Telugu Literature

TELUGU LITERATURE

Yes, TELUGU LITERATURE is one of the best optional subjects for civil services mains examination. Telugu Literature is a popular optional among students who have a liking for the language.

Every year good number of people get into the services who opted telugu literature as an optional subject. It is one of the scoring subjects. If you can writer telugu and it is your mother tongue, you can chose this optional without a second thought. That’s the reason for the popularity of this optional.

You can score nearly 150 marks in paper 1 because it is very factual in nature. You can score nearly 120 to 130 in paper 2. This second paper needs analytical worthiness. You need to write answer depends on various perspectives of authors and poets like SRI SRI,RAVI SHASTRI,JASHUVA and so on. Paper 2 consists of 15 chapters, most of the chapters are poetry based so you cannot understand some words if you read it for the first time. You should take proper guidance for it.

There are few candidates who scored more than 280+ marks in previous year examinations in telugu literature optional. This optional does’t carry any grammar and no need of special expertise in PADYAALU and GRAANDHIKA BHASHA.

  • You need NOT to be a literature graduate (B.A or M.A in Telugu). You need not necessarily have pursued higher studies in this subject to choose it as an optional.
  • The success rate of many engineering graduates with this optional shows the scoring nature of this optional.
  • As opposed to many people’s assumption, not much learning is required if you have an inclination to the subject. You can sail through easily with simple pleasant reading of the topics.
  • The ratio of output versus effort is more.
  • With the same effort, there are more chances of scoring 270, compared to other non literature subjects.
  • It takes very less time to revise the syllabus once you finish preparing. You can complete the entire revision in less than 15 days if you are well-versed with the subject.

Syllabus

TELUGU LITERATURE – SYLLABUS – PAPER – I

SECTION A – LANGUAGE

  • Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity – Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra
  • Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and syntactical levels, from Proto–Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu.
  • Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu – Formal and functional view of Telugu language.
  • Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.
  • Modernization of Telugu language.
    • a. Linguistic and literary movements and their role in modernization of Telugu.
    • b. Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.)
    • c. Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in various discourses including scientific and technical.
  • Dialects of Telugu – Regional and social variations and problems of standardization.
  • Syntax – Major divisions of Telugu sentences – simple, complex and compound sentences – Noun and verb predications – Processes nominalization and relativization – Direct and indirect reporting – conversion processes.
  • Translation – Problems of translation, cultural, social and idiomatic – Methods of translation – Approaches to translation – Literary and other kinds of translation – various uses of translation.

SECTION B – LITERATURE

  • Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period – Marga and Desi poetry.
  • Nannaya Period – Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata.
  • Saiva poets and their contribution – Dwipada, Sataka, Ragada, Udaharana.
  • Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
  • Errana and his literary works – Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.
  • Srinatha and Potana – Their woks and contribution.
  • Bhakti poets in Telugu literature – Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
  • Evolution of prabandhas – Kavya and prabandha.
  • Southern school of Telugu literature – Raghunatha Nayaka, Chemakura Vankatakavi and women poets – Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.
  • Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms – Novel, Short Story, Drama, Playlet and poetic forms.
  • Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
  • Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
  • Main divisions of folk literature – Performing folk arts.

TELUGU LITERATURE – SYLLABUS – PAPER – II

This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability, which will be in relation to the following approaches.

  • • Aesthetic approach – Rasa, Dhwani, Vakroti and Auchitya – Formal and Structural – Imagery and Symbolism.
  • • Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.

SECTION A – CLASSICAL POETRY

  • Nannaya – Dushyanta Charitra (Adiparva 4th Canto verses 5–109)
  • Tikkana – Sri Krishna Rayabaramu (Udyoga parva –3rd Canto verses 1–144)
  • Srinatha – Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasikhandam, 4th Canto, verses 76–133)
  • Pingali Surana – Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60–142)
  • Molla–Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)
  • Kasula Purushothama Kavi – Andhra Nayaka Satakamu

SECTION B – MODERN POETRY

  • Gurajada Appa Rao – Animutyalu (Short stories)
  • Viswanatha Satyanarayana – Andhra prasasti
  • Devulapalli Krishna Sastry – Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)
  • Sri Sri – Maha prastanam.
  • Jashuva – Gabbilam (Part I)
  • C. Narayana Reddy – Karpuravasanta rayalu.
  • Kanuparti Varalakshmamma – Sarada lekhalu (Part I)
  • Atreya – N.G.O.
  • Racha konda Visswanatha Sastry – Alpajaeevi.

Tips for Paper – I

  • This is the easiest paper of Telugu Literature and very easy to read and doesn’t require any special industry. Ofcourse you need a very good guidance and coaching. This paper is just like sciences where you get more marks for less preparation.
  • You can pick up the books suggested and start reading even before you join any coaching. In section – A, if one is comfortable with telugu language, the subject becomes very easy.
  • As the subject is easy, care should be taken in presentation and art of writing good answers with sub-heading and nice examples.
  • Tons of material is available.

Tips for Paper – I

  • Andhra Bhasha Charithra by Bhadriraju Krishnamurty
  • Vakyam by Chekuri Ramarao
  • Andhra bhasha charitra – Velamalla Simmanna
  • Anuvadha samasyalu – RAA RAA
  • Anuvadinchadam Ela – Dr.Govindaraju Chakradhar

Tips for Section B of Paper 1

THIS IS THE HISTORY OF LITERATURE where you can find easier way to read chronologically. The historical, cultural and sociological approach is must to read this part. Availability of material is the greatest advantage of this section too.

Books for Section B of Paper 1

  • Andhra Sahitya Charitra (by Nagayya) 2 volumes
  • Vakyam by Chekuri Ramarao
  • Telugu saahitya charitra by velamalla simmanna
  • Telugu shaityra charitra by Dwaa Naa Sastry

Tips for Paper – II

  • This is a difficult paper compared to Paper – I, but note that very scoring, once you know the nature of this paper. For this paper, coaching is compulsory, especially for the ones who can’t have self study and self explanatory skills.
  • Also, this paper includes writing Vyakhyanas for different padyalu both ancient and modern.
  • Here success lies in the simple technique that you need to read the text books prescribed in the syllabus.

Tips for Section A

  • If you have good command over Paper I Part B from 2nd chapter to 9 th chapter ,then it can be cake walk for this section
  • Don’t get feared with the padyalu, and vyakyanalu. This doesn’t require any expertise in telugu kavyas
  • No need of by-hearting or reciting the padyalu.
  • In the exam hall, you need not to rewrite the padyam as it is.
  • You should be able to analyse the text in multi dimensional way with historical and other points of view.

Books for Section A:

  • Syllabus and text notes of all the chapters (from Navodaya Book House, Koti or Sree Book Square, Kachiguda X Road).
  • There are commentaries available on each syllabus chapter in Navodaya Book House. But read this, after you get sufficient time and after completion of syllabus.

Books for Section B

  • Syllabus and text notes of all the chapters (from Navodaya Book House, Koti or Sree Book Square, Kachiguda X Road).
  • They are commentaries available on each syllabus chapter in Navodaya Book House. But read this, after you get sufficient time and after completion of syllabus.

Tips for Section B

  • If have command over 10th , 11th and 12th chapters of section B of paper I , you can clearly understand the soul of this section.
  • You should interpret both these areas wisely.
  • Read the texts in the following order so that you will find an ascending content evolution and inter linking of the concepts.
    • Alpajeevi
    • NGO
    • Mahaprasthanam
    • Gabbilam
    • Aanimutyalu
    • Karpura vasantha rayalu
    • Krishnapaksham
    • Aandhra prasasthi
    • Saarada lekhalu (video on this logic)

Tips: Long Answers

  • First look at the previous question papers and write down all the questions per topic one after other, so that you can get an idea of questions asked. All the topics can be related to – Kala Soundarya Drukpatham, Charithraka Samajaka Drukpatham, Manastatatva Drukpatham, Tatvika Drukpatham, Vyaktitvam (character – sketch), Relevance and importance of the topic in literature and so on.
  • So, prepare points on each topic rather than answers for each topic.
  • These points you can use to write answers depending on the question asked.
  • Remember that you have 10-15-20-25-30 marks questions rather 60 markers as in the case of previous model.
  • Read the text number of times so that you get command of the subject and also to write quotes in the exam.
  • Quotations will surely enhance your answers..

Tips: Vyakhyanas

  • All the topics can be related to – Kala Soundarya Drukpatham, Charithraka Samajaka Drukpatham, Manastatatva Drukpatham, Tatvika Drukpatham
  • You have to develop a base in all the above topics, so that you can write easily for any poem asked.
  • Give Sandarbam(context), tatparyam (essence) and start the vyakhyanam
  • For kala soundarya Drukpatham, one has to know all about the Rasam, Dhvani, Vakrokti etc.
  • Develop important points for all the 4 lined poems and then write important points for all the other poems if you have time.
  • Do write at least 5 vyakhyanas for all the 4 drukpathams before the exam so that you are sufficiently confident.