politics in India. (03/2/60)
  16. Discuss the Louis Dumon’t concept of purity and pollution. How far these concepts are relavant in explaining the Hindu Caste system? (02/3/60)
  17. Write short note: Emergnece of Dalit Consciousness. (02/1a/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Caste and Indian Polity. (01/1a/200W/20)
  19. Which means of social mobility were available in the traditional caste system? Describe the form of social mobility in contemporary Indian society. (00/2/60)
  20. Write short note: Caste among Indian Christians. (00/1b/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Social Justice. (99/1a/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: Modes of contents of expression of Dalit consciousness. (98/1c/200W/20)
  23. Write short note: Role of caste associations. (98/5c/200W/20)
  24. ‘Caste is becoming weaker and stronger at the same time in present day India.’ Discuss the factors responsible for continuity and change. (97/4/60)
  25. Do you think that caste and democracy are compatible with each other? Discuss with reference to some studies conducted on this issue in India. (96/8/60)
  26. Write short note: Varna-asrama dharma. (96/5a/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Avenues of caste mobility in traditional Indian society. (96/1b/200W/20)
  28. Write short note: Equality and social justice. (95/1a/200W/20)
  29. Write short note: Cultural and structural aspect of caste. (95/5b/200W/20)
  30. Write short note: Caste among Muslims in India. (94/5a/200W/20)
  31. Write short note: Caste and occupational mobility. (94/1a/200W/20)
  32. Write short note: Ritual purity and pollution in Hindu Society. (91/1a/200W/20)
  33. Discuss the changes in the structure of power relationships of various castes at the regional levels. (91/4/60)
  34. ‘Institutionalized inequality in India has its cultural and economic coordinates.’ Discuss./ (91/6/60)
  35. Discuss the process of mobility that has taken place in the caste structure in India. In this context, explain the convergence of caste and class. (90/3/60)
  36. Write short note: Sociological perspectives of “Right to work” in India. (90/5c/200W/20)
  37. Write short note: Purushartha. (89/1a/200W/20)
  38. “The soil gorws castes: the machines make classes.’ Comment. (89/2/60)
  39. The organic solidarity of caste has given way to competitive solidarity. Discuss this statement in the context of the processes of fission and fusion in the Caste System. (88/3/60)
  40. Write short note: Industrialisation and Caste. (88/1c/200W/20)
  41. Is the caste system immobile? Bring out the factors promoting intra-caste and inter-caste mobility. (87/3/60)
  42. Write short note: Convergence of class and caste. (87/1C/200W/20)
  43. Write short note: The case for a uniform civil code. (86/1a/200W/20)
  44. ‘Despite all the fusion and fission that the caste system has undergone through the ages. It has binded to maintain the permanency of it form.’ Comment. (86/3/60)
  45. Write short note: Kula, Vansa and Gotra. (85/1c/200W/20)
  46. Comment on the distinction between ‘hierarchy’ and ‘social stratification.’ Which of the two will be a more appropriate term to describe the caste system and why? (85/2/60)
  47. Discuss the process of social mobility in the caste system commonly describe as sanskritisation and westernization. Have they effected any structural change in the system? (85/3/60)

Social Class Structure in India

  1. Bring out the relationship between social class and mortality. (11/8c/20)
  2. Write short note on Emergence of middle class in India. (09/1b/20)
  3. Describe the process of emergence of the middle class in India. What role has the middle class payment in national development. (05/3/60)
  4. Examine the causes and consequences of growing size of urban middle class. (98/3/60)
  5. Write short note: Urban social organization. (97/1b/200W/20)
  6. Write Short note: Industrial calss structure in India. (92/1a/200W/20)
  7. .The soil grows casters: the machines make classes.’ Comment. (89/2/60)

System of Kinship in India

  1. Write short note with a sociological perspective on the following not more thatn 150 words: Distinction between the concept of family and household. (11/1b/15)
  2. Comment critically on Linkages between Partriarchy and honour killings. (10/2b/200W/20)
  3. Comment on the influence of social and cultural factors on family planning in India. (09/6a/30)
  4. Comment on the changes in the household dimensions of family under modern economic reforms. (09/2b/30)
  5. What has been the impact of globalization on the cultural aspect(s) of the family? (09/2a/30)
  6. What is Partriarchy? How have the womens’ movements confronted the norms of Patriarchy? (08/3/60)
  7. Discuss the impact of legislation and socio-economic changes on marriage and family institutions. Are these institutions weakening in contemporary India? (07/8/60)
  8. Write short note: Industrialisation and family change in India, with examples. (06/1d/200W/20)
  9. Write short note: Generation Gap. (05/11/1c/200W/20)
  10. Discuss the influence of socio-cultural factors on age of marriage in India. (04/2/60)
  11. What factors are responsible for the instability of the Indian family? Will the family survive the present crisis in modern society? (01/3/60)
  12. Outline the social factors related to generation gap. How has the generation gap led to the problem of youth unrest? (97/2/60)
  13. “Nuclear families grow into joint families and then break into nuclear to joint and from joint to nuclear families is fairly frequent in India.” Explain the changes in the structure and functions of joint family in this context. (95/4/60)
  14. Write short note: Legislation and socio-economic change in family. (94/5d/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Changing pattern of Hindu joint family. (92/5d/200W/20)
  16. ‘Family jointness still continues unaffected by the differences of religion, caste, urbanization and occupation.’ Elucidate. (91/2/60)
  17. Write short note: Cultural factors in adoption of family planning in India. (90/5a/200W/20)
  18. Critically assess the role of social legislation in bringing about basic structural changes in marriage, family and property in India. What are the main obstacles in evolving a common Civil Code? (90/4/60)
  19. Write short note: Social Implications of Inter-caste marriages. (89/1b/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Acculturation. (88/5d/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Intergenerational Gap. (88/1b/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: Regional Variation in Kinship System. (88/1a/200W/20)
  23. Examine the roots of youth unrest. How can we channel youth power for national development? (87/4/60)
  24. Write short note: The Indian family in continuity and change. (86/1b/200W/20)
  25. How far is generational disaffiliation responsible for your activism in India? Why is the Indian youth failing to respond to the national challenges? (85/8/60)
  26. Examine the impact of recent social legislation on Hindu marriage and family with special reference to the status of women. (85/4/60)

Rural & Agrarian Social Structure

  1. Bring out the relationship between fertility and social structure as viewed by Davis and Blake. (11/2a/30)
  2. With reference to their understanding of the Indian village, compare the perspectives of M.N.Srinivas and S.C.Dube. (10/3a/30)
  3. Changes that the agrarian social structure I India is undergoing. Comment. (09/4a/30)
  4. Write short note: Village studies in India Sociology. (08/1a/200W/20)
  5. Write short note: Agrarian Unrest. (07/5d/200W/20)
  6. Is Indian peasant society a non-modern society? Evaluate with suitable examples in support of your answer. (06/4/60)
  7. Write short note: Characteristics of peasant societies. (05/1b/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Feudalism and Semi Feudalism. (04/1c/200W/20)
  9. Write short note: Characteristics of Ne 10-Rich agrarian class. (02/1c/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Agrarian class structure in India. (01/1d/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Peasant Society. (99/1d/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Agrarian social structural. (95/1d/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Social consequences of land ceiling legislation. (94/1c/200W/20)
  14. Probe the social consequences of the land ceiling legislation in any one of the India states and state the major difficulties in its implementation. (92/6/60)
  15. Write short note: Market economy and Agrarian social structure. (90/1b/200W/20)
  16. Analyse the traditional production relations in Indian villages in the framework of the Jaiman System. (88/4/60)
  17. Analyse the limitations of working a democratic political system in a traditional society. (88/7/60)
  18. Write short note: Class-conflict in the agrarian society. (86/1c/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Inequality in the agrarian structure. (85/1d/200W/20)

Industrialisation & Urbanisation

  1. What are the linkage points between globalization and the growth of the informal sector? How have these affected the nature and functioning of the working class? (11/4b/30)
  2. Rapid urbanization and sustainable development do not go together. Discuss with arguments. (11/8a/20)
  3. Evaluate the policy of SEZ (Special Economic Zones) and the nature of social response to it. (10/6a/30)
  4. From a sociological perspective, examine the effects of the BPO industry on the youth. (10/6b/20)
  5. Comment on the sociological impact of globalization on people working in the Informal sector. (09/7b/30)
  6. What is the impact of Globalization on the in India? (08/11/6/60)
  7. Write short note: Informal sector in the urban economy in India? (08/1c/200W/20)
  8. Discuss the social consequences of economic reforms like liberalization, privatization and globalization. (07/7/60)
  9. Write short note: Market economy and its social consequences. (07/5c/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Programmes for urban development. (07/1b/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Social Consequences of Privatisation. (06/1c/200W/20)
  12. Describe various aspects of urban environment in India and assess the impact of urban development programmes on it. (05/7/60)
  13. Write short note: Social Consequences of Globalisation. (04/1d/200W/20)
  14. Discuss how occupational diversification has affected the pattern of social stratification in India. (03/4/60)
  15. Write short note: Privatization and globalization. (618/5c/200W/20)
  16. Do you agree with the view that slums are areas of darkness and despair? Give reasons in support of your answer. (00/7/60)
  17. Write short note: Consequence of globalization for India. (00/1c/200W/20)
  18. Slums are scars on the social fabric. How can these scars be removed? (99/7/60)
  19. What it meant by privatization and how could it effect economic reforms in India? (99/3/60)
  20. Write short note: Social consequences of unplanned urban growth. (98/5d/200W/20)
  21. Assess the impact of market economy on the traditional rural economic structure. (98/2/60)
  22. Write short note: Social profile of slums. (97/5a/200W/20)
  23. Write short note: Urban neighbourhoods. (96/5a/200W/20)
  24. Write short note: Social consequences of market economy. (96/1d/200W/20)
  25. Discuss the salient features of urbanization in India. What steps would you suggest to tackle the negative aspects of urbanization? (95/8/60)
  26. Write short note: Social basis of trade unions. (95/1d/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Industrialisation and occupational diversification. (95/1c/200W/20)
  28. Evaluate the role of state in social and economic reconstruction of Indian Society since independence. (94/7/60)
  29. Discuss the functions of traditional economic institutions in India. Analyse the factors responsible for change in them. (94/3/60)
  30. The market cannot function without State.’ Critically examine the statement within the Indian context. (92/7/60)
  31. Write short note: Social consequence of market economy. (92/5a/200W/20)
  32. Privatisation of economy can often result in growing social inequalities, exploitation and corruption. How far are these fears justified in the Indian context? (91/3/60)
  33. What are the main social determinants of economic development in India? Examine this question with special reference to the growth of entrepreneurship and the rise of business houses in India. (90/7/60)
  34. Examine the social consequences of economic development with special reference to India. (89/4/60)
  35. Write short note: Industrialisation and Caste. (88/1c/200W/20)
  36. Write short note: Urban decay: the culture of overcrowded neighbourhoods and slums in industrial cities. (86/5d/200W/20)
  37. What is the link between industrialization and urbanization? What happens when urbanization outstrips industrialization? Answer with reference to India. (85/6/60)

Politics and Society

  1. “Protective discrimination not only protects but also discriminates.” Comment. (11/2b/30)
  2. Distinguish between ‘secularism’ and ‘secularisation.’ Analyse the nature and extent of secularization in contemporary India, (11/3a/30)
  3. Write short note on Factors responsible for increasing demands for the formation of separate states. (10/5a/200W/20)
  4. Identify the reasons for the resilience of democratic system in India. (10/7a/30)
  5. Write short note on New rural elite and leadership. (09/5b/20)
  6. Write short note: Regionalism. (07/5b/200W/20)
  7. Discuss the social base of political parties in India. What has been its impact of Indian democracy? (05/4/60)
  8. Write short note: Pluralism and national unity. (05/5a/200W/20)
  9. “The 73rd and the 74th constitutional amendments have motivated social mobilization in rural India.
    Discuss. (04/4/60)
  10. Differentiate between pressure groups and interest groups. Describe the role of some prominent pressure groups in contemporary Indian politics. (03/7/60)
  11. Write short note: Regionalism. (03/1d/200/20)
  12. Write short note: Reservation and Panchayat Raj institutions. (02/1d/200W/20)
  13. Elaborate the concept of political elite. Explain how social structural origins of political elites influence their political orientation. (01/8/60)
  14. What is meant by democratic decentralization? Assess the working of Panchayati Raj in India. (01/4/60)
  15. What have been the functions of democracy in India? Has democracy been successful in eliminating some of the traditional social inequalities? (00/4/60)
  16. Discuss 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments with reference to decentralization of power. (99/2/60)
  17. Write short note: National Unity. (99/1b/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Implications of emergence of regional political parties. (98/1b/200W/20)
  19. Describe the socio-cultural background of the political elites of contemporary India. What has been the influence of the background on their political orientation? (97/3/60)
  20. Write short note: Pluralism and national unity. (97/1a/200W/20)
  21. Describe the traditional power structure in rural India. Discuss the factors that have contribution to its changing pattern in recent years. (96/7/60)
  22. Write short note: Role of pressure groups in Indian politics. (96/1c/200W/20)
  23. Write short note: Changing social origins of political elites in India. (94/1b/200W/20)
  24. It is often alleged that the social situation in India is not conductive to the efficient functioning of a democratic polity. Comment. (95/7/60)
  25. Evaluate the role of state in social and economic reconstruction of India Society since independence. (94/7/60)
  26. Write short note: Decentralisation of power and local development. (94/5d/200W/20)
  27. Write short note: Panchayati Raj and rural leadership. (93/1d/200W/20)
  28. Write short note: Pressure groups in Indian politics. (93/5a/200W/20)
  29. Discuss the executive measures and peoples- participation in implementing various development programmes at the village level in india. (93/6/60)
  30. Explain how emerging rural-urban nexuese are reshaping the character of Indian political elite and functioning of political institutions. (92/8/60)
  31. Is legitimacy of key political institutions declining in India? Discuss this issue in the context of the process of nation-building. (91/7/60)
  32. Write short note: Social responsibility of political elites. (91/1b/200W/20)
  33. Write short note:: Electroal Reform in India. (89/5b/200W/20)
  34. Write short note: Democratic Decentralisation. (88/5b/200W/20)
  35. Discuss the role of the State in restructuring Indian Society since Independence. Examine the effectiveness of such intervention. (88/6/60)
  36. Write short note: The emerging pattern of rural leadership. (86/5c/200W/20)
  37. Write short note: Protective discrimination : its sociology and politics. (85/1b/200W/20)

Education and Social change

  1. Write short note: S.N.D.P. Movement. (08/1d/200W/20)
  2. Write short note: Education and social mobility. (07/5a/200W/20)
  3. Write short note: Inequality in Education. (05/1d/200W/20)
  4. Critically evaluate education as a tool for social justice. (04/3/60)
  5. Discuss in detail impact of mass media and education on India Society. (04/6/60)
  6. Write short note: Educational problems of weaker sections. (03/5a/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Education and social mobility. (01/1a/200W/20)
  8. Critically examine the protective discrimination policy for the disadvantaged groups in India. Would you suggest any change in this policy? (00/3/60)
  9. Write short note: Educational inequalities in India. (00/1a/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Total Literacy Campaign (TLC). (99/1c/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Problem of adult illiteracy in India. (98/1d/200W/20)
  12. Describe the role palyed by education in social mobility. Do you think that education ahs been the most important factor in accelerating social mobility in modern Indian society? Give arguments in favour of your answer? (97/6/60)
  13. Write short note: Problem of education among ‘Backward classes.’ (96/5c/200W/20)
  14. Discuss the main problems of national integration in India and delineate the role of education in tackling these problems. (95/4/60)
  15. Explain the relationship of human resources development and education in modern context. (94/4/60)
  16. Discuss the educational problems of weaker sections in India. What are the measures adopted to solve these problems? (93/8/60)
  17. Write short note: Educational inequality and social change. (80/IL/5b/200W/20)
  18. Delineate the contents of the New Education Policy. Has it made any dent in the educational system? (89/6/60)
  19. Write short note: Reservations: Need and achievement. (87/1b/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Unequal access to education. (87/5a/200W/20)
  21. Education for development: the sociological implications of the new education policy. (86/5a/200)
  22. Write short note: Education for social equality. (85/5a/200)

Religion and Society

  1. How are the issues of ethnicity and nationalism related? Discuss in the context of the emergence of ethnonationalism in India. (11/4a/30)
  2. Write short note with a sociological perspective on the Parsi community and its contribution to Indian society. (10/1c/200W/20)
  3. Can religion form a sufficient basis of forming cultural identity in India? Comment. (09/4b/30)
  4. Discuss the major problems of religious funcamentalism in contemporary India. Give suggestions to tackle these problems. (07/6/60)
  5. Write short note: Problems of religious minorities. (07/11/200W/20)
  6. Describe the indicators of secularism. In your opinion, is it being practiced in letter and spirit in present day Indian society? (06/6/60)
  7. Write short note: Religious funcamentalism. (05/5b/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Role of religion in civil society. (04/5a/200W/20)
  9. Describe the socio-economic factors responsible for communal tensions in India. What suggestions will you give to control them? (03/6/60)
  10. Is Secularism a weak Ideology? Critically analyse the reasons for anti-secular trends in India. (02/6/60)
  11. Write short note: Problems of Hindu minority in Kashmir. (02/5b/200W/20)
  12. Write short note: Inequality among Brahmins. (02/5a/200W/20)
  13. Explain the concept of secular state and discuss the problems of India as a secular state. (01/7/60)
  14. Write short note: Religious fundamentalism. (00/5a/200W/20)
  15. Define religious minority. Discuss the problems of religious minorities in India. (99/6/60)
  16. Write short note: Secularism. (99/5a/200W/20)
  17. Discuss the constitutional safeguards for religious minority, groups and account for increasing religious fundamentalism in India. (98/6/60)
  18. Write short note Communal tensions in India. (97/5d/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Pattern of secularism in India. (96/5b/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Minority status and religious conversions. (94/1d/200W/20)
  21. Explain issues emerging from inter-religion interaction in India today. Evaluate them in the context of secularism in India. (93/4/60)
  22. Write short note: Primitive Communism. (93/1a/200W/20)
  23. Write short note: Minority groups and communalism. (93/1c/200W/20)
  24. Write short note: Pluralsociety and secularism. (91/1d/200W/20)
  25. Write short note: Religion and national integration in India. (90/1c/200W/20)
  26. Critically evaluate the role of religion and ethnicity in India politics since the First General Elections in 1952. (90/8/60)
  27. Write short note: Secularism as a scientific concept. (89/1d/200W/20)
  28. Write short note: Linguistic Conflicts. (88/1d/200W/20)
  29. Write short note: Communal tensions: their economic and social background. (86/5d/200W/20)
  30. Discuss the factors responsible for the growing feeling of alienation among the religious minorities in India. How can they be made to overcome this feeling? (86/7/60)
  31. Write short note: Religious and ethnic conflict in India. (85/5c/200W/20)

Tribal communities in India

  1. Write short note with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words: Unity and diversity among the tribes in India. (11/1c/15)
  2. Discuss the various problems of tribal communities in India and assess the impact of tribal development efforts after Independence. (07/4/60)
  3. Describe the distinctive features of tribal communities in India. Discuss the factors affecting tribal identity. (05/6/60)
  4. Write short note: Migration and tribal communities. (04/5b/200W/20)
  5. Write short note: Isolation approach in tribal policy. (03/5c/200W/20)
  6. Write short note: Emergence of classes among tribes. (03/1b/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Integration of Tribes in Hindu Culture. (02/1b/200W/20)
  8. Critically examine various tribal policies. Which tribal policy would you advocate for tribal development in India any way? (00/6/60)
  9. Analyse critically the Government of India’s tribal policy. (98/4/60)
  10. Write short note: Issues of tribal identity. (97/5c/200W/20)
  11. What changes have taken place in the tribal social stratification pattern in recent times? Describe the factors responsible for these changes. (97/7/60)
  12. Describe the socio-cultural consequences of tribals’ contacts with the non-tribals. What measures would you suggest to bring the tribals in the national mainstream? (96/6/60)
  13. Write short note: Tribal integration. (95/5c/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Sources of tribal unrest in India. (94/5c/200W/20)
  15. Trace the impact of cultural contract on the Indian tribes. (86/6/60)
  16. ‘Erosion of ecology and economy, and not politicisation, is the main source of tribal unrest in India today.’ Examine the validity of this statement. (92/3/60)
  17. ‘Uneven development is the major source of tribal unrest in India.’ Examine the statement in relation to the movements in tribal India. (91/8/60)
  18. Write short note: Integration of Tribes. (89/5c/200W/20)
  19. Analyse the different dimensions of the integration of tribes in the national polity. How can the process by accelerated? (87/6/60)

Population Dynamics

  1. Write short note on the following in not more than 150 words. Your answer should have a sociological perspective: Infant Mortality Rate is the most sensitive idex for measuring development. Comment. (11/5c/15)
  2. Explain the interface between population, ecology and environment in the context of India. (11/6b/20)
  3. Write short note on Social security measures for the elderly. (10/5b/200W/20)
  4. Discuss the socio-cultural factors for the declining sex – ratio in some states of India. (10/8a/30)
  5. Write short note on Fertility and population growth. (09/5C/20)
  6. Write short note: Reproductive Health. (08/5d/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Social factors related to declining sex-ration. (06/5a/200W/20)
  8. Discuss the salient features of the population policy of Government of India. What modifications would you suggest to make it more effective? (06/7/60)
  9. Write short note: Socio-cultural factors influencing infant morality rates. (03/5b/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Socio-cultural factions related to declining proportion of females in sex-ration. (00/5b/200W/20)
  11. Examine the socio-economic consequences of the changing age-structure of India’s population. (98/8/60)
  12. Write short note: Increasing economic disparities between rural and urban populations. (98/5b/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Positive and preventive checks on population. (93/5b/200W/20)
  14. Bring out the socio-cultural constraints in population control in rural areas. Suggest steps to make population control measures more effective. (87/7/60)
  15. Write short note: The demographic transition. (91/5b/200W/20)
  16. Discuss the salient features of the demographic situation in India. What are the prospects of reducing the birth rate and stabilizing it in the near future? (85/7/60)

Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India

  1. Write short note on the following in not more than 150 words. Your answer should have a sociological perspective. Impact of Green Revolution on rural class structure. (11/5b/15)
  2. Comment on the factors responsible for the growth and consolidation of middle level peasantry in rural India. How is it related to capitalism in Indian agriculture? (11/7a/30)
  3. Write short note on Possibilities of slum reforms. (09/5d/20)
  4. Describe the salient features of the poverty alleviation programmes. What modifications would you suggest to make them more effective? (07/3/60)
  5. Write short note: Strategies of rural development. (04/5d/200W/20)
  6. Outline the factors responsible for unrest in agrarian communities of India. What suggestions will you give to arrest this trend? (03/3/60)
  7. Write short note: Social consequences of green revolution. (03/1c/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Poverty alleviation programme. (01/1b/200W/20)
  9. Critically evaluate the child welfare programmes in India. Have they benefited all sections of children in India. (00/8/60)
  10. What do you mean by ‘Green Revolution’ and what are its socio-economic consequences? Discuss. (99/4/60)
  11. How far did “the Community Development Projects help in realising the goals of planned change? Examine critically. (95/6/60)
  12. Write short note: Faction in rural life. (95/5b/200W/20)
  13. “Poverty breed poverty in rural India. “Evaluate Integrated Rural Development Programme in the light of this statement. (94/8/60)
  14. Write short note: Rural credit and its bearing on poverty. (92/1d/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: TRYSEM – as a measure for rural development. (91/5c/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Bonded-labour. (91/1c/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Political power and rural development in India. (90/5d/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Green Revolution and Social Tensions. (89/5a/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Grass root Planning. (88/5a/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Integrated Rural Development Porgramme. (88/5c/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Bonded Labour. (87/5b/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: Reaching development in the context of national planning in India. Can regional disparities be reduced within the framework of a centralist planning? (87/5d/200W/20)
  23. Stress the importance of regional development in the context of national planning in India. Can regional disparities be reduced within the frame work of a centralist planning? (86/8/60)
  24. Write short note: Planning for the rural poor: IRDP and NREP. (85/5b/200W/20)

Social Change in India

  1. “Tradition and modernity are misplaced polarities in the study of social change in India.” Elucidate. (11/7b/30)
  2. Write short note on Law and social change. (09/5a/30)
  3. Write short note: Disparities in education. (08/5a/200W/20)
  4. Write short note: Sanskritization. (07/1d/200W/20)
  5. Write short note: Continuity and change in Indian society. (06/1a/200W/20)
  6. Discuss the paradoxical nature of change in contemporary Indian society. Describe the factors responsible for it. (05/2/60)
  7. Write short note: Obstacles to change in India society. (05/5d/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Social Consequences of Giobalisation. (04/1d/200W/20)
  9. Discuss in detail impact of mass media and education on Indian Society. (04/6/60)
  10. Describe the process of modernization in India. Discuss the factors that have impeded this process. (03/8/60)
  11. Examine the impact of mass media on Indian society. Whether western consumerism and materialiatic culture, creeping in though mass media, are adversely affecting the traditional Indian culture? (02/7/60)
  12. How is modernization an agent of change? Discuss its positive and negative aspects. (99/08/60)
  13. Write short note: Sanskritization. (99/5b/200W/20)
  14. Write short note: Indicators of modernization in Indian society. (96/5d/200W/20)
  15. Write short note: Sanskritization. (95/5d/200W/20)
  16. Explain continuity and change of traditional social institutions in urban community in India. How are they adopting to the process of urban development? (94/6/60)
  17. Explain the paradox of social change in the modern Indian society and describe the factors responsible for it. (93/11/3/60)
  18. How has the process of social and culture change been examined by Indian sociologists? Discuss their approaches. (92/4/60)
  19. Write short note: Mass media and education. (92/1c/200W/20)
  20. Write short note: Sanskritization. (92/5c/200W/20)
  21. Write short note: Orthogenetic and heterogenetic factors of social change in India. (89/1c/200W/20)
  22. Write short note: Role of mass media in modernization. (87/5c/200W/20)
  23. Discuss the basic problems of the Scheduled Castes. Bring out the impact of conversion on their social status. (89/8/60)
  24. Distinguish between Westernization and Modernization. How do tradition and modernity co-exist in India? (88/8/60)
  25. Discuss the process of social mobility in the caste system commonly describe as sanskritization and westernization. Have they effected any structural change in the system? (85/3/60)

Social Movements

  1. Write short note on the following in not more than 150 words, Your answer should have a sociological perspective. Stages of the Women’s movement in India. (11/5a/15)
  2. Critically examine D.N. Dhanagare’s views on agrarian movements in India. (11/6a/20)
  3. Write short note on Ethnic movements. (10/5c/200W/20)
  4. Assess the contribution of contemporary women’s movements in women’s empowerment. (10/5c/200W/20)
  5. Evaluate the success of Indian peasant movements in achieving their goals. (09/6b/20)
  6. Write short note on Dynamics of Dalit movement. (09/1c/20)
  7. What factors account for the resurgence of ethnic identity movements in India? What, according to you, is the proper strategy of integration of ethnic groups in the mainstream? (08/7/60)
  8. Discuss the role of various reform movements in India. (07/2/60)
  9. Write short note: Self Respect Movement. (06/5c/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Backward Classes Movement. (06/1b/200W/20)
  11. Describe the process of social mobility among lower castes and discuss the role of the Backward Classes Movement in strengthening this process. (05/8/60)
  12. Write short note: Self-respect movement. (05/5c/200W/20)
  13. Write short note: Caste mobilization in North India. (04/1a/200W/20)
  14. Analyse the ideological and strategical features of Naxalbari movement. (02/8/60)
  15. Examine the role of Arya Samaj and Ramakrishna Mission as reforms movements in India. (01/2/60)
  16. Write short note: Satya Sodhak Samaj. (01/5b/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Self-respect movement. (00/5c/200W/20)
  18. Write short note: Naxalbari Movement. (99/5c/200W/20)
  19. Write short note: Revivalist social movements in India. (97/8/60)
  20. Describe the factors related to social movements. In the light of these factors explain the emergence of peasant movements in India. (97/8/60)
  21. “Buddhism is a social movement against hierarchical tradition for social equality in Indian society.” Discuss. (94/2/60)
  22. What were the main trends of social reform movements in nineteenth century? Critically discuss any one internal revitalization movement in India society. (93/7/60)
  23. Write short note: Social movements and social mobility. (93/5c/200W/20)
  24. Write short note: The share-croppers’ movement in India. (91/5a/200W/20)
  25. Write short note: Rationale behind Protective Discrimination. (89/5d/200W/20)
  26. Write short note: Role of Elite in social transformation. (88/1a/200W/20)
  27. Discuss the process of social mobility in the caste system commonly described as sanskritization and westernization. Have they effected any structural change in the system?  (85/3/60)
  28. Write short note: Sarvodaya as a social movement. (85/5d/200W/20)

Challenges of Social Transformation

  1. Write short note on the following in not more than 150 words. Your answer should have a sociological perspective. Structural factors behind violence against women. (11/5d/15)
  2. Write short note with a sociological perspective on Women in the I.T. sector. (10/1b/200W/20)
  3. Highlight the important dimensions of inter-caste conflicts in India. (10/8b/30)
  4. Do you think that poverty, deprivation and inequalities are the major challenges in the process of social transformation? What are your suggestions to address and resolve these problems? (09/8/60)
  5. How do you define development? What are your suggestions to resolve the issues of displacement and environment related to development? (08/8/60)
  6. Write short note: Religious revivalism. (08/5c/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Problem of dowry. (07/1a/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Discrimination against women. (06/5d/200W/20)
  9. Discuss in detail atrocities on women and suggest annihilative measures for them. (04/7/60)
  10. Write short note: Nature of atrocities on married women. (02/5c/200W/20)
  11. Critically evaluate the existing welfare programmes for women in India. Have they bejefited all sections of women in India? (01/6/60)
  12. “Political and economic empowerment of women is necessary but not a sufficient condition for improving social status of women in India”. Comment. (98/7/60)
  13. How far has education of women led to an improvement in their social status in the modern Indian society? Which other factors are related to the status of women in India? (96/4/60)
  14. Describe the factors responsible for increasing economic inequalities I India and discuss their social consequences. (96/3/60)
  15. Write short note: Muslim women and divorce. (93/1b/200W/20)
  16. Write short note: Educational problem of rural women. (92/5b/200W/20)
  17. Write short note: Common Civil Code and status of women. (91/5d/200W/20)
  18. Analyse the socio-economic factors that continue to depress the position of women in Indian society. What steps have been taken to remedy the situation in recent years? (89/7/60)
  19. Write short note: Crimes against women. (87/1d/200W/20)
  20. Discuss the changing value-orientations of women in the Indian middle class families. (86/4/60)
  21. Write short note: Divorce among the Muslims. (85/1a/200W/20)

Social Problems

  1. Describe the social factors related with the problems of alcoholism and drug addiction. What measures would you suggest to tackle these problems? (06/8/60)
  2. Write short note: Environmental pollution in urban areas. (06/5b/200W/20)
  3. Analyse socio-cultural consequence of corruption and suggest remedial measures for curbing it. (04/8/60)
  4. Write short note: Socio-cultural factors related to foeticide. (04/5c/200W/20)
  5. Write short note: Social dimensions of corruption. (03/5d/200W/20)
  6. Write short note: Problems of child labour India. (02/5d/200W/20)
  7. Write short note: Social consequences of alcoholism and drug addiction. (01/5d/200W/20)
  8. Write short note: Social correlated of prostitution. (00/5d/200W/20)
  9. Write short note: Dowry as a social problem. (99/5d/200W/20)
  10. Write short note: Social dimensions of drug addiction. (97/5b/200W/20)
  11. Write short note: Corruption and Political process. (90/1d/200W/20)
  12. Is corruption a necessary concomitant of development? How can it be curbed? (87/8/60)

SOCIOLOGY (Main) Paper – I (2010)

Section A

  1. 1.Write short notes on any four of the following, keeping sociological perspectives in view (each short note in about 200 works)
  2. Content Analysis
  3. Nomothetic and Idiographic Methods
  4. Serendipity
  5. Cybernetic Hierarchy of Control
  6. Ethnicity and Development
  7. 2.(a) “Sociology without History is rootless and History without Sociology is fruitless.” Elaborate.
  8. b) Examine the social dimensions or religious revifalism and fundamentalism in the context of globalization.
  9. 3.a) “Work in capitalism is reduced to mere labour in which the individual does not develop freely his physical and mental energy and mortifies his body and ruins his mind. “Critically evaluate the assertion. fb) Compare Karl Marx with Emile Durkheim with reference to the framework of ‘division of labour.’
  10. 4.a) Critically analyse the contributions of G.H. Mead to ‘symbolic interactinoism.’
  11. b) Examine how open and closed systems of stratification are undergoing transformation in the emergence of new hierarchical social order in societies.

Section B

  1. 5. Write short notes on any four of the following, from a sociological perspective (each short note in about 200 words)
  2. Feminisation of Labour in Informal Sector
  3. Identity Politics
  4. Positive Religion
  5. Kinship and Social Capital.
  6. Human Relations School of Thought by Elton Mayo as a social organization of work process in industry.
  7. 6. a) “There has been a substantial decline in labour class and increase in labour force in non-manual jobs with the advent of new technological revolution.” Ciritcally examine.
  8. b) Distinguish between people being socially excluded and people excluding themselves socially in societies.
  9. c) “Science has empirical means to logical ends and religion has non-emprircal means to logical ends.” Comment.
  10. 7. a) List the sources of power and explain the various indicators based on which power can be measured.
  11. b) Analyse the social impact of market economy on traditional societies.
  12. c) Examine the social dimensions of displacement induced by development.
  13. 8. a) Evaluate how civil society and democracy mutually reinforce each other, (b) Examine Karl Marx’x view on ‘class – in – itself and ‘class-for-itself with reference to proletarians.

SOCIOLOGY (Main) Paper – II

Section – A

  1. 1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 200 words, each:
  2. a) A.R. Desai’s characterization of leadership of Indian freedom movement.
  3. b) Women in the sector.
  4. c) the Parsi community and its contribution to Indian society.
  5. 2. Comment critically on each of the following in about 200 words.
  6. The heterogenic features that influenced Indian tradition, according to Yogehdra Singh.
  7. Linkages between Partriarchy and honour killings.
  8. Dumont’s concept of homohierarchicus.
  9. 3. a) With reference to their understanding of the Indian village, compare the perspectives of M.N. Srinivas and S.C. Dube.
  10. b) Critically assess the forms in which untouchability continues to be practiced.
  11. 4. a) Discuss the inter-relationships between caste, class and power.
  12. b) How far is the structural functional perspective helpful in understanding changes in contemporary Indian society?

Section B

  1. 5. Write short notes on the following in not more than 200 words each. Your answers should have a sociological perspective:
  2. Factors responsible for increasing demands.
  3. Social security measures for the elderly.
  4. Ethnic movements.
  5. 6. a) Evaluate the policy of SEZ (special economic zones) and the nature of social response to it.
  6. b) From a sociological perspective, examine the effects of the BPO industry on the yough.
  7. 7. a) Identify the reasons for the resilience of democratic system in India.
  8. b) Assess the contribution of contemporary women’s movements in women’s empowerment.
  9. 8. a) Discuss the socio-cultural factors for the declining sex-ratio in some states of India. (b) Highlight the important dimensions of intercaste conflict in India.

Sociology (Main) Paper-I

Section A

  1. 1. Write short notes on the following, keeping sociological perspective in view (Each short note in about 150 words):
  2. Emergence of Sociology is an outcome of modernity and social change in Europe
  3. Reliability and Validity
  4. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
  5. The problem of gender.
  6. 2. a) What can Sociology show us about our action? Discuss the practical significance of sociology.
  7. b) What is Class? Do you think that Weber’s contributions to social stratification are different from that of Marx?
  8. 3. a) What is subjective method in social research? Examine focus Group Discussion (FGd) as a technique for date collection, with suitable examples.
  9. b) Define Ideal Type and explain Weber’s concept of ‘Verstechen’ for understanding social phenomena.
  10. 4. a) give conceptual meaning of social system What is cognitive consonance between ‘pattern variables’ and ‘paradigm’?
  11. b) What do you mean by social mobility? Discuss the major sources and causes of mobility.

Section B

  1. 5. Write short notes on the following from a sociological perspective (Each short note in about 150 words):
  2. a) Self-Help Group (SHG) as an informal organization.
  3. b) Power Elite
  4. c) Cultural Pluralism
  5. d) Lineage and Descent
  6. e) Development and Dependency
  7. 6. a) What is formal organization? “The growth of bureaucracy has resulted in extreme concentration of power at larger levels of social organization.” Discuss.
  8. b) Highlight prerequisites of social movement. Bring out the differences between social movement and revolution.
  9. c) “Collective action in politics can bring integration and disintegration in society.” Comment.
  10. 7. a) Define sect, cult and religion. In what way do Weber’s views on religion differ from those of Durkheim?
  11. b) What you mean by marriage and family? Discuss the structural and functional changes in family in modern society.
  12. c) Explain the concept of Participatory Democracy. What conditions are assumed to be conducive to participation?
  13. 8. a) “Social support mechanism needs to be strengthened for effective implementation of development programmes.” Comment.
  14. b) Discuss World System Theory in the context of modern society.
  15. c) “Science and Technology are major forces accelerating the process of social change.” Comment.

Sociology (Main) Paper-II

Section – A

  1. 1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following is not more than 150 words each:
  2. Perspectives on the study of caste by M.N. Srinivas and Andhra Pradesh.
  3. Distinction between the concepts of family and household.
  4. Unity and diversity among the tribes in India.
  5. The book – view and the field – view in India sociology.
  6. 2. a) Bring out the relationship between fertility and social structure as viewed by Davis and Blake.
  7. b) “Protective discrimination not only protects but also discriminates.” Comment.
  8. 3. a) Distinguish between ‘secularism’ and ‘secularisation’, Analyse the nature and extent of secularization in contemporary India.
  9. b) Analyse the term ‘dalif and the evolution of the related concept as a reflection of the changing consciousness and self-assertion of the dalit community.
  10. 4. a) How are the issues of ethnicity and nationalism related? Discuss in the context of the emergence of ethnonatibnalism in India.
  11. b) What are the linkage points between globalization and the growth of the informal sector? How have these affected the nature and functioning of the working dass?

Section – B

  1. 5. Write short notes on the following in NOT more than 150 words each. Your answers should have a sociological perspective.
  2. Stages of the Women’s movement in India.
  3. Impact of Green Revolution on rural class structure.
  4. Infanct Mortality Rate is the most sensitive index for measuring development. Comment.
  5. Structural factors behind violence against women.
  6. 6. a) Critically examine D.N. Dhanagare’s views on agrarian movements in India.
  7. b) Explain the interface between population, ecology and environment in the context of India.
  8. c) ‘Casteism is the modern edition of the caste system.’ Do you agree with this statement? Discuss with arguments.
  9. 7. a) Comment on the factors responsible for the growth and consolidation of middle level pessantry in rural India. How is it related to capitalism in Indian agriculture?
  10. b) “Tradition and modernity are misplaced polarities in the study of social change in India.” Elucidate.
  11. 8. a) Rapid urbanization and sustainable development do not go together. Discuss with arguments.
  12. b) Analyze the changing nexus between caste & tribe.
  13. c) Bring out the relationship between social dass and mortality.